Geography: Geography of Africa

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Geography: Geography of Africa

  1. 1. Geography of Africa A satellite picture of Africa atnight. . . What does the light, or lack thereof, tell you about Africa? Photo Citation: bcnn5.com
  2. 2. Physical Features of Northern AfricaAtlantic Ocean to the Red SeaMediterranean to the North, Sahara to the South
  3. 3. Physical Features: Sahara Desert – largest hot desertErgs of the SaharaRegs of the Sahara
  4. 4. Physical Features:The Nile River Above: The Nile is like an oasis in the desert Top Right: For centuries, farming has been a major way of life around the Nile Bottom Right: The Nile flows north, as the delta empties into the Mediterranean Sea; the Sinai Peninsula to the east
  5. 5. Resources Crops of wheat, barley, olives, grapes, citrus fruits, and cotton Fishing Oil and Gas Iron Ore and Minerals Copper, Gold, and SilverAbove: An oil refinery in Libya
  6. 6. Slidecast Summary QuestionPause the slidecast and take note of the answer to the question(s) below (save the answer for later use) Q1. What are ergs and regs and where would you find them in Northern Africa?
  7. 7. Pyramids and hieroglyphics left by the Ancient Egyptians Northern Africa History European control in Africa
  8. 8. A fellahin of Egypt Northern Africa Today People and Cities Casbah of Algiers in AlgeriaEgypt’s capital city, Cairo Free port of Carpet making is one of the Tangier in oldest crafts of Egypt’s textile Morocco industry
  9. 9. Slidecast Summary QuestionPause the slidecast and take note of the answer to the question(s) below (save the answer for later use) Q2. Where can you find a free port in Northern Africa? What is the advantage of a free port?
  10. 10. Coastline and ForestThe Sahel RegionWestern Africa Landforms and Climate The Sahara DesertPhysical Geography The Savanna
  11. 11. Physical Geography: Resources Resources Include: diamonds, gold, iron ore, manganese, bauxite, and oil Staple Crops: millet and sorghum Other Sources of Income: fishing, cotton
  12. 12. History and Culture: The Slave Trade
  13. 13. History and Culture: Colonial Era and Independence Late 1800s – Many European countries compete for colonies 1820s – Liberia remained free as the Americans set it up as a home for freed slaves 1950’s and 1960’s – Many colonies gain independence in western Africa 1974 – Portugal finally gives up its western Africa colonies
  14. 14. History and Culture: Challenges Ethnic Rivalries Health Conditions
  15. 15. History and Culture: Culture Traditional Clothing/RobesRural home in West Africa Animism Worship
  16. 16. Slidecast Summary QuestionPause the slidecast and take note of the answer to the question(s) below (save the answer for later use) Q3. What is malaria? Why is it a problem?
  17. 17. Physical Geography: From East to West
  18. 18. Physical Geography: Traveling FurtherEast Great Rift Valley Mt. Kilimanjaro Lake Victoria Blue and White Nile
  19. 19. Left: A drawing of the Kongo Kingdom Below: European colonization mapHistory and Culture Left: A group of slave children aboard the “Daphne Right: European colonization map
  20. 20. Modern Eastern and CentralAfrica
  21. 21. Slidecast Summary QuestionPause the slidecast and take note of the answer to the question(s) below (save the answer for later use) Q4. What is a rift? What unique physical feature does Africa have related to rifts?
  22. 22. Physical Features of Southern Africa: Deserts to WaterfallsAbove: Kalahari, Top: Namib Waterfalls of Southern Africa
  23. 23. Kimberly Diamond Mine in South AfricaPhysical Features: ResourcesGold, diamonds, platinum, copper, uranium, coal, iron, crops,livestock, herders
  24. 24. History and Culture: European Control Top Left: Afrikaner commandos Top Middle: Gathering ivory Top Right: Colonization of Africa Bottom Left: Digging for diamonds Bottom Right: Political cartoon showing imperialism
  25. 25. South Africa’s Recent PastRacial Divisions Left and Bottom Right: Examples of Apartheid TopRight: Young Nelson Mandela
  26. 26. South Africa’s Recent Past:Pressures Against South Africa Independence from Europe End to Apartheid Nelson Mandela Elected
  27. 27. Slidecast Summary QuestionPause the slidecast and take note of the answer to the question(s) below (save the answer for later use) Q5. Virtually all of Africa was once colonized by countries from which continent? It wasn’t until after which major war that the African countries started to gain independence?
  28. 28. Picture Citations Slide 2  Slide 10  mappery.com  worldwidehomestay.com Slide 3  psdblog.worldbank.org  thundafunda.com  savannaenvironment.wordpress.co  weru.ksu.edu m  travelswithsheila.com  sierraexpressmedia.com Slide 4  Slide 11  litestraboen.blogspot.com  web.worldbank.org  sb.westfordk12.us  ancientfoods.wordpress.com  egyptpyramid.org  Slide 12 Slide 5  edit.emich.edu  majo.rs  histclo.com Slide 7  pbs.org  levechad.blogspot.com  historyonthenet.com  egypthistorytourism.blogspot.com  Slide 13  001yourtranslationservice.com  en.wikipedia.org Slide 8  Slide 14  thefullwiki.org  preview.samemission.com  world-mysteries.com  Slide 15  thomaswhite.com  timo-aim.com  dalje.com  messengerandadvocate.wordpress  tripadvisor.com .com  truthforsaints.com
  29. 29. Picture Citations Continued . . . Slide 17  Slide 22  rainforests.mongabay.com  theadventureblog.blogspot.com  mediafreedominternational.org  photography-match.com  greenpeace.org.uk  pm.oneworldtechnologies.com Slide 18  blog.biographyonline.net  contact-donate-  Slide 23 invest.sonsofeve.org  african-dune.com  circleofblue.org  Slide 24  brandonsneed.com  studygroup-bd.org  growingalibrary.wordpress.com  historiainfinitus.com  history.howstuffworks.com  africahunting.com  africanwater.org  thesouthafricaguide.com Slide 19  en.wikipedia.org  newworldencyclopedia.org  Slide 25  megumitoai.wordpress.com  southafrica-for-dummies.com Slide 20  ottawadownsideup.blogspot.com  awtreyms.blogs.com  southafrica.to  caribbeanbookblog.wordpress.com  Slide 26  humanrightsblogucf.blogspot.com  tyronevh.wordpress.com  news.bbc.co.uk  news.bbc.co.uk  wired.com  futuremediachange.com  entretelarestome.cl
  30. 30. Slidecast Exit SummaryClick Here to go to the Slidecast Exit Summary Questions

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