International Workshop on Blue Economy 
Dhaka, Bangladesh 
1-2 September 2014 
Fisheries and Aquaculture in Bangladesh 
an...
Importance of Fisheries and Aquaculture 
in the World 
• A major sector for food security and nutrition 
– Producing 158 m...
The Great Importance of Fisheries and 
Aquaculture in Bangladesh 
• A major source of food and nutrition 
– Producing 3.3 ...
Fisheries and Aquaculture in Bangladesh 
2 
1.5 
1 
0.5 
3 
2.5 
2 
1.5 
1 
0.5 
WWW.FAO.ORG 4 
• Total production at 3.3 ...
The Need and Potential to Strengthen Fisheries 
and Aquaculture in Bangladesh 
• The needs 
 Erasing poverty (listed as a...
FAO’s Role in Fisheries and Aquaculture at 
Various Levels 
• A major driver for international instruments and norms: UNCL...
FAO’s Blue Growth Initiative 
The Global Initiative is to support: 
• Food Security, 
• Poverty Alleviation, and 
• Sustai...
FAO’s Blue Growth Initiative: 4 Paths 
• Capture fisheries 
• Aquaculture 
• Ecosystem services contributing 
to livelihoo...
What has FAO been doing in Bangladesh and 
the Region? 
• The RV Dr. Fridtjof Nansen surveyed Myanmar and 
Bangladesh wate...
Areas for Potential Cooperation with FAO 
WWW.FAO.ORG 10 
• Capture fisheries 
– Rebuilding overfished stocks 
– Stopping ...
WWW.FAO.ORG 11
WWW.FAO.ORG 12
Will address: 
• Declining fish availability 
• Changing species composition 
• Too many juvenile fish in catches 
• Chang...
WWW.FAO.ORG 14
The SAP will strengthen: 
• Institutional arrangements, legal 
and policy reforms 
• Management capacity 
• Knowledge, awa...
FAO role/leadership Fisheries: 
• Safety at Sea and other labour 
aspects of fishing 
• Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries 
•...
Total allowable 
catch or 
Equivalent 
decision 
Enforcement & 
Compliance 
Pentagram 1: 
Fisheries Governance 
Fisheries ...
Pentagram 2: 
Fisheries Value 
WWW.FAO.ORG 
Post-harvest 
Transport & Storage 
Distribution 
Marketing 
Harvest Consumptio...
THANK YOU! 
WWW.FAO.ORG 19
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Fisheries and Aquaculture in Bangladesh and potential cooperation with FAO

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Presentation given by Mr Árni Mathiesen, ADG-FI at the 'International Workshop on Blue Economy' on 1-2 September 2014 in Dhaka, Bangladesh

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  • The first of these pentagrams is the 5 things we have to do as part of fisheries governance, namely:
    Carrying out some form of Stock assessment.
    Making a Total allowable catch or some equivalent decision on the basis of some rules that translate our science into catch.
    Using this science as the basis for designing our fisheries management system,
    Implementing some Enforcement & compliance, and
    Collecting catch statistics and fleet information.
  • The first of these pentagrams is the 5 things we have to do as part of fisheries governance, namely:
    Carrying out some form of Stock assessment.
    Making a Total allowable catch or some equivalent decision on the basis of some rules that translate our science into catch.
    Using this science as the basis for designing our fisheries management system,
    Implementing some Enforcement & compliance, and
    Collecting catch statistics and fleet information.
  • Fisheries and Aquaculture in Bangladesh and potential cooperation with FAO

    1. 1. International Workshop on Blue Economy Dhaka, Bangladesh 1-2 September 2014 Fisheries and Aquaculture in Bangladesh and potential cooperation with FAO http://www.fao.org/fishery/en http://www.slideshare.net/FAOoftheUN/fisheries-and-aquaculture-in-bangladesh-and-potential- cooperation-with-fao Árni M. Mathiesen Assistant Director-General Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, FAO WWW.FAO.ORG 1
    2. 2. Importance of Fisheries and Aquaculture in the World • A major sector for food security and nutrition – Producing 158 million tons of fish in 2012 – Providing 16.7% of animal protein intakes • Providing job opportunities for 58 million people, 0.9% of the world population • Supporting livelihoods of 10-12% of the world WWW.FAO.ORG 2 population • The most traded agricultural commodity with a global export value of USD129.8 billion in 2011 • An integral part of the culture and life of local people
    3. 3. The Great Importance of Fisheries and Aquaculture in Bangladesh • A major source of food and nutrition – Producing 3.3 million tons of food fish in 2012 – Providing 56% of animal protein intakes (16.7% WWW.FAO.ORG 3 world average) • Contributing 4.6% of its national GDP • Supporting the livelihoods of 13 million people • Producing 5.1% of the country’s foreign exchange earnings • To many, fish and fisheries are their tradition and a integral part of life • Rich water resource – one ha water area per 20 persons (one of the highest in the world)
    4. 4. Fisheries and Aquaculture in Bangladesh 2 1.5 1 0.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 WWW.FAO.ORG 4 • Total production at 3.3 million tons in 2012 • Capture fishery and aquaculture were neck and neck in 2012 • Capture fishery had a significant drop in production over last few years • Aquaculture experienced a rapid development since 1992, increasing by ~5 times • Inland waters always produced more than marine waters, 3.5 times in 2012 0 1950 1970 1990 2010 Production (million t) Aquaculture Capture fishery 0 1950 1970 1990 2010 Production (million t) Inland waters Marine areas
    5. 5. The Need and Potential to Strengthen Fisheries and Aquaculture in Bangladesh • The needs  Erasing poverty (listed as a LIFD country in 2014)  Increasing food security (17% of the population are undernourished, 5% higher than world average, FAO 2014)  Fish is a major source of animal protein (56% - WWW.FAO.ORG 5 more than 3 times the world average)  Overfishing and environmental pressure from aquaculture • The potential  Rich fresh water resource with many large rivers  The momentum of the fast increasing aquaculture (by 160% over last decade)  Sustainably managing wild fisheries & aquaculture
    6. 6. FAO’s Role in Fisheries and Aquaculture at Various Levels • A major driver for international instruments and norms: UNCLOS, UN Fish Stocks Agreement, FAO Code of Conduct, Port State Agreement, etc. • Providing technical support and policy guidance to IGOs and member States on issues related to fisheries and aquaculture • Global monitoring on fisheries, aquaculture, fishing industry, WWW.FAO.ORG 6 and international trade • Implementing regional field projects: Nansen project, the GEF-ABNJ project, the Bay of Bengal LME project, Canary Current LME project, etc. • Working with States on a whole range of issues in fisheries and aquaculture through its network and technical cooperation projects
    7. 7. FAO’s Blue Growth Initiative The Global Initiative is to support: • Food Security, • Poverty Alleviation, and • Sustainable Management of Aquatic Resources Its basic principles: • Sustainable production • Protection of biodiversity and ecosystems • Efficient use of resources and energy • Harmonization of social and economic development WWW.FAO.ORG 7 with the environment
    8. 8. FAO’s Blue Growth Initiative: 4 Paths • Capture fisheries • Aquaculture • Ecosystem services contributing to livelihoods and economy • Trade/markets/post harvest and social support Countries for pilot implementation Indonesia, Morocco, Algeria, Bangladesh + + WWW.FAO.ORG 8
    9. 9. What has FAO been doing in Bangladesh and the Region? • The RV Dr. Fridtjof Nansen surveyed Myanmar and Bangladesh waters in 1979 and 1980 • Another survey was done in Myanmar waters November-December 2013 (Myanmar requested in 2014 another survey in near future) • The Bay of Bengal Large Marine Ecosystem Project, funded by GEF (USD 31 million over 5 years) • Community-based Climate Resilient Fisheries & Aquaculture Development in Bangladesh, PIF accepted by GEF (USD 5.4 million) • Country specific projects such as “Support to Safety WWW.FAO.ORG 9 at Sea for Small-scale Fisheries” • Aquaculture feed/broodstock/quality analysis
    10. 10. Areas for Potential Cooperation with FAO WWW.FAO.ORG 10 • Capture fisheries – Rebuilding overfished stocks – Stopping IUU fishing – Reducing post-harvest losses – Increasing added values along the value chain • Aquaculture – High production technics – Disease control and prevention – Development of new feeds/quality assurance – Genetic diversity issues • Climate change – Strengthening knowledge and awareness of adverse impacts – Enhancing local adaptive capacity to climate change – Promotion of best practices through lessons learned, monitoring and evaluation.
    11. 11. WWW.FAO.ORG 11
    12. 12. WWW.FAO.ORG 12
    13. 13. Will address: • Declining fish availability • Changing species composition • Too many juvenile fish in catches • Changes in marine biodiversity • Loss and degradation of mangrove, seagrass and coral reef • Sewage entering coastal waters • Marine litter • Increasing nutrients levels in coast al waters • Poor living and working conditions of fishing communities • Ability of coastal communities to participate and benefit from sustainable development practices • Vulnerability of coastal communities to natural hazards and climate change WWW.FAO.ORG 13
    14. 14. WWW.FAO.ORG 14
    15. 15. The SAP will strengthen: • Institutional arrangements, legal and policy reforms • Management capacity • Knowledge, awareness and communication • Human capacity development WWW.FAO.ORG 15
    16. 16. FAO role/leadership Fisheries: • Safety at Sea and other labour aspects of fishing • Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries • Marine Protected Area management • Promoting the Small Scale Fisheries Guidelines • National plans of actions: IUU, sharks, others. WWW.FAO.ORG 16
    17. 17. Total allowable catch or Equivalent decision Enforcement & Compliance Pentagram 1: Fisheries Governance Fisheries Management Catch statistics, Fleet information TAC-setting Rules Stock Assessment WWW.FAO.ORG
    18. 18. Pentagram 2: Fisheries Value WWW.FAO.ORG Post-harvest Transport & Storage Distribution Marketing Harvest Consumption
    19. 19. THANK YOU! WWW.FAO.ORG 19

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