Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Food Security and Fisheries:
Major issues
For the Diplomatic Education and training center
Mid career course
Embassy of th...
 795 million people estimated to be undernourished in 2014–16, down 100 million in the
last decade.
 The vast majority, ...
Share of fish in animal protein
• >20% for more than 3 billion people
• >50% in many developing countries:
Cambodia (69%)...
A source of the long-chain omega-3 fatty acids
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
Important for op...
56 million people are engaged in capture
fisheries and aquaculture production,
however the whole supply chain…
Employment ...
• .
OECD-FAO Fish Model Projections (2025)
Source: OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2016-2025
Countries/regions ranked by per...
Fish production and utilization
Fish production
(million tonnes live weight) Per capita fish supply (kg)
Excluding aquatic...
Capturefisheriesproduction
million tonnes live weight
2014
Including aquatic plants
0
20
40
60
80
100
1950 1958 1966 1974 ...
State of World Marine Fish Stocks
Effects of Climate Change
million tonnes live weight
Including aquatic plants
Aquaculture production
2014
Freshwater
fishes
42%
Diadromous
fishes
5%...
0
5
10
15
20
25
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
19...
International instruments for fisheries conservation,
management and governance
UNCLOS (1982)
UN Fish Stocks Agreement (19...
Blue Growth - definition
• Sustainable growth and
development from economic
activities in oceans and other
aquatic systems...
How the
Blue Growth
Initiative works
TheSSFGuidelinesaddressesbothfisheriesandsustainable
development
Sustainable resource utilization/stewardship and secure r...
Small Scale Fisheries in Developing Countries
> 50% of the total catch
> 90% of the workers
Almost always marginalized and...
BLUE COMMUNITIES
–
A blue print for action
Sustainable
fisheries
management
(e.g. reduction of
overcapacity)
Increased val...
2009 FAO Agreement on Port State Measures (PSMA)
+ Global Record of Fishing Vessel, Refrigerated
Transport Vessels and Sup...
Global
Record
PSMA: Requirements & Operations
Global
Record
Nilsson, M., Griggs, D., Visbeck, M. 2016. Map the interactions between SDG’s, Nature, 534.
SDG14
AMONGSTOTHERSDGS
Nilsson, M., Griggs, D., Visbeck, M. 2016. Map the interactions between SDG’s, Nature, 534.
Nilsson, M., Griggs, D., Visbeck, M. 2016. Map the interactions between SDG’s, Nature, 534.
Policy and
Management
Fishery
Structure
Market
Structure
Consumption
Regulation
Fishing
Effort
Stock
Status (EAFM)
Prices ...
Policy and
Management
Fishery
Structure
Market
Structure
Consumption
Regulation
Fishing
Effort
Stock
Status (EAFM)
Prices ...
Presentation by Mr Árni M. Mathiesen
Assistant Director-General
Fisheries and Aquaculture Department Food and
Agriculture ...
TERIMA KASIH
TAKK
THANK YOU
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Major issues, For the Diplomatic Education and training center, Mid career course

2,661 views

Published on

http://www.fao.org/fishery/en

CITES-FAO standard PowerPoint presentation on Introduction from the Sea, developed under the EU-CITES Sharks Project

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Major issues, For the Diplomatic Education and training center, Mid career course

  1. 1. Food Security and Fisheries: Major issues For the Diplomatic Education and training center Mid career course Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia, Rome, Italy Thursday, 2 March 2017 Presentation by Árni M. Mathiesen Assistant Director-General Fisheries and Aquaculture Department Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  2. 2.  795 million people estimated to be undernourished in 2014–16, down 100 million in the last decade.  The vast majority, 780 million, live in developing countries. Hunger
  3. 3. Share of fish in animal protein • >20% for more than 3 billion people • >50% in many developing countries: Cambodia (69%) Maldives (67%) Sierra Leone (65%) Gambia (57%) Bangladesh (56%) Indonesia (55%0 Sri Lanka(54%), Ghana (50%)
  4. 4. A source of the long-chain omega-3 fatty acids Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) Important for optimal brain and neural system development in children (1000 day window!) Lowers the risk of coronary heart disease related (CHD) mortality. A daily intake of 250 mg of EPA and DHA per adult gives optimal protection against CHD. At least two meals of fish a week! Fish and Nutrition
  5. 5. 56 million people are engaged in capture fisheries and aquaculture production, however the whole supply chain… Employment and Livelihoods
  6. 6. • . OECD-FAO Fish Model Projections (2025) Source: OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2016-2025 Countries/regions ranked by per capita fish consumption in 2013-15 average. Countries/regions with declined per capita fish consumption highlighted in red. WB-FAO-IFPRI Fish to 2030 Projections Source: World Bank Report on Fish to 2030 (Table 3.7). Countries/regions ranked by per capita fish consumption in 2006. Countries/regions with declined per capita fish consumption highlighted in red Country/ region Fish Demand (2030) Total fish prod. (2012, mil. tonne) S-D gap 2030 (col. 4 minus col. 3) kg/cap. Total (mil. tonne) WORLD 29.1 261.2 156.5 -104.7 S.S. Africa 10.8 15.1 6.9 -8.2 L.A. & C. 12.2 18.3 14.8 -3.4 N. Africa 12.9 3.7 2.8 -0.8 Europe 27.3 23.4 16.0 -7.4 N. America 29.8 12.9 6.7 -6.1 Oceania 31.9 1.8 1.4 -0.3 Asia 37.0 186.3 107.8 -78.5 Future fish supply and demand projections FAO/FI Fish Supply-Demand Gap Projections Source: Estimation of FI/FAO (preliminary results) Main assumptions: 1) Per capita fish demand affected by income growth. 2) Fish price unchanged. 3) Preference over fish unchanged 49.1 47.2 31.7 24.3 26.4 22.2 16.7 12.2 9.1 6.7 21.8 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Japan China Australia and New Zealand North America Asia and Oceania dev.ing Europe Northern Africa Latin America & Caribbean Sub-Saharan Africa India WORLD 2025
  7. 7. Fish production and utilization Fish production (million tonnes live weight) Per capita fish supply (kg) Excluding aquatic plants. 2014/2015: estimates/forecast 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 1950 1956 1962 1968 1974 1980 1986 1992 1998 2004 2010 2016 Non-food uses Capture for human consumption Aquaculture for human consumption Per capita food fish supply Excluding aquatic plants. 2015: estimate; 2016 forecast
  8. 8. Capturefisheriesproduction million tonnes live weight 2014 Including aquatic plants 0 20 40 60 80 100 1950 1958 1966 1974 1982 1990 1998 2006 2014 Inland waters Marine areas Freshwater fishes 11% Diadromou s fishes 2% Marine fishes 70% Crustaceans 7% Molluscs 8% Miscellane ous aquatic animals 1% Aquatic plants 1%
  9. 9. State of World Marine Fish Stocks
  10. 10. Effects of Climate Change
  11. 11. million tonnes live weight Including aquatic plants Aquaculture production 2014 Freshwater fishes 42% Diadromous fishes 5% Marine fishes 2% Crustaceans 7% Molluscs 16% Miscellaneous aquatic animals 1% Aquatic plants 27% 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1950 1958 1966 1974 1982 1990 1998 2006 2014 Brackishwater Freshwater Marine
  12. 12. 0 5 10 15 20 25 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Kgpercapitaperyear USDbillion World seafood exports World seafood consumption Linear (World seafood exports) Linear (World seafood consumption) Globalization in a graph: world seafood exports vs world average seafood consumption 1976 to 2014
  13. 13. International instruments for fisheries conservation, management and governance UNCLOS (1982) UN Fish Stocks Agreement (1995) FAO Port State Measures Agreement (2009) FAO Compliance Agreement (1993) FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (1995) International Plans of Action Sharks, Seabirds, Capacity, IUU (1999-2001) Strategies on information STF, STA (2003-2008) International Guidelines FSP, SSF, BC/DC, DSF (2009-2014)
  14. 14. Blue Growth - definition • Sustainable growth and development from economic activities in oceans and other aquatic systems • Minimizes environmental degradation, biodiversity loss and unsustainable use of resources • Maximizes economic and social benefits AIM - Promote sustainable use and conservation of aquatic renewable resources
  15. 15. How the Blue Growth Initiative works
  16. 16. TheSSFGuidelinesaddressesbothfisheriesandsustainable development Sustainable resource utilization/stewardship and secure rights to fishery resources and land and the ability to benefit from them for SSF communities Social development dimension of SSF livelihoods (e.g. access to social services, need for equality and equity), employment and incomes, and fair and decent working conditions The postharvest sector and trade and consideration of the whole value chain Importance of gender and the need to promote equality and equity Vulnerabilities of small-scale fishing communities in the context of disaster risks and climate change
  17. 17. Small Scale Fisheries in Developing Countries > 50% of the total catch > 90% of the workers Almost always marginalized and in many cases the poorest of the poorest in their countries. What possibilities do they have to improve their fisheries management? With help they can? - What happens when you attempt to improve a fishery? - Fishing effort is reduced. Fishermen are left on the beach. - Total community income is reduced. The population suffers. 17
  18. 18. BLUE COMMUNITIES – A blue print for action Sustainable fisheries management (e.g. reduction of overcapacity) Increased value of the product (e.g. value addition, reduced losses, value chain income internalization for communities ) Diversified livelihoods (e.g. aquaculture, payments for environmental services) Investment in SSF (e.g. small-medium enterprise development) Secure tenure rights for land and fisheries resources Social protection for the transition period ALL of these elements have to be addressed to ensure fair benefit sharing for small-scale fisheries and their full contribution to food security and poverty eradication
  19. 19. 2009 FAO Agreement on Port State Measures (PSMA) + Global Record of Fishing Vessel, Refrigerated Transport Vessels and Supply Vessels PSMA Who: 42 Parties (including EU) at 13/02/2017 When: entered into force 5 June 2016 What: minimum set of standard procedures, measures and actions to be applied by Port States How: prevents foreign IUU fishing vessels from using ports and landing catches reduces incentives to continue to operate blocks IUU fishery products from reaching national, international markets With support from Global Record: provides information on vessels used for fishing and fishing-related activities But PSMA Parties need: • implementation strategies with policy, legal and institutional frameworks • operational mechanisms with sufficient human & financial resources. PSMA Article 21 & funding mechanisms: • developing States will be better placed to combat IUU fishing
  20. 20. Global Record PSMA: Requirements & Operations Global Record
  21. 21. Nilsson, M., Griggs, D., Visbeck, M. 2016. Map the interactions between SDG’s, Nature, 534. SDG14 AMONGSTOTHERSDGS
  22. 22. Nilsson, M., Griggs, D., Visbeck, M. 2016. Map the interactions between SDG’s, Nature, 534.
  23. 23. Nilsson, M., Griggs, D., Visbeck, M. 2016. Map the interactions between SDG’s, Nature, 534.
  24. 24. Policy and Management Fishery Structure Market Structure Consumption Regulation Fishing Effort Stock Status (EAFM) Prices Livelihoods Fisher(y) Monitoring Stock Monitoring Stock Statistics Market Monitoring GOVERNANCE FISHER(Y) STOCKS MARKETS SOCIO-CULTURAL $ Compliance Community Awareness FISHERY FRAMEWORK
  25. 25. Policy and Management Fishery Structure Market Structure Consumption Regulation Fishing Effort Stock Status (EAFM) Prices Livelihoods Fisher(y) Monitoring Stock Monitoring Stock Statistics Market Monitoring GOVERNANCE FISHER(Y) STOCKS MARKETS SOCIO-CULTURAL $ Compliance Community Awareness FISHERY FRAMEWORK 14.4 RESTORE STOCKS 14.3 CLIMATE CHANGE 14.a TECH. TRANSFER 14.c INT. LAW 14.5 PROTECT AREAS 14.6 I.U.U. SUBSIDIES 14.2 COASTAL SYSTEMS 14..1 MARINE POLLUTION 14.7 SIDS BENEFITS 14.b S.S.F. ACCESS
  26. 26. Presentation by Mr Árni M. Mathiesen Assistant Director-General Fisheries and Aquaculture Department Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  27. 27. TERIMA KASIH TAKK THANK YOU

×