Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Fish

4,096 views

Published on

http://www.fao.org/fishery/en
Near East Regional Group Meeting.

© FAO: http://www.fao.org

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Fish

  1. 1. Near East Regional Group Meeting Monday 21st March 2016 German Room, FAO HQ 1 Presentation by Árni M. Mathiesen Assistant Director-General Fisheries and Aquaculture DepartmentFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Fish
  2. 2. 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2012 Aquaculture for human consumption Capture for human consumption Non-food uses Per capita food fish supply Production (million tonnes live weight) Per capita yearly supply (kg) 2 World fisheries production
  3. 3. Global Trend in the State of World Marine Fish Stocks, 1974-2011 3
  4. 4. Fish Landings: Developed vs Developing Nations 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0e+001e+072e+073e+074e+075e+076e+07 yrs Landings(t) 4
  5. 5. Americas, Europe, Africa, and Oceania Combined. 9% [Million Tonnes] 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 China 61% Asia 91% Aquaculture vs. Capture Fisheries Production 5
  6. 6. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 USDbillion Developed Import Developing Import 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 USDbillion Developed Export Developing Export World seafood trade: developed vs developing 6
  7. 7. 0 50 100 150 200 250 Fish Meat (Terrestrial) Terrestrial meat price index vs. Fish price inde Jan 2000 – Jan 2015 7
  8. 8. Proportion of overfished Stocks by FAO Statistical Area 8
  9. 9. Conclusions from this analyzes are: • Total production has stabilized over the last 20 years. • Capture fisheries landings have shifted from developed countries to developing countries. • Degree of overfishing has been stabilizing over the last 20 years but is still unacceptable. • Aquaculture is overtaking capture fisheries in production for human consumption. • Great expansion in trade, particularly from developing countries to developed countries. 9
  10. 10. Conclusions from this analyzes are: A. Center of gravity for fish production has moved from developed countries to developing countries, where small scale fisheries will be extremely important. B. Center of gravity has moved from capture fisheries to aquaculture, particularly aquaculture in Asia. 10
  11. 11. Main Challenges There are many challenges some of which have been mentioned They fall into two categories: 1. Refining the management and governance of fisheries in developed and middle income-countries, including IUU. 2. Refining the certification/traceability systems to benefit a broader group of producers, including IUU. 11
  12. 12. Main Challenges However, there are two main fundamental major challenges, both in the shadow of climate change: • Aquaculture • Small Scale Fisheries • Decent Work 12
  13. 13. • Vision: A world in which responsible and sustainable use of fisheries and aquaculture resources make an optimal contribution to human well being, food security and poverty alleviation • Mission: To strengthen global governance, the managerial and technical capacities of Members and RFBs, and lead consensus building towards improved conservation and utilization of living aquatic resources • Values: Sustainability, Universality, Excellence, Objectivity, Equity • Corporate Initiative: The Blue Growth Initiative Fisheries and Aquaculture 17 March 2016 High level meeting between DG MARE and FAO
  14. 14. International regulatory framework for fisheries Governance 1995 Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries 1993Compliance Agreement IPOAs • Seabirds 1999 • Sharks 1999 • Capacity 1999 • IUU 2001 •[Kyoto POA ’95] Port State Measures: • Model Scheme 2005 + 2009 Agreement • Flag State Performance Strategies: •Status & Trends on Capture Fisheries 2003 • Status & Trends on Aquaculture 2007 International Guidelines: • Sea-Turtles2009 • Ecolabelling 2009 • Deep sea fisheries 2009 • 2010 By-catch management & discards reduction • Small Scale Fisheries 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea 1995UNFSA 1992 UNCED: Rio Declaration + Agenda 21 Ecosystem approach to fisheries: Reykjavík 2001 2002 WSSD Johannesburg Plan of Implementation Rio + 20 U. N Conference on Sustainable Development
  15. 15. Through the BGI, FAO supports Member countries at implementing national and regional Blue Growth strategies which will help reduce stressors and restore the productive functions and structure of aquatic ecosystems for the sustainable use of oceans and inland waters. 15 The FAO Blue Growth Initiative
  16. 16.  Capture Fisheries  Sustainable aquaculture development  Livelihoods and Food systems  Economic growth from eco-system services 16 Four streams of work
  17. 17. BlueGrowthStrategy Ongoing Indonesia Mauritania Morocco Algeria Senegal Gabon Seychelles Madagasca r Cabo Verde Pipeline Near East Region* Kenya Mozambique Bangladesh Côte d’Ivoire Gulf of Guinea* Pacific* Iran (Republic of) Aquaculture Ongoing Bangladesh Sri Lanka Viet Nam Pipeline Indonesia Philippines Livelihoodsandfoodsystems Ongoing Indian Ocean* East Africa* Namibia Senegal Cabo Verde Kiribati Philippines Saint Lucia Pipeline Ecuador Ghana Angola Morocco Thailand Ongoing Kenya Indonesi a Ecosystemsservices Pipeline Amazonia * * Regional work Near East Region Gulf of Guinea Pacific Indian Ocean East Africa Amazonia The FAO Blue Growth Initiative
  18. 18. Corporate Area for Resource Mobilization $0 $10 $20 $30 $40 $50 $60 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Delivery 2001-2014 in USD Millions Delivery Tsunami Blue Growth Initiative
  19. 19.  Mangrove restoration and management  Reducing impact of agricultural intensification (pesticides + fertilizers) on aquatic eco-systems  Rice – Fish farming  Irrigation – Aquaculture  Coastal zone management Cross Sectorial Activities
  20. 20. Global Policy and Trade Session: Outlook for world seafood trade 2030 prospects and challenges, 1st March 2016, Bergen, Norway http://www.slideshare.net/FAOoftheUN/global-policy-and-trade-session-outlook-for-world-seafood-trade-2030-prospects-and-challenges Combatting IUU Fishing through the implementation of the Port State Measures Agreement and other instruments , 15th February 2016, London, United Kingdom http://www.slideshare.net/FAOoftheUN/combatting-iuu-fishing-through-the-implementation-of-the-port-state-measures-agreement-and-other- instruments Celebrating 20 Years of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries 153rd Session FAO Council , Rome, 30 November - 4 December 2015 http://www.slideshare.net/FAOoftheUN/celebrating-20-years-of-the-code-of-conduct-for-responsible-fisheries-presentation-under-fao-council- 153rd-session-rome-30-november-4-december-2015 International Trade in Fish and Fish Production“Foro Económico de Pesca y Acuacultura 2015”Mexico City 26-27 November 2015 http://www.slideshare.net/FAOoftheUN/international-trade-in-fish-and-fish-production Workshop on the Climate Change’s Impact, Boracay Islands, Philippines 9th May 2015: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OQ-fS2TZX_Y Blue bio-economy - unlocking the potential of seas and oceans, International Conference Growth in Blue Bio-economy, FAROE ISL ANDS • 2-3 JUNE 2015 http://www.slideshare.net/rniMatthiasMathiesen/blue-bio-economy-unlocking-the-potential-of-seas-and-oceans Outlook for Fish Trade 2030, 10th North Atlantic Seafood Conference, Bergen, 4-5 March 2015 http://www.slideshare.net/FAOoftheUN/outlook-for-fish-trade-2030-10th-north-atlantic-seafood-conference-bergen-45-march- 2015?ref=http://www.fao.org/fishery/DirectorsMedia/en Future Prospects for Fisheries and Aquaculture and their contribution to preserving food security, Lima, Peru, 24 February 2015 Future Prospects for Fisheries and Aquaculture and their contribution to preserving food security - YouTube 20 Presentations
  21. 21. THANK YOU FOR LISTENING 21
  22. 22. 22 Takk !ً‫شكرا‬ 谢谢! Thank you! Merci! Gracias! Спасибо!

×