The city of theory, planning in the face of conflict, contested cities social process and spatial form

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  • I totally agree with the all questions you raised. I also can be helpful here :) I've found PDFfiller - online service for forms filling. It's pretty easy to use and pretty cheap. You can find fillable a form here http://goo.gl/e71z94
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  • Excellent slide! Would have liked very much an insertion of the Neoliberalization doctrine as a contributor of occupational polarization. Some of the linked books do not work. Otherwise, very useful, thank you.
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The city of theory, planning in the face of conflict, contested cities social process and spatial form

  1. 1. -TopicEthics, the Environment, and Conflicting Priorities/ Planning Goals (Justice, Conflict, and the Right to the City) 2nd Presentation By : Desy Rosnita Sari P28017016
  2. 2. ARTICLES : The City of theory -- Sir Peter Geoffrey Hall -Published in : Cities of Tomorrow 3rd edition 2001 The City Reader- 4rt edition Keywords : paradigm shift, planning profession, roles of planner Planning in the face of conflict -- John F. Forester -Published in : Journal of the American Planning association (1987) The City Reader- 4rt edition Keywords : mediator, negotiator, planner’s strategic, planner's roles Contested Cities: Social Process and Spatial Form -- David Harvey -Published in : Transforming Cities. 1997 The City Reader- 4rt edition Keywords : social process, ecological process, urbanizing
  3. 3. REASONS for 3 chosen articles : To understand the history of planning education and profession, and the shift of its paradigm, yet affected to planning profession / roles of planner, associate to ethics in planning profession.
  4. 4. Presentation Outline 1. Planning Then and Now, an Ongoing Messy Process 2. Uncertain and Great Imbalance of Power in Planning Process 3. Cities as a process
  5. 5. 1/15 1. Planning Then and Now, an Ongoing Messy Process The City of Theory ’Cities of Tomorrow’: An Intellectual History of Urban Planning and Design in the Twentieth Century. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing, 1988 Graduate from St Catharine's, Cambridge English Town Planner, Geographer The Bartlett Professor of Planning & Regeneration at The Bartlett, University College London Sir Peter Geoffrey Hall BOOKS (analysis of the physical, social and economic problems of modern cities) The polycentric metropolis, Sociable cities, The carrier wave, Innovative and sustainable cities, The world cities, The industries of London since 1861, The Bay Area in the twenty-first century, London 2000, Better use of rail ways, Growth centres in the European urban system, The theory and practice of regional planning, Cities in Civilization, Great planning disasters, Urban future 21, Time Series Fuzzy Analysis and Miscellaneous Topics, Law and population growth in Singapore, Public land ownership, Labour's new frontiers, Can rail save the city?, Les Villes mondiales,
  6. 6. 1. Planning Then and Now, an Ongoing Messy Process 2/15 W hat is The Planning messy process means? **Paradigm shift in Planning education (and profession) The City of theory Evolution of City Planning in the USA and Europe Planning broken into 3 aspects • Design excellence • Mathematical modeling • Practical application (including community / social) Planner profession engagement
  7. 7. 1. Planning Then and Now, an Ongoing Messy Process USA Europe 3/15 Planning Department. 1909 University College London 1914 1930’s 1909 1929 UP Dept Sir Leslie Patrick Abercrombie There were 7 by the 1930’s Europe By the 1950’s *Civil engineering analytics (land-use) *Data analysis and modeling * Economics, location and human geography analyst T.J. Kent, Jr. City and Regional Planning *City planning commissions
  8. 8. 1. Planning Then and Now, an Ongoing Messy Process 4/15 *Economist, transportation, geographer * industrial economics, location and human geography analyst *Architecture, engineer Based on design / Drafter 1950’s Data analysis and modeling Top-down Cold war year 1960’s Bottom-up *capital profitable *Government coordination Marxist urbanism Comprehensive Plan 1970’s Drafter Advocate-planner *make plans, develop codes to enforce plans, enforce codes *Land-use – City planning commission *Social issues *Decisions were made by multiple groups *Button-up plan *Democratic plan 1980’s Postmodernists *Decentralization *Pubic participation *Culturally determined
  9. 9. 5/15 1. Planning Then and Now, an Ongoing Messy Process http://hiddencityphila.org/2013/ 08/as-the-zoning-code-turnsone-a-reminder-that-planning-ispolitical/ Hall’s evolution of planning profession: • 1955’s, typical planner as drafter, produced a diagram of desired land uses • 1965’s, computer output of traffic patterns analyst • 1975’s, involved into community groups to against hostile forces relate to plans (1970’s, Marxist urbanism, planning under government coordination to prevent conflict of planning goals) • 1980’s, decentralized plan under democratic system
  10. 10. 6/15 2. Uncertain and Great Imbalance of Power in Planning Process Planning in the face of conflict Journal of the American Planning association (1987) Graduate from University of California, Berkeley **City Planning English Town Planner, Urbanist, Geographer Professor and Director of Graduate Studies Department of City and Regional Planning Cornell University. John F. Forester BOOKS (emphasis on participatory planning) Critical Theory and Public Life (1987), Planning in the Face of Power (1989), The Deliberative Practitioner (1999), Dealing with Differences: Dramas of Mediating Public Disputes (2009).
  11. 11. 7/15 2. Uncertain and Great Imbalance of Power in Planning Process Under Democracies Planning : Conflicts can be generated from multiple interests of the competing groups in the arena with imbalance power of actors Planner (mediator, negotiator, role enforcer, resource people, shuttle diplomat) W hat skills are called for?
  12. 12. 8/15 2. Uncertain and Great Imbalance of Power in Planning Process Forester’s 6 mediated-negotiation strategies : 1. The facts! The rules! (the planner as regulator) 2. Pre-mediate and negotiate: Representing concerns 3. Let them meet: The planner as a resource. . . 4. Perform shuttle diplomacy: Probe and advise both sides 5. Active and interested mediation-thriving as a non-neutral 6. Split the job: You mediate, I’ll negotiate
  13. 13. 9/15 2. Uncertain and Great Imbalance of Power in Planning Process Forester’s 6 strategies as planner’s exercise practical judgment (politically and ethically) • Emotional complexity • Administrative implications for planning organizations Roles of Planning Profession
  14. 14. 10/15 3. Cities as a process Contested Cities: Social Process and Spatial Form Journal of the American Planning association (1987) Graduate from University of Cambridge **Geography,. Geography, social theory, political economy, environment justice, globalization Distinguished Professor of Anthropology and Geography At Geographic & environment engineering Johns Hopkins University BOOKS (spatial science and positivist theory, Marxist geography ) David Harvey Explanation in Geography (1969), Social Justice and the City (1973), The Limits to Capital (1982), The Urbanization of Capital (1985), Consciousness and the Urban Experience (1985), The Condition of Postmodernity: An Enquiry into the Origins of Cultural Change (1989), The Urban Experience (1989), Spaces of Hope (2000), Spaces of Capital: Towards a Critical Geography (2001), The New Imperialism (2003), A Brief History of Neoliberalism (2005), Spaces of Global Capitalism: Towards a Theory of Uneven Geographical Development (2006), The Limits to Capital New Edition (2006), The Communist Manifesto- New Introduction Pluto Press (2008), Cosmopolitanism and the Geographies of Freedom (2009), Social Justice and the City: Revised Edition (2009), A Companion to Marx's Capital (2010),
  15. 15. 11/15 3. Cities as a process Cities are sites of conflicts (Intern of processes rather than just things) City is “series of layers / process” of different historical moments that superimposed upon each other
  16. 16. 12/15 3. Cities as a process P rocess are both shaped by time and place and shapes time and place (David Harvey 1997) Harvey’s 3 different ways to understand space and time 1. Time and space are absolute, and serve as containers for social processes (Descartes and Kant) 2. Time and space are relative (Einstein’s relativity) 3. Time and pace are relational. (when the process produces certain things at a certain place and time, and then those things play a role in influencing subsequent processes.
  17. 17. 13/15 3. Cities as a process • We should focus on processes rather than things/design and we should think of things/design as products of processes WHEN we want to understand what city is about (past/present / future) • City forms and structures reflect the social process in particular times and places of the city that resulted an urban environment
  18. 18. 14/15 The Planning messy process in order to meet “new” Paradigm + + City as Ongoing Process Conflict need to be managed lost Planner “claim to any unique and useful expertise,” and as the profession was spread over such a vast landscape of fields, Could it be lost its meaning?
  19. 19. 15/15 Conclusion Paradigm shift Sustainable profession Profession consideration City is a process • Michael Frisch (queer spaces for creative class) • John Forester (participation)
  20. 20. XIE XIE NI Thank You Terima kasih

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