BEYOND
PARTICIPATION
IP City Development UA 20/8/13
*Increasing social inequality  emancipatory urban practice?
A practice in
crisis?
*Entrepreneurial city tactics & hard ge...
Designer/planners:
Social professional:
Socio-
spatial
cooperation
?
Socio-spatial knowledge = implicit
Translate experien...
Urbanization & growth to absorb surplus
Quality of urban life  commodity
* common life is itself produced
* Expansive spe...
Urbanization & growth to absorb surplus
Quality of urban life  commodity
* common life is itself produced
* Expansive spe...
* Quality of urban living fund. in anti-capitalist struggle? (Harvey 2012)
Right to the
City
* Activism: factory to the ci...
Role of commons in urban politics only now clearly acknowledged
Emphasize spatial dimension of RTTC
Proletariat  urbaniza...
But new convergence under RTTC
More hostile environment
Mobilization against neoliberalization of urban governance (Mayer ...
Moral <->legal claim
Oppositional <->juridical right
Revolutionary appropriation
Agenda / spec. rights
Inclusion in existi...
Agenda / spec. rights
Inclusion in existing system
Neoliberal „with a human touch‟
Back to
Lefebvre
(Mayer, Harvey, Marcus...
RTTC &
Space
“space may be crucial to how they organize and voice their demands,
it is not usually at the very core of the...
RTTC &
Space
“space may be crucial to how they organize and voice their demands,
it is not usually at the very core of the...
Traditional Intellectual
Social function
Role in class struggle
Class apart
„Social utopia‟
Organic
Intellectual
(Gramsci ...
The mode of being of the new intellectual can no longer consist in
eloquence (...) but in active participation in practica...
The mode of being of the new intellectual can no longer consist in
eloquence (...) but in active participation in practica...
Designers
as organic
intellectuals
?
Socio-spatial relations & awareness...
Impact of conception, characteristics of urban...
Design
Activism?
Design
activism‟s
political side in
social
movement terms
with designers
operating as
organic
intellectua...
http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/1627172
835/an-oven-at-the-heart-of-anfield
Internationa
l cases
Anfield Community Bak...
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mGHgT4T6
B_o
Internationa
l cases
Recyclart
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_GmD9h4
_a8E
Internationa
l cases
Park Groot Schijn
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_GmD9h4
_a8E
Internationa
l cases
Park Groot Schijn
Mijn Kijk
op de
Wijk
Gross
National
Happiness A key to culturally
based urban
planning?
46.500 km2
70% forest
20% glaciers & snow
10% agriculture &
settlements
1970
“Gross National
Happiness is more
important than Gross
Domestic Product”
Jigme Singye Wanchuck (4th King of Bhutan)
G...
Gross
National
Happiness 2008
“The State shall strive to
promote those conditions
that will enable the pursuit
of Gross Na...
Psychological well-being Living standards Health
Education Culture Time use
Good governance Community vitality Ecological ...
Gross
National
Happiness A key to culturally
based urban
planning?
What Design
Can Do
DESIGN A
DATA
COLLECTION
„METHOD‟…
“IN THE GREY ZONE”
SURVEY - PLATFORM - TOOL - GAME - PRODUCT -
INTERVENTION
DESIGN A
DATA COLLECTION
„METHOD‟…IN THE GREY
ZONESTIMULATES CREATIVITY
GENERATES IDEAS OR INITIATIVE
COLLECTS USABLE DATA...
DESIGN A
DATA COLLECTION
„METHOD‟…IN THE GREY
ZONE
NOT INSTANTLY USABLE
GETS „LOST‟
NEEDS ELABORATE TRANSLATION
FEEDBACK T...
PRO-ACTIVE
DEFINE
ASSIGNMENT
COLLECT
DATA
CONVENTIO
NAL
PROPELLING
DATA CAN TRIGGER
INITIATIVE
DEFINE
ASSIGNMENT
COLLECT
DATA
CONVENTIO
NAL
DESIGN A
DATA
COLLECTION
„METHOD‟…
“IN THE GREY ZONE”
SURVEY - PLATFORM - TOOL - GAME - PRODUCT - INTERVENTION
Den Dam
2060
Designing a
process
ndvr.be
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role
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Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role

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Presented on 26th of August at City Development Summer School University of Antwerp

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  • Commodity: consumerism/tourism etc.Commons capitalized upon &amp; degradedCommon cause  sponsorship of private developmentState supplied public goods as vehicle for accumumlationSpeculation to survive the crisis
  • Commodity: consumerism/tourism etc.Commons capitalized upon &amp; degradedCommon cause  sponsorship of private developmentState supplied public goods as vehicle for accumumlationSpeculation to survive the crisis
  • Right to decide what kind of urbanization is produced
  • International NGO’s / Policy Networks, UN support  chartersAn agenda: enumerate specfic right to be protected by urban politicsInclusion within an existing systemMoral claim instead of legal claim
  • International NGO’s / Policy Networks, UN support  chartersAn agenda: enumerate specfic right to be protected by urban politicsInclusion within an existing systemMoral claim instead of legal claimCertain rights get locked in the localReactionary utopianismChallenge is how grassroots connects to broader strugglesConnect to broader strugglesIncorporation by local government larger scale ties to background
  • Rttc has a spatial demension looking at urban space as made by collective effortSpatial design can contribute to their struggles and they are rarely aware of thatRequires certain tools.......especially to avoid the local trap!
  • Rttc has a spatial demension looking at urban space as made by collective effortSpatial design can contribute to their struggles and they are rarely aware of thatRequires certain tools.......especially to avoid the local trap!
  • Class apart from society = a mythHistorical continuity (was related to class struggle) this allows them to say they are anonymousConceals Ties with historical class formations  social utopiaOrganicity = degree of connection!!
  • Entire purpose of gramscis analysis= to make this process self conscious
  • Entire purpose of gramscis analysis= to make this process self consciousTheoretical solution to atomisation of social struggle!
  • Class is not a pre-given element but is in itself constructed through political struggleSo define the organic intellectual in relation to the urban political struggleContribute to the urban movement thorugh their specialityThis then becomes an organic component of the movement
  • Class is not a pre-given element but is in itself constructed through political struggleSo define the organic intellectual in relation to the urban political struggleContribute to the urban movement thorugh their specialityThis then becomes an organic component of the movement
  • Class is not a pre-given element but is in itself constructed through political struggleSo define the organic intellectual in relation to the urban political struggleContribute to the urban movement thorugh their specialityThis then becomes an organic component of the movement
  • Class is not a pre-given element but is in itself constructed through political struggleSo define the organic intellectual in relation to the urban political struggleContribute to the urban movement thorugh their specialityThis then becomes an organic component of the movement
  • Class is not a pre-given element but is in itself constructed through political struggleSo define the organic intellectual in relation to the urban political struggleContribute to the urban movement thorugh their specialityThis then becomes an organic component of the movement
  • Class is not a pre-given element but is in itself constructed through political struggleSo define the organic intellectual in relation to the urban political struggleContribute to the urban movement thorugh their specialityThis then becomes an organic component of the movement
  • Class is not a pre-given element but is in itself constructed through political struggleSo define the organic intellectual in relation to the urban political struggleContribute to the urban movement thorugh their specialityThis then becomes an organic component of the movement
  • Right to decide what kind of urbanization is produced
  • Right to decide what kind of urbanization is produced
  • Beyond participation - designers taking on a new role

    1. 1. BEYOND PARTICIPATION IP City Development UA 20/8/13
    2. 2. *Increasing social inequality  emancipatory urban practice? A practice in crisis? *Entrepreneurial city tactics & hard gentrification *Planners plan but other things are realized... *Participation?  too late in the process *How to deal with bottom-up initiatives? *Repressive measures and focus on nuisance
    3. 3. Designer/planners: Social professional: Socio- spatial cooperation ? Socio-spatial knowledge = implicit Translate experience  spatial terms No fit tools and methods to involve social profs. Capture local knowledge, culture and dynamics? Different actors = different values + different language!
    4. 4. Urbanization & growth to absorb surplus Quality of urban life  commodity * common life is itself produced * Expansive speculation * „commoning‟ as perpetual social practice Neoliberal urbanization * Predatory entrepreneurial tactics Imbalance between those who produce and those who appropriate for private gains.
    5. 5. Urbanization & growth to absorb surplus Quality of urban life  commodity * common life is itself produced * Expansive speculation * „commoning‟ as perpetual social practice Neoliberal urbanization * Predatory entrepreneurial tactics Imbalance  Disappropriation of Right To The City (Lefebvre 1968)
    6. 6. * Quality of urban living fund. in anti-capitalist struggle? (Harvey 2012) Right to the City * Activism: factory to the city (Castells 1983) reproductive sphere (Mayer 2010) * Collective right to city we produce * Right to rebuild the city in a different image * Slogan for struggle, seeking a unity City? Right?
    7. 7. Role of commons in urban politics only now clearly acknowledged Emphasize spatial dimension of RTTC Proletariat  urbanization producers! Mobilization against neoliberalization of urb. governance (Mayer 2010) Dominant pattern of growth politics Corporate urban development Right to the City & Social Movem ents
    8. 8. But new convergence under RTTC More hostile environment Mobilization against neoliberalization of urban governance (Mayer 2010) Right to the City & Social Movem ents
    9. 9. Moral <->legal claim Oppositional <->juridical right Revolutionary appropriation Agenda / spec. rights Inclusion in existing system Neoliberal „with a human touch‟ Expose the mystification Back to Lefebvre (Mayer, Harvey, Marcuse)
    10. 10. Agenda / spec. rights Inclusion in existing system Neoliberal „with a human touch‟ Back to Lefebvre (Mayer, Harvey, Marcuse) Certain rights get locked in the local Larger scale ties move to the background RTTC as a unifying banner
    11. 11. RTTC & Space “space may be crucial to how they organize and voice their demands, it is not usually at the very core of their discourse” (Uitermark, Nicholls and Loopmans 2012) urban space as a collective effort Potential of spatial design in struggle (Thorpe 2012) Reinventing requires tools and capabilities Is there a role to be played by the designer/spatial professional...
    12. 12. RTTC & Space “space may be crucial to how they organize and voice their demands, it is not usually at the very core of their discourse” (Uitermark, Nicholls and Loopmans 2012) urban space as a collective effort Potential of spatial design in struggle Reinventing requires tools and capabilities ...as an ORGANIC INTELLECTUAL through material practice & socio-spatial „reflexes‟?
    13. 13. Traditional Intellectual Social function Role in class struggle Class apart „Social utopia‟ Organic Intellectual (Gramsci 1971) Organic Intellectual
    14. 14. The mode of being of the new intellectual can no longer consist in eloquence (...) but in active participation in practical life, as constructor, organiser, „permanent persuader‟ and not just as simple orator (...) (1971, 10) (...)struggle to assimilate and to conquer „ideologically‟ the traditional intellectuals, but this assimilation and conquest is made quicker and more efficacious the more the group in question succeeds in simultaneously creating its own organic intellectuals. (1971, 10) Organic Intellectual & Social Movements (Gramsci 1971)
    15. 15. The mode of being of the new intellectual can no longer consist in eloquence (...) but in active participation in practical life, as constructor, organiser, „permanent persuader‟ and not just as simple orator (...) (1971, 10) (...)struggle to assimilate and to conquer „ideologically‟ the traditional intellectuals, but this assimilation and conquest is made quicker and more efficacious the more the group in question succeeds in simultaneously creating its own organic intellectuals. (1971, 10) Organic Intellectual & Social Movements (Gramsci 1971) * (self) conscious development of org. intellectuals * Specialized knowledge & become directive go beyond static conceptions universalise the struggle itself * Constituting a class as a self-conscious political agent
    16. 16. Designers as organic intellectuals ? Socio-spatial relations & awareness... Impact of conception, characteristics of urban spaces... Multiple meanings of space... Methods to „spatialize‟ the struggle... urban political struggle Organic intellectual SpecialityUrban Social Movement organic component
    17. 17. Design Activism? Design activism‟s political side in social movement terms with designers operating as organic intellectuals Bring about change <-> design problems Motivate informed action + propose informed alternatives Propose and not only oppose Help them develop a spatial program Contribute Specific skills Handing tools and methods to be stronger in the debate RTTC which we all produce
    18. 18. http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/1627172 835/an-oven-at-the-heart-of-anfield Internationa l cases Anfield Community Bakery
    19. 19. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mGHgT4T6 B_o Internationa l cases Recyclart
    20. 20. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_GmD9h4 _a8E Internationa l cases Park Groot Schijn
    21. 21. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_GmD9h4 _a8E Internationa l cases Park Groot Schijn
    22. 22. Mijn Kijk op de Wijk
    23. 23. Gross National Happiness A key to culturally based urban planning?
    24. 24. 46.500 km2
    25. 25. 70% forest
    26. 26. 20% glaciers & snow
    27. 27. 10% agriculture & settlements
    28. 28. 1970 “Gross National Happiness is more important than Gross Domestic Product” Jigme Singye Wanchuck (4th King of Bhutan) Gross National Happiness
    29. 29. Gross National Happiness 2008 “The State shall strive to promote those conditions that will enable the pursuit of Gross National Happiness.” Article 9 - Principles of State Policy:
    30. 30. Psychological well-being Living standards Health Education Culture Time use Good governance Community vitality Ecological diversity and resilience
    31. 31. Gross National Happiness A key to culturally based urban planning?
    32. 32. What Design Can Do
    33. 33. DESIGN A DATA COLLECTION „METHOD‟… “IN THE GREY ZONE” SURVEY - PLATFORM - TOOL - GAME - PRODUCT - INTERVENTION
    34. 34. DESIGN A DATA COLLECTION „METHOD‟…IN THE GREY ZONESTIMULATES CREATIVITY GENERATES IDEAS OR INITIATIVE COLLECTS USABLE DATA: IN THE RIGHT LANGUAGE STIMULATES PEOPLE TO REFLECT ON URBAN SPACE
    35. 35. DESIGN A DATA COLLECTION „METHOD‟…IN THE GREY ZONE NOT INSTANTLY USABLE GETS „LOST‟ NEEDS ELABORATE TRANSLATION FEEDBACK TO NEARLY FINISHED PRODUCT STIMULATES CREATIVITY GENERATES IDEAS OR INITIATIVE COLLECTS USABLE DATA: IN THE RIGHT LANGUAGE STIMULATES PEOPLE TO REFLECT ON URBAN SPACE
    36. 36. PRO-ACTIVE DEFINE ASSIGNMENT COLLECT DATA CONVENTIO NAL
    37. 37. PROPELLING DATA CAN TRIGGER INITIATIVE DEFINE ASSIGNMENT COLLECT DATA CONVENTIO NAL
    38. 38. DESIGN A DATA COLLECTION „METHOD‟… “IN THE GREY ZONE” SURVEY - PLATFORM - TOOL - GAME - PRODUCT - INTERVENTION
    39. 39. Den Dam 2060 Designing a process
    40. 40. ndvr.be

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