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Town Planning
Planing Theories
Beginning of
Settlements
River Valley Civilizations
Struggle for Survival, Safety &
Society
Transportation, Trade & Commer...
Oldest
Continuously
Inhabited Cities
1. Damascus, Syria
2. Jericho, West Bank
3. Aleppo, Syria
4. Athens, Greece
5. Argos,...
Town Planning For Modern Cities
• Environment
• Transportation - Linkages
• Industrial Segregation
• High-rise Blocks
1. C...
Town Planning
Concept & Theories
the rational-comprehensive
approach,
the incremental approach,
the transactive approach,
...
Hierarchy of Town
Planning
The theory was first developed by
the German geographer Walter
Christaller in 1933
Central plac...
Ebenezer Howard's
three magnets
The diagram summarises the
political, economic, and social
context underlying Howard’s uto...
Garden Cities of
To-morrow
Ebenezer Howard ‘Garden Cities of
To-morrow’ in 1902.
Influenced the later strategy of
building...
Garden City
A great deal of criticism has been
levelled at Howard’s plans as being
unrealistic in their adherence to
geome...
Concentric Zone
Model
The concentric zone model, also
known as the Burgess model or
the CCD model, is one of the
earliest ...
The Linear City: (Don
Arturo Soria
Mata- 1882)
-A town for 30,000 people based
upon the principal transport route
which is...
Radburn Superblock
Characteristics-
a) Encourage pedestrian
accessibility
b) Low traffic volume in the
neighborhood
b) Ope...
Radburn Superblock
• -Population Size: 25,000 Into 3
neighborhoods of around 8,000 each
-Pedestrian
-traffic segregation
B...
Neighborhood Unit
Design
• The concept of the neighbourhood unit in 1900s by Clarence
Perry, is an early diagrammatic plan...
Core frame model
The Core frame model is a model
showing the urban structure of
the Central Business District of a
town or...
Sector Model
The sector model, also known as
the Hoyt model, is a model of
urban land use proposed in 1932 by
economist Ho...
Multiple nuclei
model
The multiple nuclei model is an
economical model created
by Chauncy Harris and Edward
Ullman in the ...
architectnazim@gmail.com
Ar. Nazim Bin Shamshiraz Saifi
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Town planning theories concept and models

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town planning theories concept and models of urban planning

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Town planning theories concept and models

  1. 1. Town Planning Planing Theories
  2. 2. Beginning of Settlements River Valley Civilizations Struggle for Survival, Safety & Society Transportation, Trade & Commerce Farming, Hunting Fortification
  3. 3. Oldest Continuously Inhabited Cities 1. Damascus, Syria 2. Jericho, West Bank 3. Aleppo, Syria 4. Athens, Greece 5. Argos, Greece 6. Plovdiv, Bulgaria 7. Byblos, Lebanon 8. Sidon, Lebanon 9. Rayy, Iran 10. Jerusalem
  4. 4. Town Planning For Modern Cities • Environment • Transportation - Linkages • Industrial Segregation • High-rise Blocks 1. Commercial + Residential 2. Work – Commerce – Residence • Master Plan 1. Long Term Comprehensive Planning 2. Focus on Social & Physical Infrastructure Besides Land use Planning. Master Plan:- • suitable locations for commercial, housing and mixed-use development; • locations where the city should increase density, use redevelopment, or intervene in other ways; • opportunities to extend and/or improve open space, recreational areas, and civic facilities; • strategies from increasing economic development; • environmental, historic and cultural resources that need conservation; and • strategies for solving congestion and improving transit services.
  5. 5. Town Planning Concept & Theories the rational-comprehensive approach, the incremental approach, the transactive approach, the communicative approach, the advocacy approach, the equity approach, the radical approach
  6. 6. Hierarchy of Town Planning The theory was first developed by the German geographer Walter Christaller in 1933 Central place theory is a spatial theory in urban geography that attempts to explain the reasons behind the distribution patterns, size, and number of cities and towns around the world.
  7. 7. Ebenezer Howard's three magnets The diagram summarises the political, economic, and social context underlying Howard’s utopian vision for the future of British settlement via three illustrated magnets. One magnet lists the advantages and disadvantages of town life and another is accompanied by the positives and negatives of country life. The third magnet communicates Howard’s proposal of a Town-Country.
  8. 8. Garden Cities of To-morrow Ebenezer Howard ‘Garden Cities of To-morrow’ in 1902. Influenced the later strategy of building new towns in the UK, US, Canada, Argentina, Israel and Germany. As with most instances of social engineering, the garden city movement didn’t quite achieve what it set out to do. Its laudable motives and egalitarian vision contrast with the often depressing artificiality of ‘garden cities’, and the fact that they merely function as dormitories to the larger cities they so often adjoin.
  9. 9. Garden City A great deal of criticism has been levelled at Howard’s plans as being unrealistic in their adherence to geometric proportion, but he presented his design of concentric circles of varying land use as a universal rather than as a particular mode. First Garden City was Letchworth in Hertfordshire .
  10. 10. Concentric Zone Model The concentric zone model, also known as the Burgess model or the CCD model, is one of the earliest theoretical models to explain urban social structures. It was created by sociologist Ernest Burgess in 1925.
  11. 11. The Linear City: (Don Arturo Soria Mata- 1882) -A town for 30,000 people based upon the principal transport route which is 100 meter wide of infinite length depending upon urban growth. -All services channeled along the street -Other community facilities group at regular intervals -Residential area is limited to 200 meter either side beyond which would lie the Countryside.
  12. 12. Radburn Superblock Characteristics- a) Encourage pedestrian accessibility b) Low traffic volume in the neighborhood b) Open space linked the residential areas c) Houses built around cul-de-sac which are connected to open space d) Houses are segregated for main roads e) Pedestrian paths and walkways linked the houses to primary school and local centre
  13. 13. Radburn Superblock • -Population Size: 25,000 Into 3 neighborhoods of around 8,000 each -Pedestrian -traffic segregation By means of:- - foot paths -under passes -bridges -residential superblocks around a backbone of parkland. • The new Motor age:- Social Planning • Mechanical means to be planned to facilitate Human life & Civilization. • Comprehensive planning • Ample sites for community use • Industries to be close to transportation nodes • Services to be well planned • Private public partnership for convenience of public – group of building be planned.
  14. 14. Neighborhood Unit Design • The concept of the neighbourhood unit in 1900s by Clarence Perry, is an early diagrammatic planning model for residential development in metropolitan areas. It was attempting to design functional, self-contained and desirable neighbourhoods in the early 20th century in industrialising cities. • 6 Principles of Neighborhood Design a) Size of neighborhood unit related to the catchment area of a primary school b) No through traffic- residential area bounded on all sides by arterial roads c) ample parks and play areas d) A neighborhood center containing school, local center and other services e) A hierarchy of roads/ streets (to promote road safety, pedestrian safety, conserve residential environment) f) District shops located on the periphery thus serving 4 neighborhood unit.
  15. 15. Core frame model The Core frame model is a model showing the urban structure of the Central Business District of a town or city. The model was first suggested by Ronald R. Boyce and Edgar M. Horwood in 1959. The model includes an inner core where land is expensive and used intensively, resulting in vertical development. This area is the focus of the transport system and has a concentrated daytime population. The outer core and frame have lower land values and are less intensively developed.
  16. 16. Sector Model The sector model, also known as the Hoyt model, is a model of urban land use proposed in 1932 by economist Homer Hoyt. It is a modification of the concentric zone model of city development. The benefits of the application of this model include the fact it allows for an outward progression of growth. As with all simple models of such complex phenomena its validity is limited.
  17. 17. Multiple nuclei model The multiple nuclei model is an economical model created by Chauncy Harris and Edward Ullman in the 1945 article "The Nature of Cities"
  18. 18. architectnazim@gmail.com Ar. Nazim Bin Shamshiraz Saifi

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