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Clarence perry

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PIONEERS OF TOWN
PLANNING
CLARENCE PERRY
(NEIGHBOURHOOD UNIT)
Ar.AyazAhmad Khan
Assistant Professor
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INTRODUCTION
•Clarence Arthur Perry (1872 – Sept 6, 1944) was
an American planner, sociologist, author, and
•He was born i...

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WHAT IS NEIGHBOURHOOD
UNIT?
•Neighbourhood “the area within which residents
may all share the common services, social
acti...

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Clarence perry

  1. 1. PIONEERS OF TOWN PLANNING CLARENCE PERRY (NEIGHBOURHOOD UNIT) Ar.AyazAhmad Khan Assistant Professor InvertisUniversity
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION •Clarence Arthur Perry (1872 – Sept 6, 1944) was an American planner, sociologist, author, and •He was born in Truxton, New York. •He worked in the New York City planning where he became a strong advocate of the Neighbourhood unit. •He was an early promoter of neighbourhood and recreation centres. •As a staff member of the New York Regional Plan the City Recreation Committee, Perry formulated
  3. 3. WHAT IS NEIGHBOURHOOD UNIT? •Neighbourhood “the area within which residents may all share the common services, social activities and facilities required in the vicinity of dwellings” •The concept of the neighbourhood unit, crystallised from the prevailing social and intellectual attitudes of the early 1900s by Clarence Perry, is an early diagrammatic planning model for residential development in metropolitan areas. •It was designed by Perry to act as a framework for
  4. 4. IDEA OF THIS NEED? •Earlier idea of Perry was to provide a planning formula for the arrangement and distribution of playgrounds in the NewYork region. •The necessity thought was because of the rise of the auto-mobile in the early 20th century. •Road sense was not proper with the social conscious, thus street fatality rates were increased. •Idea was to generate islands locked amidst a wide sea of vehicular traffic, a dangerous obstacle which prevented children (and adults) from safely walking to nearby playgrounds and amenities. •Ultimately, however, it evolved to serve a much broader purpose, of providing an identity
  5. 5. IDEA OF PERRY’S NEIGHBOURHOOD The neighbourhood unit was conceived of as a comprehensive physical planning tool, to be utilised for designing self- contained residential neighbourhoods which promoted a community centric lifestyle, away from the "noise of the trains, and out of sight of the smoke and ugliness of industrial plants" emblematic of an industrialising New York City in the early 1900s. A diagram of Clarence Perry's neighbourhood unit, illustrating the spatiality of the core principles of the concept.
  6. 6. IDEA OF PERRY’S NEIGHBOURHOOD The core principles of Perry's Neighbourhood Unit were around these design ideals : •"Centre the school in the neighbourhood. • Place arterial streets along the perimeter so that they define and distinguish the the "place" of the neighbourhood. • Design internal streets using a hierarchy that easily distinguishes local streets from from arterial streets. • Restrict local shopping areas to the perimeter. • Dedicate at least 10 percent of the neighbourhood land area to parks and open open space.
  7. 7. STATISTICS OF NEIGHBOURHOOD UNIT • Perry described the neighbourhood unit as area which require an elementary school with 1,000 and 1,200 pupils. • This would mean a population of between 5,000 and 6,000 people. • Developed with Population Density of 10 families per acre, it would occupy about 160 acres. • Any child have to walk a distance of around half mile to school. • About 10 percent of the area would be allocated to recreation, and through traffic arteries would be confined to the surrounding streets, internal streets being limited to service access for residents of the neighbourhood. • The unit would be served by shopping facilities, churches, library, and a community centre.
  8. 8. ELEMENTS OF PERRY’S NEIGHBOURHOOD •Residential unit •Schools •Shopping centres •Traffic roads •Railway stations •Open spaces
  9. 9. NEIGHBOURHOOD PLANNING? It is based on the simple principle that one is planning for society and not for aggregate of houses. The neighbours are not dependent on one another’s company and aid because city life because city life gives a wide field of acquaintance and entertainment. The neighbours may not have common modes and habits of living. Thus… • The neighbourhood planning is an attempt to form various physical units of residential areas in which people belonging to a particular rank of life settles or stay. • It is the intention of a town planner to rejuvenate the valuable idea of neighbourhood which have been lost in busy uncontrolled city life.
  10. 10. NEIGHBOURHOOD PLANNING? • All the residential units are now planned on neighbourhood principle. • It is a small unit which serves the local community and encourages them to foster a neighbourhood spirit or relationship which seems to have been lost in the modern city life. • It should possess the best qualities of small town to facilitate the acquaintance and neighbourly relations and also be broad enough to accommodate sufficient people to enable each individual to come in contact with people of different strata of society
  11. 11. PURPOSE OF NEIGHBOURHOOD PLANNING  Tomake the people socialize with oneand another.  To enable the inhabitants to share the public amenities and recreational facilities.  To support a safe and healthyenvironment within the neighbourhood.  To provide safety and efficiency to road users and pedestrians.  To maintain, enhance, and improve area for recreational activities.  To determine community’s prospects forthe future.
  12. 12. PRINCIPLES OF NEIGHBOURHOOD PLANNING 1. Size 2. Boundaries 3. Protective Strips 4. Internal Streets 5. Layout of buildings 6. ShoppingCentres 7. CommunityCentres 8. Facilities
  13. 13. PRINCIPLES OF NEIGHBOURHOOD PLANNING 1. Size  The town is divided into self-contained units or sectors of population.  This is further divided into smaller units called neighbourhood with 2,000 to 5,000 based on the requirement of one primary  The size of the unit is therefore limited to about 1 to 1. 5 sq within walkable distance of 10 to 15 minutes.
  14. 14. PRINCIPLES OF NEIGHBOURHOOD PLANNING 2. Boundaries  The unit should be bounded on all its sides by main road, enough for traffic. 3. Protective Strips  These are necessary to protect the neighbourhood from traffic and to provide suitable facilities for developing parks, playgrounds, and road widening scheme in future. These are called Minor Green Belts.
  15. 15. PRINCIPLES OF NEIGHBOURHOOD PLANNING 4. Internal Streets  The internal streets are designed to ensure safety to the people school going children in particular,  The internal streets should circulate throughout the unit with easy shops and community centres. 5. Layout of Buildings  To encourage neighbourhood relation and secure social stability and balance,  The houses to suit the different income group should be provided single family houses, double family houses, cottages , flats, etc.
  16. 16. PRINCIPLES OF NEIGHBOURHOOD PLANNING 6. ShoppingCentres  Each shop should be located on the circumference of the unit, preferably at traffic junctions and adjacent to the neighbourhood units. 7. CommunityCentres  Each community will have its centre with social, cultural and recreational amenities.
  17. 17. PRINCIPLES OF NEIGHBOURHOOD PLANNING 8. Facilities  All public facilities required for the family for their comfort and convenience should be within easy reach.  These include the primary school, temple, club, retail shop, sport  These should be located within 1km in the central place so as to nucleus to develop social life of the unit.
  18. 18. CONCLUSION  Neighbourhood planning is quickly becoming a high priority for the city planning departments, and evenhuman service providers  Neighbourhood planning is effective and provide inspire those creative strategies that can increase the capacity ofresidents in charting out their sharedfuture.  It’sa vision of a better future.
  19. 19. THANKYOU…

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