State law requires that all jurisdictions prepare and maintain a General Plan. San Jose’s first modern General Plan was GP ’75. The Horizon 2000 General Plan was adopted in 1984, and the current General Plan, San Jose 2020 was completed in 1994. Lots of changes have happened since that time, and we’re rapidly approaching 2020, so it’s time to update our guiding policies. The General Plan provides the City’s long-term vision for its future. It guides the physical development of the City so the City will provide a high quality of life for our residents, as well as for those who work in and visit San Jose. It’s the driving force behind creating a City that’s full of great places to live, work, and play. In CA, 7 required GP elements are land use, circulation, housing, conservation, open-space, noise and safety. The GP guides future growth of the City by identifying appropriate locations for jobs, housing, open space, etc. Direct capital improvements and infrastructure investment Coordinate new development with the delivery of services such as parks, libraries, fire and police protection
Community Stakeholders seek to protect the interest of the community.
Planning 101 Silicon Valley Leadership Group
“Make no little plans; they have no magic to stir men’s blood.” Daniel Burnham (Plan of Chicago, 1909)
Why Do We Plan? The Balancing Act: – Reflect community values – Enhance community livability – Balance goals that are often competing with one another
What is Land Use Planning? Stakeholder process by which cities and counties determine what gets built and where.
Who AuthorizesLand Use Planning? • Under California State Law, all cities and counties must have a General Plan or “blueprint” for land use development.
Regulatory Framework US Constitution California State Law
Regulatory Framework• General Plan• City Council Policies (and Design Guidelines)• Neighborhood Plans• Zoning Ordinance – Land Uses – Development Standards – Permit Processes• Subdivision Ordinance• Sign Ordinance• Environmental Review – NEPA (National Environmental Protection Act) – CEQA (California Environmental Quality Act)
General Plan Vision for City’s future Major Strategies Standards for City Services Land Use Plan
General Plan Under California State Law, all cities and counties must have a General Plan or “blueprint” for land use development.The General Plan isthe City’s official policystatement regardingits future character,land use patterns, andquality ofdevelopment.
General Plan Required Elements Land Use, Circulation, Housing, Conservation, Open Space, Noise, and Safety
General Plan Major StrategiesGeneral Plan 1990 (1975) s Growth Management s Transportation/Land Use Integration s Economic Development s Downtown Revitalization s Urban Conservation/PreservationHorizon 2000 (1984) s Greenline s Urban ReservesSan Jose 2020 (1994) s Transit Corridors s Housing s Sustainable City
How is the General PlanImplemented? Specific Plans are detailed plans for specific areas of the City. Proactive approach to shaping development Prevents piecemeal development by linking GP policies and individual development proposals in defined area Provides more detail for implementation than the General Plan
Other Tools for Implementation Capital Improvement Program (CIP) Specific Plans The Zoning Ordinance Subdivision Ordinance California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) City Council Policies Design Guidelines
Zoning Legislative decision by Council, which: Divides the City into districts, Prescribes what can and cannot be built on each parcel, Regulates the use, placement, spacing, and size of land and buildings
Conventional vs. PlannedDevelopment Zoning Conventional Zoning: Districts identified in the Zoning Ordinance Planned Development Zoning: Tailors regulations to a particular site
Entitlement Sequence “Discretionary” Actions (require public hearing) General Plan Amendments / Specific Plan Amendments Rezoning (Conventional or Planned Development) Development Permit (Site Permit, Conditional Use Permit, Special Use Permit or Planned Development Permit) Tentative Subdivision Map
Entitlement Sequence“Ministerial” Actions (no public hearing) Administrative Permits Public Works Clearance Building Permits Final Subdivision Map
Roles in the Planning ProcessThe Rule makers: Federal government State of California Regional agencies Local governmentThe Participants: Applicants City Staff Community stakeholders
Community Participation • On-line Information • Social Media • City Hall • On-Site Signs • Neighborhood Associations • Letters and E-mail • Community Meetings • Public Hearings
Content of Project Files Project files are available to Public The contents include: Plans Memorandums and correspondence Environmental review Staff reports and/or Permits Conditions of approval