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Planning 101 Silicon Valley Leadership Group


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Basics of City Planning for community leader training June 2012 at Silicon Valley Leadership Group event.

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Planning 101 Silicon Valley Leadership Group

  1. 1. Planning 101
  2. 2. “Make no little plans; they have no magic to stir men’s blood.” Daniel Burnham (Plan of Chicago, 1909)
  3. 3. Why Do We Plan? The Balancing Act: – Reflect community values – Enhance community livability – Balance goals that are often competing with one another
  4. 4. What is Land Use Planning? Stakeholder process by which cities and counties determine what gets built and where.
  5. 5. Who AuthorizesLand Use Planning? • Under California State Law, all cities and counties must have a General Plan or “blueprint” for land use development.
  6. 6. Regulatory Framework US Constitution California State Law
  7. 7. Regulatory Framework• General Plan• City Council Policies (and Design Guidelines)• Neighborhood Plans• Zoning Ordinance – Land Uses – Development Standards – Permit Processes• Subdivision Ordinance• Sign Ordinance• Environmental Review – NEPA (National Environmental Protection Act) – CEQA (California Environmental Quality Act)
  8. 8. General Plan Vision for City’s future Major Strategies Standards for City Services Land Use Plan
  9. 9. General Plan Under California State Law, all cities and counties must have a General Plan or “blueprint” for land use development.The General Plan isthe City’s official policystatement regardingits future character,land use patterns, andquality ofdevelopment.
  10. 10. General Plan Required Elements  Land Use,  Circulation,  Housing,  Conservation,  Open Space,  Noise, and  Safety
  11. 11. Land Use / Transportation Diagram
  12. 12. General Plan Major StrategiesGeneral Plan 1990 (1975) s Growth Management s Transportation/Land Use Integration s Economic Development s Downtown Revitalization s Urban Conservation/PreservationHorizon 2000 (1984) s Greenline s Urban ReservesSan Jose 2020 (1994) s Transit Corridors s Housing s Sustainable City
  13. 13. How is the General PlanImplemented?  Specific Plans are detailed plans for specific areas of the City.  Proactive approach to shaping development  Prevents piecemeal development by linking GP policies and individual development proposals in defined area  Provides more detail for implementation than the General Plan
  14. 14. Other Tools for Implementation Capital Improvement Program (CIP) Specific Plans The Zoning Ordinance Subdivision Ordinance California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) City Council Policies Design Guidelines
  15. 15. Zoning  Legislative decision by Council, which:  Divides the City into districts,  Prescribes what can and cannot be built on each parcel,  Regulates the use, placement, spacing, and size of land and buildings
  16. 16. Conventional vs. PlannedDevelopment Zoning  Conventional Zoning:  Districts identified in the Zoning Ordinance  Planned Development Zoning:  Tailors regulations to a particular site
  17. 17. Entitlement Sequence “Discretionary” Actions (require public hearing)  General Plan Amendments / Specific Plan Amendments  Rezoning (Conventional or Planned Development)  Development Permit (Site Permit, Conditional Use Permit, Special Use Permit or Planned Development Permit)  Tentative Subdivision Map
  18. 18. Entitlement Sequence“Ministerial” Actions (no public hearing)  Administrative Permits  Public Works Clearance  Building Permits  Final Subdivision Map
  19. 19. Process Flow-chart
  20. 20. Roles in the Planning ProcessThe Rule makers: Federal government State of California Regional agencies Local governmentThe Participants: Applicants City Staff Community stakeholders
  21. 21. Community Participation • On-line Information • Social Media • City Hall • On-Site Signs • Neighborhood Associations • Letters and E-mail • Community Meetings • Public Hearings
  22. 22. Content of Project Files  Project files are available to Public  The contents include:  Plans  Memorandums and correspondence  Environmental review  Staff reports and/or Permits  Conditions of approval
  23. 23. San Jose CABuilding a City of Great Places