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Deforestation And Details

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it,s a powerpoint presentation on the topic deforestation and details which include the cause, solution,effects etc.... which I had made by referring and downloading and joining many slides.I had just joint the slide of the others and I do this as a part of my education.so please comment on my work by accepting my mistake......

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Deforestation And Details

  1. 1. DEFORESTATION
  2. 2. Content 1. Introduction: Deforestation 2. Current Situation of our Rainforests 3. Causes of Deforestation 4. Short & Long Term Effects of Deforestation 5. Short & Long Term Solutions 6. Case Study 7. Conclusion
  3. 3. Introduction
  4. 4. Introduction: Deforestation • Forests cover 31% of the land area on our planet • They produce vital oxygen and provide homes for people and wildlife • Many of the world’s most threatened and endangered animals live in these forests • 1.6 billion people rely on benefits forests offer, including food, fresh water, clothing, traditional medicine and shelter
  5. 5. Current Situation of our Rainforests
  6. 6. Top 10 Countries with Highest Deforestation Country Deforested Area (Hectares) Country Deforested Area (Hectares) Brazil 3,466,000 Peru 224,600 Indonesia 1,447,800 USA 215,200 Russia 532,200 Bolivia 135,200 Mexico 395,000 Sudan 117,807 Papua New Guinea 250,200 Nigeria 82,000
  7. 7. Current Situation in Brazil h" p ://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rNx51WqBBgM
  8. 8. Case Study: Amazon Rainforest Events Year Description 1960s Colonists began establishing farms within the forest via slash-and-burn method 1970s Construction began on the Trans-Amazonian Highway, paving roads and making it easier to transport timbre 1990 – 2000s Total Area forest lost in the Amazon rose by 160,000 sq km to 587,000 sq km, of which 70% used for livestock pasture 2005 Use of satellite data has helped the government slash deforestation by 80% by allowing police to pinpoint illegal activity in the forest 2013 Satellite data reported a 28% increase in deforestation to 5,843 sq km compared to the previous year
  9. 9. Case Study: Amazon Rainforest (Past 15 Years) 17.3 18.2 18.4 ‘000 Sq km of deforestation (per annum) • While present figures are much better than before, deforestation continues to threaten the world’s ecosystem • The razing of forests continues to be a major contributor to the emissions that drive climate change 27.4 24.9 23.3 18.9 14.3 11.7 12.9 7.5 7.0 6.4 4.7 5.8 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Source: Institute of Space Research (INPE)
  10. 10. Causes of Deforestation
  11. 11. Causes of Deforestation 1. Clearing land to build housing 2. Felling trees for wood 4. Other land uses • Countries resort to deforestation to cope with the increasing demand for housing brought about by the growing population • Logging, or simply cutting down trees for timbre is one of the main causes of deforestation 3. Agriculture • To provide land for food crops such as palm oil and for rearing cattle, undisturbed rainforest areas end up being removed • Land for mining and industrial projects • Building dams
  12. 12. 1. Growing Demand for Housing 6.0 billion 2000 World Population 3.0 billion 1960 9.6 billion 2050 • The current world population of 7.2 billion is projected to reach 9.6 billion by 2050, according to a UN report • To cater to the increasing housing needs, many resort to removing rainforests to create land
  13. 13. 2. Logging Wood felling by commercial logging companies • Many commercial logging companies fell down trees in a process known as selective logging, where only the most valuable trees are felled Growing demand for products made fromwood • Over the years, the uses of wood moved from wood fuel to construction materials such as shelters and furniture • Today, almost every household has something made out of wood, eg. floor tiles, cutleries and musical instruments
  14. 14. 3. Agriculture – Crop Planting & Cattle Ranching Clearing of Land for PalmOil and other Crop Plantations Clearing of Land to Rear Cattle Cattle Ranching Subsistence Farming Breeding Cows forMilk
  15. 15. 4. Other Land Uses Mining and Industrial Projects Mining Projects Industrial Projects Building Dams • In India and South America, rainforests have been destroyed by the building of hydro-electric dams • It was the dominant view that new dams had to be built or otherwise these countries would suffer an energy crisis
  16. 16. Effects
  17. 17. Environmental & Economical Impacts Increased Soil Erosion IMPACTS Disruption ofWater Cycles Reduced Biodiversity Disruption Climate Change of Livelihoods
  18. 18. Short TermEnvironmental Effects Increased Soil Erosion • No trees anchoring the fertile soil • Erosion is sweeping the land into rivers • The agricultural plants replacing the forests are unable to hold onto the soil • Since 1960 a third of world’s arable land has been lost • As fertile soil washes away producers move on, clearing more forests Disruption ofWater Cycles • Trees play a key role in the local water cycle • Keep balance between the water on the land and the water in the atmosphere • Disrupted balance changes the precipitation and river flow
  19. 19. Long TermEnvironmental Effects Reduced Biodiversity • 80 % species can be found in tropical rainforests • Often unable to survive in the small fragments of forested lend left behind • Accessible to hunters and poachers • Leading to extinction Climate Change • Forests help to mitigate carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions • When cut, burned or otherwise removed they become carbon source • Tropical forests hold more than 210 gig tons of carbon • Deforestation represents 15% of greenhouse gas emissions • Rising temperatures, changed patterns of weather and increase of extreme weather events
  20. 20. Economical Effects • Deforestation greatly influences many lives • In Southeast Asia deforestation contributed to migration and social conflicts • In Brazil the poor people are constantly pressured to move from their villages often to remote soy plantations where they have to work under inhumane conditions • Destroying sources of medicine • Increasing food insecurity • Flooding causing loss of many lives and homes Disruption of Livelihoods
  21. 21. Solutions
  22. 22. Solutions 1. Corporations 2. Governments • If corporations have the ability to destroy the world’s rainforests, they also have the power to help save them • Governments are able to enact ambitious domestic and international forest policies that have wide-ranging effects 3. Individuals • As individuals, we contribute significantly to deforestation with our lifestyle, hence we have the responsibility to keep ourselves in check
  23. 23. 1. Corporations Implement anti-deforestation policies • Corporations can implement anti-deforestation policies that require suppliers and other stakeholders to operate in ways that do not harm the environment Minimise paper wastage and encourage recycling • Corporations are huge consumers of paper. Management can work towards a paper-free office by shifting towards email and soft-copies, and also encourage their employees to recycle
  24. 24. 2. Governments Reforestation • The cutting down of trees must be countered by replacing old ones that were cut with young ones. Trees are being planted every year, but they still don’t match the number of trees that we lost Support organisations that push for anti-deforestation • Governments have the resources to allow anti-deforestation organisations to get their message across and increase their sphere of influence. This is a good way to indirectly solve deforestation
  25. 25. 3. Individuals “You may never know what results come fromyour action. But if you do nothing, there will be no result.” – Mahatma Gandhi
  26. 26. 3. Individuals Recycle • Everybody, even children, can be conscious of the need to recycle. Instead of throwing paper away, we can always seek to recycle it or use it for other purposes Use recycled products • By purchasing recycled products, we are encouraging more and more companies to produce recycled products, which deal less damage to our forests , creates less waste and decreases the need for new raw materials
  27. 27. 3. Individuals Go paperless • For ecological deforestation to end, paper consumption must be drastically reduced. Opting for paperless bills, checks and payments significantly contributes towards mending the harmful effects of deforestation Be conscious of your food choices • Cattle grazing is one of the primary causes of deforestation. Limit your consumption of fast food meat and always choose to buy locally. Knowing where your food comes from helps to combat deforestation
  28. 28. 3. Individuals Use renewable energy • In some places, especially developing countries, wood is still used as fuel. Purchase renewable energy, such as solar, geothermal and wind energy to help stop deforestation Educate others of the need to fight deforestation • What’s better than one person fighting deforestation? Two people doing the same thing. Spread your knowledge and urge others to follow in your footsteps and fight deforestation
  29. 29. 6. Case study
  30. 30. INDEX BISHNOI COMMUNNITY AMRITA DEVI CHIPKO MOVEMENT WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
  31. 31. Bishnoi community
  32. 32. •THE BISHNOI IS A NON VIOLENT COMMUNITY OF NATURE WORSHIPPERS OF RAJASTHAN IN WESTERN INDIA •FOUNDED BY GURU JAMBHESHWAR BEFORE 1451 AFTER A DRAUGHT IN THE MARWAR REGION OF RAJASTHAN. •THE GURU DIRECTED THE WORSHIP OF LORD VISHNU ,THUS THE SECT IS CALLED VISHNOI OR BISHNOI. •THE BISHNOIS FOLLOW 29 PRINCIPLES GIVEN BY GURU JAMBHESHWAR WHICH WERE NOT ONLY TAILORED TO CONSERVE BIO-DIVERSITY OF THE AREA BUT ALSO ENSURED ECO- FRIENDLY SOCIAL LIFE.
  33. 33. •BISHNOIS ARE STRONG LOVERS OF WILD ANIMALS •ANIMALS ARE PROTECTED IN BISHNOI –DOMINATED AREAS •BISHNOI COMMUNITY HAS LAUNCHED STRONG PROTESTS AGAINST THE KILLING OF BLACK BUCKS BY SALMAN KHAN AND MANSUR ALI KHAN PATAUDI.
  34. 34. Amrita devi
  35. 35. •IN 1731 AMRITA DEVI ,A BISHNOI WOMAN WHO ALONG WITH MORE THAN 363 OTHER BISHNOIS DIED SAVING THE KHEJRALI TREES. •ALL KILLED WERE BURRIED IN KHEJRALI VILLAGE NEAR JODHPUR. •IN SEP, THEY COMMEMORATE THE EXTREME SACRIFICE MADE BY THEIR PEOPLE. •GOVT OF INDIA RECENTLY INSTITUTED AN “AMRITA DEVI BISHNOI NATIONAL AWARD FOR WILDLIFE CONSERVATION” IN THE MEMORY OF AMRITA DEVI.
  36. 36. Chipko movement
  37. 37. INTRODUCTION Chipko means tree hugging or “embrace” as the villagers hug the trees. The movement is best known for its tactic of hugging trees to prevent them being cut down and to prevent commercial timber harvesting. ORIGIN Gopeshwar in District Chamoli. Uttaranchal in 1970’s First Chipko action March 1974 in Reni village. Locally it is called as Angwal.
  38. 38. THE SPREADING OF MOVEMENT Government's decision to allot forest trees to a sports goods company. The local residents in Gopeshwar were denied the similar demand of getting few trees, required for making farm tools. Organized rallies to protect the forest from mass destruction. Idea of Chipko Movement originated. Sunder Lal Bahuguna (Environmentalist) Enlightened the country and out world about the movement, its success and environmental impact. Padmabhushan winner for his contribution in the movement. Sunderlal Bahuguna
  39. 39. SUCCESS OF CHIPKO MOVEMENT •This movement has spread to many states in the country. •It stopped felling of trees in the Western Ghats and the Vindhyas •More than 1,00,000 trees have been saved from excavation •By 1981, over a million trees had been planted through their efforts.
  40. 40. Main Leaders •Chandi Prasad Bhatt. •Sunder Lal Bahuguna. •Sarla Bahen from Lakshmi Ashram. •Women groups. •The Uttarakahand Sangharsh Vahini (USV).
  41. 41. Wildlife conservation
  42. 42. What is Wildlife Conservation? Wildlife conservation is the practice of protecting endangered plant and animal species and their habitats. Among the goals of wildlife conservation are to ensure that nature will be around for future generations to enjoy and to recognize the importance of wildlife and wilderness lands to humans.
  43. 43. WHY SHOULD WE CONSERVE WILDLIFE? • It is necessary to conserve wildlife because it results in undesirable consequences for the whole ecosystem. • Conservation preserves the ecological diversity and our life support systems. • It also helps in the preservation of the genetic diversity of plants and animals for better growth of species and breeding. • The destruction of forests and wildlife is not just a biological issue. The biological loss is strongly correlated with the loss of cultural diversity.
  44. 44. 7.CONCLUSION Increased understanding about the world’s current wildlife situation and an increased emphasis on education will give future generations an opportunity to experience nature to its fullest extent
  45. 45. Conclusion
  46. 46. If the current rate of deforestation continues, the world’s rainforests will disappear within 100 years – causing unknown effects on global climate and eliminating the majority of plant and animal species on earth! Thank you A presentation by Vineeth,Tinto,Albin & ……………….?

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