Memory Games

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Memory Games

  1. 1. Memory Games Can We Improve Memory?
  2. 2. Common Cents <ul><li>Only one of the images of a penny on the following slide is correct. </li></ul><ul><li>Which one is it? </li></ul>
  3. 4. What’s Going On? <ul><li>If you chose the first penny, you were correct! </li></ul><ul><li>Most people have a hard time making this choice. </li></ul><ul><li>You need to be able to recognize a penny when you see one. </li></ul><ul><li>You don't need to remember many details to distinguish a penny from a dime or quarter. </li></ul><ul><li>We're likely to remember only enough about an object to recognize it in everyday life. </li></ul>
  4. 5. What About Faces? <ul><li>How do we remember a face? </li></ul><ul><li>The upper part of the face seems to be more important for recognition than the lower part. </li></ul><ul><li>The hair is the most important factor, followed by the eyes, then the nose, and then to a lesser extent, the mouth and chin. </li></ul><ul><li>If you're going to rob a bank, wear a wig, and don't bother with the fake beard! </li></ul>
  5. 6. Impersonating Elvis <ul><li>The following pictures are famous people. </li></ul><ul><li>Each is shown with &quot;The King's&quot; hair. </li></ul><ul><li>Does the hair make it more difficult to recognize them? </li></ul><ul><li>Write down your guess for each figure. </li></ul>
  6. 7. 1. 2. 3.
  7. 11. What’s Wrong With This Picture?
  8. 12. Hair Matters Most! <ul><li>The members of this track team all have the same face. </li></ul><ul><li>Unless we are paying close attention to facial features, hair plays a big part in forming an image of individuals. </li></ul>
  9. 13. Thanks for the Memories <ul><li>I will slowly read a list of words out loud. </li></ul><ul><li>Take three minutes to write down all the words you remember. </li></ul>
  10. 14. Now Compare <ul><li>sour </li></ul><ul><li>chocolate </li></ul><ul><li>nice </li></ul><ul><li>pie </li></ul><ul><li>candy </li></ul><ul><li>honey </li></ul><ul><li>sugar </li></ul><ul><li>soda </li></ul><ul><li>bitter </li></ul><ul><li>good </li></ul><ul><li>heart </li></ul><ul><li>taste </li></ul><ul><li>cake </li></ul><ul><li>tooth </li></ul><ul><li>tart </li></ul>
  11. 15. Let’s Try it Again <ul><li>mad </li></ul><ul><li>wrath </li></ul><ul><li>fear </li></ul><ul><li>happy </li></ul><ul><li>hate </li></ul><ul><li>fight </li></ul><ul><li>rage </li></ul><ul><li>hatred </li></ul><ul><li>temper </li></ul><ul><li>mean </li></ul><ul><li>fury </li></ul><ul><li>calm </li></ul><ul><li>ire </li></ul><ul><li>emotion </li></ul><ul><li>enrage </li></ul>
  12. 16. What’s Going On? <ul><li>Most people falsely remember the word ‘sweet’ on the first list and the word angry on the second list. </li></ul><ul><li>The words aren't there, but they are strongly suggested by the words that are on the list. </li></ul><ul><li>Memory is associative </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking about one thing gets you thinking related thoughts. </li></ul>
  13. 17. Activity One <ul><li>On the next slide, there are pictures of 20 different things. </li></ul><ul><li>Set a timer for two minutes then proceed to the next slide. </li></ul><ul><li>Look at the pictures for two minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>After two minutes advance to the next slide. </li></ul>
  14. 19. Instructions <ul><li>Now write down as many of the things as you can remember on your piece of paper. </li></ul><ul><li>After you've written down as many things as you can remember, move to the next slide to check your list. </li></ul>
  15. 20. <ul><li>How many of the 20 things did you remember? </li></ul>
  16. 21. Does Practice Make Perfect? <ul><li>In 1927, a scientist tested 187 university students on their ability to memorize poetry, the meaning of Turkish words, dates of historical events, etc. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some students practiced memorizing things. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others learned techniques for remembering things. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The rest did nothing at all related to memory. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 22. The Results <ul><li>The group that had learned techniques for memorizing things did much better on the test than the others. </li></ul><ul><li>The students who had practiced memorizing things and the students who had done nothing at all did about the same on the test as they did before. </li></ul>
  18. 23. Why is This So? <ul><li>Repeating the words over and over uses “working memory” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This works for some things – like short term recall of a phone number </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You won’t remember something this way 5 minutes later </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You don't improve memory just by repeating something over and over. </li></ul><ul><li>Working memory holds a small amount of information for a short time </li></ul>
  19. 24. So What Does Work? <ul><li>Elaborative encoding </li></ul><ul><li>Elaborative encoding connects new information to existing memories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This helps you remember the new information. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It helps move the information out of working memory and into long-term memory. </li></ul>
  20. 25. Let’s Try It Again! <ul><li>As you did before, look at the pictures on the following slide for two minutes </li></ul><ul><li>After 2 minutes move to the next slide and write down as many of the things as you can remember. </li></ul><ul><li>This time, while you are looking at the pictures, make up a story that has all of the items in it. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to imagine the story as you tell it to yourself, picturing each item. </li></ul><ul><li>Here we Go! </li></ul>
  21. 27. More Instructions <ul><li>Now write down as many of the things as you can remember on your piece of paper. </li></ul><ul><li>After you've written down as many things as you can remember, move to the next slide to check your list. </li></ul>
  22. 28. <ul><li>How many did you remember this time? </li></ul>
  23. 29. What’s Going On? <ul><li>You are connecting the different pictures so that when you remember one, you remember the others too. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It's easier to remember when one item is attached to others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You are making a mental picture that includes all the different items. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Making a mental picture helps you remember. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Making up a story may not help you remember all of the objects, but it helps you remember some of the objects a lot longer. </li></ul><ul><li>When you made a mental picture of the objects, you used your long-term memory. </li></ul>
  24. 30. Let’s Try One More Time <ul><li>This experiment is a bit harder. </li></ul><ul><li>On the next slide, there are pictures of 10 different objects. </li></ul><ul><li>Think of 10 different places where you could put something. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose any 10 places you like, but make sure that you can walk from one to the next easily and in the same order every time. </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine yourself walking from one place to another, looking at each one. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure that you can remember all 10 places. </li></ul>
  25. 31. More Instructions <ul><li>Move to the next slide and look at the pictures for two minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>When you look at the pictures, imagine each object in one of the places you selected. </li></ul><ul><li>The sillier the picture you imagine, the more likely you are to remember it. </li></ul><ul><li>Do the same thing for every other item on the list. </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine yourself walking from one place to another and seeing the things you've imagined. </li></ul><ul><li>Now try it. </li></ul>
  26. 33. What Can You Remember? <ul><li>Now write down as many of the things as you can remember on your piece of paper. </li></ul><ul><li>How did you do this time? </li></ul>
  27. 34. Did you remember all 10?
  28. 35. Why it Works <ul><li>This trick helps you remember for the same reasons that telling yourself a story helped you remember. </li></ul><ul><li>You are connecting these different things and picturing them in your mind. </li></ul><ul><li>You are also giving yourself a hint that helps you pull out the memory. </li></ul><ul><li>You can apply these techniques to other things you want to remember. </li></ul>

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