End of the Roman Empire


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  • End of the Roman Empire

    1. 1. Social Studies for 9th EGB Teacher: Mauricio Torres The end of THE EMPIRE
    2. 2. Building Background Thought he Roman Empire remained large and powerful, it faced serious threats from both outside and inside. Beyond the borders of the empire, many different groups of people were on the move. They threatened the peace in the provinces - and eventually attacked the heart of the empire itself
    3. 3. Problems in the Empire At its height the Roman Empire included all the land around the Mediterranean Sea. In the early AD 100s, the empire stretched from Britain south to Egypt and from the Atlantic Ocean all the way down to Mesopotamia. But it did not stay that large for long. By the 200s, some emperors had given up some land. They feared the empire had become too large to control and defend. Time proved them right!
    4. 4. The End of the Empire: Problems Internal Threats External Threats Division of the Empire
    5. 5. External Threats
    6. 6. Invasions External Threats Tribes of fierce Germanic warriors attacked Rome from the north. At the same time Parthians, were attacking from the East. For 200 years, the Romans fought bravely, but at a great cost!
    7. 7. Internal Threats
    8. 8. Internal Threats Migration As these barbarian warriors invaded the north, nervous Romans fled from the borders into the South, leaving the lands abandoned. Without farmers, Romans had to invite some of the same Germanic tribes into their territory in order to farm the land and produce food! • Over time, entire communities moved in and started to mix with Roman citizens. • They usually chose their own leaders and ignored the emperors.
    9. 9. Famine and Disease Internal Threats Another problem was the many diseases that swept through the empire, killing many Romans. In order to be able to defend itself, the government had to continuously raise taxes in order to pay for the defense of the empire.
    10. 10. Division of the Empire
    11. 11. As desperate romans sought for strength and leadership, they found DIOCLETIAN
    12. 12. Division of the Empire Diocletian He became emperor in the late 200s. He was deeply convinced that the empire was too big for only one man to rule it. To solve this issue, he divided the empire in two administrative regions: east and west. • While he ruled in the east, he named Maximian co-emperor. Not long after his death, Constantine rose to power after a struggle with Maximian’s succesor. He rejoined the empire for a short time and moved the capital to the east, into modern day Istambul. • This city was named after him: Constantinople. Although it was still called “Roman Empire”, power was no longer in Rome. It had now moved to the Hellenistic east.
    13. 13. ASK YOURSELF Identify: • What problems did Rome face in the 100s and 200s? Make inferences: • Why do you think power moved to the east when Constantine moved the empire’s capital? Interpret: • Look at the map on your left. Why would Constantine move the capital to this geographical location?
    14. 14. Oral Activity: Division Debate Lets have a debate! Choose a side: support Diocletian in his decision to divide the empire or gather together with others in order to reunite the empire back together. Think about the pros and cons, and write them down to help you debate!!