PAX ROMANA
PAX ROMANA <ul><li>Start of Pax Romana </li></ul><ul><li>Emperors after Augustus </li></ul><ul><li>Rome in Pax Romana </li...
Start of Pax Romana <ul><li>14 A.D. – Augustus Caesar’s death which marked the start of the Pax Romana. His rule gave Rome...
Emperors after Augustus <ul><li>There was no rule who the emperor would be when Augustus Caesar (Octavian) died, but the f...
The Julio-Claudian Dynasty <ul><li>spanned 27 BC to AD 68. </li></ul><ul><li>Called Julio-Claudians because its Emperors b...
Tiberius (A.D. 14-37) <ul><li>Augustus’ stepson </li></ul><ul><li>ran empire well, despite common plots of violence that r...
Caligula (A.D. 37-41) <ul><li>BAD EMPEROR </li></ul><ul><li>Cruel and insane </li></ul><ul><li>Was assassinated after four...
Claudius (A.D. 41-54) <ul><li>restored order </li></ul><ul><li>made Britain part of empire </li></ul>
Nero (A.D. 54-68) <ul><li>BAD EMPEROR, last of Julio-Claudian dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Claudius’ stepson </li></ul><ul><l...
The Year of the Four Emperors (68 - 69 AD) and the Flavian Dynasty <ul><li>Following the suicide of Nero there was a brief...
<ul><li>66 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Romans and Judeans fought and clashed </li></ul><ul><li>Jews wanted to re-establish thei...
Vespasian (A.D. 69-71) <ul><li>Started the Flavian dynasty, which included his two sons </li></ul><ul><li>Restored discipl...
Titus (A.D. 79-81) <ul><li>Completed the Colosseum </li></ul><ul><li>Died of fever and was succeded by brother </li></ul>
Domitian (A.D. 81-96) <ul><li>Last of the Flavian dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>BAD EMPEROR </li></ul><ul><li>Thought of himse...
Dynasties of Roman Emperors - Five Good Emperors & Nervan / Antonine Dynasty (96–192) <ul><li>The Five Good Emperors were ...
Nerva (A.D. 96-98) <ul><li>Chosen by Senate </li></ul><ul><li>GOOD EMPEROR </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure a succession of com...
Trajan (A.D. 98-117) <ul><li>Expanded Empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>brought Mesopotamia under Roman rule </li></ul></ul><ul...
Hadrian (A.D. 117-138) <ul><li>GOOD EMPEROR </li></ul><ul><li>Made the emperor more secure rather than expanding it </li><...
132-133 A.D. <ul><li>Another Jewish revolt rose </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hadrian suppressed it and made harsh punishments...
Antoninus Pius (A.D. 138-161) <ul><li>GOOD EMPEROR </li></ul><ul><li>His reign was the most peaceful, with no serious mili...
Marcus Aurelius (A.D. 161-180) <ul><li>GOOD EMPEROR </li></ul><ul><li>Last Emperor under Pax Romana </li></ul><ul><li>Foll...
Rome in Pax Romana: Expanded Empire <ul><li>Extended borders in Asia Minor, conquered most of Britain, secured frontiers i...
Time of Order and Good Government <ul><li>Roman governors assisted officials, made laws and settled arguments </li></ul><u...
Prosperity <ul><li>Built roads </li></ul><ul><li>Cleared forests </li></ul><ul><li>Drained swamps </li></ul><ul><li>Improv...
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Pax romana2

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Pax romana2

  1. 1. PAX ROMANA
  2. 2. PAX ROMANA <ul><li>Start of Pax Romana </li></ul><ul><li>Emperors after Augustus </li></ul><ul><li>Rome in Pax Romana </li></ul>
  3. 3. Start of Pax Romana <ul><li>14 A.D. – Augustus Caesar’s death which marked the start of the Pax Romana. His rule gave Rome peace and made it very prosperous. </li></ul><ul><li>Pax Romana means “the Roman Peace” in Latin. It lasted for 207 years, from 27 B.C- A.D. 180. During this time, Rome was stable and had a fair, orderly government. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Emperors after Augustus <ul><li>There was no rule who the emperor would be when Augustus Caesar (Octavian) died, but the first four emperors were heirs from members of his family. The Julio-Claudian dynasty was composed of the four emperors who followed Caesar, who were related to him or to his wife, Livia. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Julio-Claudian Dynasty <ul><li>spanned 27 BC to AD 68. </li></ul><ul><li>Called Julio-Claudians because its Emperors belonged to the patrician families called the Julii and the Claudii </li></ul>
  6. 6. Tiberius (A.D. 14-37) <ul><li>Augustus’ stepson </li></ul><ul><li>ran empire well, despite common plots of violence that rose </li></ul>
  7. 7. Caligula (A.D. 37-41) <ul><li>BAD EMPEROR </li></ul><ul><li>Cruel and insane </li></ul><ul><li>Was assassinated after four years </li></ul>
  8. 8. Claudius (A.D. 41-54) <ul><li>restored order </li></ul><ul><li>made Britain part of empire </li></ul>
  9. 9. Nero (A.D. 54-68) <ul><li>BAD EMPEROR, last of Julio-Claudian dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Claudius’ stepson </li></ul><ul><li>His reign turned to bloodthirsty violence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>64 A.D. – Fire broke out in Rome and he blamed it on Christians and persecuted them </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rebellions rose against him and he committed suicide </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Year of the Four Emperors (68 - 69 AD) and the Flavian Dynasty <ul><li>Following the suicide of Nero there was a brief period of civil war in Rome which resulted in the Year of the Four Emperors which saw the successive rise and fall of emperors until the final accession of Vespasian who became the first ruler of the Flavian Dynasty. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>66 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Romans and Judeans fought and clashed </li></ul><ul><li>Jews wanted to re-establish their ancient kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Nero sent Vespasian to Judea to manage the rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Vespasian’s soldiers declared him emperor so he returned to Rome, leaving his son Titus to manage the war. </li></ul><ul><li>70 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Jerusalem was captured </li></ul><ul><li>Jews hid in mountaintop fortress, Masada and resisted Romans for two years </li></ul><ul><li>73 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Fortress fell and people in Masada committed suicide </li></ul>
  12. 12. Vespasian (A.D. 69-71) <ul><li>Started the Flavian dynasty, which included his two sons </li></ul><ul><li>Restored discipline in army and empire </li></ul><ul><li>Put down uprisings in Gaul and Judea </li></ul>
  13. 13. Titus (A.D. 79-81) <ul><li>Completed the Colosseum </li></ul><ul><li>Died of fever and was succeded by brother </li></ul>
  14. 14. Domitian (A.D. 81-96) <ul><li>Last of the Flavian dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>BAD EMPEROR </li></ul><ul><li>Thought of himself as Augustus and wanted to control public and private morals </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthened economy and expanded empire </li></ul><ul><li>Popular to people and army, but considered tyrant by Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Was assassinated in 96 A.D. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Dynasties of Roman Emperors - Five Good Emperors & Nervan / Antonine Dynasty (96–192) <ul><li>The Five Good Emperors were Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius (together with Lucius Verus, who ruled jointly with Marcus Aurelius, and Commodus ). The Five Good Emperors were so named by the political philosopher, Niccolo Machiavelli in 1503 due to their good government and the respect given to them by the people of Rome. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Nerva (A.D. 96-98) <ul><li>Chosen by Senate </li></ul><ul><li>GOOD EMPEROR </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure a succession of competent and good rulers introduced the adoptive system </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted his son Trajan and named him as successor </li></ul>
  17. 17. Trajan (A.D. 98-117) <ul><li>Expanded Empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>brought Mesopotamia under Roman rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>conquered lands North of Danube and East of the Black Sea </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eased taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Aided the poor </li></ul><ul><li>Had extensive public building programs </li></ul><ul><li>GOOD EMPEROR </li></ul>
  18. 18. Hadrian (A.D. 117-138) <ul><li>GOOD EMPEROR </li></ul><ul><li>Made the emperor more secure rather than expanding it </li></ul><ul><li>Spent his time with the military </li></ul><ul><li>Invited more people from provinces to join the army </li></ul><ul><li>Had a wall built along the frontier of Britain </li></ul>
  19. 19. 132-133 A.D. <ul><li>Another Jewish revolt rose </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hadrian suppressed it and made harsh punishments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Non-Jews were encouraged to live in Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>Jews were allowed to enter Jerusalem only once a year </li></ul><ul><li>Jews were made slaves </li></ul>
  20. 20. Antoninus Pius (A.D. 138-161) <ul><li>GOOD EMPEROR </li></ul><ul><li>His reign was the most peaceful, with no serious military disturbances </li></ul><ul><li>Dealt with crisis differently </li></ul>
  21. 21. Marcus Aurelius (A.D. 161-180) <ul><li>GOOD EMPEROR </li></ul><ul><li>Last Emperor under Pax Romana </li></ul><ul><li>Followed Stoic philosophies </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on border wars with Germanic tribes </li></ul><ul><li>Abandoned adoptive system and chose son Commodus as successor (but Commodus was a bad emperor) </li></ul>
  22. 22. Rome in Pax Romana: Expanded Empire <ul><li>Extended borders in Asia Minor, conquered most of Britain, secured frontiers in Europe and Danube River </li></ul><ul><li>These helped in guarding Rome from civil wars and other warfare between cities. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Time of Order and Good Government <ul><li>Roman governors assisted officials, made laws and settled arguments </li></ul><ul><li>Talented people from provinces were given the chance to be administrators </li></ul>
  24. 24. Prosperity <ul><li>Built roads </li></ul><ul><li>Cleared forests </li></ul><ul><li>Drained swamps </li></ul><ul><li>Improved harbors to develop trade </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigated deserts to turn undeveloped land to farms </li></ul>

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