<ul><li>at it’s height </li></ul>Medieval Europe Kandice Price 8th Grade
Section 1: The Crusades
I. Call for a crusade <ul><li>Jerusalem was a holy city for people of three faiths: Jews, Christians, and Muslims. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Jerusalem and the entire region of Palestine fell to Arab invaders in the A.D. 600s; mostly Muslims, the Arabs tol...
<ul><li>In the late A.D.  1000s, the Seljuk Turls took Jerusalem , and the hazards of pilgrimage increased; the Byzantine ...
<ul><li>The First Crusade marked the onset of a long period of Christian persecution of the Jews; three armies of Crusader...
<ul><li>After Saladin united the Muslim forces to capture Jerusalem in A.D. 1187, the Holy Roman Emperor of Germany and th...
<ul><li>In the Fourth Crusade of A.d. 1204, Crusaders destroyed city of constantinople, leaving a lasting bitterness betwe...
<ul><li>Although western Europeans failed to gain control of Palestine, the Crusaders helped to break down feudalism and i...
<ul><li>Contact with the more advanced Byzantine and Muslim civilizations broadened European views of the world and height...
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Medieval europe

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8th Grade Student Kandice Leigh created this in World History Class

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Medieval europe

  1. 1. <ul><li>at it’s height </li></ul>Medieval Europe Kandice Price 8th Grade
  2. 2. Section 1: The Crusades
  3. 3. I. Call for a crusade <ul><li>Jerusalem was a holy city for people of three faiths: Jews, Christians, and Muslims. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Jerusalem and the entire region of Palestine fell to Arab invaders in the A.D. 600s; mostly Muslims, the Arabs tolerated people of other religions. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>In the late A.D. 1000s, the Seljuk Turls took Jerusalem , and the hazards of pilgrimage increased; the Byzantine emperor wrote to the pope in A.D. 1095 requesting military aid. </li></ul><ul><li>Pope Urban II called for a volunteer army to take Jerusalem and Palestine from the Seljuk Turks; knights and peasants alike vowed to join the expedition to the Holy Land. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The First Crusade marked the onset of a long period of Christian persecution of the Jews; three armies of Crusader knights and volunteers traveled to eastern Mediterranean. </li></ul><ul><li>In June A.D. 1099, the Crusaders finally reached Jerusalem; after a siege of almost two months, the city fell, and most of its Muslim and Jewish inhabitants were massacred. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>After Saladin united the Muslim forces to capture Jerusalem in A.D. 1187, the Holy Roman Emperor of Germany and the kings of England and France launched a Third Crusade that was also unsuccessful. </li></ul><ul><li>Saladin refused to return Jerusalem to the Christians but did not allow Christian pilgrimages access. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>In the Fourth Crusade of A.d. 1204, Crusaders destroyed city of constantinople, leaving a lasting bitterness between the Eastern orthodox world and western europe and seriously weakening the byzantine empire. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Although western Europeans failed to gain control of Palestine, the Crusaders helped to break down feudalism and increase the authority of kings. </li></ul>II. Effect of the Crusaders
  10. 10. <ul><li>Contact with the more advanced Byzantine and Muslim civilizations broadened European views of the world and heightened demand at home for Eastern luxury goods. </li></ul><ul><li>From Muslims, Crusaders learned many useful skills; for Muslims, the arrival of the Crusades provided a common enemy to unite against. </li></ul>

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