SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Organizedby: 
Promotedby: 
Withtheparticipationof: 
A new legislativeactin Belgiumregardingconstructionproducts. 
Federal PublicService, Healthand Environment, Belgium. 
De Lathauwer, Dieter
From «I have the most environmentally friendly product» … 
Because my product.. 
•Is based on natural materials 
•Has 20 % recycled material 
•Has a very low carbon footprint 
•Has lower environmental overall impact 
2 
But… 
•pesticides? Land use? Service life? 
•transport to recyclingcentre? 
•Otherenvironmentalimpacts? 
•technicalperformance? 
•badbuilding design? 
•Transparency? 
•Burdenshifting? 
•Greenwashing? 
•Freeriders? 
•Confusion?
… tolife cycleassessment … 
Resource extraction 
Resource transport 
Production 
Transport of product tothe market 
Transport to the construction site 
Construction phase 
Maintenance 
Replacement 
Dismanteling 
Recycling 
End of life (disposal, burning) 
3 
Global warming 
Acidification 
Eutrophication 
Abiotioc depletion 
Tropospheric ozone formation 
Impacts due to land use 
Particulate matter 
Ecotoxicity 
Human toxicity 
Water depletion 
Burdenshifting 
&
4 
… to assessmentatbuilding level 
Figure: OVAM 
Data at product level 
Evaluation andjudgement(of products) 
at building level
Royal Decree-twoobjectives 5 
A regulatory framework for green claims and single indicators / a first step against green washing 
Mandatory in case of environmental claim on the product 
Facilitate the provision of LCA/ environmental product declarations from the construction products manufacturers 
Voluntary 
Federal database 
One database for the three regions 
= 
French approach 
= 
Dutch andGermanapproach 
+ 
+
6 
ConformitytoNBN EN ISO 14021 
YouestablishanLCA according toNBN EN 15804 
Or youusea collectiveEPD 
A 3rd party verifiesthe LCA 
Youdeclarethe resultsof the LCA on the federaldatabase 
Youadda link tothe federaldatabase adjacenttothe environmentalclaim on the product 
Youput the product on the market – the LCA is publiclyavailable 
Obligations 
For individualmanufacturers, or groups, or federations 
YouestablishanLCA according toNBN EN 15804 
A 3rd party verificationof the LCA 
Organizedbythe ownerof the EPD 
Youdeclarethe resultsof the LCA on the federaldatabase 
Up tothe manufacturertomake the LCA public or not
7 
+ 
Reference service life 
+ Environmental impacts 
Transport to the Belgian market 
+ 
Environment impacts 
End-of-life 
+ 
Environmental impacts 
Module D 
(recyclability, …) 
+ 
Environmental impacts 
Additionalimpact categories 
(PEF) 
EN 15804 
Tonotshift the market in anunfair way, policy mightneedtodeviatefromthe minimum requirements. 
Start date 
2015 
Cradle-to-gatemarket independant 
Gate-to-grave market dependant
Issues 
I. 
Mutual recognition 
Set of indicators toolimited= burden! 
Qualityandexperienceof background databases = burden! 
Different nationalLCA/EPD databases = extra time + extra cost 
II. 
Assessment at building level <> assessingthe building 
Benchmark 
Weighting 
III. 
Productsmove, building not. 
IV. 
Harmonizeas muchas possible. 
But nottoomuchbecausewe want toshow as muchas possibleonlyourstrong points. 
Agreement 
1. 
LCA 
2. 
Data product level 
Assessment building level 
Database neededinput data level 
Database neededEPD level 
Database neededscenario’s 
3. 
Complex > verificationneeded
Conclusion 
•Plenty of stakeholders + complex issue 
•Cornerstones 
-LCA based 
-Data product level needsfixedrules=> database 
-Large as possibleset of indicators 
-General rulesforbenchmarking, weighting 
•Freedom 
-Actualpolicy measures(implementation, fiscality, actualweighting& thresholds, …) 
Most urgent needs 
•Framework needed–cornerstonesnecessary. 
•Common digital exchange format fordatabases needed(onesingle internationalDB idealbut utopia) 
•EU/INT official frameworkforfixing methodsenvironmentalimpact categories 
•EU/INT official frameworkforweighting 
•EU/INT frameworkforinventorydata 
•EU/INT frameworkforbenchmarking andtargets at building level. Thisis the onlyreal driver.
1.LCA is the way, but expensive=> howtomake surewe move in the samedirection+ scalebenefits forbothindustryAND policy makers? 
2.Building productstravelinternationallybut have localimpacts. 
3.The real challengelies in the technicaldetails (data quality, indicators, …) 
4.Barrierswillbeneeded(long term environmentalneeds<> quickeconomicwins), challengelies in identifyingthe unacceptableones(market protection) 
5.Impact duetomaterialsis onlypart of the story. 
•locationof the building topublic transport, shops, ... 
•Behaviousor the occupant 
•Sizeof the housesper inhabitant 
•Neighbourhoodplanning 
•Adaptability 
•… 
6.A caris alsoverycomplex. But turningthe steeringweel is easy. 
Somethoughts

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WSB14 - Session 111-4 Belgian sustainability policy

  • 1. Organizedby: Promotedby: Withtheparticipationof: A new legislativeactin Belgiumregardingconstructionproducts. Federal PublicService, Healthand Environment, Belgium. De Lathauwer, Dieter
  • 2. From «I have the most environmentally friendly product» … Because my product.. •Is based on natural materials •Has 20 % recycled material •Has a very low carbon footprint •Has lower environmental overall impact 2 But… •pesticides? Land use? Service life? •transport to recyclingcentre? •Otherenvironmentalimpacts? •technicalperformance? •badbuilding design? •Transparency? •Burdenshifting? •Greenwashing? •Freeriders? •Confusion?
  • 3. … tolife cycleassessment … Resource extraction Resource transport Production Transport of product tothe market Transport to the construction site Construction phase Maintenance Replacement Dismanteling Recycling End of life (disposal, burning) 3 Global warming Acidification Eutrophication Abiotioc depletion Tropospheric ozone formation Impacts due to land use Particulate matter Ecotoxicity Human toxicity Water depletion Burdenshifting &
  • 4. 4 … to assessmentatbuilding level Figure: OVAM Data at product level Evaluation andjudgement(of products) at building level
  • 5. Royal Decree-twoobjectives 5 A regulatory framework for green claims and single indicators / a first step against green washing Mandatory in case of environmental claim on the product Facilitate the provision of LCA/ environmental product declarations from the construction products manufacturers Voluntary Federal database One database for the three regions = French approach = Dutch andGermanapproach + +
  • 6. 6 ConformitytoNBN EN ISO 14021 YouestablishanLCA according toNBN EN 15804 Or youusea collectiveEPD A 3rd party verifiesthe LCA Youdeclarethe resultsof the LCA on the federaldatabase Youadda link tothe federaldatabase adjacenttothe environmentalclaim on the product Youput the product on the market – the LCA is publiclyavailable Obligations For individualmanufacturers, or groups, or federations YouestablishanLCA according toNBN EN 15804 A 3rd party verificationof the LCA Organizedbythe ownerof the EPD Youdeclarethe resultsof the LCA on the federaldatabase Up tothe manufacturertomake the LCA public or not
  • 7. 7 + Reference service life + Environmental impacts Transport to the Belgian market + Environment impacts End-of-life + Environmental impacts Module D (recyclability, …) + Environmental impacts Additionalimpact categories (PEF) EN 15804 Tonotshift the market in anunfair way, policy mightneedtodeviatefromthe minimum requirements. Start date 2015 Cradle-to-gatemarket independant Gate-to-grave market dependant
  • 8. Issues I. Mutual recognition Set of indicators toolimited= burden! Qualityandexperienceof background databases = burden! Different nationalLCA/EPD databases = extra time + extra cost II. Assessment at building level <> assessingthe building Benchmark Weighting III. Productsmove, building not. IV. Harmonizeas muchas possible. But nottoomuchbecausewe want toshow as muchas possibleonlyourstrong points. Agreement 1. LCA 2. Data product level Assessment building level Database neededinput data level Database neededEPD level Database neededscenario’s 3. Complex > verificationneeded
  • 9. Conclusion •Plenty of stakeholders + complex issue •Cornerstones -LCA based -Data product level needsfixedrules=> database -Large as possibleset of indicators -General rulesforbenchmarking, weighting •Freedom -Actualpolicy measures(implementation, fiscality, actualweighting& thresholds, …) Most urgent needs •Framework needed–cornerstonesnecessary. •Common digital exchange format fordatabases needed(onesingle internationalDB idealbut utopia) •EU/INT official frameworkforfixing methodsenvironmentalimpact categories •EU/INT official frameworkforweighting •EU/INT frameworkforinventorydata •EU/INT frameworkforbenchmarking andtargets at building level. Thisis the onlyreal driver.
  • 10. 1.LCA is the way, but expensive=> howtomake surewe move in the samedirection+ scalebenefits forbothindustryAND policy makers? 2.Building productstravelinternationallybut have localimpacts. 3.The real challengelies in the technicaldetails (data quality, indicators, …) 4.Barrierswillbeneeded(long term environmentalneeds<> quickeconomicwins), challengelies in identifyingthe unacceptableones(market protection) 5.Impact duetomaterialsis onlypart of the story. •locationof the building topublic transport, shops, ... •Behaviousor the occupant •Sizeof the housesper inhabitant •Neighbourhoodplanning •Adaptability •… 6.A caris alsoverycomplex. But turningthe steeringweel is easy. Somethoughts