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WHISTLE-BLOWING !
PRESENTED BY:
NISHAM M ROLL NO.28
SHAFEEQ P K ROLL NO.
"Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter.“
-Martin Luther King, Jr.
WHISTLE BLOWING
●Release of information by a member or former employee of an
organisation that is evidence of illegal and or immoral conduct in the
organisation or conduct in the organisation.
●Whistle Blowing can only be done by an member in the organisation
not a witness of a crime or a reporter.
DEFINE WHISTLE BLOWING
●Firstly,
Whistle Blowing is something that can be done only by a member or
former member of an organisation.
●Secondly,
It must be an Information that is not available for public.
DEFINE WHISTLE BLOWING
●Thirdly,
It should be an evidence of some significant kind of misconduct
on the part of an organisation.
●Fourth,
Information must be outside normal channel of communication.
DEFINE WHISTLE BLOWING
●Fifth,
Release of Information must be something that is done
voluntarily as opposed to being legally required.
●Sixth,
Whistle Blowing must be undertaken as moral protest. The
motive must be correct some wrong not to seek vigilance or
personal advancement.
TYPES OF WHISTLE-BLOWING
Internal Whistle-
Blowing
When an individual
advocates beliefs or
revelations within
the organization.
External Whistle-
Blowing
When and
individual
advocates beliefs or
revelations outside
the organization.
CONDITIONS FOR JUSTIFIED WHISTLE
BLOWING
●Situation of sufficient moral importance:
If the situation of information is to disclosure people's live at stake.
For example,
Side-Effects of drug or medicine if not prescribed in the cover of
medicine and information is releaved to public by whistle blower.
CONDITIONSFORJUSTIFIEDWHISTLEBLOWING
●Situation when all facts of information are properly
understood with their significance:
–A Whistle Blower must do much documentation and other
corrections as possible because he/she is strong obliged to
people
–An Employee should not jump into conclusion without much
clarification.
–If significance of information is genuine it could be justified.
●All internal channels have to be utilised without a
step short of Whistle Blowing:
–Whistle Blowing should be last not the first resort.
–Its justified when there in no morally preferable
alternatives.
CONDITIONS FOR JUSTIFIED WHISTLE
BLOWING
CONDITIONS FOR JUSTIFIED
WHISTLE BLOWING
●Best way to Blow the Whistle :
–To whom the information is the be revealed.
–Agencies like Environmental Protection Agency or
Exchange Commission can spark an investigation.
–Local investigation bodies FBI or attorney
WHISTLE BLOWERS PROTECTION ACT 2011
●Act of the Parliament of India which provides a mechanism to
investigate alleged corruption and misuse of power by public
servants and also protect anyone who exposes alleged
wrongdoing in government bodies, projects and offices.
●Firstly,
Law recognises whistle blowing as a right is open to abuse:
Employees might find an excuse to blow the whistle in order to cover up
their own incompetency or inadequate performance.
Secondly,
Legislation to protect whistle blowers could add on rights to employees and
make an environment difficult for managers to run company effectively.
Arguments against Whistle Blower
Protection
●Firstly,
Defence of the Law protect whistle blowers to provide best
contributions to the society.
Secondly,
Defence of the Law supports the right of an employee on his
freedom to speech
Arguments for Whistle Blower Protection
1. Benefit in learning
mistakes and problems
in early stage itself.
2. Shows companies
commitment towards
good ethics and ethical
corporate climate.
1. Legitimate complaints
sends wrong signal to
other employees to
whistle blow in case of
tension or strike.
2. Employee may go
outside of normal
communication channel
which is undesirable.
BENEFITS AND DANGER OF COMPANY
WHISTLE BLOWING POLICY
Benefits Dangers
COMPONENTS OF WHISTLE-
BLOWING POLICY
1. An effective communicated statement of responsibility
2. A clear defined procedure of reporting
3. Well trained personal to receive and investigate reports.
4. A commitment to take appropriate action.
5. A guarantee against retaliation-reports in good faith.
In 2014, World stood still with a shocking
revelation from a computer analyst Edward
Snowden.
A computer analyst whistleblower who
exposed top-secret NSA documents leading
to revelations about US surveillance on
phone and internet communications.
Edward Snowden
During the time where “free internet”, rights of a “netizen”, “internet
security” were hot topic for debates this kind of news and revelations
created huge storm to the Government and trust worthiness of citizens of
the country. Government and authorities even the President himself
appeared for an explanation to this incident. Even with much efforts
government has retrieved its falling name and trust of its citizens. As
subject of controversy Snowden is variously called as a “traitor”, “hero”, a
whistleblower and even as “patriot”. For some he is a traitor who worked
for Dell broke the country’s security code to retrieve classified information.
For some he is a hero who is courage's enough to pull those ‘black loops’ of
the government and Nations Security Intelligence.
His US Passport has been cancelled and he fled to Russia for granting
asylum. At present he is in Moscow with a temporary 1 year asylum.
DILEMMA
1. Is Edward Snowden who is an employee under Dell
Computer exposed the classified information to public
media against the government authorities and law a
“corporate traitor”?
2. Is Edward Snowden who revealed a corporate crime that
remind the public about the so called “internet security” veil
is so transparent even the authority can bypass through
security access of public. By this Act do he resembles a
“patriot” who stood for public interest?
OUR VIEW TOWARDS THE CASE STUDY
We like to be in favor of Act done by the Edward Snowden,
because the real victim of the issue wasn’t Edward Snowden
himself but the general public, if such an crime isn’t exposed
the public would be unaware of cyber crime or related
corporate crime they would be exploited. In other terms we like
to believe him as patriot than a traitor.
-A Campaign Ad

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WHISTLE-BLOWING

  • 1. WHISTLE-BLOWING ! PRESENTED BY: NISHAM M ROLL NO.28 SHAFEEQ P K ROLL NO. "Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter.“ -Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • 2. WHISTLE BLOWING ●Release of information by a member or former employee of an organisation that is evidence of illegal and or immoral conduct in the organisation or conduct in the organisation. ●Whistle Blowing can only be done by an member in the organisation not a witness of a crime or a reporter.
  • 3. DEFINE WHISTLE BLOWING ●Firstly, Whistle Blowing is something that can be done only by a member or former member of an organisation. ●Secondly, It must be an Information that is not available for public.
  • 4. DEFINE WHISTLE BLOWING ●Thirdly, It should be an evidence of some significant kind of misconduct on the part of an organisation. ●Fourth, Information must be outside normal channel of communication.
  • 5. DEFINE WHISTLE BLOWING ●Fifth, Release of Information must be something that is done voluntarily as opposed to being legally required. ●Sixth, Whistle Blowing must be undertaken as moral protest. The motive must be correct some wrong not to seek vigilance or personal advancement.
  • 6. TYPES OF WHISTLE-BLOWING Internal Whistle- Blowing When an individual advocates beliefs or revelations within the organization. External Whistle- Blowing When and individual advocates beliefs or revelations outside the organization.
  • 7. CONDITIONS FOR JUSTIFIED WHISTLE BLOWING ●Situation of sufficient moral importance: If the situation of information is to disclosure people's live at stake. For example, Side-Effects of drug or medicine if not prescribed in the cover of medicine and information is releaved to public by whistle blower.
  • 8. CONDITIONSFORJUSTIFIEDWHISTLEBLOWING ●Situation when all facts of information are properly understood with their significance: –A Whistle Blower must do much documentation and other corrections as possible because he/she is strong obliged to people –An Employee should not jump into conclusion without much clarification. –If significance of information is genuine it could be justified.
  • 9. ●All internal channels have to be utilised without a step short of Whistle Blowing: –Whistle Blowing should be last not the first resort. –Its justified when there in no morally preferable alternatives. CONDITIONS FOR JUSTIFIED WHISTLE BLOWING
  • 10. CONDITIONS FOR JUSTIFIED WHISTLE BLOWING ●Best way to Blow the Whistle : –To whom the information is the be revealed. –Agencies like Environmental Protection Agency or Exchange Commission can spark an investigation. –Local investigation bodies FBI or attorney
  • 11. WHISTLE BLOWERS PROTECTION ACT 2011 ●Act of the Parliament of India which provides a mechanism to investigate alleged corruption and misuse of power by public servants and also protect anyone who exposes alleged wrongdoing in government bodies, projects and offices.
  • 12. ●Firstly, Law recognises whistle blowing as a right is open to abuse: Employees might find an excuse to blow the whistle in order to cover up their own incompetency or inadequate performance. Secondly, Legislation to protect whistle blowers could add on rights to employees and make an environment difficult for managers to run company effectively. Arguments against Whistle Blower Protection
  • 13. ●Firstly, Defence of the Law protect whistle blowers to provide best contributions to the society. Secondly, Defence of the Law supports the right of an employee on his freedom to speech Arguments for Whistle Blower Protection
  • 14. 1. Benefit in learning mistakes and problems in early stage itself. 2. Shows companies commitment towards good ethics and ethical corporate climate. 1. Legitimate complaints sends wrong signal to other employees to whistle blow in case of tension or strike. 2. Employee may go outside of normal communication channel which is undesirable. BENEFITS AND DANGER OF COMPANY WHISTLE BLOWING POLICY Benefits Dangers
  • 15. COMPONENTS OF WHISTLE- BLOWING POLICY 1. An effective communicated statement of responsibility 2. A clear defined procedure of reporting 3. Well trained personal to receive and investigate reports. 4. A commitment to take appropriate action. 5. A guarantee against retaliation-reports in good faith.
  • 16. In 2014, World stood still with a shocking revelation from a computer analyst Edward Snowden. A computer analyst whistleblower who exposed top-secret NSA documents leading to revelations about US surveillance on phone and internet communications. Edward Snowden
  • 17. During the time where “free internet”, rights of a “netizen”, “internet security” were hot topic for debates this kind of news and revelations created huge storm to the Government and trust worthiness of citizens of the country. Government and authorities even the President himself appeared for an explanation to this incident. Even with much efforts government has retrieved its falling name and trust of its citizens. As subject of controversy Snowden is variously called as a “traitor”, “hero”, a whistleblower and even as “patriot”. For some he is a traitor who worked for Dell broke the country’s security code to retrieve classified information. For some he is a hero who is courage's enough to pull those ‘black loops’ of the government and Nations Security Intelligence. His US Passport has been cancelled and he fled to Russia for granting asylum. At present he is in Moscow with a temporary 1 year asylum.
  • 18. DILEMMA 1. Is Edward Snowden who is an employee under Dell Computer exposed the classified information to public media against the government authorities and law a “corporate traitor”? 2. Is Edward Snowden who revealed a corporate crime that remind the public about the so called “internet security” veil is so transparent even the authority can bypass through security access of public. By this Act do he resembles a “patriot” who stood for public interest?
  • 19. OUR VIEW TOWARDS THE CASE STUDY We like to be in favor of Act done by the Edward Snowden, because the real victim of the issue wasn’t Edward Snowden himself but the general public, if such an crime isn’t exposed the public would be unaware of cyber crime or related corporate crime they would be exploited. In other terms we like to believe him as patriot than a traitor.