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Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
WE WERE OF THE VIEW THAT:-
1) PLASTIC GENERATION WOULD BE
  MORE AS COMPARED TO ANY OTHER
  TYPE OF WASTE.
2) THE PEOPLE OF THE SOCIETY ARE
  NOT CONCERNED ABOUT RECYLING
  AND REUSING MATERIALS.
3)THEY ALSO WOULDN’T BE
  PRACTICING WASTE SEGREGATION.
Waste Audit of Society
When we look around Our
 surroundings, we find that poly bags and
 wrappers are being thrown here and
 there and also their usage is increasing
 day by day.
Sometimes we find that even the shoes
 which could be reused are thrown in the
 bins.
We even get to see that the AMC vehicles
 are filled with all types of waste.
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
Step:1) We selected a society where we
 can carry out our waste audit. We talked to
 the chairman of the society Mr. Verma
 , making him aware about our audit and
 ensured him that no one would be
 affected in any way and asked him about
 the waste policy of the society.
Step: 2) Then we chose an appropriate place to
 conduct the audit.

Step: 3) Then we chose an appropriate waste audit
 team consisting of Mannubhai , his wife Ushaben
 who helped and supported us through out the
 process.
Step: 4) We asked them to collect the waste earlier than
 usual timings.

Step: 5) We collected gunny bags , spring balance ,
 broom, dust pan and safety equipments.
Step: 6)Then we weighed the gunny bags
         using spring balance.



Step:7)Then we sorted the collected
 waste into different categories
 such as: food waste, plastic
 waste, biomedical waste ,paper
 waste, horticulture waste, etc. in
 different gunny bags.
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
Step: 8) Then we weighed the gunny
 bags with the sorted waste and
 subtracted the initial weight of the
 gunny bags to get the correct weight of
 the sorted waste.
Waste Audit of Society
Step:9 ) We noted down the readings.

Step:10 ) We emptied the gunny bags into
 the lorry .

Step:11) Then we cleaned the place using a
 broom.
Step:12)The waste which is being generated is
 being carried away by AMC.
• ACCORDING TO THE SURVEY
  CONDUCTED BY US,
 There wasn’t any waste policy followed by
  the society.

 The waste collection of the society was as usual
  very simple and there was no separate bins for the collection of
  biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste.
Waste Audit of Society
Our assumption regarding generation of plastic
 waste was proved wrong and we found that
 food waste was generated in greater amount.
 This food waste wasn’t kept separately instead
 was mixed with all other waste.
We even found that despite of provision of
 dustbins, waste was thrown outside the building
 creating a mess over there.
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
2) COMPOSTING FACILITY:
There is no composting facility of
the society.
Waste Audit of Society
3)PROPER RECYCLING OR/AND REUSE:

People give the reusable items to servants
or just dispose them off.
After disposing waste no waste is reused or
recycled. Whatever waste they want to
recycle or reuse they give to servants or
radiwalla before disposing it.
IN KG WT

                                  paper


                                  silt/soil/mud


                                  Food


                                  wood,Glass,Metal scrap


                                  Electronic and computer
                                  consumables

                                  Plastics


                                  Biomedical waste


                                  Other specify
*No amount of waste is recycled
IDEAL QUANTITY OF WASTE               THE WASTE GENERATED BY
GENERATED                             THE PEOPLE OF THE SOCIETY

  150 grams per person per day          275 grams per person per day
  150 grams x 365 days = 54750          275 x 365 days = 100375 grams
  grams per person per year             per person per year
  54750 grams x 360(people in the       100375 grams x 360(people in
  society)=19710000 grams per           the society)= 37230000 grams
  year of all people taken together     per year of all people taken
                                        together
Waste Audit of Society
• Waste generated by the people of society
  per person is more as compared to the
  ideal quantity of waste. This shows us the
  negative side of society.
• There are no waste initiatives taken by
  the authority of society to reduce the
  current amount of waste generated.
• Our analysis was somewhat similar to the
  perceptions of aware citizens
 {interview—videos}
{CHANGES SHOULD BE BROUGHTNOW}

AFTER CONDUCTING THIS WASTE AUDIT AN
UNSEEN PICTURE OF SOCIETY CAME IN FRONT OF
US.
Waste Audit of Society
Corrugated Cardboard

Americans are doing great at recycling corrugated boxes,
but we can do even better. These are the hardest
things to eliminate because there are virtually no
alternatives other than buying in bulk, which may not
be a viable option if your family is small.




Magazines
Did you know it's perfectly fine to recycle
magazines, catalogs, and other "glossy" publications?




Newspapers
Did you know the newspaper you read today can be
Recycled up to seven times?
Paperboard
Once used mainly for products such as breakfast cereal
 boxes, paperboard is now being used for many other
Kinds of packaging.




Paper plates, cups and towels
USE REUSABLES!




Unsolicited Direct Mail
You may think of it as "junk mail," or you may welcome
the flyers, catalogs, and coupons that appear in your
mailbox. Either way, it's important to recycle them.
Paper Cardboard Dairy and Juice Cartons
Also called "gable-top cartons," these are the
non-plastic milk and juice cartons you see in the
refrigerated section of the supermarket. Buy large
glass or canned juices and pour into smaller “sippers”
for lunches.




Phone Books!
Every year, new phone books and business directories
arrive at your door. Are you careful to recycle your old ones?




Milk cartons
If your family is large enough buy milk in one gallon
recyclable plastic jugs.
COMPUTERS (CPUS, MONITORS, PERIPHERALS, KEYBOARDS)
Every day in the United States, we throw out about 130,000 computers.


Televisions
As you make the transition to digital television, what should you do with your
old analog TV?



Consumer Electronics (VCRs, stereos, home/office phones)
Is your VCR collecting dust in the closet? Is there a second life for that old stereo?


Cell phones
Did you know you can recycle your old cell phone?
Take them to a local charity shop yourself.
Most charities have shops in your local High
Street.

Put them in a textiles bank provided by
charities like Oxfam, The Salvation Army and
Scope. You can find these at supermarkets
or local council sites.

Try and make sure clothes are clean and dry
before you donate them.

Charities and jumble sales also make door-
to-door collections.
Bulk Metal Items
Begin making a pile of bulky metal items such as old folding chairs,
broken metal lamps, bicycles, etc. Bring these items to a local scrap yard
and earn some extra cash!




Aluminum Cans
On average, Americans drink one beverage from an aluminum can every day.
But we recycle just over 50% of the cans we use.
Aluminum Foil and Bake ware
During World War II, Americans saved aluminum foil and even
peeled off
the silver wrapping from chewing gum wrappers to contribute to
the war effort.



Steel Cans and Tin Cans (soup cans, veggie cans,
coffee cans, etc.)
Most people call them "tin cans," but the containers your green
beans come in are mostly made of steel.
Waste Audit of Society
•Lighters and razors – USE REUSEABLES!



•Flower pots – Most nurseries will take them back
and reuse them.


•If you have a lot of plastic bags in colors other
than clear and white, Walmart, Shoprite and
Acme all have bins for these. Using reusable
cloth bags for shopping will eliminate a lot of this
waste.
Soft drink and water bottles.
Containers for salad
dressing, vegetable oil, and peanut
butter. Oven-ready meal trays. Milk
jugs. Juice bottles. Bottles for
bleach, laundry detergent, some
household cleansers. Motor oil
bottles. Butter, oleomargarine, and
yogurt tubs. Cereal box liners.

Recyclability: Picked up through
most curbside recycling
programs, although most allow only
those containers with necks. Please
remove caps.
Check your refrigerator at least once a week.
Position foods that are soon to expire at the front, to
encourage family members to eat them or cook with them
soon.
Do you try to save money by buying foods in bulk? Be sure the
items will actually be consumed. Otherwise, you may find
yourself discarding products that have expired or that your
family has grown tired of, which defeats the purpose.
Use what you have, instead of letting it go bad and having to
discard it. Serve that last handful of chips and that final gulp
of
milk while it's still good.
Resist the urge to buy more than you intended.
Stick with your grocery list and you'll waste less as a
result.
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
“I looked in my kitchen garbage and, since I
compost, most of what I saw was food
packaging. I now do my best to avoid meats on
polystyrene trays wrapped in even more
plastic.
I shuffle three meters over and talk to the
 butcher. My meat is wrapped in coated paper
 so I don't have the polystyrene to deal with.”
SAID MRS ANITA SINGH
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society
“Since old newspaper is no longer recycled locally, and I
wanted to compost grass clippings, we got a 2nd yard
composter this year.

I realize that I can speed up the compost process with more
brown stuff, as we have few leaves to keep the worms at their
best. Newspapers, pizza boxes, paper plates, damp cardboard
that is not suitable for recycle are now composted, and they
disappear soon enough that I can take compost out of the
bottom every 2 or 3 weeks.

I also dry some of the grass clippings a few sunny days,
turning it a bit to prevent clumping and mold; then I can store
it in buckets to add when the compost needs it.”
SAID MRS KARNIKA DESAI
 It was not less than any awareness
  program for us.
 We even learned a few steps in which we
  Can contribute towards waste reduction.
 Even AMC’s director suggested that if only people take initiatives
  at their individual level it can be a great help for them to fulfill
  their commitments.
 This waste audit allows us to see our waste from a different
  perspective. By understanding what's in our waste and how much
  there is, we can develop a waste management plan that is specific
  to our household.
Waste Audit of Society
Waste Audit of Society

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Waste Audit of Society

  • 5. WE WERE OF THE VIEW THAT:- 1) PLASTIC GENERATION WOULD BE MORE AS COMPARED TO ANY OTHER TYPE OF WASTE. 2) THE PEOPLE OF THE SOCIETY ARE NOT CONCERNED ABOUT RECYLING AND REUSING MATERIALS. 3)THEY ALSO WOULDN’T BE PRACTICING WASTE SEGREGATION.
  • 7. When we look around Our surroundings, we find that poly bags and wrappers are being thrown here and there and also their usage is increasing day by day. Sometimes we find that even the shoes which could be reused are thrown in the bins. We even get to see that the AMC vehicles are filled with all types of waste.
  • 10. Step:1) We selected a society where we can carry out our waste audit. We talked to the chairman of the society Mr. Verma , making him aware about our audit and ensured him that no one would be affected in any way and asked him about the waste policy of the society.
  • 11. Step: 2) Then we chose an appropriate place to conduct the audit. Step: 3) Then we chose an appropriate waste audit team consisting of Mannubhai , his wife Ushaben who helped and supported us through out the process.
  • 12. Step: 4) We asked them to collect the waste earlier than usual timings. Step: 5) We collected gunny bags , spring balance , broom, dust pan and safety equipments.
  • 13. Step: 6)Then we weighed the gunny bags using spring balance. Step:7)Then we sorted the collected waste into different categories such as: food waste, plastic waste, biomedical waste ,paper waste, horticulture waste, etc. in different gunny bags.
  • 23. Step: 8) Then we weighed the gunny bags with the sorted waste and subtracted the initial weight of the gunny bags to get the correct weight of the sorted waste.
  • 25. Step:9 ) We noted down the readings. Step:10 ) We emptied the gunny bags into the lorry . Step:11) Then we cleaned the place using a broom.
  • 26. Step:12)The waste which is being generated is being carried away by AMC.
  • 27. • ACCORDING TO THE SURVEY CONDUCTED BY US,  There wasn’t any waste policy followed by the society.  The waste collection of the society was as usual very simple and there was no separate bins for the collection of biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste.
  • 29. Our assumption regarding generation of plastic waste was proved wrong and we found that food waste was generated in greater amount. This food waste wasn’t kept separately instead was mixed with all other waste. We even found that despite of provision of dustbins, waste was thrown outside the building creating a mess over there.
  • 33. 2) COMPOSTING FACILITY: There is no composting facility of the society.
  • 35. 3)PROPER RECYCLING OR/AND REUSE: People give the reusable items to servants or just dispose them off. After disposing waste no waste is reused or recycled. Whatever waste they want to recycle or reuse they give to servants or radiwalla before disposing it.
  • 36. IN KG WT paper silt/soil/mud Food wood,Glass,Metal scrap Electronic and computer consumables Plastics Biomedical waste Other specify *No amount of waste is recycled
  • 37. IDEAL QUANTITY OF WASTE THE WASTE GENERATED BY GENERATED THE PEOPLE OF THE SOCIETY 150 grams per person per day 275 grams per person per day 150 grams x 365 days = 54750 275 x 365 days = 100375 grams grams per person per year per person per year 54750 grams x 360(people in the 100375 grams x 360(people in society)=19710000 grams per the society)= 37230000 grams year of all people taken together per year of all people taken together
  • 39. • Waste generated by the people of society per person is more as compared to the ideal quantity of waste. This shows us the negative side of society. • There are no waste initiatives taken by the authority of society to reduce the current amount of waste generated. • Our analysis was somewhat similar to the perceptions of aware citizens {interview—videos}
  • 40. {CHANGES SHOULD BE BROUGHTNOW} AFTER CONDUCTING THIS WASTE AUDIT AN UNSEEN PICTURE OF SOCIETY CAME IN FRONT OF US.
  • 42. Corrugated Cardboard Americans are doing great at recycling corrugated boxes, but we can do even better. These are the hardest things to eliminate because there are virtually no alternatives other than buying in bulk, which may not be a viable option if your family is small. Magazines Did you know it's perfectly fine to recycle magazines, catalogs, and other "glossy" publications? Newspapers Did you know the newspaper you read today can be Recycled up to seven times?
  • 43. Paperboard Once used mainly for products such as breakfast cereal boxes, paperboard is now being used for many other Kinds of packaging. Paper plates, cups and towels USE REUSABLES! Unsolicited Direct Mail You may think of it as "junk mail," or you may welcome the flyers, catalogs, and coupons that appear in your mailbox. Either way, it's important to recycle them.
  • 44. Paper Cardboard Dairy and Juice Cartons Also called "gable-top cartons," these are the non-plastic milk and juice cartons you see in the refrigerated section of the supermarket. Buy large glass or canned juices and pour into smaller “sippers” for lunches. Phone Books! Every year, new phone books and business directories arrive at your door. Are you careful to recycle your old ones? Milk cartons If your family is large enough buy milk in one gallon recyclable plastic jugs.
  • 45. COMPUTERS (CPUS, MONITORS, PERIPHERALS, KEYBOARDS) Every day in the United States, we throw out about 130,000 computers. Televisions As you make the transition to digital television, what should you do with your old analog TV? Consumer Electronics (VCRs, stereos, home/office phones) Is your VCR collecting dust in the closet? Is there a second life for that old stereo? Cell phones Did you know you can recycle your old cell phone?
  • 46. Take them to a local charity shop yourself. Most charities have shops in your local High Street. Put them in a textiles bank provided by charities like Oxfam, The Salvation Army and Scope. You can find these at supermarkets or local council sites. Try and make sure clothes are clean and dry before you donate them. Charities and jumble sales also make door- to-door collections.
  • 47. Bulk Metal Items Begin making a pile of bulky metal items such as old folding chairs, broken metal lamps, bicycles, etc. Bring these items to a local scrap yard and earn some extra cash! Aluminum Cans On average, Americans drink one beverage from an aluminum can every day. But we recycle just over 50% of the cans we use.
  • 48. Aluminum Foil and Bake ware During World War II, Americans saved aluminum foil and even peeled off the silver wrapping from chewing gum wrappers to contribute to the war effort. Steel Cans and Tin Cans (soup cans, veggie cans, coffee cans, etc.) Most people call them "tin cans," but the containers your green beans come in are mostly made of steel.
  • 50. •Lighters and razors – USE REUSEABLES! •Flower pots – Most nurseries will take them back and reuse them. •If you have a lot of plastic bags in colors other than clear and white, Walmart, Shoprite and Acme all have bins for these. Using reusable cloth bags for shopping will eliminate a lot of this waste.
  • 51. Soft drink and water bottles. Containers for salad dressing, vegetable oil, and peanut butter. Oven-ready meal trays. Milk jugs. Juice bottles. Bottles for bleach, laundry detergent, some household cleansers. Motor oil bottles. Butter, oleomargarine, and yogurt tubs. Cereal box liners. Recyclability: Picked up through most curbside recycling programs, although most allow only those containers with necks. Please remove caps.
  • 52. Check your refrigerator at least once a week. Position foods that are soon to expire at the front, to encourage family members to eat them or cook with them soon. Do you try to save money by buying foods in bulk? Be sure the items will actually be consumed. Otherwise, you may find yourself discarding products that have expired or that your family has grown tired of, which defeats the purpose. Use what you have, instead of letting it go bad and having to discard it. Serve that last handful of chips and that final gulp of milk while it's still good. Resist the urge to buy more than you intended. Stick with your grocery list and you'll waste less as a result.
  • 60. “I looked in my kitchen garbage and, since I compost, most of what I saw was food packaging. I now do my best to avoid meats on polystyrene trays wrapped in even more plastic. I shuffle three meters over and talk to the butcher. My meat is wrapped in coated paper so I don't have the polystyrene to deal with.” SAID MRS ANITA SINGH
  • 63. “Since old newspaper is no longer recycled locally, and I wanted to compost grass clippings, we got a 2nd yard composter this year. I realize that I can speed up the compost process with more brown stuff, as we have few leaves to keep the worms at their best. Newspapers, pizza boxes, paper plates, damp cardboard that is not suitable for recycle are now composted, and they disappear soon enough that I can take compost out of the bottom every 2 or 3 weeks. I also dry some of the grass clippings a few sunny days, turning it a bit to prevent clumping and mold; then I can store it in buckets to add when the compost needs it.” SAID MRS KARNIKA DESAI
  • 64.  It was not less than any awareness program for us.  We even learned a few steps in which we Can contribute towards waste reduction.  Even AMC’s director suggested that if only people take initiatives at their individual level it can be a great help for them to fulfill their commitments.  This waste audit allows us to see our waste from a different perspective. By understanding what's in our waste and how much there is, we can develop a waste management plan that is specific to our household.

Editor's Notes

  1. Effects of increased amount of waste generated----website.People find it difficult to keep different bins for different waste—wrong attitude.A lady is criticizing the government saying that it is not least concerned about the growing pollution. But my dear friend have you ever realized that you are truly a big part of it contributing towards waste generation. Have u ever peep into bin and seen the great amount of waste generated in your home.Being waste-wise can mean:a more efficient and effective organizationreduced waste management costsBetter use of limited natural resources.Why do we have tones of trash???How did we get knee deep in garbage anyway?Back in the day, our grandparents didn’t waste anything.  Even packaging designed to be reused.So what happened?After the Second World War economic growth was predicated on an ever-increasing demand for disposable goods - and the employment that came with cranking out all that stuff. We then developed a garbage system that makes it easy to throw all that stuff “away”.The result is that you, the consumer, are burdened with all the trash once you leave the store with your purchase.We all pay for that privilege through property taxes. It’s time to push that responsibility back upstream.  Waste reduction initiatives save our natural resources, energy and landfill space.Reducing, reusing and recycling waste material will improve the economic and environmental performance of the society.
  2. POLY BAGS---SHOPKEEPERS,GROCERS , GREENGROCERS , COWS.
  3. Quantity of waste generated Type of wasteSourceQuantity {per day}Paper Newspaper, magazines, unwanted mail, corrugated cardboard and catalogs Cereal boxes, six pack cartons, milk cartons, laminated corrugated cardboard, paper plates, towels, tissues, baby diapers 7 kg wtSilt/soil/mudgardening10 kg wtFood junk food, tea leaves, fruit peels, egg shells, fruit and vegetable scraps, breads, pastas, grains, coffee grounds, tea bags. Meat, fats, bones, fish, dairy products, cat litter 60 kg wtWood, Glass, Metal scrap, cans, bottlesGlass bottles and jars (all colors), aluminum, steel, aerosol cans Window glass, light bulbs, mirror glass, drinking glasses, ceramics, aluminum pie plates and foil 1 kg wtElectronic and computer cells, wires, batteriesnegligibleconsumables  Plastics  milk bottles, soda bottles, detergent bottles , individual beverage containers ,toys, lighters, flower pots, Styrofoam, razors, vinyl siding, dome cake pans, poly bags, disposable items, wrappers15 kg wtBiomedical waste medicine wrappers, syringes, doctor's cotton,8 kg wtOthers specifyfootwear, clothes, cosmetics, sanitary items1 kg wtTOTAL WASTE 102 kg wt
  4. Most of us use a product made of paper every day. Paper production represents about 1.2% of the world's total economic output and makes up more than 40% of the composition of landfills. The good news is, more and more Americans are recycling paper. In 2007, more than 54.3 million tons of paper were recovered for recycling in this country. That's about 56% of the paper we used – or about 360 pounds for every man, woman, and child.
  5. Electronics that are obsolete, broken, and destined for recycling or disposal are sometimes called "e‑ waste." There are many chemical and mineral elements in e‑ waste. A circuit board contains copper, gold, silver, platinum and palladium, as well as lead. If recycled properly, this waste is a valuable source of secondary raw materials.
  6. Do you think of your empty soda cans and food cans as a natural resource? They are. The scrap value of the 36 billion aluminum cans Americans discarded in one year alone was about $600 million. Apart from the economic impact, the environmental savings of recycling metal are enormous. Recycling steel and tin cans, for example, saves 74% of the energy used to produce them. A steel mill that uses recycled scrap reduces related water pollution, air pollution and mining wastes by about 70%.
  7. Did you know that every year we produce enough plastic film in this country to shrink-wrap Texas? Or that Americans discard 38 billion plastic water bottles every year? While plastic offers the advantages of being flexible and lightweight, it also consumes fossil resources for its manufacture and contributes waste in our environment.
  8. it's important to keep food waste out of your recycling bin, as it can contaminate and ruin an entire load of other recyclables – which we're sure is not your intention. Here are some beneficial ways to deal with leftovers and kitchen scraps.It is estimated that reducing the amount of food that is wasted could save Americans about $1,000 a year. Here are some simple ways to discourage waste.
  9. What can you compost? Organic substances such as fruits, vegetables, grains, coffee grounds, grass and flower clippings, leaves, weeds, and so on. If you have enough space, simply collect these items in a big pile. Or you might want to contain your compost by building a bin from recycled pallets, two-by-fours, plywood, or similar materials. Compost bins can also be purchased commercially. Simply leave the items alone until they become compost. If you want to speed up the process, use a pitchfork to turn the pile every few weeks.
  10. Honestly speaking after applying these methods in our day to day life we experienced a big change not only we but also people in my society too were influenced by these simple steps.