SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 21
Verbs
VERBS ARE AN ACTION WORD
Verbs Are What?
• A verb is a word that expresses:
• A physical action (e.g., "to swim," "to write," "to climb").
• A mental action (e.g., "to think," "to guess," "to consider").
• A state of being (e.g., "to be," "to exist," "to appear").
• You might find it useful to think of verbs as "doing" words.
Verbs Expressing Physical Actions
• She sells pegs and lucky Leather.
• (In this example, the word "sells" is a verb. It expresses the physical
activity "to sell.")
• The doctor wrote the prescription.
• (In this example, the word "wrote" is a verb. It expresses the physical
activity "to write.")
• Alison bought a ticket.
• (The word "bought" is a verb. It expresses the physical activity "to
buy.")
Verbs Expressing Mental Actions
While many verbs express physical actions (e.g., "to jump," "to dance," "to
sing"), verbs can also express mental actions. For example:
• She considers the job done.
• (The word "considers" is a verb. It expresses the mental activity "to
consider.")
• Peter guessed the right number.
• (The word "guessed" is a verb. It expresses the mental activity "to guess.")
• I thought the same thing.
• (The word "thought" is a verb. It expresses the mental activity "to think.")
Verbs Expressing a State of Being
A small but extremely important group of verbs do not express any activity at all; they express a state of being.
The most important verb in this group (arguably of all) is the verb "to be."
Here are some real examples with the verb "to be":
• Edwina is the largest elephant in this area.
• (The word "is" is a verb from the verb "to be.")
• It was a joke.
• (The word "was" is a verb from the verb "to be.")
• I am.
• (The word "am" is a verb from the verb "to be.")
• Here are some other verbs that express a state of being.
• Alien life almost certainly exists.
• (The word "exists" is a verb from the verb "to exist.")
• It seemed funny at the time.
• (The word "seemed" is a verb from the verb "to seem.")
FACT ABOUT BEING VERBS
"I am" is the shortest sentence in English. "I am" is counted as a
sentence.
Action Verb
An action verb expresses an activity that a person or thing can do. For example:
• Lee eats cake.
• ("Eating" is something Lee can do.)
• The bear chased the salmon in the shallow rapids.
• ("Chasing" is something the bear can do.)
Compare those verbs with these:
• Lee likes cake.
• ("To like" is not an activity. It's a state.)
• The bear is hungry.
• ("To be" is not an activity. It's a state.)
Past Tense
Verbs that express actions in the past are said to be in the past tense.
• He talked with more claret than clarity. (Susan Ertz)
("Talked" is the past tense of the verb "to talk.")
• I ran to the lake.
("Ran" is the past tense of the verb "to run.")
• They were all there.
("Were" is the past tense of the verb "to be.")
Present Tense
Verbs that express actions occurring now are said to be in the present tense.
• John jumps out the window.
("Jumps" is the present tense of the verb "to jump.")
• Who is ill?
("Is" is the present tense of the verb "to be.")
• He is the kind of a guy who lights up a room just by flicking a switch.
("Is" is the present tense of the verb "to be," and "lights up" is the present
tense of the verb "to light up.")
Future Tense
Verbs that express actions in the future are said to be in the future tense. These are
usually formed by preceding the verb with the word "will."
• I will take the blame.
("Will take" is the future tense of the verb "to take.")
• They will surrender.
("Will surrender" is the future tense of the verb "to surrender.")
• Give me where to stand, and I will move the earth. (Archimedes, 287-212 BC)
("Will move" is the future tense of the verb "to move.")
Subject of a Verb
The person or thing performing the action of the verb is said to be the
subject of the verb or the "subject of the sentence."
• Tony stole the boat.
("Tony" is the subject of the verb "to steal.")
• The dog is guilty.
("The dog" is the subject of the verb "to be.")
• Who was that?
("Who" is the subject of the verb "to be
Linking Verbs. What are they?
A linking verb is a traditional term for a type of verb (such as a form of be or
seem) that joins the subject of a sentence to a word or phrase that tells
something about the subject. For example, is functions as a linking verb in
the sentence "The boss is unhappy."
The word or phrase that follows the linking verb (in our example, unhappy) is
called a subject complement. The subject complement that follows a
linking verb is usually an adjective (or adjective phrase), a noun (or noun
phrase) or a pronoun.
Linking verbs (in contrast to action verbs) relate either to a state of being (be,
become, seem, remain, appear) or to the senses (look, hear, feel, taste,
smell).
In contemporary linguistics, linking verbs are usually called copulas, or
copular verbs.
LINKING VERB EXAMPLES
• The Grinch is grumpy.
• In the movie How the Grinch Stole Christmas, the mayor of Whoville
is Augustus Maywho.
• In the book Horton Hears a Who!, Ned McDodd is the mayor of
Whoville.
• This lemonade tastes sour, but the cookies smell delicious.
• Beth felt bad and wanted to go home.
• Tom felt Beth's forehead and then he became upset.
• Though she appeared calm, Naomi was extremely happy about her
promotion.
Adverb! What is an Adverb?
An adverb is a word that is used to change, modify or qualify several types of words including an
adjective, a verb, a clause, another adverb, or any other type of word or phrase, with the exception
of determiners and adjectives, that directly modify nouns. A good way to understand adverbs is to
think about them as the words that provide context. Specifically, adverbs provide a description of
how, where, when, in what manner and to what extent something is done or happens. Normally, we
can spot an adverb by the fact that it often ends in –ly, but there are lots of adverbs that don’t end
in this way. Moreover, adverbs can be used in many combinations with each other. Traditionally
considered a single part of speech, adverbs perform a wide variety of functions, making it difficult
to treat them as a single, unified category. However, spotting an adverb, especially one that ends in
-ly is easy. Adverbs normally help paint a fuller picture by describing how something happens, such
as
• When? She always arrives early.
• How? He drives carefully.
• Where? They go everywhere together.
• In what way? She eats slowly.
• To what extent? It is terribly hot.
MORE what is an adverb
This function of providing more information about how something is done is called the
adverbial function, and it may be accomplished by using adverbial clauses and adverbial
phrases as well as by adverbs that stand alone.
There are many rules for using adverbs, and these rules often depend upon which type of
adverb you are using. Remember these basics and using adverbs to make sentences
more meaningful will be easier for you.
• Adverbs can always be used to modify verbs. Notice that the second of these two
sentences is much more interesting simply because it contains an adverb:
• The dog ran. (You can picture a dog running, but you don’t really know much more about the
scene.)
• The dog ran excitedly. (You can picture a dog running, wagging its tail, panting happily, and
looking glad to see its owner. You can paint a much more interesting picture in your head when
you know how or why the dog is running.)
• Adverbs are often formed by adding the letters “-ly” to adjectives. This makes it very
easy to identify adverbs in sentences. There are many exceptions to this rule;
everywhere, nowhere, and upstairs are a few examples.
EXAMPLES OF ADVERBS OF MANNER
An adverb of manner will explain how an action is carried out. Very often adverbs of manner are adjectives with -ly added to the end, but this is certainly not always the case. In fact, some adverbs of manner will have the same spelling as the adjective form.
Some examples of adverbs of manner include:
• Slowly
• Rapidly
• Clumsily
• Badly
• Diligently
• Sweetly
• Warmly
• Sadly
Adverb of manner examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification.
• She passed the exam easily.
• They walk quickly to catch the train.
• The dinner party went badly.
• John answered the question correctly.
Notice how the adverbs are formed by adding -ly to the adjectives bad, correct and quick, although there is a slight spelling change when forming an adverb with the adjective easy.
As mentioned, some adverbs of manner take the same spelling as the adjective and never add an -ly to the end:
• The boys had worked hard.
• The car drives
• Julia dances well.
EXAMPLES OF ADVERBS OF PLACE
Adverbs of place
An adverb of place, sometimes called spatial adverbs, will help explain where an action happens. Adverbs of place will be associated with the action of the verb in a sentence, providing context for direction, distance and position: southeast, everywhere, up, left, close by, back, inside, around. These terms don’t
usually end in -ly.
Adverbs of place examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification.
Directions
• New York is located north of Philadelphia.
• They traveled down the mountainside.
• First, I looked here, and then I looked there, but I can’t find them anywhere.
Notice that here and there are often used at the beginning of a sentence to express emphasis or in exclamation.
• Here comes the sun.
• There is love in the air.
• Here you are!
Many times, adverbs of place can be used as prepositions as well. The difference is, when the phrase is used as an adverb, it is modifying a verb; when it is used as a preposition, it is always followed by a noun.
• New York is located north of Philadelphia -> New York is on the map.
• They travelled down river -> They travelled in the first compartment.
• That puppy was walking around by itself-> We put a collar around its neck.
Distance
• There was a deli
• Jane is moving far away.
• Carly is sitting close to me.
Position
• The treasure lies underneath the box.
• The cat is sleeping on the bed.
• Why are you standing in the middle of the dancefloor?
In addition, some adverbs of position will refer to a direction of movement. These often end in -ward or -wards.
• Oscar travelled onward to Los Angeles.
• Hannah looked upwards to the heavens.
• Molly, move forward to the front of the queue, please.
EXAMPLES OF ADVERBS OF FREQUANCY
Adverbs of Frequency
Adverbs of frequency are used to express time or how often something occurs. Adverbs of frequency can be
split two main groups. The first, adverbs of indefinite frequency, are terms that have an unclear meaning as
to how long are how often something occurs: usually, always, normally. These adverbs will usually be placed
after the main verb or between the auxiliary verb and infinitive.
Adverbs of frequency examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification.
• The adverb is usually placed before the main verb.
• I can normally make the shot.
• I will always love
Adverbs of definite frequency will usually be placed at the end of the sentence.
• We get paid hourly.
• I come here
• The situation seems to change monthly.
• The newspaper is bought daily.
ADVERBS OF TIME
Adverbs of Time
Adverbs of time, while seemingly similar to adverbs of frequency, tell us when something happens.
Adverbs of time are usually placed at the end of a sentence.
Adverbs of time examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification.
• I will see you
• Harvey forgot his lunch yesterday and again today.
• I have to go now.
• We first met Julie last year.
While it’s almost always correct to have the adverb of time at the end of the sentence, you can
place it at the start of the sentence to put a different emphasis on the time if it is important to
the context.
• Last year was the worst year of my life.
• Tomorrow our fate will be sealed.
• Yesterday my troubles seemed so far away.
ADVERBS OF PURPOSE
Adverbs of Purpose
Adverbs of purpose, sometimes called adverbs of reason, help to describe
why something happened. They can come in the form of individual words –
so, since, thus, because – but also clauses – so that, in order to. Notice in
the examples that the adverbs of purpose are used to connect sentences
that wouldn’t make sense if they were formed alone.
Adverbs of purpose examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy
identification.
• I was sick, thus didn’t go to work today.
• I started jogging so that I wouldn’t be late.
• Because I was late, I jogged a little faster.
• Since it’s your birthday, I will buy you a gift.
ADVERB PRACTICE
1. The driver stopped the bus _______________.
A. Financially
B. Exactly
C. Abruptly
D. Now
2. During autumn, colorful leaves can be seen falling ______________ from trees.
A. Everywhere
B. Very
C. Gently
D. Loudly
3. My grandmother always smiled _______________.
A. Cheerfully
B. Sadly
C. Never
D. Yesterday

More Related Content

What's hot

Grammar 111227010246-phpapp02
Grammar 111227010246-phpapp02Grammar 111227010246-phpapp02
Grammar 111227010246-phpapp02alamsetiadi
 
Material 7 adverbs I
Material 7  adverbs IMaterial 7  adverbs I
Material 7 adverbs Imktaborda
 
Grammar Review
Grammar ReviewGrammar Review
Grammar Reviewms_mcmanus
 
Strategies in Teaching Grammar
Strategies in Teaching GrammarStrategies in Teaching Grammar
Strategies in Teaching GrammarCaroline Lace
 
Material 8 adverbs II
Material 8  adverbs IIMaterial 8  adverbs II
Material 8 adverbs IImktaborda
 
Preposition and its types
Preposition and its typesPreposition and its types
Preposition and its typesdivyanigarg2
 
Parts of Speech
Parts of SpeechParts of Speech
Parts of SpeechBabu Rao
 
Misplaced modifiers & dangling modifiers
Misplaced modifiers & dangling modifiersMisplaced modifiers & dangling modifiers
Misplaced modifiers & dangling modifiersmrsvogt913
 
Word Classes - An Introduction
Word Classes - An IntroductionWord Classes - An Introduction
Word Classes - An IntroductionA Faiz
 
Grammar book!
Grammar book!Grammar book!
Grammar book!ew10174
 
Prepositions | Commonly confused prepositions
Prepositions  | Commonly confused prepositionsPrepositions  | Commonly confused prepositions
Prepositions | Commonly confused prepositionsAngreziPanti
 
Parts of speech
Parts of speechParts of speech
Parts of speechsjcmejl
 
Adverbs
AdverbsAdverbs
AdverbsMaths
 

What's hot (20)

Grammar 111227010246-phpapp02
Grammar 111227010246-phpapp02Grammar 111227010246-phpapp02
Grammar 111227010246-phpapp02
 
Material 7 adverbs I
Material 7  adverbs IMaterial 7  adverbs I
Material 7 adverbs I
 
Adverb and its kind
Adverb and its kindAdverb and its kind
Adverb and its kind
 
Parts of speech
Parts of speechParts of speech
Parts of speech
 
Grammar Review
Grammar ReviewGrammar Review
Grammar Review
 
Strategies in Teaching Grammar
Strategies in Teaching GrammarStrategies in Teaching Grammar
Strategies in Teaching Grammar
 
Word classes
Word classesWord classes
Word classes
 
Material 8 adverbs II
Material 8  adverbs IIMaterial 8  adverbs II
Material 8 adverbs II
 
Preposition and its types
Preposition and its typesPreposition and its types
Preposition and its types
 
Discussion
DiscussionDiscussion
Discussion
 
Parts of Speech
Parts of SpeechParts of Speech
Parts of Speech
 
Assignment
AssignmentAssignment
Assignment
 
Spoken english
Spoken englishSpoken english
Spoken english
 
Misplaced modifiers & dangling modifiers
Misplaced modifiers & dangling modifiersMisplaced modifiers & dangling modifiers
Misplaced modifiers & dangling modifiers
 
Word Classes - An Introduction
Word Classes - An IntroductionWord Classes - An Introduction
Word Classes - An Introduction
 
Grammar book!
Grammar book!Grammar book!
Grammar book!
 
Adverbs of manner
Adverbs of mannerAdverbs of manner
Adverbs of manner
 
Prepositions | Commonly confused prepositions
Prepositions  | Commonly confused prepositionsPrepositions  | Commonly confused prepositions
Prepositions | Commonly confused prepositions
 
Parts of speech
Parts of speechParts of speech
Parts of speech
 
Adverbs
AdverbsAdverbs
Adverbs
 

Similar to Verbs slide

Similar to Verbs slide (20)

Transitive. intransitive verbs by javier burgos
Transitive. intransitive verbs by javier burgosTransitive. intransitive verbs by javier burgos
Transitive. intransitive verbs by javier burgos
 
ADVERBS IN NARRATION.ppt
ADVERBS IN NARRATION.pptADVERBS IN NARRATION.ppt
ADVERBS IN NARRATION.ppt
 
Understanding verbs- English grammar
Understanding verbs- English grammarUnderstanding verbs- English grammar
Understanding verbs- English grammar
 
Spanish 11
Spanish 11Spanish 11
Spanish 11
 
Adjective, verb & adverb
Adjective, verb & adverbAdjective, verb & adverb
Adjective, verb & adverb
 
Eng presentation (verb)
Eng presentation (verb)Eng presentation (verb)
Eng presentation (verb)
 
ADVERBS 9.pptx
ADVERBS 9.pptxADVERBS 9.pptx
ADVERBS 9.pptx
 
Part of speech
Part of speechPart of speech
Part of speech
 
Parts of Speech.pptx
Parts of Speech.pptxParts of Speech.pptx
Parts of Speech.pptx
 
Skills 37 38 passive voice
Skills 37 38 passive voiceSkills 37 38 passive voice
Skills 37 38 passive voice
 
Verb
VerbVerb
Verb
 
Syntax ppt..ms. biasong
Syntax ppt..ms. biasongSyntax ppt..ms. biasong
Syntax ppt..ms. biasong
 
The verb
The verbThe verb
The verb
 
All aboutverbs
All aboutverbsAll aboutverbs
All aboutverbs
 
Part of speech
Part of speechPart of speech
Part of speech
 
Grammar Proficiency - Phrases and Clausessession 3.pptx
Grammar Proficiency - Phrases and Clausessession 3.pptxGrammar Proficiency - Phrases and Clausessession 3.pptx
Grammar Proficiency - Phrases and Clausessession 3.pptx
 
Adverbs
AdverbsAdverbs
Adverbs
 
verbals-2-powerpoint-from-slideshare-better.ppt
verbals-2-powerpoint-from-slideshare-better.pptverbals-2-powerpoint-from-slideshare-better.ppt
verbals-2-powerpoint-from-slideshare-better.ppt
 
Verb Pattern
Verb PatternVerb Pattern
Verb Pattern
 
Unit one grammar crash course latin i ncvps 1 (1)
Unit one grammar crash course latin i ncvps 1 (1)Unit one grammar crash course latin i ncvps 1 (1)
Unit one grammar crash course latin i ncvps 1 (1)
 

More from SamG62

All Types of Nouns Slideshow
All Types of Nouns Slideshow All Types of Nouns Slideshow
All Types of Nouns Slideshow SamG62
 
Pronouns Slideshow
Pronouns Slideshow Pronouns Slideshow
Pronouns Slideshow SamG62
 
Verb Tense Quiz/Test
Verb Tense Quiz/TestVerb Tense Quiz/Test
Verb Tense Quiz/TestSamG62
 
Pronoun test
Pronoun testPronoun test
Pronoun testSamG62
 
China's History Part 2 of 2
China's History Part 2 of 2China's History Part 2 of 2
China's History Part 2 of 2SamG62
 
China's History Part 1 of 2
China's History Part 1 of 2China's History Part 1 of 2
China's History Part 1 of 2SamG62
 

More from SamG62 (6)

All Types of Nouns Slideshow
All Types of Nouns Slideshow All Types of Nouns Slideshow
All Types of Nouns Slideshow
 
Pronouns Slideshow
Pronouns Slideshow Pronouns Slideshow
Pronouns Slideshow
 
Verb Tense Quiz/Test
Verb Tense Quiz/TestVerb Tense Quiz/Test
Verb Tense Quiz/Test
 
Pronoun test
Pronoun testPronoun test
Pronoun test
 
China's History Part 2 of 2
China's History Part 2 of 2China's History Part 2 of 2
China's History Part 2 of 2
 
China's History Part 1 of 2
China's History Part 1 of 2China's History Part 1 of 2
China's History Part 1 of 2
 

Recently uploaded

Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio App
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio AppImproved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio App
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio AppCeline George
 
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...EduSkills OECD
 
Major project report on Tata Motors and its marketing strategies
Major project report on Tata Motors and its marketing strategiesMajor project report on Tata Motors and its marketing strategies
Major project report on Tata Motors and its marketing strategiesAmanpreetKaur157993
 
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文中 央社
 
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopale-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi RajagopalEADTU
 
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptx
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptxHow to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptx
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptxCeline George
 
male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................MirzaAbrarBaig5
 
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjStl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjMohammed Sikander
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.pptAIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.pptNishitharanjan Rout
 
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPSSpellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPSAnaAcapella
 
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptxObserving-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptxAdelaideRefugio
 
Personalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes Guàrdia
Personalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes GuàrdiaPersonalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes Guàrdia
Personalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes GuàrdiaEADTU
 
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge App
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge AppAn Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge App
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge AppCeline George
 
SURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project researchSURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project researchCaitlinCummins3
 
Book Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint
Book Review of Run For Your Life PowerpointBook Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint
Book Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint23600690
 
An overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
An overview of the various scriptures in HinduismAn overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
An overview of the various scriptures in HinduismDabee Kamal
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio App
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio AppImproved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio App
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio App
 
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...
 
Major project report on Tata Motors and its marketing strategies
Major project report on Tata Motors and its marketing strategiesMajor project report on Tata Motors and its marketing strategies
Major project report on Tata Motors and its marketing strategies
 
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
 
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopale-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
 
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptx
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptxHow to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptx
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptx
 
male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................
 
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjStl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
 
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.pptAIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
 
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
 
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdfIncluding Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
 
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPSSpellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
 
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptxObserving-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
 
Personalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes Guàrdia
Personalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes GuàrdiaPersonalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes Guàrdia
Personalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes Guàrdia
 
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge App
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge AppAn Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge App
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge App
 
SURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project researchSURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project research
 
Book Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint
Book Review of Run For Your Life PowerpointBook Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint
Book Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint
 
An overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
An overview of the various scriptures in HinduismAn overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
An overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
 

Verbs slide

  • 1. Verbs VERBS ARE AN ACTION WORD
  • 2. Verbs Are What? • A verb is a word that expresses: • A physical action (e.g., "to swim," "to write," "to climb"). • A mental action (e.g., "to think," "to guess," "to consider"). • A state of being (e.g., "to be," "to exist," "to appear"). • You might find it useful to think of verbs as "doing" words.
  • 3. Verbs Expressing Physical Actions • She sells pegs and lucky Leather. • (In this example, the word "sells" is a verb. It expresses the physical activity "to sell.") • The doctor wrote the prescription. • (In this example, the word "wrote" is a verb. It expresses the physical activity "to write.") • Alison bought a ticket. • (The word "bought" is a verb. It expresses the physical activity "to buy.")
  • 4. Verbs Expressing Mental Actions While many verbs express physical actions (e.g., "to jump," "to dance," "to sing"), verbs can also express mental actions. For example: • She considers the job done. • (The word "considers" is a verb. It expresses the mental activity "to consider.") • Peter guessed the right number. • (The word "guessed" is a verb. It expresses the mental activity "to guess.") • I thought the same thing. • (The word "thought" is a verb. It expresses the mental activity "to think.")
  • 5. Verbs Expressing a State of Being A small but extremely important group of verbs do not express any activity at all; they express a state of being. The most important verb in this group (arguably of all) is the verb "to be." Here are some real examples with the verb "to be": • Edwina is the largest elephant in this area. • (The word "is" is a verb from the verb "to be.") • It was a joke. • (The word "was" is a verb from the verb "to be.") • I am. • (The word "am" is a verb from the verb "to be.") • Here are some other verbs that express a state of being. • Alien life almost certainly exists. • (The word "exists" is a verb from the verb "to exist.") • It seemed funny at the time. • (The word "seemed" is a verb from the verb "to seem.")
  • 6. FACT ABOUT BEING VERBS "I am" is the shortest sentence in English. "I am" is counted as a sentence.
  • 7. Action Verb An action verb expresses an activity that a person or thing can do. For example: • Lee eats cake. • ("Eating" is something Lee can do.) • The bear chased the salmon in the shallow rapids. • ("Chasing" is something the bear can do.) Compare those verbs with these: • Lee likes cake. • ("To like" is not an activity. It's a state.) • The bear is hungry. • ("To be" is not an activity. It's a state.)
  • 8. Past Tense Verbs that express actions in the past are said to be in the past tense. • He talked with more claret than clarity. (Susan Ertz) ("Talked" is the past tense of the verb "to talk.") • I ran to the lake. ("Ran" is the past tense of the verb "to run.") • They were all there. ("Were" is the past tense of the verb "to be.")
  • 9. Present Tense Verbs that express actions occurring now are said to be in the present tense. • John jumps out the window. ("Jumps" is the present tense of the verb "to jump.") • Who is ill? ("Is" is the present tense of the verb "to be.") • He is the kind of a guy who lights up a room just by flicking a switch. ("Is" is the present tense of the verb "to be," and "lights up" is the present tense of the verb "to light up.")
  • 10. Future Tense Verbs that express actions in the future are said to be in the future tense. These are usually formed by preceding the verb with the word "will." • I will take the blame. ("Will take" is the future tense of the verb "to take.") • They will surrender. ("Will surrender" is the future tense of the verb "to surrender.") • Give me where to stand, and I will move the earth. (Archimedes, 287-212 BC) ("Will move" is the future tense of the verb "to move.")
  • 11. Subject of a Verb The person or thing performing the action of the verb is said to be the subject of the verb or the "subject of the sentence." • Tony stole the boat. ("Tony" is the subject of the verb "to steal.") • The dog is guilty. ("The dog" is the subject of the verb "to be.") • Who was that? ("Who" is the subject of the verb "to be
  • 12. Linking Verbs. What are they? A linking verb is a traditional term for a type of verb (such as a form of be or seem) that joins the subject of a sentence to a word or phrase that tells something about the subject. For example, is functions as a linking verb in the sentence "The boss is unhappy." The word or phrase that follows the linking verb (in our example, unhappy) is called a subject complement. The subject complement that follows a linking verb is usually an adjective (or adjective phrase), a noun (or noun phrase) or a pronoun. Linking verbs (in contrast to action verbs) relate either to a state of being (be, become, seem, remain, appear) or to the senses (look, hear, feel, taste, smell). In contemporary linguistics, linking verbs are usually called copulas, or copular verbs.
  • 13. LINKING VERB EXAMPLES • The Grinch is grumpy. • In the movie How the Grinch Stole Christmas, the mayor of Whoville is Augustus Maywho. • In the book Horton Hears a Who!, Ned McDodd is the mayor of Whoville. • This lemonade tastes sour, but the cookies smell delicious. • Beth felt bad and wanted to go home. • Tom felt Beth's forehead and then he became upset. • Though she appeared calm, Naomi was extremely happy about her promotion.
  • 14. Adverb! What is an Adverb? An adverb is a word that is used to change, modify or qualify several types of words including an adjective, a verb, a clause, another adverb, or any other type of word or phrase, with the exception of determiners and adjectives, that directly modify nouns. A good way to understand adverbs is to think about them as the words that provide context. Specifically, adverbs provide a description of how, where, when, in what manner and to what extent something is done or happens. Normally, we can spot an adverb by the fact that it often ends in –ly, but there are lots of adverbs that don’t end in this way. Moreover, adverbs can be used in many combinations with each other. Traditionally considered a single part of speech, adverbs perform a wide variety of functions, making it difficult to treat them as a single, unified category. However, spotting an adverb, especially one that ends in -ly is easy. Adverbs normally help paint a fuller picture by describing how something happens, such as • When? She always arrives early. • How? He drives carefully. • Where? They go everywhere together. • In what way? She eats slowly. • To what extent? It is terribly hot.
  • 15. MORE what is an adverb This function of providing more information about how something is done is called the adverbial function, and it may be accomplished by using adverbial clauses and adverbial phrases as well as by adverbs that stand alone. There are many rules for using adverbs, and these rules often depend upon which type of adverb you are using. Remember these basics and using adverbs to make sentences more meaningful will be easier for you. • Adverbs can always be used to modify verbs. Notice that the second of these two sentences is much more interesting simply because it contains an adverb: • The dog ran. (You can picture a dog running, but you don’t really know much more about the scene.) • The dog ran excitedly. (You can picture a dog running, wagging its tail, panting happily, and looking glad to see its owner. You can paint a much more interesting picture in your head when you know how or why the dog is running.) • Adverbs are often formed by adding the letters “-ly” to adjectives. This makes it very easy to identify adverbs in sentences. There are many exceptions to this rule; everywhere, nowhere, and upstairs are a few examples.
  • 16. EXAMPLES OF ADVERBS OF MANNER An adverb of manner will explain how an action is carried out. Very often adverbs of manner are adjectives with -ly added to the end, but this is certainly not always the case. In fact, some adverbs of manner will have the same spelling as the adjective form. Some examples of adverbs of manner include: • Slowly • Rapidly • Clumsily • Badly • Diligently • Sweetly • Warmly • Sadly Adverb of manner examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification. • She passed the exam easily. • They walk quickly to catch the train. • The dinner party went badly. • John answered the question correctly. Notice how the adverbs are formed by adding -ly to the adjectives bad, correct and quick, although there is a slight spelling change when forming an adverb with the adjective easy. As mentioned, some adverbs of manner take the same spelling as the adjective and never add an -ly to the end: • The boys had worked hard. • The car drives • Julia dances well.
  • 17. EXAMPLES OF ADVERBS OF PLACE Adverbs of place An adverb of place, sometimes called spatial adverbs, will help explain where an action happens. Adverbs of place will be associated with the action of the verb in a sentence, providing context for direction, distance and position: southeast, everywhere, up, left, close by, back, inside, around. These terms don’t usually end in -ly. Adverbs of place examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification. Directions • New York is located north of Philadelphia. • They traveled down the mountainside. • First, I looked here, and then I looked there, but I can’t find them anywhere. Notice that here and there are often used at the beginning of a sentence to express emphasis or in exclamation. • Here comes the sun. • There is love in the air. • Here you are! Many times, adverbs of place can be used as prepositions as well. The difference is, when the phrase is used as an adverb, it is modifying a verb; when it is used as a preposition, it is always followed by a noun. • New York is located north of Philadelphia -> New York is on the map. • They travelled down river -> They travelled in the first compartment. • That puppy was walking around by itself-> We put a collar around its neck. Distance • There was a deli • Jane is moving far away. • Carly is sitting close to me. Position • The treasure lies underneath the box. • The cat is sleeping on the bed. • Why are you standing in the middle of the dancefloor? In addition, some adverbs of position will refer to a direction of movement. These often end in -ward or -wards. • Oscar travelled onward to Los Angeles. • Hannah looked upwards to the heavens. • Molly, move forward to the front of the queue, please.
  • 18. EXAMPLES OF ADVERBS OF FREQUANCY Adverbs of Frequency Adverbs of frequency are used to express time or how often something occurs. Adverbs of frequency can be split two main groups. The first, adverbs of indefinite frequency, are terms that have an unclear meaning as to how long are how often something occurs: usually, always, normally. These adverbs will usually be placed after the main verb or between the auxiliary verb and infinitive. Adverbs of frequency examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification. • The adverb is usually placed before the main verb. • I can normally make the shot. • I will always love Adverbs of definite frequency will usually be placed at the end of the sentence. • We get paid hourly. • I come here • The situation seems to change monthly. • The newspaper is bought daily.
  • 19. ADVERBS OF TIME Adverbs of Time Adverbs of time, while seemingly similar to adverbs of frequency, tell us when something happens. Adverbs of time are usually placed at the end of a sentence. Adverbs of time examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification. • I will see you • Harvey forgot his lunch yesterday and again today. • I have to go now. • We first met Julie last year. While it’s almost always correct to have the adverb of time at the end of the sentence, you can place it at the start of the sentence to put a different emphasis on the time if it is important to the context. • Last year was the worst year of my life. • Tomorrow our fate will be sealed. • Yesterday my troubles seemed so far away.
  • 20. ADVERBS OF PURPOSE Adverbs of Purpose Adverbs of purpose, sometimes called adverbs of reason, help to describe why something happened. They can come in the form of individual words – so, since, thus, because – but also clauses – so that, in order to. Notice in the examples that the adverbs of purpose are used to connect sentences that wouldn’t make sense if they were formed alone. Adverbs of purpose examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification. • I was sick, thus didn’t go to work today. • I started jogging so that I wouldn’t be late. • Because I was late, I jogged a little faster. • Since it’s your birthday, I will buy you a gift.
  • 21. ADVERB PRACTICE 1. The driver stopped the bus _______________. A. Financially B. Exactly C. Abruptly D. Now 2. During autumn, colorful leaves can be seen falling ______________ from trees. A. Everywhere B. Very C. Gently D. Loudly 3. My grandmother always smiled _______________. A. Cheerfully B. Sadly C. Never D. Yesterday