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Chinas History
Dynasty's of China
Facts About China
• Civilization started around 3000 BCE
• China is the largest country on the continent of asia.
• 4th largest country (in square miles) in the world.
Russia
Canada
U.S.A
China
• Largest Population in the world.
Because of China’s size, it has a contrast (different) of climates, landforms and ways people live.
China
Facts about North China Plain:
• Area where human settlements and culture began.
• Fertile soil
• Center of agriculture and industry
• Heavily populated
• Cold winters and hot summers
• Beijing is China’s capital
Because of loess
(pronounced
“luss”) a
yellowish brown
soil that blows in
from the Gobi
desert.
North China Plains
Why is North China Plains
have fertile soil?
Crops on Terraces
Terraces (platforms of earth that look
like stairs) are used to farm on hilly
surfaces. Used in China for wheat,
barley and rice growing because these
crops need irrigation.
The Huang River Valley
Facts about the Huang River
• Huang means yellow in
Chinese (3,400 miles long)
• Begins in western
mountains of China.
• About 3000 B.C. early
civilization in China made
their homes along the
Huang River Valley.
• Huang River is yellow in
color because of the
yellow silt carried down
the river.
Huang River “China’s Sorrow”
During heavy summer rains, the Huang River floods the Northern Plains destroying
crops and property.
Levees (walls along the riverbank) and dams help to control the flooding of the river.
Gobi Desert
Gobi Desert is located in northern China.
Guangxi Zhungzu Region
Guangxi Zhungzu (gwahng shee DZUHNG JOOH)
Facts about Guangxi Zhungzu Region:
•Located in southeastern China
•Near the Gulf of Tonkin in the South China Sea.
•Vietnam to the southwest.
•Warm, moist winds blow in from the sea bringing plenty of rain and sun throughout the year.
•Best climate for farming.
South
China Sea
Gulf of
Tonkin
Guangxi Zhungzu in
RED
Guangxi Zhungzu
Region
Facts about Guangxi Zhungzu Region:
•This region has a long growing season.
•Farmers use a cultivation system called
double cropping (2 crops are grown on
the same land in the same year). For
example: double-crop rice and a
vegetable or rice and sugar cane.
•Access to the sea makes fishing an
important industry also.
This area also contains rocky
peaks made of limestone, caves
and sinkholes where rainwater
collects.
Himalaya
s
Facts about the
Himalayas:
•Mountain range
located on the
southern border of
the Tibetan Plateau.
•Tallest peak in the
world (Mount
Everest) located in
Himalayas.
China’s History
Why is the culture of China so unique?
Because China’s culture has been continuous (unbroken) from its earliest recorded history to
today.
Many of the oldest civilizations have greatly changed over time OR were destroyed.
However, Chinese writing, artwork and artifacts remain mostly the same today.
Chinese Language
The Chinese language is written in pictographs
(pictures that represent words.)
Archaeologists are able to read and translate written
records from thousands of years ago.

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China's History Part 1 of 2

  • 3. Facts About China • Civilization started around 3000 BCE • China is the largest country on the continent of asia. • 4th largest country (in square miles) in the world. Russia Canada U.S.A China • Largest Population in the world.
  • 4. Because of China’s size, it has a contrast (different) of climates, landforms and ways people live. China Facts about North China Plain: • Area where human settlements and culture began. • Fertile soil • Center of agriculture and industry • Heavily populated • Cold winters and hot summers • Beijing is China’s capital
  • 5. Because of loess (pronounced “luss”) a yellowish brown soil that blows in from the Gobi desert. North China Plains Why is North China Plains have fertile soil?
  • 6. Crops on Terraces Terraces (platforms of earth that look like stairs) are used to farm on hilly surfaces. Used in China for wheat, barley and rice growing because these crops need irrigation.
  • 7. The Huang River Valley Facts about the Huang River • Huang means yellow in Chinese (3,400 miles long) • Begins in western mountains of China. • About 3000 B.C. early civilization in China made their homes along the Huang River Valley. • Huang River is yellow in color because of the yellow silt carried down the river.
  • 8. Huang River “China’s Sorrow” During heavy summer rains, the Huang River floods the Northern Plains destroying crops and property. Levees (walls along the riverbank) and dams help to control the flooding of the river.
  • 9. Gobi Desert Gobi Desert is located in northern China.
  • 10. Guangxi Zhungzu Region Guangxi Zhungzu (gwahng shee DZUHNG JOOH) Facts about Guangxi Zhungzu Region: •Located in southeastern China •Near the Gulf of Tonkin in the South China Sea. •Vietnam to the southwest. •Warm, moist winds blow in from the sea bringing plenty of rain and sun throughout the year. •Best climate for farming. South China Sea Gulf of Tonkin Guangxi Zhungzu in RED
  • 11. Guangxi Zhungzu Region Facts about Guangxi Zhungzu Region: •This region has a long growing season. •Farmers use a cultivation system called double cropping (2 crops are grown on the same land in the same year). For example: double-crop rice and a vegetable or rice and sugar cane. •Access to the sea makes fishing an important industry also. This area also contains rocky peaks made of limestone, caves and sinkholes where rainwater collects.
  • 12. Himalaya s Facts about the Himalayas: •Mountain range located on the southern border of the Tibetan Plateau. •Tallest peak in the world (Mount Everest) located in Himalayas.
  • 13. China’s History Why is the culture of China so unique? Because China’s culture has been continuous (unbroken) from its earliest recorded history to today. Many of the oldest civilizations have greatly changed over time OR were destroyed. However, Chinese writing, artwork and artifacts remain mostly the same today.
  • 14. Chinese Language The Chinese language is written in pictographs (pictures that represent words.) Archaeologists are able to read and translate written records from thousands of years ago.