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Parts of Speech

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Parts of Speech

  1. 1. Grammar<br />
  2. 2. Nouns – horse, Monday, Jack, Tajmahal<br />Verbs – go, be, must, play, walk<br />Adjectives – Happy, Awake, enthusiastic<br />Adverbs – Sadly, soon, very, however, often<br />Pronouns – I, she, he, it, you, everyone, yourself<br />Determiners – a, the, my, every, any<br />Prepositions – in, of, opposite, regarding<br />Conjunctions- and, or, while, if, that<br />Interjections – oh!, well!, Alas!<br />Parts of Speech<br />
  3. 3. The most typical nouns are the names of people, things and substances such as peter, house, girl and milk. <br />Sometimes, the thing described has no solidity, shape or dimensions <br />What is a noun?<br />
  4. 4. Verbs are sometimes defined as ‘doing’ words - words that indicate what is being done in a sentences.<br />Finite / non – finite Verb:<br />A finite verb is one used in the normal way, usually with a subject and a tense – (for example, write and writes in Iwrite , she writes).When a verb lacks tense, it is non-finite. <br />The non – finite forms are the –ing form (sinking) the past participle (sunk), and the infinitive (to sink)<br />What is a Verb?<br />
  5. 5. Impersonal verbs<br />Perfect forms<br />Phrasal verbs<br />Progressive forms<br />Reflexive forms<br />Strong / Weak verbs<br />Transitive / Intransitive verbs<br />Types of verb <br />
  6. 6. Adjective which means ‘added to’ or it ‘qualify’ or ‘modify’ nouns, and sometimes pronouns. <br />They are often used to describe the thing that the noun refers to.<br />What is an Adjective?<br />
  7. 7. Adjective of Quality<br />Adjective of Quantity<br />Numerical Adjectives<br />Demonstrative Adjectives<br />Interrogative Adjectives <br />Types of Adjectives<br />
  8. 8. Adverb typically modifies or qualifies the Verb. It tells how, when, where, why or how often an action takes place.<br />The most typical kind of adverb is derived from an adjective by adding –ly : tiredly, happily.<br />But beware many words ending in – lyare in fact adjectives <br />What is an Adverb?<br />
  9. 9. Pronouns are nouns in disguise, and have almost exactly the same uses as nouns.<br />There are several groups of pronouns, including:<br />Indefinite pronoun<br />Reflexive pronoun<br />Demonstrative pronoun<br />Relative pronoun<br />Personal pronoun<br />What is a Pronoun?<br />
  10. 10. Determiners are small words used before nouns to tell you which one, or how many, or whose, and so on.<br />The two common determiners are ‘the’ and ‘A/An’ are called articles.<br />‘the’ is the definite article; it refers to a defined thing or person (bring the chair)<br />‘a/an’ is the indefinite article; the object or person it refers to is not defined (bring me a chair)<br />What is a Determiner?<br />
  11. 11. Prepositions are mostly little words. They typically come in front of noun phrases and pronouns, and tell you something about place, time, reason and so on.<br />Some Prepositions (compound prepositions) are made up of more than one word : in front of, because of.<br />What is a Preposition?<br />
  12. 12. Conjunctions are joining words (and, but, or, because, when, if) <br />They can be of various kinds:<br />Coordinating conjunctions<br />Subordinating conjunctions<br />Correlative conjunctions<br />What is a Conjunction?<br />
  13. 13. Interjections are words like Oh, well, hello, and alas. They live on their own, outside the structure of the rest of the sentence.<br />What is an Interjection?<br />
  14. 14. Prepared by<br />G.Babu<br /> Lecturer in English<br /> Chennai<br />

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