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  1. 1. Phrase A phrase is a group of words that acts as a part of speech rather than as a complete sentence. It does not have subject and a verb.
  2. 2. Prepositional phrase • By far the most common kind of phrase is the prepositional phrase. • This phrase has two functions.
  3. 3. Example • Because she was in hurry, kate walked quickly with a towel to the beach.  again the prepositional phrases are in hurry, with a towel and to a beach.
  4. 4. let’s look at what these phrases are doing in the sentence. In a hurry describes kate (noun) (it is an adjective phrase) with a towel also describes kate; it; too is an adjective phrase. To the beach tells where kate walked, so it’s an adverb phrase.
  5. 5. All of these phrase are still prepositional phrases. They act either as adjectives or adverbs.
  6. 6. Examples • Stop at the count of ten the prepositional phrase function as a modifier of the verb stop, so it’s an adverb phrase • The speaker was a woman of extraordinary eloquence. The phrase of extraordinary eloquence modifies the noun woman, so it is an adjective phrase.
  7. 7. Verbal phrases • Another kind of phrase is the verbal phraseinfinitives, gerunds and participles. As you can tell from the name, they are related to verbs. They look verby, but never acts as a verbs, instead, they act as nouns, adjectives and adverbs.
  8. 8. Participial phrase • A participial phrase contains a participle, its object, modifiers or both. Participles, likes, verbs, can take an object. Running quickly, the boy stumbled and broke his leg. participle: running modifier: quickly
  9. 9. • Watching her favorite program, the child was oblivious of the time. participle: watching its object: her favorite program.
  10. 10. • The function of a participial phrase is to modify noun- in other words, a participial phrase acts as an adjective. Screaming with laughter, the children hid under their desks. The red towel, lost in the dryer, was her favorite. Lying on her sofa bed, dannah ordered pineapple juice.
  11. 11. • See how each participial phrase tell us something about a noun. Screaming with laughter describes the children, lost in the dryer describes the towel, and lying on the her sofa bed describes dannah.
  12. 12. Gerund phrase • A gerund phrase is a gerund with modifiers or a complement. All acting as a noun. Since it acts as a noun, it performs many functions. 1. Subject: using profane language is not permitted in a conservative institution. 2. Direct object: the secretary received a scolding from her boss 3. Object of the preposition: he caused the confusion by changing the lanes.
  13. 13. Infinitive phrase When the preposition to is followed by the noun, it is infinitive phrase. Infinitives used as Nouns: SUBJECT, DIRECT OBJECT OBJECT OF A PREPOSITION