SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Unit Processing Operation
Distillation
Submitted to: sir Haroon Munir sb
Submitted by: group -7
Members (15127,36,38,43,53,54,67)
semester 4
Government College University Faisalabad
Road map
1. Distillation
2. Principle
3. types of distlation
4. Distillation component & operation
5. Example of Distillation
6. Application
Distillation
Distillation is a proces in which a liquid or
vapour mixture of two or more substance is
separated into its component fractions of
desired purity by application on and removal of
heat
Distillation principle
Separation of components from a liquid mixture through
 difference in boiling points of the individual components
And also depends on the vapours pressure characteristics
of liquid mixture.
Distilation is a physical separation
process and not chemical reaction
Types of ditilation
simple distillation
Fractional distillation
Vaccum distillation
Azotropic distillation
simple distillation
The only one chain of vaorization and condensation
takes place
Its only applicable if difference of boiling point is
very large like 25-35
It mostly use to separate volitile liquid from non
volatile liquids
It is difficult to get pure substance only by simple
sitillation
Ditilation of sea water
c
Fractional distillation
It is another common type of ditillation
It is used to separate liquid having very close boiling
points
It require more evaporation/condensation cycles
For fractional ditillational distillation one
fractionating colum is introced between flask and
condenser.Each gap worker as one cycle
Fractional distillation
It is use in petro chemical industr.
Vacuum distillation
Vacuum ditillation is a method of distillation whereby
the pressure above the liquid mxiture to be distilled is
reduce to less then its vapor pressure(usually less than
atomospheric pressure)causing evaporation of the
most volatile liquid(s)(those with the lowest boiling
point).
Vacuum distillation
This distillation method works on the princple that
boiling occur when the vapor pressure of a liquid
exceeds the ambient pressure
It is use for temperaure sensitive materials like oil
industry.
Azotropic Ditillation
It is special type of ditillation which is specifically use
for azotropic mixture
They can not bet distilled directlty as their liquid and
vapour composition are same
In this some components added to create new low
boiling azotrpe
Which create two hetergeneous layers
This can be easily distill
In the production of ethanol to break azotrope of 96%
ehanol and 4%water benzene is added
Distillation component & operation
Any simple distillation component composed as
following main parts
Heating source
Distillation flask
Thermometer
Condenser
Receiving flask
Distillation operation
In distillation Colum feed put in middle of Colum in feed tray
Feed slowly comedown & re-boil than convert in vapor
Vapor move upward & come in top
It is condensed by condenser & store in
Vessel is called distillate
Some of his condensate again to top is
reflux
There are internal flow of vapor & liquid
Cont…
External flow of feed & product streams into out of
Colum
Applications of Distillation
o Laboratory scale
o Industry scale
o Herbal distillate
o Food processing
Applications of Distillation
o Food processing
The latter two are distinctively different from the two
in the processing of beverages
The distillation is not used as a true purification
method but more to transfer all volattiles from the
source material to the distillate.
Example of Distillation
In the fossil fuel industry distillation is a major class of operation in obtaining
materials from crude oil for fuels and for chemical feedstocks.
 Ditillation permits separation of air inton its components notably oxygen, nitrogen
and argon for industerial use.
summary
Distillation is a process of separating components by
boiling & condensation
Types – simple, vacuum , fractional & azeotropic
Components
Operation
Application & examples
Unit processing operation

More Related Content

What's hot

Sublimation And Desication
Sublimation And DesicationSublimation And Desication
Sublimation And Desication
Tooba Rehman
 
freeze drying
freeze dryingfreeze drying
freeze drying
Shahid Mahmood
 
Freeze Drying (Lyophilization)- Pharmaceutical Engineering
Freeze Drying (Lyophilization)- Pharmaceutical EngineeringFreeze Drying (Lyophilization)- Pharmaceutical Engineering
Freeze Drying (Lyophilization)- Pharmaceutical Engineering
Sanchit Dhankhar
 
Lyophilization 1
Lyophilization   1Lyophilization   1
Lyophilization 1
Asmaira RZ
 
Downstream processing, homogenizing, microfiltration & hplc
Downstream processing, homogenizing, microfiltration & hplcDownstream processing, homogenizing, microfiltration & hplc
Downstream processing, homogenizing, microfiltration & hplc
Ain Nur Syazwani
 
Freeze drying
Freeze dryingFreeze drying
Freeze drying
lakmali922
 
Advance in mass transfer in food application
Advance in mass transfer in food applicationAdvance in mass transfer in food application
Advance in mass transfer in food application
Dayanand Raj
 
Liquid liquid extraction ppt
Liquid liquid extraction pptLiquid liquid extraction ppt
Liquid liquid extraction ppt
Umer Farooq
 
Liquid liquid extraction ppt
Liquid liquid extraction pptLiquid liquid extraction ppt
Liquid liquid extraction ppt
Umer Farooq
 
Leaching
LeachingLeaching
Lyophilization technology
Lyophilization technologyLyophilization technology
Lyophilization technology
Ujjwala Kandekar
 
Freeze drying
Freeze dryingFreeze drying
Freeze drying
Abhilash Narayandas
 
Freeze drying
Freeze dryingFreeze drying
Freeze drying
Pratiksha Supekar
 
The importance of industrial water filtration
The importance of industrial water filtrationThe importance of industrial water filtration
The importance of industrial water filtration
carolgarcia581
 
Crystallization and drying
Crystallization and dryingCrystallization and drying
Crystallization and drying
Subin E K
 
Down stream processing
Down stream processingDown stream processing
Down stream processing
saba naeem
 
Freeze Drying
Freeze DryingFreeze Drying
Freeze Drying
AswinRamesh6
 
Freeze Drying
Freeze DryingFreeze Drying
Freeze Drying
Abin Basil
 
Lyophilization
Lyophilization Lyophilization
Lyophilization
Akshay Nehe
 
Drying By Makrani Shaharukh
Drying By Makrani ShaharukhDrying By Makrani Shaharukh
Drying By Makrani Shaharukh
Makrani Shaharukh
 

What's hot (20)

Sublimation And Desication
Sublimation And DesicationSublimation And Desication
Sublimation And Desication
 
freeze drying
freeze dryingfreeze drying
freeze drying
 
Freeze Drying (Lyophilization)- Pharmaceutical Engineering
Freeze Drying (Lyophilization)- Pharmaceutical EngineeringFreeze Drying (Lyophilization)- Pharmaceutical Engineering
Freeze Drying (Lyophilization)- Pharmaceutical Engineering
 
Lyophilization 1
Lyophilization   1Lyophilization   1
Lyophilization 1
 
Downstream processing, homogenizing, microfiltration & hplc
Downstream processing, homogenizing, microfiltration & hplcDownstream processing, homogenizing, microfiltration & hplc
Downstream processing, homogenizing, microfiltration & hplc
 
Freeze drying
Freeze dryingFreeze drying
Freeze drying
 
Advance in mass transfer in food application
Advance in mass transfer in food applicationAdvance in mass transfer in food application
Advance in mass transfer in food application
 
Liquid liquid extraction ppt
Liquid liquid extraction pptLiquid liquid extraction ppt
Liquid liquid extraction ppt
 
Liquid liquid extraction ppt
Liquid liquid extraction pptLiquid liquid extraction ppt
Liquid liquid extraction ppt
 
Leaching
LeachingLeaching
Leaching
 
Lyophilization technology
Lyophilization technologyLyophilization technology
Lyophilization technology
 
Freeze drying
Freeze dryingFreeze drying
Freeze drying
 
Freeze drying
Freeze dryingFreeze drying
Freeze drying
 
The importance of industrial water filtration
The importance of industrial water filtrationThe importance of industrial water filtration
The importance of industrial water filtration
 
Crystallization and drying
Crystallization and dryingCrystallization and drying
Crystallization and drying
 
Down stream processing
Down stream processingDown stream processing
Down stream processing
 
Freeze Drying
Freeze DryingFreeze Drying
Freeze Drying
 
Freeze Drying
Freeze DryingFreeze Drying
Freeze Drying
 
Lyophilization
Lyophilization Lyophilization
Lyophilization
 
Drying By Makrani Shaharukh
Drying By Makrani ShaharukhDrying By Makrani Shaharukh
Drying By Makrani Shaharukh
 

Similar to Unit processing operation

distillation
distillationdistillation
distillation
guest22f059
 
Determination of boiling point and distillation
Determination of boiling point and distillationDetermination of boiling point and distillation
Determination of boiling point and distillation
HadeelAlsinjilawi1
 
Extraction.pptx
Extraction.pptxExtraction.pptx
Extraction.pptx
AliMuhammad210109
 
What exactly is Distillation and Principles involved in it.pdf
What exactly is Distillation and Principles involved in it.pdfWhat exactly is Distillation and Principles involved in it.pdf
What exactly is Distillation and Principles involved in it.pdf
Alaquainc
 
Distillation1
Distillation1Distillation1
Distillation1
SandhyaPunetha1
 
Distillation types
Distillation typesDistillation types
Distillation types
Mirza Salman Baig
 
Chapter 2 crude_oil_processing2
Chapter 2 crude_oil_processing2Chapter 2 crude_oil_processing2
Chapter 2 crude_oil_processing2
Helena Francis
 
Simple distillation.pptx
Simple distillation.pptxSimple distillation.pptx
Simple distillation.pptx
KashishWilson1
 
Distillation
DistillationDistillation
Distillation
Passant Aboud
 
Distillation Basics(Done).ppt
Distillation Basics(Done).pptDistillation Basics(Done).ppt
Distillation Basics(Done).ppt
AshwaniSharma12978
 
Seminar on Distillation study-mafia.pptx
Seminar on Distillation study-mafia.pptxSeminar on Distillation study-mafia.pptx
Seminar on Distillation study-mafia.pptx
Madan Karki
 
Distillation chapter.pptx
Distillation chapter.pptxDistillation chapter.pptx
Distillation chapter.pptx
HemaA14
 
Rajat tiwari, 2 k14 214, 10.4-10.7-1
Rajat tiwari, 2 k14 214, 10.4-10.7-1Rajat tiwari, 2 k14 214, 10.4-10.7-1
Rajat tiwari, 2 k14 214, 10.4-10.7-1
translateds
 
extraction_methods_natural_essential_oil.pdf
extraction_methods_natural_essential_oil.pdfextraction_methods_natural_essential_oil.pdf
extraction_methods_natural_essential_oil.pdf
Basavarajappa H R
 
Mass transfer lab equipment's
Mass transfer lab equipment'sMass transfer lab equipment's
Mass transfer lab equipment's
Mujeeb UR Rahman
 
Distillation and Alcohol Production Application.ppt
Distillation and Alcohol Production Application.pptDistillation and Alcohol Production Application.ppt
Distillation and Alcohol Production Application.ppt
Madan Karki
 
Reservoir Rock Properties Laboratory Manual Exp (#3)
 Reservoir Rock Properties Laboratory Manual Exp (#3) Reservoir Rock Properties Laboratory Manual Exp (#3)
Reservoir Rock Properties Laboratory Manual Exp (#3)
Muhammed Fuad Al-Barznji
 
Design of Distillation Column.pptx
Design of Distillation Column.pptxDesign of Distillation Column.pptx
Design of Distillation Column.pptx
CrisaderSh
 
Basic Principles and methodology of distillation
Basic Principles and methodology of distillationBasic Principles and methodology of distillation
Basic Principles and methodology of distillation
AkankshaPatel55
 
Distillation MSG.ppt for B.Pharmacy SEM-III Pharmaceutical EngineeringStudy m...
Distillation MSG.ppt for B.Pharmacy SEM-III Pharmaceutical EngineeringStudy m...Distillation MSG.ppt for B.Pharmacy SEM-III Pharmaceutical EngineeringStudy m...
Distillation MSG.ppt for B.Pharmacy SEM-III Pharmaceutical EngineeringStudy m...
Mahesh Gadge
 

Similar to Unit processing operation (20)

distillation
distillationdistillation
distillation
 
Determination of boiling point and distillation
Determination of boiling point and distillationDetermination of boiling point and distillation
Determination of boiling point and distillation
 
Extraction.pptx
Extraction.pptxExtraction.pptx
Extraction.pptx
 
What exactly is Distillation and Principles involved in it.pdf
What exactly is Distillation and Principles involved in it.pdfWhat exactly is Distillation and Principles involved in it.pdf
What exactly is Distillation and Principles involved in it.pdf
 
Distillation1
Distillation1Distillation1
Distillation1
 
Distillation types
Distillation typesDistillation types
Distillation types
 
Chapter 2 crude_oil_processing2
Chapter 2 crude_oil_processing2Chapter 2 crude_oil_processing2
Chapter 2 crude_oil_processing2
 
Simple distillation.pptx
Simple distillation.pptxSimple distillation.pptx
Simple distillation.pptx
 
Distillation
DistillationDistillation
Distillation
 
Distillation Basics(Done).ppt
Distillation Basics(Done).pptDistillation Basics(Done).ppt
Distillation Basics(Done).ppt
 
Seminar on Distillation study-mafia.pptx
Seminar on Distillation study-mafia.pptxSeminar on Distillation study-mafia.pptx
Seminar on Distillation study-mafia.pptx
 
Distillation chapter.pptx
Distillation chapter.pptxDistillation chapter.pptx
Distillation chapter.pptx
 
Rajat tiwari, 2 k14 214, 10.4-10.7-1
Rajat tiwari, 2 k14 214, 10.4-10.7-1Rajat tiwari, 2 k14 214, 10.4-10.7-1
Rajat tiwari, 2 k14 214, 10.4-10.7-1
 
extraction_methods_natural_essential_oil.pdf
extraction_methods_natural_essential_oil.pdfextraction_methods_natural_essential_oil.pdf
extraction_methods_natural_essential_oil.pdf
 
Mass transfer lab equipment's
Mass transfer lab equipment'sMass transfer lab equipment's
Mass transfer lab equipment's
 
Distillation and Alcohol Production Application.ppt
Distillation and Alcohol Production Application.pptDistillation and Alcohol Production Application.ppt
Distillation and Alcohol Production Application.ppt
 
Reservoir Rock Properties Laboratory Manual Exp (#3)
 Reservoir Rock Properties Laboratory Manual Exp (#3) Reservoir Rock Properties Laboratory Manual Exp (#3)
Reservoir Rock Properties Laboratory Manual Exp (#3)
 
Design of Distillation Column.pptx
Design of Distillation Column.pptxDesign of Distillation Column.pptx
Design of Distillation Column.pptx
 
Basic Principles and methodology of distillation
Basic Principles and methodology of distillationBasic Principles and methodology of distillation
Basic Principles and methodology of distillation
 
Distillation MSG.ppt for B.Pharmacy SEM-III Pharmaceutical EngineeringStudy m...
Distillation MSG.ppt for B.Pharmacy SEM-III Pharmaceutical EngineeringStudy m...Distillation MSG.ppt for B.Pharmacy SEM-III Pharmaceutical EngineeringStudy m...
Distillation MSG.ppt for B.Pharmacy SEM-III Pharmaceutical EngineeringStudy m...
 

Unit processing operation

  • 1.
  • 2. Unit Processing Operation Distillation Submitted to: sir Haroon Munir sb Submitted by: group -7 Members (15127,36,38,43,53,54,67) semester 4 Government College University Faisalabad
  • 3. Road map 1. Distillation 2. Principle 3. types of distlation 4. Distillation component & operation 5. Example of Distillation 6. Application
  • 4. Distillation Distillation is a proces in which a liquid or vapour mixture of two or more substance is separated into its component fractions of desired purity by application on and removal of heat
  • 5. Distillation principle Separation of components from a liquid mixture through  difference in boiling points of the individual components And also depends on the vapours pressure characteristics of liquid mixture. Distilation is a physical separation process and not chemical reaction
  • 6. Types of ditilation simple distillation Fractional distillation Vaccum distillation Azotropic distillation
  • 7. simple distillation The only one chain of vaorization and condensation takes place Its only applicable if difference of boiling point is very large like 25-35 It mostly use to separate volitile liquid from non volatile liquids It is difficult to get pure substance only by simple sitillation Ditilation of sea water c
  • 8. Fractional distillation It is another common type of ditillation It is used to separate liquid having very close boiling points It require more evaporation/condensation cycles For fractional ditillational distillation one fractionating colum is introced between flask and condenser.Each gap worker as one cycle
  • 9. Fractional distillation It is use in petro chemical industr.
  • 10. Vacuum distillation Vacuum ditillation is a method of distillation whereby the pressure above the liquid mxiture to be distilled is reduce to less then its vapor pressure(usually less than atomospheric pressure)causing evaporation of the most volatile liquid(s)(those with the lowest boiling point).
  • 11. Vacuum distillation This distillation method works on the princple that boiling occur when the vapor pressure of a liquid exceeds the ambient pressure It is use for temperaure sensitive materials like oil industry.
  • 12. Azotropic Ditillation It is special type of ditillation which is specifically use for azotropic mixture They can not bet distilled directlty as their liquid and vapour composition are same In this some components added to create new low boiling azotrpe Which create two hetergeneous layers This can be easily distill In the production of ethanol to break azotrope of 96% ehanol and 4%water benzene is added
  • 13. Distillation component & operation Any simple distillation component composed as following main parts Heating source Distillation flask Thermometer Condenser Receiving flask
  • 14. Distillation operation In distillation Colum feed put in middle of Colum in feed tray Feed slowly comedown & re-boil than convert in vapor Vapor move upward & come in top It is condensed by condenser & store in Vessel is called distillate Some of his condensate again to top is reflux There are internal flow of vapor & liquid
  • 15. Cont… External flow of feed & product streams into out of Colum
  • 16. Applications of Distillation o Laboratory scale o Industry scale o Herbal distillate o Food processing
  • 17. Applications of Distillation o Food processing The latter two are distinctively different from the two in the processing of beverages The distillation is not used as a true purification method but more to transfer all volattiles from the source material to the distillate.
  • 18. Example of Distillation In the fossil fuel industry distillation is a major class of operation in obtaining materials from crude oil for fuels and for chemical feedstocks.  Ditillation permits separation of air inton its components notably oxygen, nitrogen and argon for industerial use.
  • 19. summary Distillation is a process of separating components by boiling & condensation Types – simple, vacuum , fractional & azeotropic Components Operation Application & examples