SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 20
Download to read offline
The Architecture of
Teaching & Learning
Peter Morville, IA Summit 2016, Atlanta
3
“Think Until Your Brain Hurts!”
The Architecture of Teaching & Learning
Why Care? Practices Conversation
Planning
etrieval
nterleaving
arnishing
rganization
eflection
R
I
G
O
R
5
R I G O R
etrieval
nterleaving
arnishing
rganization
eflection
6
D e s i r a b l e
D i f f i c u l t i e s
L e a r i n g i s d e p e r
a n d m o r e d u r a b l
w h e n i t ’ s e f f o r f u l .
7
R I G O R
etrieval
nterleaving
arnishing
rganization
eflection
To Learn, Retrieve
•  we rapidly lose 70% of what we read or hear
•  re-reading texts (massed practice) is common, ineffective
•  students who read passage, then took test, retained 50% more
•  give quizzes before and after lessons; not multiple choice!
•  cumulative learning accrues like compound interest
A B B
9
R I G O R
etrieval
nterleaving
arnishing
rganization
eflection
Researchers initially predicted that massed practice in
identifying painters’ works (studying many examples
of one painter’s works before moving on) would best
help students learn the defining characteristics of each
artist’s style. The researchers were wrong. The
commonalities proved less useful than the differences.
10
R I G O R
etrieval
nterleaving
arnishing
rganization
eflection
To Learn, Interleave Your Practices
•  mixing skills, subjects, problem types (interleaving)
•  in one study, it boosted test performance by 215%
•  what kind of problem is this? (assess context)
•  feels slower, so it’s unpopular, seldom used
•  sleep enables memory consolidation (spaced practice)
11
R I G O R
etrieval
nterleaving
arnishing
rganization
eflection
Add Meaning by Making Connections
•  Explain new material in your own words
•  Connect new ideas to what you already know
•  Frame new knowledge in a larger context
•  Memory is like Velcro (tiny hooks + loops)
12
R I G O R
etrieval
nterleaving
arnishing
rganization
eflection
Organize Ideas into Mental Models
•  a set of interrelated ideas, a sequence of motor skills
•  extract key ideas è organize into mental model
è connect to prior knowledge è better learning
•  experts struggle to teach novices; different
precision
durability
transfer
13
R I G O R
etrieval
nterleaving
arnishing
rganization
eflection
To Reflect, Look Back and Within
•  what you did, what worked, how might do differently
•  spaced retrieval, new connections, visualization
•  what we know about what we know, and how we learn
“People who as a matter of habit extract underlying principles
or rules from new experiences are more successful learners than
those who take their experiences at face value.”
Peter Morville @morville Ÿ Apr 26
I’m planning to write a book about planning.
And I’d love your help!
intertwingled.org/planning-book/
Like search, planning is a literacy that’s not taught in school. Yet,
it’s a key to success in life and work. We plan for births, weddings,
careers, retirements, and deaths. We plan events, trips, projects,
and systems. We do it all the time, but we make the same mistakes.
15
“One of the most common myths of agile
software development is that agile
teams don’t plan. In fact, agile teams do
a much more thorough job of planning
than many traditional project teams.”
short iterations, pairing, daily
standups, last responsible moment,
tests, fail fast, feedback, reflection
“Planning is a skill, and the only way
to get better is to practice.”
MAKE PLANNING VISIBLE
GoalPath
Here
& Now
Risks, Estimates, Metrics
Play, Practice, Prototype
Feedback, Reflection
18
R I G O R
etrieval
nterleaving
arnishing
rganization
eflection
The Architecture of Teaching & Learning
Why Care? Practices Conversation
Planning
etrieval
nterleaving
arnishing
rganization
eflection
R
I
G
O
R
Thank You!
@morville

More Related Content

What's hot

Seven Sins of Strategic Planning
Seven Sins of Strategic PlanningSeven Sins of Strategic Planning
Seven Sins of Strategic Planning
kramsey
 
Scholarly workflow and personal digital archiving interviews
Scholarly workflow and personal digital archiving interviewsScholarly workflow and personal digital archiving interviews
Scholarly workflow and personal digital archiving interviews
Smiljana Antonijevic
 

What's hot (11)

Learning Curve: How College Graduates Solve Information Problems in the Workp...
Learning Curve: How College Graduates Solve Information Problems in the Workp...Learning Curve: How College Graduates Solve Information Problems in the Workp...
Learning Curve: How College Graduates Solve Information Problems in the Workp...
 
Reputation Management for Early Career Researchers
Reputation Management for Early Career ResearchersReputation Management for Early Career Researchers
Reputation Management for Early Career Researchers
 
Inspiration Architecture: The Future of Libraries (Internet Librarian 2013)
Inspiration Architecture: The Future of Libraries (Internet Librarian 2013)Inspiration Architecture: The Future of Libraries (Internet Librarian 2013)
Inspiration Architecture: The Future of Libraries (Internet Librarian 2013)
 
Introduction to Kno.e.sis Center - March 2011
Introduction to Kno.e.sis Center - March 2011Introduction to Kno.e.sis Center - March 2011
Introduction to Kno.e.sis Center - March 2011
 
Seven Sins of Strategic Planning
Seven Sins of Strategic PlanningSeven Sins of Strategic Planning
Seven Sins of Strategic Planning
 
Scholarly workflow and personal digital archiving interviews
Scholarly workflow and personal digital archiving interviewsScholarly workflow and personal digital archiving interviews
Scholarly workflow and personal digital archiving interviews
 
"UX for the win!" at #CityMash: how we did grounded theory coding of qualitat...
"UX for the win!" at #CityMash: how we did grounded theory coding of qualitat..."UX for the win!" at #CityMash: how we did grounded theory coding of qualitat...
"UX for the win!" at #CityMash: how we did grounded theory coding of qualitat...
 
Inspiration Architecture: The Future of Libraries (Library 2.013)
Inspiration Architecture: The Future of Libraries (Library 2.013)Inspiration Architecture: The Future of Libraries (Library 2.013)
Inspiration Architecture: The Future of Libraries (Library 2.013)
 
Learning without Borders
Learning without BordersLearning without Borders
Learning without Borders
 
How I learned to (mostly) stop worrying and love action research
How I learned to (mostly) stop worrying and love action researchHow I learned to (mostly) stop worrying and love action research
How I learned to (mostly) stop worrying and love action research
 
Inspiration Architecture: The Future of Libraries
Inspiration Architecture: The Future of LibrariesInspiration Architecture: The Future of Libraries
Inspiration Architecture: The Future of Libraries
 

Viewers also liked

Speechtek 2009 Driving Design
Speechtek 2009 Driving DesignSpeechtek 2009 Driving Design
Speechtek 2009 Driving Design
Karen Kaushansky
 

Viewers also liked (20)

People, Not Percentages: Research & Design For Cross-Channel Experiences
People, Not Percentages: Research & Design For Cross-Channel ExperiencesPeople, Not Percentages: Research & Design For Cross-Channel Experiences
People, Not Percentages: Research & Design For Cross-Channel Experiences
 
IAS16 Let's Get Physical
IAS16 Let's Get PhysicalIAS16 Let's Get Physical
IAS16 Let's Get Physical
 
User Memory Design - Curt Arledge - IA Summit 2016
User Memory Design - Curt Arledge - IA Summit 2016User Memory Design - Curt Arledge - IA Summit 2016
User Memory Design - Curt Arledge - IA Summit 2016
 
12 Qualities of Effective Design Organizations
12 Qualities of Effective Design Organizations12 Qualities of Effective Design Organizations
12 Qualities of Effective Design Organizations
 
Lipstick on a pig ias16
Lipstick on a pig ias16Lipstick on a pig ias16
Lipstick on a pig ias16
 
Speechtek 2009 Driving Design
Speechtek 2009 Driving DesignSpeechtek 2009 Driving Design
Speechtek 2009 Driving Design
 
"I hear voices". Augmenting audiovisual archives by including immigrants into...
"I hear voices". Augmenting audiovisual archives by including immigrants into..."I hear voices". Augmenting audiovisual archives by including immigrants into...
"I hear voices". Augmenting audiovisual archives by including immigrants into...
 
Making Tech Tactile by Jody Medich
Making Tech Tactile by Jody MedichMaking Tech Tactile by Jody Medich
Making Tech Tactile by Jody Medich
 
Vizipedia prez
Vizipedia prezVizipedia prez
Vizipedia prez
 
UX Karma IAS 16
UX Karma IAS 16UX Karma IAS 16
UX Karma IAS 16
 
Life and Death UX
Life and Death UXLife and Death UX
Life and Death UX
 
Architecting for simplicity and meaning amidst information chaos (Shopify rep...
Architecting for simplicity and meaning amidst information chaos (Shopify rep...Architecting for simplicity and meaning amidst information chaos (Shopify rep...
Architecting for simplicity and meaning amidst information chaos (Shopify rep...
 
Colin Eagan IA for Personalization IA Summit 2016
Colin Eagan IA for Personalization IA Summit 2016Colin Eagan IA for Personalization IA Summit 2016
Colin Eagan IA for Personalization IA Summit 2016
 
Introducing: The Lab Notebook - A tool for managing a LEAN UX process
Introducing: The Lab Notebook - A tool for managing a LEAN UX process Introducing: The Lab Notebook - A tool for managing a LEAN UX process
Introducing: The Lab Notebook - A tool for managing a LEAN UX process
 
Rapid Iterative Prototyping & UserTesting
Rapid Iterative Prototyping & UserTestingRapid Iterative Prototyping & UserTesting
Rapid Iterative Prototyping & UserTesting
 
IAS 16 Ontology Dojo
IAS 16 Ontology DojoIAS 16 Ontology Dojo
IAS 16 Ontology Dojo
 
Why pixel perfect isn't so perfect
Why pixel perfect isn't so perfectWhy pixel perfect isn't so perfect
Why pixel perfect isn't so perfect
 
Adopting IA Heuristics and Iterative UX Reviews: A USPS.com Case Study
Adopting IA Heuristics and Iterative UX Reviews: A USPS.com Case StudyAdopting IA Heuristics and Iterative UX Reviews: A USPS.com Case Study
Adopting IA Heuristics and Iterative UX Reviews: A USPS.com Case Study
 
The pop-out effect: how to improve choice through information architecture
The pop-out effect: how to improve choice through information architectureThe pop-out effect: how to improve choice through information architecture
The pop-out effect: how to improve choice through information architecture
 
IA Language Critique IAS16 Surla
IA Language Critique IAS16 SurlaIA Language Critique IAS16 Surla
IA Language Critique IAS16 Surla
 

Similar to The Architecture of Teaching & Learning (ATL)

LearningTheories-PLT_studyguide-www.astate.edu-dotAsset-192246.pdf
LearningTheories-PLT_studyguide-www.astate.edu-dotAsset-192246.pdfLearningTheories-PLT_studyguide-www.astate.edu-dotAsset-192246.pdf
LearningTheories-PLT_studyguide-www.astate.edu-dotAsset-192246.pdf
Noraima2
 
Clean Sweep: Organize for Success
Clean Sweep: Organize for SuccessClean Sweep: Organize for Success
Clean Sweep: Organize for Success
Angela Housand
 

Similar to The Architecture of Teaching & Learning (ATL) (20)

Habits of Mind for Student Success
Habits of Mind for Student SuccessHabits of Mind for Student Success
Habits of Mind for Student Success
 
Coquitlam.burnaby.sept2012
Coquitlam.burnaby.sept2012Coquitlam.burnaby.sept2012
Coquitlam.burnaby.sept2012
 
The Smarter Learning Guide Desk Top
The Smarter Learning Guide Desk TopThe Smarter Learning Guide Desk Top
The Smarter Learning Guide Desk Top
 
Scientific study.pptx
Scientific study.pptxScientific study.pptx
Scientific study.pptx
 
The way the brain learns best
The way the brain learns bestThe way the brain learns best
The way the brain learns best
 
Critical Thinking Routines for the Modern Classroom
Critical Thinking Routines for the Modern ClassroomCritical Thinking Routines for the Modern Classroom
Critical Thinking Routines for the Modern Classroom
 
LearningTheories-PLT_studyguide-www.astate.edu-dotAsset-192246.pdf
LearningTheories-PLT_studyguide-www.astate.edu-dotAsset-192246.pdfLearningTheories-PLT_studyguide-www.astate.edu-dotAsset-192246.pdf
LearningTheories-PLT_studyguide-www.astate.edu-dotAsset-192246.pdf
 
Clean Sweep: Organize for Success
Clean Sweep: Organize for SuccessClean Sweep: Organize for Success
Clean Sweep: Organize for Success
 
BHS Learning and Assessment 2014-2015
BHS Learning and Assessment 2014-2015BHS Learning and Assessment 2014-2015
BHS Learning and Assessment 2014-2015
 
GarethJacobson - #RSCON 2013 presentation
GarethJacobson - #RSCON 2013 presentationGarethJacobson - #RSCON 2013 presentation
GarethJacobson - #RSCON 2013 presentation
 
Critical Thinking in Education
Critical Thinking in EducationCritical Thinking in Education
Critical Thinking in Education
 
Strategies
StrategiesStrategies
Strategies
 
Learning styles quiz results
Learning styles quiz resultsLearning styles quiz results
Learning styles quiz results
 
Mentoring Up - ABRCMS 2014 - Steve Lee
Mentoring Up - ABRCMS 2014 - Steve LeeMentoring Up - ABRCMS 2014 - Steve Lee
Mentoring Up - ABRCMS 2014 - Steve Lee
 
Learning Styles & HOTS in Study Packs
Learning Styles & HOTS in Study PacksLearning Styles & HOTS in Study Packs
Learning Styles & HOTS in Study Packs
 
Mentoring Up - Duke BioCoRE workshop - slides & handout
Mentoring Up - Duke BioCoRE workshop - slides & handoutMentoring Up - Duke BioCoRE workshop - slides & handout
Mentoring Up - Duke BioCoRE workshop - slides & handout
 
NJEA Integraing Social Skills into the Classroom 2015
NJEA Integraing Social Skills into the Classroom 2015 NJEA Integraing Social Skills into the Classroom 2015
NJEA Integraing Social Skills into the Classroom 2015
 
Inb220 tt week 1 ch 1 intro and what is ob
Inb220 tt week 1  ch 1 intro and what is obInb220 tt week 1  ch 1 intro and what is ob
Inb220 tt week 1 ch 1 intro and what is ob
 
Introduction to JumpShift
Introduction to JumpShiftIntroduction to JumpShift
Introduction to JumpShift
 
Effective reading ppt
Effective reading pptEffective reading ppt
Effective reading ppt
 

More from Peter Morville

Ubiquitous Information Architecture: Cross-Channel Strategy
Ubiquitous Information Architecture: Cross-Channel StrategyUbiquitous Information Architecture: Cross-Channel Strategy
Ubiquitous Information Architecture: Cross-Channel Strategy
Peter Morville
 

More from Peter Morville (19)

Tomorrow's Architects
Tomorrow's ArchitectsTomorrow's Architects
Tomorrow's Architects
 
Planning for Strategic Design
Planning for Strategic DesignPlanning for Strategic Design
Planning for Strategic Design
 
The Architecture of Understanding
The Architecture of UnderstandingThe Architecture of Understanding
The Architecture of Understanding
 
The Architecture of Understanding
The Architecture of UnderstandingThe Architecture of Understanding
The Architecture of Understanding
 
The Architecture of Understanding
The Architecture of UnderstandingThe Architecture of Understanding
The Architecture of Understanding
 
The Architecture of Understanding
The Architecture of UnderstandingThe Architecture of Understanding
The Architecture of Understanding
 
The Architecture of Understanding
The Architecture of UnderstandingThe Architecture of Understanding
The Architecture of Understanding
 
The Architecture of Understanding
The Architecture of UnderstandingThe Architecture of Understanding
The Architecture of Understanding
 
The Architecture of Understanding
The Architecture of UnderstandingThe Architecture of Understanding
The Architecture of Understanding
 
The Architecture of Understanding
The Architecture of UnderstandingThe Architecture of Understanding
The Architecture of Understanding
 
Inspiration Architecture: Oregon Virtual Reference Summit 2014
Inspiration Architecture: Oregon Virtual Reference Summit 2014Inspiration Architecture: Oregon Virtual Reference Summit 2014
Inspiration Architecture: Oregon Virtual Reference Summit 2014
 
IA Summit 2014 Closing Plenary by Peter Morville
IA Summit 2014 Closing Plenary by Peter MorvilleIA Summit 2014 Closing Plenary by Peter Morville
IA Summit 2014 Closing Plenary by Peter Morville
 
Inspiration Architecture: The Future of Libraries (Academic Library Directors...
Inspiration Architecture: The Future of Libraries (Academic Library Directors...Inspiration Architecture: The Future of Libraries (Academic Library Directors...
Inspiration Architecture: The Future of Libraries (Academic Library Directors...
 
Information Architecture Workshop
Information Architecture WorkshopInformation Architecture Workshop
Information Architecture Workshop
 
Architects of Learning
Architects of LearningArchitects of Learning
Architects of Learning
 
Web Governance: Where Strategy Meets Structure
Web Governance: Where Strategy Meets StructureWeb Governance: Where Strategy Meets Structure
Web Governance: Where Strategy Meets Structure
 
The Architecture of Understanding
The Architecture of UnderstandingThe Architecture of Understanding
The Architecture of Understanding
 
Enterprise Search: An Information Architect's Perspective
Enterprise Search: An Information Architect's PerspectiveEnterprise Search: An Information Architect's Perspective
Enterprise Search: An Information Architect's Perspective
 
Ubiquitous Information Architecture: Cross-Channel Strategy
Ubiquitous Information Architecture: Cross-Channel StrategyUbiquitous Information Architecture: Cross-Channel Strategy
Ubiquitous Information Architecture: Cross-Channel Strategy
 

Recently uploaded

Recently uploaded (20)

MOOD STABLIZERS DRUGS.pptx
MOOD     STABLIZERS           DRUGS.pptxMOOD     STABLIZERS           DRUGS.pptx
MOOD STABLIZERS DRUGS.pptx
 
Word Stress rules esl .pptx
Word Stress rules esl               .pptxWord Stress rules esl               .pptx
Word Stress rules esl .pptx
 
philosophy and it's principles based on the life
philosophy and it's principles based on the lifephilosophy and it's principles based on the life
philosophy and it's principles based on the life
 
Chapter 7 Pharmacosy Traditional System of Medicine & Ayurvedic Preparations ...
Chapter 7 Pharmacosy Traditional System of Medicine & Ayurvedic Preparations ...Chapter 7 Pharmacosy Traditional System of Medicine & Ayurvedic Preparations ...
Chapter 7 Pharmacosy Traditional System of Medicine & Ayurvedic Preparations ...
 
Sternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading Room
Sternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading RoomSternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading Room
Sternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading Room
 
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 InventoryHow to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
 
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio App
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio AppImproved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio App
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio App
 
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
 
Championnat de France de Tennis de table/
Championnat de France de Tennis de table/Championnat de France de Tennis de table/
Championnat de France de Tennis de table/
 
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjStl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
 
ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH FORM 50 CÂU TRẮC NGHI...
ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH FORM 50 CÂU TRẮC NGHI...ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH FORM 50 CÂU TRẮC NGHI...
ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH FORM 50 CÂU TRẮC NGHI...
 
demyelinated disorder: multiple sclerosis.pptx
demyelinated disorder: multiple sclerosis.pptxdemyelinated disorder: multiple sclerosis.pptx
demyelinated disorder: multiple sclerosis.pptx
 
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
 
The Liver & Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptx
The Liver &  Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptxThe Liver &  Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptx
The Liver & Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptx
 
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
 
Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024
Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024
Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024
 
II BIOSENSOR PRINCIPLE APPLICATIONS AND WORKING II
II BIOSENSOR PRINCIPLE APPLICATIONS AND WORKING IIII BIOSENSOR PRINCIPLE APPLICATIONS AND WORKING II
II BIOSENSOR PRINCIPLE APPLICATIONS AND WORKING II
 
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdfIncluding Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
 
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge App
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge AppAn Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge App
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Knowledge App
 
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
 

The Architecture of Teaching & Learning (ATL)

  • 1. The Architecture of Teaching & Learning Peter Morville, IA Summit 2016, Atlanta
  • 2.
  • 3. 3 “Think Until Your Brain Hurts!”
  • 4. The Architecture of Teaching & Learning Why Care? Practices Conversation Planning etrieval nterleaving arnishing rganization eflection R I G O R
  • 5. 5 R I G O R etrieval nterleaving arnishing rganization eflection
  • 6. 6 D e s i r a b l e D i f f i c u l t i e s L e a r i n g i s d e p e r a n d m o r e d u r a b l w h e n i t ’ s e f f o r f u l .
  • 7. 7 R I G O R etrieval nterleaving arnishing rganization eflection To Learn, Retrieve •  we rapidly lose 70% of what we read or hear •  re-reading texts (massed practice) is common, ineffective •  students who read passage, then took test, retained 50% more •  give quizzes before and after lessons; not multiple choice! •  cumulative learning accrues like compound interest
  • 9. 9 R I G O R etrieval nterleaving arnishing rganization eflection Researchers initially predicted that massed practice in identifying painters’ works (studying many examples of one painter’s works before moving on) would best help students learn the defining characteristics of each artist’s style. The researchers were wrong. The commonalities proved less useful than the differences.
  • 10. 10 R I G O R etrieval nterleaving arnishing rganization eflection To Learn, Interleave Your Practices •  mixing skills, subjects, problem types (interleaving) •  in one study, it boosted test performance by 215% •  what kind of problem is this? (assess context) •  feels slower, so it’s unpopular, seldom used •  sleep enables memory consolidation (spaced practice)
  • 11. 11 R I G O R etrieval nterleaving arnishing rganization eflection Add Meaning by Making Connections •  Explain new material in your own words •  Connect new ideas to what you already know •  Frame new knowledge in a larger context •  Memory is like Velcro (tiny hooks + loops)
  • 12. 12 R I G O R etrieval nterleaving arnishing rganization eflection Organize Ideas into Mental Models •  a set of interrelated ideas, a sequence of motor skills •  extract key ideas è organize into mental model è connect to prior knowledge è better learning •  experts struggle to teach novices; different precision durability transfer
  • 13. 13 R I G O R etrieval nterleaving arnishing rganization eflection To Reflect, Look Back and Within •  what you did, what worked, how might do differently •  spaced retrieval, new connections, visualization •  what we know about what we know, and how we learn “People who as a matter of habit extract underlying principles or rules from new experiences are more successful learners than those who take their experiences at face value.”
  • 14. Peter Morville @morville Ÿ Apr 26 I’m planning to write a book about planning. And I’d love your help! intertwingled.org/planning-book/ Like search, planning is a literacy that’s not taught in school. Yet, it’s a key to success in life and work. We plan for births, weddings, careers, retirements, and deaths. We plan events, trips, projects, and systems. We do it all the time, but we make the same mistakes.
  • 15. 15 “One of the most common myths of agile software development is that agile teams don’t plan. In fact, agile teams do a much more thorough job of planning than many traditional project teams.” short iterations, pairing, daily standups, last responsible moment, tests, fail fast, feedback, reflection “Planning is a skill, and the only way to get better is to practice.”
  • 16. MAKE PLANNING VISIBLE GoalPath Here & Now Risks, Estimates, Metrics Play, Practice, Prototype Feedback, Reflection
  • 17.
  • 18. 18 R I G O R etrieval nterleaving arnishing rganization eflection
  • 19. The Architecture of Teaching & Learning Why Care? Practices Conversation Planning etrieval nterleaving arnishing rganization eflection R I G O R