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Teacher Education for Inclusion
TE4I project
The European Agency for Special Needs
and Inclusive Education
The Agency is an independent organisation that acts as a
platform for collaboration for its 29 member countries,
working towards ensuring more inclusive education
systems. The Agency’s mission is to help member
countries improve the quality and effectiveness of their
inclusive provision for all learners.
For more information visit: www.european-agency.org
The TE4I Project Participants
• The TE4I project ran between 2009 and 2012
• 25 Agency member countries participated in the project
• 55 experts took part in activities:
 SNE specialist teacher educators and policy makers
 Mainstream teacher educators and policy makers
• Representatives of OECD and UNESCO and the European
Commission DG-EAC Schools Unit
TE4I project aims
• To address the essential project question: How are all
teachers prepared via their initial education to be
inclusive?
• To examine the essential skills, knowledge and
understanding, attitudes and values needed by everyone
entering the teaching profession
• To provide information on best policy and practice to
support the development of TE4I
• To develop a Profile of Inclusive Teachers
Project Recommendations (1)
• Effective approaches to improve the recruitment of
teacher candidates and increase retention rates should
be explored along with ways to increase the number of
teachers from diverse backgrounds, including those with
disabilities
• Research should be undertaken on the effectiveness of
different routes into teaching and the course
organisation, content and pedagogy to best develop the
competence of teachers to meet the diverse needs of all
learners
Project Recommendations (2)
• The profession of teacher educators needs to be
further developed with improvements in
recruitment, induction and continuing
professional development
• Schools and teacher education institutions must
work together to ensure good models in practice
schools and appropriate placements for teaching
practice
Project Recommendations (3)
• Wider, systemic reform is needed to ensure the
development of inclusive schools, to support the
development of teacher education for inclusion
• Reform must include clarification of the language that is
used when referring to inclusion and diversity
• Policies should be introduced to develop a ‘continuum of
support’ to allow teachers to meet the full diversity of
learner needs
• Accountability measures that impact upon teachers’ work
should reflect the importance of wider achievements that
are more closely aligned to inclusive principles.
The Profile of Inclusive Teachers
• Requested by Agency country representatives – what are the
necessary competences required of all teachers?
• Developed as a guide for the design and implementation of
ITE programmes for all teachers – not a script for ITE content
• Should be considered stimulus material for identifying
relevant content, planning methods and specifying desired
learning outcomes for ITE
• Guiding principle: inclusion is a principled, rights-based
approach to education underpinned by a number of central
values
The Profile Model
• Four core values relating to teaching and learning have been
identified as the basis for the work of all teachers in inclusive
education: Valuing Learner Diversity; Supporting All Learners;
Working with Others; Personal Professional Development
• These core values are associated with areas of teacher
competence
• For each area of competence identified, the essential
attitudes, knowledge and skills that underpin them are
presented
Areas of competence
These are made up of three elements:
• attitudes
• knowledge
• skills
A certain attitude or belief demands certain knowledge or
level of understanding and then skills in order to
implement this knowledge in a practical situation
Valuing Learner Diversity
Learner difference is considered as a resource and an asset
to education:
• Conceptions of inclusive education
• The teacher’s view of learner difference
Supporting All Learners
Teachers have high expectations for all learners’
achievements:
• Promoting the academic, social and emotional learning
of all learners
• Effective teaching approaches in heterogeneous classes
Working with Others
Collaboration and teamwork are essential approaches for
all teachers:
• Working with parents and families
• Working with a range of other educational professionals
Personal Professional Development
Teaching is a learning activity and teachers take
responsibility for their lifelong learning:
• Teachers as reflective practitioners
• Initial teacher education as a foundation for on-going
professional learning and development
Project outputs
All project results can be found on the project web area:
www.european-agency.org/agency-projects/teacher-education-for-
inclusion
• The Profile of Inclusive Teachers
• Project recommendations linked to sources of evidence
• Teacher Education for Inclusion across Europe. Challenges and
Opportunities synthesis report
• Policy review and international literature review
• Country reports and a country information database
More information
www.european-agency.org
European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education
Østre Stationsvej 33
DK-5000 Odense C
Denmark
secretariat@european-agency.org
This publication has been funded with support from the European Commission. This
publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
The Lifelong Learning Programme ran between 2007 and 2013.

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Teacher Education for Inclusion project

  • 1. Teacher Education for Inclusion TE4I project
  • 2. The European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education The Agency is an independent organisation that acts as a platform for collaboration for its 29 member countries, working towards ensuring more inclusive education systems. The Agency’s mission is to help member countries improve the quality and effectiveness of their inclusive provision for all learners. For more information visit: www.european-agency.org
  • 3. The TE4I Project Participants • The TE4I project ran between 2009 and 2012 • 25 Agency member countries participated in the project • 55 experts took part in activities:  SNE specialist teacher educators and policy makers  Mainstream teacher educators and policy makers • Representatives of OECD and UNESCO and the European Commission DG-EAC Schools Unit
  • 4. TE4I project aims • To address the essential project question: How are all teachers prepared via their initial education to be inclusive? • To examine the essential skills, knowledge and understanding, attitudes and values needed by everyone entering the teaching profession • To provide information on best policy and practice to support the development of TE4I • To develop a Profile of Inclusive Teachers
  • 5. Project Recommendations (1) • Effective approaches to improve the recruitment of teacher candidates and increase retention rates should be explored along with ways to increase the number of teachers from diverse backgrounds, including those with disabilities • Research should be undertaken on the effectiveness of different routes into teaching and the course organisation, content and pedagogy to best develop the competence of teachers to meet the diverse needs of all learners
  • 6. Project Recommendations (2) • The profession of teacher educators needs to be further developed with improvements in recruitment, induction and continuing professional development • Schools and teacher education institutions must work together to ensure good models in practice schools and appropriate placements for teaching practice
  • 7. Project Recommendations (3) • Wider, systemic reform is needed to ensure the development of inclusive schools, to support the development of teacher education for inclusion • Reform must include clarification of the language that is used when referring to inclusion and diversity • Policies should be introduced to develop a ‘continuum of support’ to allow teachers to meet the full diversity of learner needs • Accountability measures that impact upon teachers’ work should reflect the importance of wider achievements that are more closely aligned to inclusive principles.
  • 8. The Profile of Inclusive Teachers • Requested by Agency country representatives – what are the necessary competences required of all teachers? • Developed as a guide for the design and implementation of ITE programmes for all teachers – not a script for ITE content • Should be considered stimulus material for identifying relevant content, planning methods and specifying desired learning outcomes for ITE • Guiding principle: inclusion is a principled, rights-based approach to education underpinned by a number of central values
  • 9. The Profile Model • Four core values relating to teaching and learning have been identified as the basis for the work of all teachers in inclusive education: Valuing Learner Diversity; Supporting All Learners; Working with Others; Personal Professional Development • These core values are associated with areas of teacher competence • For each area of competence identified, the essential attitudes, knowledge and skills that underpin them are presented
  • 10. Areas of competence These are made up of three elements: • attitudes • knowledge • skills A certain attitude or belief demands certain knowledge or level of understanding and then skills in order to implement this knowledge in a practical situation
  • 11. Valuing Learner Diversity Learner difference is considered as a resource and an asset to education: • Conceptions of inclusive education • The teacher’s view of learner difference
  • 12. Supporting All Learners Teachers have high expectations for all learners’ achievements: • Promoting the academic, social and emotional learning of all learners • Effective teaching approaches in heterogeneous classes
  • 13. Working with Others Collaboration and teamwork are essential approaches for all teachers: • Working with parents and families • Working with a range of other educational professionals
  • 14. Personal Professional Development Teaching is a learning activity and teachers take responsibility for their lifelong learning: • Teachers as reflective practitioners • Initial teacher education as a foundation for on-going professional learning and development
  • 15. Project outputs All project results can be found on the project web area: www.european-agency.org/agency-projects/teacher-education-for- inclusion • The Profile of Inclusive Teachers • Project recommendations linked to sources of evidence • Teacher Education for Inclusion across Europe. Challenges and Opportunities synthesis report • Policy review and international literature review • Country reports and a country information database
  • 16. More information www.european-agency.org European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education Østre Stationsvej 33 DK-5000 Odense C Denmark secretariat@european-agency.org This publication has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein. The Lifelong Learning Programme ran between 2007 and 2013.

Editor's Notes

  1. : a certain attitude or belief demands certain knowledge or level of understanding and then skills in order to implement this knowledge in a practical situation