Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
BY JANNA ABO-GEORGE & TIFFANY RABNER THE GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY EDUC - 246 SPRING 2010 Inclusion: Support For & Agai...
Agenda <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Support For Inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Support Against Inclusion </li></ul>...
Introduction <ul><li>What is Inclusion? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inclusion is “ a term which expresses commitment to educate ...
Support for Inclusion – One Child’s Story *Click on picture above to view video content
Support For Inclusion <ul><li>Response to accommodating all students in the most appropriate educational setting.  </li></...
Academic Improvements Through Inclusion Rea, McLaughlin, & Walther-Thomas (2002) % of Students Receiving C or Better in Re...
Academic Improvements Through Inclusion Waldron & Cole (2000)  % of Students’ Grades Improving Over 1-year Period
Social Improvements Through Inclusion Cole & Meyer (1991) Research Topics Results <ul><li>Social Competence </li></ul><ul>...
Social Improvements Through Inclusion Owen-DeSchryver, Carr, Cale, & Blakeley-Smith (2008) Research Topics Results <ul><li...
Support Against Inclusion <ul><li>Mainstreaming </li></ul><ul><li>versus </li></ul><ul><li>Full Inclusion </li></ul>
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act <ul><li>School districts and States make a “Free Appropriate Public Education”...
Brown v. Board of Education <ul><li>“ In the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. ...
Effect on Non-Disabled peers <ul><li>Early Childhood Longitudinal Study–Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS–K) data is used. </li></...
Socialization Over Education? <ul><li>“ The purposes of IDEA include ensuring that all children with disabilities have ava...
Student Perspective on Inclusion
Conclusion
Resources <ul><li>Apling, Richard, & Jones, Nancy Lee. (2002). The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Ove...
Resources cont’d <ul><li>Gorramdoll. (2009, August 13). Should Disabled Kids Be Educated With Non-Disabled Kids? [Video fi...
Resources cont’d <ul><li>Rea, P. J. , McLaughlin, V. L. & Walther-Thomas, C. (2002).Outcomes for students with learning di...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Inclusion Pros and Cons

44,545 views

Published on

Inclusion Pros and Cons

Published in: Education
  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy &amp; Proven Way to Build Good Habits &amp; Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy &amp; Proven Way to Build Good Habits &amp; Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy &amp; Proven Way to Build Good Habits &amp; Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Get HERE to Read eBook === http://ebookdfsrewsa.justdied.com/ ebookdfsrewsa.justdied.comB001QCXRNS-chinese-life-bitter-sweet-portraits-1991-2008.html
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy &amp; Proven Way to Build Good Habits &amp; Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Inclusion Pros and Cons

  1. 1. BY JANNA ABO-GEORGE & TIFFANY RABNER THE GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY EDUC - 246 SPRING 2010 Inclusion: Support For & Against Click on the “Speaker” on each slide for audio commentary
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Support For Inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Support Against Inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>What is Inclusion? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inclusion is “ a term which expresses commitment to educate a child, to the maximum extent appropriate, in the school and classroom he or she would otherwise attend. It involves bringing the support services to the child (rather than moving the child to the services)” (Causton-Theoharis & Theoharis, 2009, p. 43). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In the past, schools did not always address the issues of the varied learning styles of children, rather they focused on a “one-size fits all curriculum” and that is why inclusion has been promoted in the most recent years. </li></ul><ul><li>It is this idea of a “one size fits all” classroom that is the downfall of the inclusion movement. Special education legislation and research has recognized the need for specialized services and placements so that a student can receive what is their “free appropriate public education.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Support for Inclusion – One Child’s Story *Click on picture above to view video content
  5. 5. Support For Inclusion <ul><li>Response to accommodating all students in the most appropriate educational setting. </li></ul><ul><li>Demands more local control in schools and classrooms and less bureaucracy in the state and district, and a focus on collaboration and a teaming of experts. </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrates diversity and has the philosophy of addressing the individualized needs of all students. </li></ul><ul><li>Implements many teaching strategies that are proven to be effective in education, through academic and social aspects such as cooperative learning, constructivist activities, and problem solving (Holahan & Costenbader, 2000). </li></ul>
  6. 6. Academic Improvements Through Inclusion Rea, McLaughlin, & Walther-Thomas (2002) % of Students Receiving C or Better in Respective Classes
  7. 7. Academic Improvements Through Inclusion Waldron & Cole (2000) % of Students’ Grades Improving Over 1-year Period
  8. 8. Social Improvements Through Inclusion Cole & Meyer (1991) Research Topics Results <ul><li>Social Competence </li></ul><ul><li>Students in inclusive model demonstrated more progress in social competence, communication skills, self-regulation, and choice </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Students with disabilities improved in ability to manage their own behavior in social situations </li></ul><ul><li>Social Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Students with disabilities who were in segregated classrooms showed a regression in social skills </li></ul>
  9. 9. Social Improvements Through Inclusion Owen-DeSchryver, Carr, Cale, & Blakeley-Smith (2008) Research Topics Results <ul><li>Peer tutoring overall impact </li></ul><ul><li>Peer tutoring has shown to have a positive impact as “social tutors” on students with disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Peer tutoring impact on communication & academic skills </li></ul><ul><li>Proven to be effective in teaching communication and academics to students with disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Peer tutoring impact on everyday life </li></ul><ul><li>Students with disabilities have shown to use social strategies learned in peer-tutoring in everyday life </li></ul>
  10. 10. Support Against Inclusion <ul><li>Mainstreaming </li></ul><ul><li>versus </li></ul><ul><li>Full Inclusion </li></ul>
  11. 11. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act <ul><li>School districts and States make a “Free Appropriate Public Education” available to students. </li></ul><ul><li>Each student has an “Individualized Education Plan” which specifies the student’s needs, educational goals and services to be provided. </li></ul><ul><li>Students with disabilities are to be educated with their non-disabled peers to “the maximum extent possible.” </li></ul>(Apling,& Jones, 2002)
  12. 12. Brown v. Board of Education <ul><li>“ In the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal” (Russo, 1996, p. 1040). </li></ul>
  13. 13. Effect on Non-Disabled peers <ul><li>Early Childhood Longitudinal Study–Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS–K) data is used. </li></ul><ul><li>Students with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) are focus of study. </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The presence of a student with EBD in a classroom is not random </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unable to control for variations in teacher scoring </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student with EBD scored significantly lower than typical peers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The negative spill over effect on non-disabled peers is similar in size to the Hispanic-White achievement gap. </li></ul></ul>(Fletcher, 2009)
  14. 14. Socialization Over Education? <ul><li>“ The purposes of IDEA include ensuring that all children with disabilities have available to them a free appropriate public education (FAPE) that emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet their unique needs and prepare them for further education, employment and independent living ” (U.S. Department of Education, 2007, sect. 1). </li></ul>
  15. 15. Student Perspective on Inclusion
  16. 16. Conclusion
  17. 17. Resources <ul><li>Apling, Richard, & Jones, Nancy Lee. (2002). The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Overview of major provisions. Crs report for congress . Retrieved (2010, February 10) from http://www.law.umaryland.edu/marshall/crsreports/crsdocuments/RS20366_01112002.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Causton-Theoharis, J., & Theoharis, G. (2009). Creating inclusive schools for all students. Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review , 74 (6), 43-47. </li></ul><ul><li>Clark, Gary M., Field, Sharon, Patton, James, Brolin, Donn E., & Sitlington, Patricia L. (1994). Life skills instruction: a necessary component for all students with disabilities a position statement of the division on career development and transition. Career Development for Exceptional Individuals , 17(2), doi: 10.1177/088572889401700202 </li></ul><ul><li>Cole, D. A. & Meyer, L. H. (1991). Social integration and severe disabilities: A longitudinal analysis of child outcomes. Journal of Special Education, 25, 340-351. </li></ul><ul><li>Fletcher, Jason. (2009). The Effects of Inclusion on Classmates of Students with Special Needs: The Case of Serious Emotional Problems. Retrieved from ERIC database. (EJ849859) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Resources cont’d <ul><li>Gorramdoll. (2009, August 13). Should Disabled Kids Be Educated With Non-Disabled Kids? [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=54Fx24GjzeY&feature=video_response </li></ul><ul><li>Halles5. (2008, March 8). Inclusion at work in elementary school [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ji3R30PT1PQ </li></ul><ul><li>Hanushek, E. A., Kain, J. F., Markman, J. M., Rivkin, S. G. (2001). Does Peer Ability Affect Student Achievement? Retrieved from ERIC database. (ED476941) </li></ul><ul><li>Holahan, A., & Costenbader, V. (2000). A comparison of developmental gains for preschool children with disabilities in inclusive and self-contained classrooms. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education , 20 (4), 224-35. </li></ul><ul><li>McCarty, Kristine. (2006). Full Inclusion: The Benefits and Disadvantages of Inclusive Schooling An Overview. Retrieved from ERIC database. (ED496074) </li></ul><ul><li>Najjar, J. (2006). Is Inclusion missing the whole idea?. Education Law and Policy Forum , 2. Retrieved from http://www.educationlawconsortium.org/forum/journal06.htm </li></ul>
  19. 19. Resources cont’d <ul><li>Rea, P. J. , McLaughlin, V. L. & Walther-Thomas, C. (2002).Outcomes for students with learning disabilities in inclusive and pullout programs. Exceptional Children, 68 (2). 203-22. </li></ul><ul><li>Russo, Charles. (Ed.). (2006). The Law of public education . N.Y.C., N.Y.: Foundation Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Owen-DeSchryver, J., Carr, E., Cale, S., & Blakeley-Smith, A. (2008). Promoting social interactions between students with autism spectrum disorders and their peers in inclusive school settings. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities , 23 (1), p. 15-28. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs. (2007). Idea regulations: secondary transition Retrieved from http://idea.ed.gov/explore/view/p/,root,dynamic,TopicalBrief,17, </li></ul><ul><li>Waldron, N. & Cole, C. (2000). The Indiana Inclusion Study Year One Final Report. Bloomington, IN: Indiana Institute on Disability & Community. </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson-Younger, Dylinda. (2009). Inclusion: Who Really Benefits? Retrieved from ERIC database. (ED507203) </li></ul>

×