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Sex and Relationships 
Your strongest sexual tool is your Mind 
Dr Funke Baffour
Ground Rules 
Respect other people’s views 
Be sensible during discussions 
Be mature in your thinking about this topic 
Feel free to ask questions 
Try not to feel uncomfortable about the topic
Outline 
• What is Sex? 
• Definition of Sexual Health 
• Unsafe Sex 
– Teenage pregnancy 
– STD’s 
• Relationships 
– Unhealthy Relationships 
– Healthy Relationships
What is Sex?
What is Sex? 
o According to Planned Parenthood Sex can be any 
of the following: 
 Vaginal sex (penis-in-vagina intercourse) 
 Oral sex (mouth-to-genital contact) 
 Anal sex (penis-in-anus intercourse) 
 Dry humping or genital rubbing 
 Fingering or hand jobs (hand-to-genital contact) 
 Masturbation 
Now, let’s look at what it means to be sexually 
healthy!
Unsafe Sex 
 50% of the 19 million 
new STDs per year 
occur in young 
people ages 15 - 24. 
 Adolescents who 
have sex early are 
less likely to use 
contraception, 
putting them at 
greater risk of 
pregnancy and STDs.
Unsafe Sex
Teens have unprotected sex for several 
reasons: 
•Believe that pregnancy and STDs only 
happen to other people. 
•One or both teens use drugs or alcohol 
before sex. 
•They don't know the risks of unprotected 
teen sex. 
•They don't know where to get condoms, or 
think they are too expensive. 
• Feel pressured by their partner to have 
unprotected sex.
Teenage pregnancy 
• About 16 million women 
15–19 years old give birth 
each year 
• The proportion of births 
that take place during 
adolescence is about 2% 
in China, 18% in Latin 
America and the 
Caribbean and more than 
50% in sub-Saharan 
Africa.
STD’s are on the RISE 
• 1 in 4 teens contracts an STD/STI every 
year. 
• 4 in 10 sexually active teen girls have had 
an STD that can cause infertility and even 
death 
• Males make up more than two-thirds of 
HIV diagnoses among 13- to 19-year-olds
HIV FACTS 
You can become infected with HIV in several ways, 
including: 
• By having sex 
• From blood transfusions 
• By sharing needles 
• During pregnancy or delivery or through breast-feeding. 
• Not infected through ordinary contact — 
hugging, kissing, dancing or shaking hands
Sexual Bullying 
The formal definition of ‘Sexual bullying’ is: 
“Any bullying behaviour, whether physical or 
non-physical, that is based on a person’s 
sexuality or gender. It is when sexuality or 
gender is used as a weapon by boys or girls 
towards other boys or girls – although it is 
more commonly directed at girls. It can be 
carried out to a person’s face, behind their 
back or through the use of technology”. 
(NSPCC, adapted from the definition provided by WOMANKIND 
Worldwide)
Sexual Bullying 
• Girls experience sexual 
harassment and bullying 
more than boys. 
• Have been sexually 
harassed 
• Have reported poor 
body image, loss of self 
esteem, anger, isolation, 
mistrust of the opposite 
sex. 
• Feeling uncomfortable 
when talking about sex.
Sexual Bullying 
• Most often subject to 
sexual verbal abuse and 
being called obscene 
names. 
• Males who have been 
sexually harassed - report 
difficulties in: 
– talking, 
– feeling emotionally hurt, 
– feeling uncomfortable 
– experiencing anger and 
self-hate.
Sexual Bullying -Sexting 
• Sexting is the act of sending sexually explicit 
messages or photos electronically, primarily 
between mobile phones and/or the internet. 
• Sexting is an extension of cyberbullying when 
someone (or a group of people) deliberately 
attempts to hurt, upset, threaten or humiliate 
someone else.
The Risks 
• Bullying / harassment 
• Lack of control of images 
• Your ‘digital footprint’ 
• Future career / job issues 
• Where the images might end up… 
• The legal implications 
How to be SAFE 
• Don’t take such photos - or allow them to be 
taken. 
• Resist pressure to be photographed
Relationships
Reflect on the following 
Think about an important relationship in your lives 
Do you agree/disagree with the following statements 
1. I am incomplete without my partner. 
2. I can freely express what I think and feel to my friend 
or partner. 
3. I can change the things I don’t like about my 
friend/partner. 
4. Our relationship will never change. 
5. I am willing to do anything for my friend/partner. 
6. I have other important relationships in my life.
Relationships 
• Two important key factors that underpin a 
healthy relationship are: 
1. Communication & Sharing: being able to talk 
and listen to one another 
2. Respect and Trust: Learn to respect and trust 
one another. 
Without these then run the risk of an 
Unhealthy Relationship!
7 Signs of an Unhealthy Relationship 
1. Attempts to Control 
2. You feel worse about yourself, not better 
3. It’s All about Sex 
4. You Take Each Other for Granted 
5. Constant Insults 
6. You Love Being in Love 
7. Omissions of Truth
Domestic Violence
Rape
Co-dependent Relationships
7 Keys to a Healthy and Happy 
Relationship 
1. Mutual Respect 
2. Arguing, not fighting 
3. Agreement on Sex 
4. Agreement on Parenting 
5. Equality (Money) 
6. Common goals and values
Healthy Relationships
The End 
Thank you

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Sex and Relationships

  • 1. Sex and Relationships Your strongest sexual tool is your Mind Dr Funke Baffour
  • 2. Ground Rules Respect other people’s views Be sensible during discussions Be mature in your thinking about this topic Feel free to ask questions Try not to feel uncomfortable about the topic
  • 3. Outline • What is Sex? • Definition of Sexual Health • Unsafe Sex – Teenage pregnancy – STD’s • Relationships – Unhealthy Relationships – Healthy Relationships
  • 5. What is Sex? o According to Planned Parenthood Sex can be any of the following:  Vaginal sex (penis-in-vagina intercourse)  Oral sex (mouth-to-genital contact)  Anal sex (penis-in-anus intercourse)  Dry humping or genital rubbing  Fingering or hand jobs (hand-to-genital contact)  Masturbation Now, let’s look at what it means to be sexually healthy!
  • 6.
  • 7. Unsafe Sex  50% of the 19 million new STDs per year occur in young people ages 15 - 24.  Adolescents who have sex early are less likely to use contraception, putting them at greater risk of pregnancy and STDs.
  • 9. Teens have unprotected sex for several reasons: •Believe that pregnancy and STDs only happen to other people. •One or both teens use drugs or alcohol before sex. •They don't know the risks of unprotected teen sex. •They don't know where to get condoms, or think they are too expensive. • Feel pressured by their partner to have unprotected sex.
  • 10. Teenage pregnancy • About 16 million women 15–19 years old give birth each year • The proportion of births that take place during adolescence is about 2% in China, 18% in Latin America and the Caribbean and more than 50% in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • 11. STD’s are on the RISE • 1 in 4 teens contracts an STD/STI every year. • 4 in 10 sexually active teen girls have had an STD that can cause infertility and even death • Males make up more than two-thirds of HIV diagnoses among 13- to 19-year-olds
  • 12. HIV FACTS You can become infected with HIV in several ways, including: • By having sex • From blood transfusions • By sharing needles • During pregnancy or delivery or through breast-feeding. • Not infected through ordinary contact — hugging, kissing, dancing or shaking hands
  • 13. Sexual Bullying The formal definition of ‘Sexual bullying’ is: “Any bullying behaviour, whether physical or non-physical, that is based on a person’s sexuality or gender. It is when sexuality or gender is used as a weapon by boys or girls towards other boys or girls – although it is more commonly directed at girls. It can be carried out to a person’s face, behind their back or through the use of technology”. (NSPCC, adapted from the definition provided by WOMANKIND Worldwide)
  • 14. Sexual Bullying • Girls experience sexual harassment and bullying more than boys. • Have been sexually harassed • Have reported poor body image, loss of self esteem, anger, isolation, mistrust of the opposite sex. • Feeling uncomfortable when talking about sex.
  • 15. Sexual Bullying • Most often subject to sexual verbal abuse and being called obscene names. • Males who have been sexually harassed - report difficulties in: – talking, – feeling emotionally hurt, – feeling uncomfortable – experiencing anger and self-hate.
  • 16. Sexual Bullying -Sexting • Sexting is the act of sending sexually explicit messages or photos electronically, primarily between mobile phones and/or the internet. • Sexting is an extension of cyberbullying when someone (or a group of people) deliberately attempts to hurt, upset, threaten or humiliate someone else.
  • 17. The Risks • Bullying / harassment • Lack of control of images • Your ‘digital footprint’ • Future career / job issues • Where the images might end up… • The legal implications How to be SAFE • Don’t take such photos - or allow them to be taken. • Resist pressure to be photographed
  • 18.
  • 20. Reflect on the following Think about an important relationship in your lives Do you agree/disagree with the following statements 1. I am incomplete without my partner. 2. I can freely express what I think and feel to my friend or partner. 3. I can change the things I don’t like about my friend/partner. 4. Our relationship will never change. 5. I am willing to do anything for my friend/partner. 6. I have other important relationships in my life.
  • 21. Relationships • Two important key factors that underpin a healthy relationship are: 1. Communication & Sharing: being able to talk and listen to one another 2. Respect and Trust: Learn to respect and trust one another. Without these then run the risk of an Unhealthy Relationship!
  • 22. 7 Signs of an Unhealthy Relationship 1. Attempts to Control 2. You feel worse about yourself, not better 3. It’s All about Sex 4. You Take Each Other for Granted 5. Constant Insults 6. You Love Being in Love 7. Omissions of Truth
  • 24. Rape
  • 26. 7 Keys to a Healthy and Happy Relationship 1. Mutual Respect 2. Arguing, not fighting 3. Agreement on Sex 4. Agreement on Parenting 5. Equality (Money) 6. Common goals and values

Editor's Notes

  1. One point for agreeing with 2 and 6. One point for disagreeing with 1,3,4 and 5 (higher the score the better the relationship