Plant City Police Department
Training Unit
 It is estimated that there are 60 million survivors of childhood
sexual abuse in America today. Long-term effects of chi...
 Approximately 80,000 cases of child sexual abuse reported
annually
 Children are afraid to tell anyone
 No child is me...
 Molests an average of 117 children; most of which
do not report the offense
 71% of offenders younger than 35 yrs. old ...
 Investigating child abuse, sexual abuse, and
neglect can be challenging and difficult.
 Cases are often long and someti...
 Good investigative interviewing
 Thorough documentation of the facts.
 Excellent collection/preservation of evidence.
An abuser’s confession – thereby sparing a
child from participation in a trial.
 A child 12 years of age or younger who is alleged
to have committed a violation of Florida Statutes
 A child (Includes ...
 Child on child sex offenses involve more than
experimentation. Sexual Offenders behavior may
include any of the followin...
 Any sexual behavior that occurs without the
consent, without equality, or as a result of
coercion or manipulative seduct...
 Intelligent, knowing, and voluntary, and does not
include coerced submission
◦ Consent shall not be deemed or construed ...
Two participants operating with the same
level of power in a relationship, neither being
controlled nor coerced by the oth...
Exploitation of authority, use of bribes,
threats of force, or intimidation to gain
cooperation or compliance
 Oral, anal, or vaginal penetration by, or union
with, the sexual organ of another or the anal
or vaginal penetration of ...
Temporarily incapable of appraising or
controlling a person’s own conduct due to
the influence of narcotic, anesthetic, or...
Unconscious, asleep, or for any other reason
physically unable to communicate
unwillingness to an act
 A person knowingly marrying or having
sexual intercourse with a person to him
he/she is related by consanguinity, or a
b...
The act or fantasy of engaging in sexual
activity with pre-pubescent children (Usually
13 or younger), as repeated, prefer...
A person who is sexually attracted to and/or
engaged in any type of sexual activity with
individuals legally defined as ch...
 (SAIN)
 A community-based, multi-disciplinary,
inter-agency case and services management
systems network, specifically ...
 Offenders are usually between the ages of 5-
19
 Median age is 14-15
 Over 90% are males
 Over 90% are known by the victim
◦ Babysitter
◦ Relative
◦ Acquaintance
 Median victim age is 7
 Females are 3 times m...
 More than 60 % involve penetration
 Over 1/3 involve physical force
 In comparison to adult offenders, juveniles are m...
 As juvenile offenders become adults offenses increase 50 fold
 47-58% of adult sex offenders committed their first offe...
Offenders sexual orientation
◦ Homosexual
◦ Heterosexual
◦ Bisexual
 Non-contact
◦ Obscene phone calls
◦ Exhibitionism
◦ Voyeurism
◦ Showing or taking lewd photographs
 Direct sexual conta...
 63% Due to neglect
 19% Physical Abuse
 10% Sexual Abuse
 8% Psychological
 Statistically speaking the majority of abuse
situations occur within the following:
◦ In the home
◦ In Day Care
 27% of women and 16% of men report being sexually abused as
children.
 Boys:
◦ Median age: 9.9
◦ 22% before the age of ...
 67% Were Juveniles (Under the age of 18)
 34% under the age of 12
 1 of 7 under the age of 6
 40% of offenders who vi...
It is estimated that children with disabilities are
4 to 10 times more vulnerable to sexual
abuse than their non-disabled ...
 A child’s initial denial of abuse should not be the
sole assurance that abuse has not occurred
 Young victims may not r...
 Victims may be embarrassed or reluctant to answer
questions about sexual activity
 Victims may also feel that “there’s ...
 31% of female prison inmates claim they were abused as
children
 95% of teen prostitutes were sexually abused.
 Sexual...
 Withdrawal, chronic depression
 Role reversal/overly concerned for siblings
 Poor self-esteem, self devaluation, lack ...
 Massive weight change
 Suicide attempts (Especially adolescents)
 Torn, stained or bloody underclothing
 Pain, swelli...
 Situational Child Molester:
◦ Regressed
◦ Morally indiscriminate
◦ Sexually indiscriminate
◦ Inadequate
 Preferential C...
 Does not have a true sexual preference for children but
engages in sex with children for varied reasons.
 Usually has f...
 Regressed Offender
◦ Usually poor self-esteem
and coping skills
◦ Seek victims based on
availability (many molest
their ...
 Sexually Indiscriminate Offender
◦ Appears to be discriminating except in sexual behavior.
◦ Willing to try anything sex...
Inadequate Offender
◦ May suffer from psychoses, eccentric personality disorders, mental retardation, &
senility – the soc...
 Have a definite sexual preference for children
 Potential to molest large numbers of victims
 Usually have age and gen...
Seducer
◦ Seduces children over a period of time gradually lowering their sexual
inhibitions
◦ Victims arrive at the point...
Sadistic Offender
◦ Must inflict psychological or physical pain or suffering on
the child to achieve arousal.
◦ Use force ...
Introvert
◦ Lacks skills to seduce the victim
◦ Generally molests strangers or very young children
◦ Likely to hang around...
Juvenile sexual offender and their victims 2014
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Juvenile sexual offender and their victims 2014

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Juvenile sexual offender and their victims 2014

  1. 1. Plant City Police Department Training Unit
  2. 2.  It is estimated that there are 60 million survivors of childhood sexual abuse in America today. Long-term effects of child abuse include: ◦ Fear ◦ Depression ◦ Anger ◦ Hostility ◦ Inappropriate sexual behavior ◦ Poor self-esteem ◦ Tendency toward substance abuse ◦ Difficulty with close relationships  This can cause long-term emotional/psychological damage which can be devastating to the child
  3. 3.  Approximately 80,000 cases of child sexual abuse reported annually  Children are afraid to tell anyone  No child is mentally prepared to cope with repeated sexual assaults  Even a 2 or 3 year old, who doesn’t’ understand that sexual activity is “wrong, will develop problems resulting from the inability to cope with the overstimulation
  4. 4.  Molests an average of 117 children; most of which do not report the offense  71% of offenders younger than 35 yrs. old and knew the victim at least casually  80% fall within the normal intelligence ranges.  59% gain sexual access to victims through seduction or enticement
  5. 5.  Investigating child abuse, sexual abuse, and neglect can be challenging and difficult.  Cases are often long and sometimes tedious.  Cases frequently weigh on the officer’s emotions.
  6. 6.  Good investigative interviewing  Thorough documentation of the facts.  Excellent collection/preservation of evidence.
  7. 7. An abuser’s confession – thereby sparing a child from participation in a trial.
  8. 8.  A child 12 years of age or younger who is alleged to have committed a violation of Florida Statutes  A child (Includes children 18 and under) who is alleged to have committed any violation of law or delinquent act involving juvenile sexual abuse  More than experimentation
  9. 9.  Child on child sex offenses involve more than experimentation. Sexual Offenders behavior may include any of the following:  Obscene phone calls  Exhibitionism  Voyeurism  Showing/taking lewd photographs  Varying degrees of direct sexual contact  Fondling  Digital and/or penetration with any other object  Rape, fellatio, sodomy, and various other sexually aggressive acts
  10. 10.  Any sexual behavior that occurs without the consent, without equality, or as a result of coercion or manipulative seduction
  11. 11.  Intelligent, knowing, and voluntary, and does not include coerced submission ◦ Consent shall not be deemed or construed to mean the failure by the alleged victim to offer physical resistance to the offender  Non-consent is not an element in sexual assaults of victims less than 16 years of age in Florida
  12. 12. Two participants operating with the same level of power in a relationship, neither being controlled nor coerced by the other.
  13. 13. Exploitation of authority, use of bribes, threats of force, or intimidation to gain cooperation or compliance
  14. 14.  Oral, anal, or vaginal penetration by, or union with, the sexual organ of another or the anal or vaginal penetration of another by any other object; however, sexual battery does not include an act done for a bona fide medical purpose  “Rape” is not a legally accepted term for sexual abuse
  15. 15. Temporarily incapable of appraising or controlling a person’s own conduct due to the influence of narcotic, anesthetic, or intoxicating substance administered without his or her consent or due to any other act committed upon that person with his or her consent
  16. 16. Unconscious, asleep, or for any other reason physically unable to communicate unwillingness to an act
  17. 17.  A person knowingly marrying or having sexual intercourse with a person to him he/she is related by consanguinity, or a brother, sister, uncle, aunt, nephew, or niece
  18. 18. The act or fantasy of engaging in sexual activity with pre-pubescent children (Usually 13 or younger), as repeated, preferred or exclusive method of achieving sexual excitement
  19. 19. A person who is sexually attracted to and/or engaged in any type of sexual activity with individuals legally defined as children
  20. 20.  (SAIN)  A community-based, multi-disciplinary, inter-agency case and services management systems network, specifically designed to assist a jurisdiction in addressing the management of juvenile sexual offenders and their families
  21. 21.  Offenders are usually between the ages of 5- 19  Median age is 14-15  Over 90% are males
  22. 22.  Over 90% are known by the victim ◦ Babysitter ◦ Relative ◦ Acquaintance  Median victim age is 7  Females are 3 times more likely to be victims than males  Male victimization believed to be largely under reported
  23. 23.  More than 60 % involve penetration  Over 1/3 involve physical force  In comparison to adult offenders, juveniles are more likely to have intercourse or some other form of invasive sexual contact  One study reports 56% of the sexual abuse cases referred to a Washington D.C. hospital involved juvenile perpetrators  A number of studies estimate that juvenile offenders commit 20-30% of rapes and 30-50% of child molestations  Due to young age of offenders cases often are not reported
  24. 24.  As juvenile offenders become adults offenses increase 50 fold  47-58% of adult sex offenders committed their first offense as an adolescent  While these statistics are shocking it does not imply that every juvenile offender will progress to an adult offender “ There is little evidence to support the assumption that the majority of juvenile sexual offenders are destined to become adult sexual offenders, or that these youths engage in acts of sexual perpetration for the same reasons as their adult counterparts.
  25. 25. Offenders sexual orientation ◦ Homosexual ◦ Heterosexual ◦ Bisexual
  26. 26.  Non-contact ◦ Obscene phone calls ◦ Exhibitionism ◦ Voyeurism ◦ Showing or taking lewd photographs  Direct sexual contact ◦ Fondling ◦ Digital and/or penetration with any other object ◦ Sexual battery ◦ Fellatio ◦ Sodomy
  27. 27.  63% Due to neglect  19% Physical Abuse  10% Sexual Abuse  8% Psychological
  28. 28.  Statistically speaking the majority of abuse situations occur within the following: ◦ In the home ◦ In Day Care
  29. 29.  27% of women and 16% of men report being sexually abused as children.  Boys: ◦ Median age: 9.9 ◦ 22% before the age of 8 ◦ 33% never disclosed abuse  Girls ◦ Median age- 9.5 ◦ 23% before the age of 8 ◦ 42% never disclosed  Most of the offenders were more than 10 years older than the victims.
  30. 30.  67% Were Juveniles (Under the age of 18)  34% under the age of 12  1 of 7 under the age of 6  40% of offenders who victimized children under the age of 6 were juveniles
  31. 31. It is estimated that children with disabilities are 4 to 10 times more vulnerable to sexual abuse than their non-disabled peers.
  32. 32.  A child’s initial denial of abuse should not be the sole assurance that abuse has not occurred  Young victims may not recognize their victimization as sexual abuse  The inability to trust is pronounced among sexual abuse victims, leading to secrecy and non- disclosure.  Children often fail to disclose due to the fear that the consequences of disclosure may be worse than those of experiencing further victimization
  33. 33.  Victims may be embarrassed or reluctant to answer questions about sexual activity  Victims may also feel that “there’s something wrong with them,” and that the abuse is their fault  It is clinically assumed that children who keep sexual abuse secret suffer greater psychic distress than those who disclose and receive assistance and support
  34. 34.  31% of female prison inmates claim they were abused as children  95% of teen prostitutes were sexually abused.  Sexual victimization may profoundly interfere with and alter the development of attitudes toward self, sexuality, and trusting relationships during the critical early years of development.  Sexually abused girls are three times more likely to develop psychiatric disorders or abuse alcohol & drugs in adulthood.
  35. 35.  Withdrawal, chronic depression  Role reversal/overly concerned for siblings  Poor self-esteem, self devaluation, lack of confidence  Scared in public, doesn’t want to leave home  Hysteria, lack of emotional control, traumatized  Excessive seductiveness  Inappropriate sex play, premature understanding of sex  Threatened by physical contact/closeness  Uncomfortable changing clothes in front of anyone  Exhibits fantasy or baby-like behavior  Frequent nightmares, high level of unexplained anxiety  Want to hang around parents  Nervous when around people who may resemble assailant
  36. 36.  Massive weight change  Suicide attempts (Especially adolescents)  Torn, stained or bloody underclothing  Pain, swelling, itching, bruises, or bleeding in genital area  Difficulty walking or sitting  Venereal disease
  37. 37.  Situational Child Molester: ◦ Regressed ◦ Morally indiscriminate ◦ Sexually indiscriminate ◦ Inadequate  Preferential Child Molester ◦ Seducer ◦ Introvert ◦ Sadistic
  38. 38.  Does not have a true sexual preference for children but engages in sex with children for varied reasons.  Usually has fewer numbers of different child victims.  May also sexually victimize the elderly, sick, and disabled.  Highest number of situational child molesters are in the lower socioeconomic class.  Categorized by four patterns: regressed, morally indiscriminate, sexually indiscriminate & inadequate
  39. 39.  Regressed Offender ◦ Usually poor self-esteem and coping skills ◦ Seek victims based on availability (many molest their own children) ◦ Coerce children into having sex ◦ Pornography may include homemade photos or videos of the child  Morally Indiscriminate Offender ◦ Tend to lie, cheat & steal ◦ Tendency to abuse spouse, friends & co-worker ◦ Victim criteria is vulnerability and opportunity-if they have the urge and a child is present, they act. ◦ Methods are force, luring & manipulation ◦ Pornography may be sadomasochistic or depict pubescent children, or they may collect detective magazines
  40. 40.  Sexually Indiscriminate Offender ◦ Appears to be discriminating except in sexual behavior. ◦ Willing to try anything sexual. ◦ Basic motivation is sexual experimentation. ◦ Appear to have sex with children from boredom ◦ Most likely to have multiple victims ◦ Come from a higher socioeconomic background. ◦ Collects pornography & erotica with only a small portion dealing with children
  41. 41. Inadequate Offender ◦ May suffer from psychoses, eccentric personality disorders, mental retardation, & senility – the social misfit ◦ Mental or emotional frustrations may result in cruel sexual torture ◦ Some have difficulty expressing anger & hostility ◦ Becomes sexually involved with children out of insecurity or curiosity and because children are non-threatening ◦ Victims may also be elderly ◦ Selection is random – victim may or may not be previously known to the offender ◦ Pornography will most likely be of adults
  42. 42.  Have a definite sexual preference for children  Potential to molest large numbers of victims  Usually have age and gender preferences, more prefer boys over girls  They have a need for frequent and repeated sex with children  Higher socioeconomic groups tend to be over-represented among this group  Three major patterns of behavior; seductive, introverted, and sadistic
  43. 43. Seducer ◦ Seduces children over a period of time gradually lowering their sexual inhibitions ◦ Victims arrive at the point where they are willing to trade sex for the attention, affection and other benefits received from the offender ◦ Many offenders are involved with multiple victims and operating child sex rings ◦ Identifies with children – they know how to talk and listen to children ◦ Most likely to use threats and physical violence to avoid identification and disclosure or to prevent a victim from leaving before he is ready
  44. 44. Sadistic Offender ◦ Must inflict psychological or physical pain or suffering on the child to achieve arousal. ◦ Use force to gain access to their victims ◦ More likely to abduct and even murder their victims ◦ There are some cases where seduction molesters have become sadistic molesters
  45. 45. Introvert ◦ Lacks skills to seduce the victim ◦ Generally molests strangers or very young children ◦ Likely to hang around playgrounds and other areas children congregate ◦ May expose themselves or make obscene phone calls to children. ◦ May use child prostitutes ◦ May marry and have their own children for ease of access.

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