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Emotional Wellbeing 
and 
Substance Misuse 
Dr Funke Baffour-Awuah 
November 29th 2014
Outline 
• Emotional Wellbeing 
– What is it? 
– Positive emotional wellbeing 
– Emotional wellbeing problems 
– Risk Factors 
• Substance Misuse 
– Alcohol 
– Drugs 
– Warning Signs 
• Collaborative approach
Emotional Wellbeing 
Sometimes our sadness is hidden with a smile. Our smiles need to smile too!
I’m 
BROKEN 
Sometimes our OK means that we are feeling BROKEN.
Emotional Wellbeing 
“to be yourself 
in a world 
that’s 
constantly 
trying to make 
you something 
else is one of 
the difficult 
hurdles in life”
What is Emotional Wellbeing? 
• Ability to understand the value of your emotions 
• Use them to move your life forward in a positive way 
Emotional wellbeing can be achieved: 
• By understanding and looking after our emotions 
• developing our emotional skills to deal effectively with 
any challenges that arise in our lives.
Positive Emotional Wellbeing 
Someone who is emotionally healthy: 
1. Understands and adapts to change 
2. Copes with stress 
3. Has a positive self-concept 
4. Has the ability to love and care for others 
5. Can act independently to meet his or her 
own needs
Emotional Wellbeing Problems
Risk factors 
• Trying to fit in 
• Bullying 
• Abuse (physical/emotional/sexual) 
• Bereavement 
• Expectations (Parents/teachers) 
• Unhelpful comparison 
Impacts on self-esteem and their ability 
to learn.
How do teenagers deal with 
emotional problems? 
Unhealthy 
• Withdraw 
• Over/under eat 
• Oversleep/lack of sleep 
• Neglect their personal needs 
• Engage in unhealthy 
relationships 
• Excessive use of computer 
games 
Healthy 
•Talk to friends 
•Exercise 
•Listen to music 
•Reading/writing 
•Seek appropriate help 
•Watch movie-Scandal
Substance Misuse
Substance Misuse 
Drugs are any chemical substances that effect a 
physical, mental, emotional, or behavioural 
change in an individual. 
Drug abuse is the use of any licit or illicit 
chemical substance that results in physical, 
mental, emotional, or behavioural impairment in 
an individual.
Emotional wellbing and substance misuse
Substances a person may misuse 
Volatile substances (also 
called inhalants) 
– solvents, such as glue and 
petrol 
– gases, such as those found in 
cigarette lighters 
– aerosols, such as spray paint 
– nitrites, such as those found in 
room sprays. 
– Shoemaker Polish/Glue
Substances a person may misuse 
Cocaine 
• powerfully addictive 
stimulant drug made 
from the leaves of the 
coca plant native to 
South America.
Substances a person may misuse 
• Crack is a form of 
cocaine that has been 
processed to make a 
rock crystal (also 
called “freebase 
cocaine”) that can be 
smoked. 
• Crystal is heated to 
produce vapours that 
are absorbed into the 
blood-stream through 
the lungs
Substances a person may misuse 
Marijuana/cannabis 
(gunja, yarndi, tawa) 
Dried leaves, flowers, 
stems, and seeds from 
the hemp plant Cannabis 
sativa, which contains a 
psychoactive (mind 
altering) chemical.
Substances a person may misuse 
Heroin (smack) 
Opioid drug that is synthesized 
from morphine, a naturally 
occurring substance extracted from 
the seed pod of the Asian opium 
poppy plant. 
Appears as a white or brown 
powder or as a black sticky 
substance, known as “black tar 
heroin.”
Substances a person may misuse 
Ecstasy (E ) 
• Ecstasy today can 
contain a wide mixture 
of substances—from 
LSD, cocaine, heroin, 
amphetamine and 
methamphetamine, to 
rat poison, caffeine, dog 
deworming substances
Substances a person may misuse 
Alcohol 
– Loss of control: the 
inability to limit one’s 
drinking on any given 
occasion. 
– Tolerance: the need to 
drink greater amounts 
of alcohol in order to 
get high.
Drug Dealers 
• Currently in Ghana 
many give drugs for 
free. 
• Pure uncut cocaine 
comes from parts 
of South America. 
• Candy (Crack)
Shisha 
• Different scents 
– Strawberry 
– Vanilla 
– Toffee 
• Shisha pens-smoke it 
• Sometimes contains 
weed
Shisha 
According to research carried out 
by the World Health 
Organisation (WHO), the volume 
of smoke inhaled in an hour-long 
shisha session is estimated to be 
the equivalent of smoking 
between 100 and 200 cigarettes.
Space Parties 
• Space parties- laced 
with weed 
• Drinks 
• Brownies 
• Chicken (medicated 
wings) 
• Cakes 
• Punch-laced with 
alcohol 
• Shitto
Why do young people abuse 
substances? 
• Stress relief 
• To forget or escape problems 
• Being a rebel and a risk-taker 
• Relief of boredom/wanting to 
have fun 
• A feeling of being special 
• Being part of a significant group 
of people 
• Addictive personality 
• Curiosity 
• Absence of parents (both 
physical and emotional)
Effects of Substance Misuse
What are the warning signs? 
Should not be mistaken 
for the normal 
transition -adolescents 
to adulthood
What are the warning signs? 
1. Change in personality: shifts in energy, mood, and 
concentration as a result of everyday responsibilities 
becoming secondary to the need for the drug. 
2. Social withdrawal: withdrawal from family and friends. 
3. Change in daily habits and appearance: decline in 
personal hygiene; change in sleeping and eating habits; 
constant cough, running nose and red, glazed eyes.
What are the warning signs? 
4. Neglects responsibilities: neglect of household 
chores and bills; calling in sick to school or work 
more often. 
5. Increased sensitivity: normal sights, sounds and 
emotions becoming overly stimulating to the 
person; hallucinations. 
6. Defensiveness: becoming defensive and lashing 
out in response to simple questions in an 
attempt to hide a drug dependency, if users feel 
their secret is being discovered.
Emotional wellbing and substance misuse
Collaboration
What can parents do? 
• Be connected with 
your child- 
Communication 
• Inform Your Teen - 
and Stay Informed 
Yourself 
• Set healthy 
expectations and 
boundaries 
• Be familiar with the 
company they keep
What can teachers do? 
• Pseudo parents for 
students 
• Communicating 
effectively with parents 
and students 
• Look out for the 
warning signs. 
• Set time to talk to 
students or make 
necessary referrals
What can students do? 
• Be Responsible 
• Understand how your own 
behaviours can impact on 
others 
• Find effective ways of 
dealing with emotions 
• Talk to someone you trust 
• Hold on to your values-avoid 
peer pressure 
• Be respectful of adults in 
your life 
Never suffer in silence
Emotional wellbing and substance misuse
Movie to Watch 
‘DRUG HER’ (Jackie Appiah)
The End 
Thank you

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Emotional wellbing and substance misuse

  • 1. Emotional Wellbeing and Substance Misuse Dr Funke Baffour-Awuah November 29th 2014
  • 2. Outline • Emotional Wellbeing – What is it? – Positive emotional wellbeing – Emotional wellbeing problems – Risk Factors • Substance Misuse – Alcohol – Drugs – Warning Signs • Collaborative approach
  • 3. Emotional Wellbeing Sometimes our sadness is hidden with a smile. Our smiles need to smile too!
  • 4. I’m BROKEN Sometimes our OK means that we are feeling BROKEN.
  • 5. Emotional Wellbeing “to be yourself in a world that’s constantly trying to make you something else is one of the difficult hurdles in life”
  • 6. What is Emotional Wellbeing? • Ability to understand the value of your emotions • Use them to move your life forward in a positive way Emotional wellbeing can be achieved: • By understanding and looking after our emotions • developing our emotional skills to deal effectively with any challenges that arise in our lives.
  • 7. Positive Emotional Wellbeing Someone who is emotionally healthy: 1. Understands and adapts to change 2. Copes with stress 3. Has a positive self-concept 4. Has the ability to love and care for others 5. Can act independently to meet his or her own needs
  • 9. Risk factors • Trying to fit in • Bullying • Abuse (physical/emotional/sexual) • Bereavement • Expectations (Parents/teachers) • Unhelpful comparison Impacts on self-esteem and their ability to learn.
  • 10. How do teenagers deal with emotional problems? Unhealthy • Withdraw • Over/under eat • Oversleep/lack of sleep • Neglect their personal needs • Engage in unhealthy relationships • Excessive use of computer games Healthy •Talk to friends •Exercise •Listen to music •Reading/writing •Seek appropriate help •Watch movie-Scandal
  • 12. Substance Misuse Drugs are any chemical substances that effect a physical, mental, emotional, or behavioural change in an individual. Drug abuse is the use of any licit or illicit chemical substance that results in physical, mental, emotional, or behavioural impairment in an individual.
  • 14. Substances a person may misuse Volatile substances (also called inhalants) – solvents, such as glue and petrol – gases, such as those found in cigarette lighters – aerosols, such as spray paint – nitrites, such as those found in room sprays. – Shoemaker Polish/Glue
  • 15. Substances a person may misuse Cocaine • powerfully addictive stimulant drug made from the leaves of the coca plant native to South America.
  • 16. Substances a person may misuse • Crack is a form of cocaine that has been processed to make a rock crystal (also called “freebase cocaine”) that can be smoked. • Crystal is heated to produce vapours that are absorbed into the blood-stream through the lungs
  • 17. Substances a person may misuse Marijuana/cannabis (gunja, yarndi, tawa) Dried leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds from the hemp plant Cannabis sativa, which contains a psychoactive (mind altering) chemical.
  • 18. Substances a person may misuse Heroin (smack) Opioid drug that is synthesized from morphine, a naturally occurring substance extracted from the seed pod of the Asian opium poppy plant. Appears as a white or brown powder or as a black sticky substance, known as “black tar heroin.”
  • 19. Substances a person may misuse Ecstasy (E ) • Ecstasy today can contain a wide mixture of substances—from LSD, cocaine, heroin, amphetamine and methamphetamine, to rat poison, caffeine, dog deworming substances
  • 20. Substances a person may misuse Alcohol – Loss of control: the inability to limit one’s drinking on any given occasion. – Tolerance: the need to drink greater amounts of alcohol in order to get high.
  • 21. Drug Dealers • Currently in Ghana many give drugs for free. • Pure uncut cocaine comes from parts of South America. • Candy (Crack)
  • 22. Shisha • Different scents – Strawberry – Vanilla – Toffee • Shisha pens-smoke it • Sometimes contains weed
  • 23. Shisha According to research carried out by the World Health Organisation (WHO), the volume of smoke inhaled in an hour-long shisha session is estimated to be the equivalent of smoking between 100 and 200 cigarettes.
  • 24. Space Parties • Space parties- laced with weed • Drinks • Brownies • Chicken (medicated wings) • Cakes • Punch-laced with alcohol • Shitto
  • 25. Why do young people abuse substances? • Stress relief • To forget or escape problems • Being a rebel and a risk-taker • Relief of boredom/wanting to have fun • A feeling of being special • Being part of a significant group of people • Addictive personality • Curiosity • Absence of parents (both physical and emotional)
  • 27. What are the warning signs? Should not be mistaken for the normal transition -adolescents to adulthood
  • 28. What are the warning signs? 1. Change in personality: shifts in energy, mood, and concentration as a result of everyday responsibilities becoming secondary to the need for the drug. 2. Social withdrawal: withdrawal from family and friends. 3. Change in daily habits and appearance: decline in personal hygiene; change in sleeping and eating habits; constant cough, running nose and red, glazed eyes.
  • 29. What are the warning signs? 4. Neglects responsibilities: neglect of household chores and bills; calling in sick to school or work more often. 5. Increased sensitivity: normal sights, sounds and emotions becoming overly stimulating to the person; hallucinations. 6. Defensiveness: becoming defensive and lashing out in response to simple questions in an attempt to hide a drug dependency, if users feel their secret is being discovered.
  • 32. What can parents do? • Be connected with your child- Communication • Inform Your Teen - and Stay Informed Yourself • Set healthy expectations and boundaries • Be familiar with the company they keep
  • 33. What can teachers do? • Pseudo parents for students • Communicating effectively with parents and students • Look out for the warning signs. • Set time to talk to students or make necessary referrals
  • 34. What can students do? • Be Responsible • Understand how your own behaviours can impact on others • Find effective ways of dealing with emotions • Talk to someone you trust • Hold on to your values-avoid peer pressure • Be respectful of adults in your life Never suffer in silence
  • 36. Movie to Watch ‘DRUG HER’ (Jackie Appiah)