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Safety
Management
System
an overview
www.verde.co.in
This is a
knowledge
initiative
about the presentation
A Safety Management System provides a systematic way to
identify hazards and control risks while maintaining assurance
that these risk controls are effective. SMS can be defined as:
a businesslike approach to safety. It is a systematic, explicit
and comprehensive process for managing safety risks. As
with all management systems, a safety management system
provides for goal setting, planning, and measuring
performance. A safety management system is woven into the
fabric of an organization. It becomes part of the culture, the
way people do their jobs.
This presentation will give you an overview of safety
management system, importance of safety, incident, accident
and near miss, Hazards and Risk assessment , Risk Matrix,
Risk controls and Mitigation Plan.
www.verde.co.in
Download your
free e-book on
Safety Audit
Click Here
www.verde.co.in
You should download
your e-book here..
Its free!
This is a
knowledge
initiative
Now on the subject:
Safety
Management
System
www.verde.co.in
This is a
knowledge
initiative
www.verde.co.in
Every 15 seconds, a worker dies from a work-
related accident or disease.
Every 15 seconds, 160 workers have a work-related accident.
www.verde.co.in
Every day, 6,300 people die as a result of occupational
accidents or work-related diseases – more than 2.3
million deaths per year. 317 million accidents occur on
the job annually; many of these resulting in extended
absences from work. The human cost of this daily
adversity is vast and the economic burden of
poor occupational safety and health practices is
estimated at 4 per cent of global Gross Domestic
Product each year.
www.verde.co.in
March 18, 2014: Seven workers at a dying unit died
in Perundurai, near Erode after inhaling toxic gas.
June 5, 2014: 54 people went unconscious in
Tuticorin after inhaling harmful ammonia gas that
leaked from a cold storage plant.
June 12, 2014: Six were killed and 29 were injured
after leakage of poisonous gas at Bhilai Steel Plant in
Chhattisgarh.
June 27 2014: At least 14 people were killed and 15
others injured in a fire following a blast in a gas
pipeline belonging to GAIL in Andhra's East Godavari
district.
Some recent incidents in India
www.verde.co.in
• What is safety ?
• Why safety is important?
• Incident, accident and near
miss
• Hazard, Risk and control
www.verde.co.in
SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
 Safety in workplaces can be successfully
managed through a structured and systematic
approach to health and safety, integrated to the
overall management system of the organization.
 Safety Management System standard.
OHSAS 18001: 2007
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SOME USEFUL DEFINITIONS (OH&S)
Occupational health and safety
Conditions and factors that affect, or could
affect, the health and safety of employees or
other workers including temporary workers
and contractor personnel, visitors, or any other
person in the workplace.
SOME USEFUL DEFINITIONS
OH&S management System
Part of an organization’s management
system used to develop and implement its
OH&S policy and manage its OH&S risks.
SOME USEFUL DEFINITIONS
OH&S Policy
Overall intentions and direction of an
organization related to its OH&S performance as
formally expressed by top management.
SOME USEFUL DEFINITIONS
OH&S objectives
OH&S goal, in terms of OH&S performance that
an organization sets itself to achieve
SOME USEFUL DEFINITIONS
Incident
Work related events in which an injury or ill
health(regardless of severity) or fatality occurred
or could have occurred.
SOME USEFUL DEFINITIONS
Hazard
Source, Situation and act with a potential for
harm in terms of human injury and ill health or
a combination of these.
SOME USEFUL DEFINITIONS
Risk
Combination of the likely hood of an occurrence of
a hazardous event or exposure and severity of
injury or ill health.
Can you
recognize the
hazards in this
photograph?
Risk assessment
Sl
No.
Hazard Likelihoo
d
Severity
of impact
Risk
rating
1 Cut or
bruise
4 3 12
2 Fall from
height
2 4 8
3 Electrocutio
n
3 5 15
For every Hazard identified, the “Likelihood” and
“Severity” is measured in a scale of 1-5.
RISK MATRIX
5 H H EH EH EH
4 H H H EH EH
3 L L M M EH
2 L L M M M
1 L L L L L
Severity
Likelihood
1 2 3 4 5
H
M E
H
Cut
and
Bruise
Electrocution
Fall from
Height
CONTROL OF RISK
 All risk needs to be managed and brought down
below acceptable limit by introduction of suitable
controls and Programmes.
 Risk should be brought down systematically to
optimum level - Risk can not be made zero.
MITIGATION PLAN
EH Extreme high risk – Immediate actions
required to eliminate this risk
H High risk – Unacceptable risk level.
Actions are required to eliminate or reduce
this risk level immediately
M Medium risk – Risk controls are required
L Low risk – Acceptable risk but controls
may still be justified
Elimination
Substitution
Engineering controls
Administrative controls
Personal protective
equipment
Hierarchy for suitable Risk controls
Lack of
control –
adequate
PPE is not
used. No
fencing
around the
scaffolding.
Working at
height- full
body
harness
not used.
Openings
not
adequately
fenced
Structure and requirements of
OHSAS
18001: 2007
4.6
Management
review
4.5
Checking and
Corrective action
4.4
Implementa
tion and
Operation
4.3
Planning
4.2
OH&S Policy
4.14.1
General
OHSAS management system
requirements
4.1 General requirements
4.2 OH&S Policy
4.3 Planning:
4.3.1 Hazard identification, risk assessment and
determining control
4.3.2 Legal and other requirements
4.3.3 Objectives and Programmes
OHSAS management system
requirements
4.4 Implementation and Operation
4.4.1 Resources, roles and responsibility
4.4.2 Competence, Training and awareness
4.4.3 Communication, participation and consultation
4.4.4 Documentation
4.4.5 Document Control
4.4.6 Operational control
4.4.7 Emergency Preparedness and response
OHSAS management system
requirements
4.5 Checking
4.5.1 Performance measurement and monitoring
4.5.2 Evaluation of compliance
4.5.3 Incident Investigation, nonconformity, Corrective
and preventive action
4.5.4 Control of records
4.5.5 Internal audit
4.6 Management review.
•It is important to appreciate that the social and economic
costs of OHS incidents are extremely high which no
organization can afford.
•Planning process must include its share of OHS concerns.
The safety should be addressed right from the design level.
Very often the problem is our inability to anticipate issues at
the beginning rather than availability of sufficient resources.
•Adoption of OHS management system is no longer an
option it is an imperative.
•Employees at all levels should be made aware of the issues
involved and should be encouraged to participate in OHS
Management at every stage.
•Behavioral aspect in safety needs to be addressed.
CONCLUSION
What Verde does?
Verde is an international advisory firm involved in the field of
Responsible Business, Business Excellence and Risk Management.
1
Assessme
nt
Identifying the
gaps in a
system
against
standard(s)
and
requirement.
to meet
compliance
and facilitate
improvement.
2
Consulti
ng
Supporting &
handholding
organisations
to solve their
problems and
to meet the
gaps identified
during the
assessment
or any other
audit.
3 Training
Empowering
people to
perform their
duties
effectively and
efficiently.
4
Assuranc
e &
Certificat
ion
Ensuring that
a process,
product, or
service meets
relevant techn
ical standard
s and fulfils
relevant
requirements.
www.verde.co.in
Verde services in
Occupational
Health & Safety
• Safety Audit
• Safety Management
System
• Ergonomic
• Electrical Safety
• Accidental Investigation
• Safety Legal
• Fire Risk Assessment
• OHS Due Diligence
• Behavior bases safety
• Safety Management
System Maturity
Assessment
Safety,
Health &
Environment
People
ExcellenceFood Safety
Social
Compliance
Quality &
Business
Excellence
Information
Security
Sustainability
Risk
Management
Helping Businesses
in their pursuit of…
Responsi
ble
Business
Health &
Safety
Environment
Social
Responsibility
Sustainability Quality
Information
Technology
Food
Safety
Training
Consulting
Assessment
People
Excellence
Thank You
www.verde.co.in

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Safety Management System

  • 2. This is a knowledge initiative about the presentation A Safety Management System provides a systematic way to identify hazards and control risks while maintaining assurance that these risk controls are effective. SMS can be defined as: a businesslike approach to safety. It is a systematic, explicit and comprehensive process for managing safety risks. As with all management systems, a safety management system provides for goal setting, planning, and measuring performance. A safety management system is woven into the fabric of an organization. It becomes part of the culture, the way people do their jobs. This presentation will give you an overview of safety management system, importance of safety, incident, accident and near miss, Hazards and Risk assessment , Risk Matrix, Risk controls and Mitigation Plan. www.verde.co.in
  • 3. Download your free e-book on Safety Audit Click Here www.verde.co.in You should download your e-book here.. Its free! This is a knowledge initiative
  • 4. Now on the subject: Safety Management System www.verde.co.in This is a knowledge initiative www.verde.co.in
  • 5. Every 15 seconds, a worker dies from a work- related accident or disease. Every 15 seconds, 160 workers have a work-related accident. www.verde.co.in
  • 6. Every day, 6,300 people die as a result of occupational accidents or work-related diseases – more than 2.3 million deaths per year. 317 million accidents occur on the job annually; many of these resulting in extended absences from work. The human cost of this daily adversity is vast and the economic burden of poor occupational safety and health practices is estimated at 4 per cent of global Gross Domestic Product each year. www.verde.co.in
  • 7. March 18, 2014: Seven workers at a dying unit died in Perundurai, near Erode after inhaling toxic gas. June 5, 2014: 54 people went unconscious in Tuticorin after inhaling harmful ammonia gas that leaked from a cold storage plant. June 12, 2014: Six were killed and 29 were injured after leakage of poisonous gas at Bhilai Steel Plant in Chhattisgarh. June 27 2014: At least 14 people were killed and 15 others injured in a fire following a blast in a gas pipeline belonging to GAIL in Andhra's East Godavari district. Some recent incidents in India www.verde.co.in
  • 8. • What is safety ? • Why safety is important? • Incident, accident and near miss • Hazard, Risk and control www.verde.co.in
  • 9. SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM  Safety in workplaces can be successfully managed through a structured and systematic approach to health and safety, integrated to the overall management system of the organization.  Safety Management System standard. OHSAS 18001: 2007 www.verde.co.in
  • 10. SOME USEFUL DEFINITIONS (OH&S) Occupational health and safety Conditions and factors that affect, or could affect, the health and safety of employees or other workers including temporary workers and contractor personnel, visitors, or any other person in the workplace.
  • 11. SOME USEFUL DEFINITIONS OH&S management System Part of an organization’s management system used to develop and implement its OH&S policy and manage its OH&S risks.
  • 12. SOME USEFUL DEFINITIONS OH&S Policy Overall intentions and direction of an organization related to its OH&S performance as formally expressed by top management.
  • 13. SOME USEFUL DEFINITIONS OH&S objectives OH&S goal, in terms of OH&S performance that an organization sets itself to achieve
  • 14. SOME USEFUL DEFINITIONS Incident Work related events in which an injury or ill health(regardless of severity) or fatality occurred or could have occurred.
  • 15. SOME USEFUL DEFINITIONS Hazard Source, Situation and act with a potential for harm in terms of human injury and ill health or a combination of these.
  • 16. SOME USEFUL DEFINITIONS Risk Combination of the likely hood of an occurrence of a hazardous event or exposure and severity of injury or ill health.
  • 17. Can you recognize the hazards in this photograph?
  • 18. Risk assessment Sl No. Hazard Likelihoo d Severity of impact Risk rating 1 Cut or bruise 4 3 12 2 Fall from height 2 4 8 3 Electrocutio n 3 5 15 For every Hazard identified, the “Likelihood” and “Severity” is measured in a scale of 1-5.
  • 19. RISK MATRIX 5 H H EH EH EH 4 H H H EH EH 3 L L M M EH 2 L L M M M 1 L L L L L Severity Likelihood 1 2 3 4 5 H M E H Cut and Bruise Electrocution Fall from Height
  • 20. CONTROL OF RISK  All risk needs to be managed and brought down below acceptable limit by introduction of suitable controls and Programmes.  Risk should be brought down systematically to optimum level - Risk can not be made zero.
  • 21. MITIGATION PLAN EH Extreme high risk – Immediate actions required to eliminate this risk H High risk – Unacceptable risk level. Actions are required to eliminate or reduce this risk level immediately M Medium risk – Risk controls are required L Low risk – Acceptable risk but controls may still be justified
  • 22. Elimination Substitution Engineering controls Administrative controls Personal protective equipment Hierarchy for suitable Risk controls
  • 23. Lack of control – adequate PPE is not used. No fencing around the scaffolding.
  • 26. Structure and requirements of OHSAS 18001: 2007
  • 27. 4.6 Management review 4.5 Checking and Corrective action 4.4 Implementa tion and Operation 4.3 Planning 4.2 OH&S Policy 4.14.1 General
  • 28. OHSAS management system requirements 4.1 General requirements 4.2 OH&S Policy 4.3 Planning: 4.3.1 Hazard identification, risk assessment and determining control 4.3.2 Legal and other requirements 4.3.3 Objectives and Programmes
  • 29. OHSAS management system requirements 4.4 Implementation and Operation 4.4.1 Resources, roles and responsibility 4.4.2 Competence, Training and awareness 4.4.3 Communication, participation and consultation 4.4.4 Documentation 4.4.5 Document Control 4.4.6 Operational control 4.4.7 Emergency Preparedness and response
  • 30. OHSAS management system requirements 4.5 Checking 4.5.1 Performance measurement and monitoring 4.5.2 Evaluation of compliance 4.5.3 Incident Investigation, nonconformity, Corrective and preventive action 4.5.4 Control of records 4.5.5 Internal audit 4.6 Management review.
  • 31. •It is important to appreciate that the social and economic costs of OHS incidents are extremely high which no organization can afford. •Planning process must include its share of OHS concerns. The safety should be addressed right from the design level. Very often the problem is our inability to anticipate issues at the beginning rather than availability of sufficient resources. •Adoption of OHS management system is no longer an option it is an imperative. •Employees at all levels should be made aware of the issues involved and should be encouraged to participate in OHS Management at every stage. •Behavioral aspect in safety needs to be addressed. CONCLUSION
  • 32. What Verde does? Verde is an international advisory firm involved in the field of Responsible Business, Business Excellence and Risk Management. 1 Assessme nt Identifying the gaps in a system against standard(s) and requirement. to meet compliance and facilitate improvement. 2 Consulti ng Supporting & handholding organisations to solve their problems and to meet the gaps identified during the assessment or any other audit. 3 Training Empowering people to perform their duties effectively and efficiently. 4 Assuranc e & Certificat ion Ensuring that a process, product, or service meets relevant techn ical standard s and fulfils relevant requirements. www.verde.co.in Verde services in Occupational Health & Safety • Safety Audit • Safety Management System • Ergonomic • Electrical Safety • Accidental Investigation • Safety Legal • Fire Risk Assessment • OHS Due Diligence • Behavior bases safety • Safety Management System Maturity Assessment Safety, Health & Environment People ExcellenceFood Safety Social Compliance Quality & Business Excellence Information Security Sustainability Risk Management
  • 33. Helping Businesses in their pursuit of… Responsi ble Business Health & Safety Environment Social Responsibility Sustainability Quality Information Technology Food Safety Training Consulting Assessment People Excellence Thank You www.verde.co.in