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Root Words, Prefixes
and Suffixes
Root Words
• Some words are made up of different parts,
for example, unemployment
• Unemployment has a beginning (prefix), a
middle (root word) and an ending (suffix).
• Unemployment : un (prefix), employ (root)
ment (suffix)
• The root word is the basic word and by
adding prefixes and suffixes, we can change
its meaning.
Root Words
• If we take the root word, employ, and add
other suffixes we can make other words,
such as employed, employee, employer. Both
the spelling and the meanings of the words
are linked.
Prefixes
A prefix is a group of letters that you can add
to the beginning of a root word* to change
the meaning of the word. For example, mis +
fortune = misfortune.
Root Words
• Here are some more examples of root words
and their word families:
• use: useless, usable, used, using, user, misuse
• friend: friendly, friendship, unfriendly, friendless
• faith: faithful, faithfully, unfaithful, unfaithfully
Prefixes
The meanings of prefixes
• Every prefix has a meaning. For example:
• The prefix ‘un’ means ‘not’
• The root word ‘clear’ means ‘bright’, ‘free from
difficulty’
• So un + clear = unclear , meaning ‘not clear’ or
‘dim’, ‘difficult to see or understand’.
Prefixes
• There are no rules to help you remember
which prefix you should use, although
knowing the meaning of the prefix can help.
• Here are some examples of prefixes and their
meanings:
Prefixes
Prefix Meaning
mis- ‘wrong’ or ‘badly’
‘misspelled’ or misspelt means
‘wrongly spelled’
sub- ‘under’
‘subway’ means ‘a way under the
ground’
pre- ‘before in time’, ‘in front of’ or
‘superior’
‘prepacked’ means ‘packed before’
un- ‘not’ (there are also several other
prefixes which mean ‘not)’
‘unhurt’ means ‘not hurt’
Suffixes
• A suffix is a group of letters that you can add
to the end of a root word* to change the
meaning of the word. For example, paint +
ing = painting.
Suffixes
Suffix Meaning
-s, -es means more than one (plural): eg books, bags, chairs
-ing or -ed
shows when something happened - in the present (ing) or past
(ed) tense: eg I am working there now or I worked there last week
-er, -est
means more or the most of something: eg that drink was colder
(more cold ) or that was the coldest drink (the most cold)
-ful or -
less
shows there is a lot of something (hopeful - a lot of hope) or none
of something (hopeless - no hope)
Suffixes
Suffixes
Root
Prefixes
Prefixes
Root
Root word, Prefix and Suffix.

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Root word, Prefix and Suffix.

  • 2. Root Words • Some words are made up of different parts, for example, unemployment • Unemployment has a beginning (prefix), a middle (root word) and an ending (suffix). • Unemployment : un (prefix), employ (root) ment (suffix) • The root word is the basic word and by adding prefixes and suffixes, we can change its meaning.
  • 3. Root Words • If we take the root word, employ, and add other suffixes we can make other words, such as employed, employee, employer. Both the spelling and the meanings of the words are linked.
  • 4. Prefixes A prefix is a group of letters that you can add to the beginning of a root word* to change the meaning of the word. For example, mis + fortune = misfortune.
  • 5. Root Words • Here are some more examples of root words and their word families: • use: useless, usable, used, using, user, misuse • friend: friendly, friendship, unfriendly, friendless • faith: faithful, faithfully, unfaithful, unfaithfully
  • 6. Prefixes The meanings of prefixes • Every prefix has a meaning. For example: • The prefix ‘un’ means ‘not’ • The root word ‘clear’ means ‘bright’, ‘free from difficulty’ • So un + clear = unclear , meaning ‘not clear’ or ‘dim’, ‘difficult to see or understand’.
  • 7. Prefixes • There are no rules to help you remember which prefix you should use, although knowing the meaning of the prefix can help. • Here are some examples of prefixes and their meanings:
  • 8. Prefixes Prefix Meaning mis- ‘wrong’ or ‘badly’ ‘misspelled’ or misspelt means ‘wrongly spelled’ sub- ‘under’ ‘subway’ means ‘a way under the ground’ pre- ‘before in time’, ‘in front of’ or ‘superior’ ‘prepacked’ means ‘packed before’ un- ‘not’ (there are also several other prefixes which mean ‘not)’ ‘unhurt’ means ‘not hurt’
  • 9. Suffixes • A suffix is a group of letters that you can add to the end of a root word* to change the meaning of the word. For example, paint + ing = painting.
  • 10. Suffixes Suffix Meaning -s, -es means more than one (plural): eg books, bags, chairs -ing or -ed shows when something happened - in the present (ing) or past (ed) tense: eg I am working there now or I worked there last week -er, -est means more or the most of something: eg that drink was colder (more cold ) or that was the coldest drink (the most cold) -ful or - less shows there is a lot of something (hopeful - a lot of hope) or none of something (hopeless - no hope)