The Game Format
Football is a timed sport.
The team with the most points at the end of the time period,
wins the game.
The game is divided up into 4 periods or quarters with a long
"half time" between the second and third quarter.
If a game is tied at the end of regulation, a 15-minute overtime
period will be played. Possession is determined before the
period begins by a coin toss.
The rules in football allow each team to have eleven players on the field at
a time. Teams may substitute players between plays with no restrictions.
The defensive players may take any position they want and can move
about their side of the football prior to the play without restriction.
The offensive players, however, have several rules that define their
position and what role they may take in the offense.
Seven offensive players must be lined up on the line of scrimmage. The
other four players must be lined up at least one yard behind the line of
The Football Play
The team with the possession of the football is called the offense.
The defense tries to prevent the offense from scoring or advancing the football.
If the offense does not get 10 yards in four plays, the other team gains possession of the football at the
current line of scrimmage.
The football play is over when:
1) the player with the football is tackled or goes out of bounds
2) an incomplete pass
3) there is a score.
The offensive team can lose possession of the football by:
Not getting 10 yards in four downs.
Fumbling or dropping the football and the defensive team recovers it.
Throwing the football to a defensive player for an interception.
Punting or kicking the football to the defensive team.
Missing a field goal.
Getting tackled in the end zone for a safety.
Ways of Playing
THE KICKOFF - A game starts with the kickoff.
FIRST DOWN - All progress in a football game is measured in yards. The
offensive team tries to get as much "yardage" as it can to try and move closer
to the opponent's end zone. If the offensive team successfully moves the ball
10 or more yards, it earns a first down.
MOVING THE BALL -
1. The first way is called a run. This occurs when the quarterback hands the ball
off to a running back, who then tries to gain as many yards as possible by
eluding defensive players.
2. The other alternative to running the ball is to throw it. Or as they say in
football, pass it! If the ball hits the ground before someone catches it, it is
called an incomplete pass.
3. The defense prevents the offense from advancing the ball by bringing the ball
carrier to the ground.
1.False Start: When a football player on the offense moves
just prior to the snap. This is a five yard penalty.
2.Offside: If a player from the offense or defense is on the
wrong side of the line of scrimmage at the time of the snap.
3.Holding: When a player grabs a football player without
the ball with the hands or hooks him or tackles him.
4.Pass Interference: When a defender contacts a pass
receiver after the ball is in the air to prevent him from
catching the ball. This is up to the referee to determine.
5.Facemask: To protect the football players, it is illegal to
grab another player's facemask.
6.Roughing the Passer or Kicker: Players are not allowed to
run into them after the ball has been thrown or kicked.
7.Intentional Grounding: When the passer throws a pass
nowhere near an eligible receiver strictly to avoid being
8.Ineligible Receiver Downfield: When one of the offensive
players that is not an eligible receiver is more than 5 yards
downfield from the line of scrimmage during a forward pass.
The objective of the game is to score the most points.
There are four ways to score points in football.
1. 1.TOUCHDOWN = 6 POINTS
2. EXTRA POINT and the TWO-POINT
3. FIELD GOAL =3.POINTS
4. SAFETY = 2 POINTS
Pass the ball
Passing requires accuracy.
Significant muscle power is required for long
Block Your Opponent
Putting your body between an opponent
One of your teammates to stop your opponent
from tackling your teammate.
Catching the Ball
Receivers must avoid opponents who try to
block or intercept balls.
Run away from opponents to get in the clear
to make a catch.
Receivers must also try to make catches.
Running with the football from the start of an
Ability to anticipate the moves of opposing
Punts and Kicks
The scoring team kicks the ball to the
opposing team to restart play.
kicker usually tries to kick the ball far.
Development & Popularity
Many games known as "football" were being
played at colleges and universities in the United
States in the first half of the 19th century.
In United States simply as football, and it may be
referred to as gridiron informally or outside the
United States and Canada
the major forms are high school football, college
football and professional football, which are
played under slightly different rules.
American football resulted from several major
divergences from rugby & soccer.
a Yale graduate and considered to be the
"Father of American Football“.
edited every American Football rulebook
until his death in 1925.
American football evolved from two games that were popular
in other parts of the world: soccer and rugby.
The game developed in the prestigious ‘Ivy League’
In the early 1800s there were no generally accepted rules to
Pro football emerged - equal to college
football – after being televised nationally in
Football was almost banned in 1906 after
a dozen and a half deaths (and many
more serious injuries) - President
Theodore Roosevelt saved the game -
convincing college representatives to
initiate stricter rules to make the game
less brutal and dangerous.
In the first 90 years of football, college
football was far more popular than pro
football. The game was (and still is, at many
schools) all about tradition and the many
rivalries between colleges.
US.In 2014, 35% of
fans all over the
Football as their
Extracted from, http://espn.go.com/nfl/story/_/id/10354114/harris-
Why American football so
reflects the country’s culture.
win at all costs’ ethic - very
In the USA sport means business - Both
private and corporate business use sport to
promote their products.
attracts big sponsorship - school sport.
receive top level coaching - college players
the super bowl, is the most popular single-
day sporting event in the united states and
among the most-watched club sporting
events in the world.
“Rugby is a beastly game
played by gentlemen.
Soccer is a gentlemen’s
game played by beasts.
American Football is a
beastly game played by
Club member 1972)