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Punctuation Marks in English Grammar

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A Proper Understanding of the Punctuation Marks enables Impressive Writing. English Grammar considers these marks as the most significant for Correct Writing. Remember, a Punctuation Mark can

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Punctuation Marks in English Grammar

  1. 1. Punctuatio n eklavyaparv.com
  2. 2. Contents of the Presentation 1. What is Punctuation? 2. Main types of punctuation marks 3. How to use these punctuation marks? 4. Commas 5. When is a comma used? 6. Semicolon 7. Using the semicolon 8. Colon 9. Difference Between Semi-colon & Colon 10. Dash 11. Hyphen
  3. 3. What is Punctuation? ■ Punctuation is the system of symbols (. , ! - : etc) that we use to separate sentences and parts of sentences, and to make their meaning clear. Each symbol is called a "punctuation mark". ■ Essential in Writing ■ Show where Sentences Start and Finish ■ Make Writing Easy to Understand
  4. 4. ■ Period (Full Stop) ■ Question Mark ■ Exclamation Point/Mark ■ Comma ■ Semicolon ■ Colon ■ Dash ■ Hyphen ■ Parentheses ■ Brackets ■ Braces ■ Apostrophe ■ Quotation Marks ■ Ellipses 14 Punctuation Marks in English Grammar
  5. 5. HowTo UseThese Punctuation Marks?
  6. 6. Period or Full Stop ■ Full stops are used to mark the end of a sentence that is a complete statement: “My name’s Beth and I was 18 in July.” “After leaving school, she went to work in an insurance company.” A Sentence is the Expression of a CompleteThought!
  7. 7. Comma ■ The most popular mark of punctuation, the comma(,). ■ In Greek, thekomma was a "piece cut off" from a line of verse--what in English today we'd call a phrase or a clause. ■ Since the 16th century, comma has referred to the mark that sets off words, phrases, and clauses.
  8. 8. When is a Comma used? ■ The comma is mainly used ■ To separate items in a series or list ■ To separate phrases and clauses ■ To separate question tags from the rest of the sentence ■ To separate certain words like however, moreover, in addition to, in short, in fact, of course, firstly, secondly, etc. ■ To separate spoken part of the text from the unspoken part ■ when words or phrases are used in direct address ■ After the words likeYes, No, Oh, Ah, etc
  9. 9. ■ To show that a direct question has been asked whether in direct speech enclosed within inverted commas or as a part of a passage of writing. ■ A Statement which asks a Questions shall attract an Interrogation Mark Example: “What do you think I should wear for the party tonight?” asked Seema. The Question Mark
  10. 10. ■ To exclaim over something- a dramatic confession, a warning, an expression of anger, joy etc. ■ It is used by writers to convey an emotion to the reader. ■ An exclamatory mark is used after a strong imperative sentence Example: Keep quiet! after the words expressing anger, joy, surprise, sorrow, etc. Example: What a victory! Oh, that was a terrible accident! What a wastage of money on these elections! The Exclamatory Mark!
  11. 11. Colon : ■ A mark of punctuation ( : ) used after a statement (usually an independent clause) that introduces a quotation, an explanation, an example, or a series.
  12. 12. Semicolon ■ A mark of punctuation ( ; ) used to connect independent clauses and show a closer relationship than a period does. Use a semicolon when you want to form a bond between two statements, typically when they are related to or contrast with one another.
  13. 13. Using the Semicolon
  14. 14. Difference between Semi-colon & Colon
  15. 15. Dash ■ A mark of punctuation (—), technically known as an en dash, used to set off a word or phrase after an independent clause or to set off words, phrases, or clauses that interrupt a sentence. ■ Sometimes, however, you might wish to place special emphasis on the component, but commas are too weak to serve this purpose. If this is the case, you may wish to use dashes for added emphasis. “Linda Simpson, the president’s most trusted economic advisor, will resign her office during today’s press conference.” “Linda Simpson—the president’s most trusted economic advisor—will resign her office during today’s press conference.”
  16. 16. Hyphen A short horizontal mark of punctuation ( - ) used between the parts of a compound word or name or between the syllables of a word when divided at the end of a line. “His out-of-tune bagpipes are giving me a headache.”
  17. 17. Difference between Em Dash, En Dash & Hyphen ■ Em Dash (—) Denotes a pause in thought, a parenthetical statement, or — more casually — an afterthought. ■ En Dash (–) Denotes a range, especially of numbers, such as $100–150. ■ Hyphen (-) It is used for the hyphenation of words (co-ordination; able-minded; pre- and post- touring.) ■ Moreover, en dashes are used with spaces, hyphen and em dashes are used without them.
  18. 18. Brackets/Parentheses/Braces ■ These are used to set off material that is not very closely related to the rest of the sentence.They usually give extra information. ■ Example: The findings of the research (refer to Appendix 2) are quite surprising. ■ Katrina (a hurricane) had a devastating effect on thousands of people. Note: Generally, 'parentheses' refers to round brackets ( ) and 'brackets' to square brackets [ ]. However, we are more and more used to hearing these referred to simply as 'round brackets' or 'square brackets'.We shall also learn about the difference between parentheses, brackets, and braces.
  19. 19. The Slash or Oblique / ■ Most often used to represent exclusive or inclusive or, division and fractions, and as a date separator in writing. ■ As a period sometimes in written poetry.The shift of lines is conveyed by the use of slash, i.e. the sun came/spoke of light to me/ the sun gave us fame/… ■ It can also be used in a fraction, particularly involving large numbers, e.g. 67/89. ■ A Backslash is used for programming/coding in computer languages.
  20. 20. For the Detailed Article Click: https://eklavyaparv.com/content/communication- skills/362-punctuation-marks-in-english-grammar

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