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Introduce prefixes suffixes roots affixes power point

  1. 1. A Presentation Created by TEACHERS UNLEASHED
  2. 2. Root words and Base words • Root Words and Base Words are the same. • Root words and base words are the most basic part of a word. • If you add an affix to a root or base word you change the meaning of the word. “Cook” is a base word.
  3. 3. Affixes • Affixes are word parts that change the meaning of a root or base word. • Prefixes and Suffixes are both Affixes. un+cook+ed=uncooked Affix Affix
  4. 4. Prefixes • Prefixes are word parts (affixes) that comes at the beginning of the root word or base word. un+cook+ed=uncooked Prefix Affix
  5. 5. Suffix • Suffixes are word parts (affixes) that come at the end of the root word or base word. un+cook+ed=uncooked Prefix Suffix
  6. 6. Prefix: im- Meaning: not Examples: impossible impolite
  7. 7. Prefix: in Meaning: not Examples: invisible infamous
  8. 8. Prefix: non Meaning: not Examples: non-stop non-stick
  9. 9. Prefix: dis Meaning: not Examples: disorganized disobey
  10. 10. Prefix: mis Meaning: wrong Examples: misread misspell I kan spell gud.
  11. 11. Prefix: un Meaning: not Examples: unlucky unbelievable
  12. 12. Prefix: over Meaning: Too much Examples: overcooked overdramatic
  13. 13. Prefix: under Meaning: beneath, under Examples: underwear underwater
  14. 14. Prefix: re Meaning: to do again Examples: recycle recount
  15. 15. Prefix: pre Meaning: before Examples: preview preschool
  16. 16. Prefix: sub Meaning: under Examples: subordinate submarine
  17. 17. Prefix: super Meaning: above, over Examples: superhuman supermarket
  18. 18. Prefix: inter Meaning: between Examples: intervene interstate
  19. 19. Prefix: fore Meaning: before Examples: forecast foresee
  20. 20. Prefix: de Meaning: down, away Examples: descend degrade
  21. 21. Prefix: trans Meaning: To move Examples: transfer transportation
  22. 22. Prefix: semi Meaning: incomplete, half Examples: semicircle semi-formal
  23. 23. Prefix: mid Meaning: In the middle Example: midpoint
  24. 24. Prefix: hemi Meaning: half Example: hemisphere
  25. 25. Prefix: pro Meaning: for, forward Examples: promotion protest
  26. 26. Prefix: con Meaning: with, together Examples: connect confide
  27. 27. Prefix: com Meaning: together Examples: community communicate
  28. 28. Prefix: ex Meaning: Out of, from Examples: exit exhale
  29. 29. Prefix: co Meaning: together Examples: co-pilot cooperate
  30. 30. Prefix: multi Meaning: many Examples: multicolored multivitamin
  31. 31. Prefix: poly Meaning: many Example: polygon
  32. 32. Prefix: uni Meaning: one Examples: unicycle universal
  33. 33. Prefix: quad Meaning: four Example: quadrilateral
  34. 34. Prefix: tri Meaning: three Examples: trimester tricycle
  35. 35. Prefix: milli Meaning: thousand Examples: million millipede
  36. 36. Prefix: centi Meaning: hundred Examples: century centimeter 100 years
  37. 37. Suffix: er Meaning: one who takes part in Examples: teacher driver
  38. 38. Suffix: est Meaning: the most Examples: smallest strongest
  39. 39. Suffix: ed Meaning: to have done Examples: played raced
  40. 40. Suffix: ing Meaning: to be doing Examples: singing dancing
  41. 41. Suffix: ly Meaning: like Examples: cowardly happily
  42. 42. Suffix: ion, tion Meaning: action Example: construction
  43. 43. Suffix: able, ible Meaning: to be able to Examples: readable cleanable
  44. 44. Suffix: ness Meaning: the state of Examples: happiness craziness
  45. 45. Suffix: ment Meaning: the feeling of Examples: contentment refreshment
  46. 46. Suffix: ous, ious, eous Meaning: having the quality of Examples: adventurous curious
  47. 47. Suffix: Ive, ative, tive Meaning: condition Examples: creative sensitive
  48. 48. Suffix: ful Meaning: to be full of Examples: thankful peaceful
  49. 49. Suffix: less Meaning: without Examples: thoughtless helpless
  50. 50. Root: chron Meaning: time Examples: chronologic synchronize chronic
  51. 51. Root: gen Meaning: birth/race Example: generation
  52. 52. Root: rupt Meaning: break Examples: rupture erupt
  53. 53. Root: tele Meaning: distance Examples: television telephone telegraph
  54. 54. Root: migr Meaning: change/move Examples: migrate migrating
  55. 55. Root: spect Meaning: see Examples: inspect suspect spectator
  56. 56. Root: sign Meaning: mark Examples: signal signature
  57. 57. Root: therm Meaning: heat Examples: thermal thermometer thermostat
  58. 58. Root: graph Meaning: write Examples: photograph autograph biography
  59. 59. Root: scop Meaning:see Examples: microscope telescope
  60. 60. Root: loc Meaning: place Examples: location local
  61. 61. Root: form Meaning: shape Examples: uniform transform
  62. 62. Suffix: ast Meaning: star Examples: astronaut astronomy asteroid
  63. 63. Suffix: opt Meaning: sight Examples: optical optometrist
  64. 64. Root: liber Meaning: free Example: liberty
  65. 65. Root: bio Meaning: life Examples: biology biography
  66. 66. Root: flect/flex Meaning: bend Examples: reflection flexible
  67. 67. Root: hydr Meaning: water Examples: hydrant dehydrate
  68. 68. Root: geo Meaning: earth Examples: geography geology
  69. 69. Root: aud Meaning: to hear Examples: audience audible

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