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11th Grade
PRACTICAL
RESEARCH 1
Qualitative Research
and Its Importance in
Daily Life
Learning Objectives:
After studying this chapter, you will be able to:
a) describe characteristics, strengths, weaknesses, and kinds of qualitative
research (CS_RS11_IIIa_4)
b) Illustrate the importance of qualitative research across field (CS_RS11_IIIa_5)
THE VALUE OF
QUALITATIVE
RESEARCH: ITS
KINDS,
CHARACTERISTICS,
USES, STRENGTHS,
AND WEAKNESSES
IMPORTANCE OF
QUALITATIVE
RESEARCH ACROSS
FIELDS OF INQUIRY
Directions: Try to determine what senses you
will use to describe the things listed in the
first column. Check appropriate column in
the table to accomplish it. The first one is
done for you.
Activity 1
See it Taste it! Smell It! Touch it! Listen to it!
Food     
Music
Stone
Rubbing Alcohol
Bag
Cellphone
Book
Paper
Person
Water
01
THE VALUE OF QUALITATIVE
RESEARCH: ITS KINDS,
CHARACTERISTICS, USES,
STRENGTHS, AND WEAKNESSES
Kinds of Qualitative Research
 It is the study of how people
give meaning to their
experiences, like the death of
loved ones, care for the
people, and friendliness of
the people.
 It is understanding of how a
particular cultural group goes
about their daily lives which
includes their organizational
set-up, internal operations, and
lifestyle.
 This occurs when a researcher discovers a new theory based on
the data collected. It is a research methodology for discovering
theory in a substantive area.
Grounded theory
Ethnography
Phenomenology
 This method requires the
examination or analysis of the
substance or content of the
communication that takes place
through letters, books, journals,
photos, video recordings, short
message services, online
messages, emails, audio-visual
materials, etc.
Kinds of Qualitative Research
Case study
Content and Discourse Analysis
Historical Analysis
 This is the study of primary documents to explain the connection
of past events to the present time. An example of this is
explaining the happenings during the Marcos regime.
 This study involves an investigation
of a person, group, organization, or
situation for a long period of time to
explain why such things occur to the
subject under study. Some examples
of this type of study are the fields of
social care, nursing, psychology,
rehabilitation centers, education, etc.
Characteristics and Uses of Qualitative Research
Qualitative research takes place in a natural setting like home,
school, institution, or community. Researchers gain actual
experiences of the research participants.
It focuses on participants’ perceptions and experiences
(Franenkel and Wallen, 1988 in Creswell, 2013)
Researchers are sensitive to participants’
needs and participants are actively engaged
in the process.
Characteristics and Uses of Qualitative Research
Data are collected through observation, interviews, documents,
e-mails, blogs, videos, etc.
It may result in changes in research questions after new
discoveries occur.
It develops from a specific to a general
understanding of concepts.
Characteristics and Uses of Qualitative Research
It is a process of describing a situation, analyzing data for
themes or categories, and making interpretations or drawing
conclusions.
It may be subjected to the researcher’s personal
interpretation.
The researchers, as a primary instrument in
data collection, view social phenomena and
situations holistically.
Strengths of Qualitative Research
1. Issues can be analyzed through detailed
and deep examination.
2. Interviews are not being delimited to specific questions
and can be guided/redirected by the researcher along the
process.
3. The research framework and direction
can be easily revised as new information
emerges.
Strengths of Qualitative Research
4. The obtained data from human
experience is powerful and sometimes more
interesting than quantitative data.
5. Data usually are collected from a few
cases or individuals so findings cannot be
generalized to a larger population. Findings
can however be transferable to another
setting.
Weaknesses of Qualitative Research
1. Research quality is heavily dependent on
the researcher’s skills and may be
influenced by the researcher's outlooks.
2. The volume of data makes analysis and
interpretation time-consuming.
3. It is sometimes hard to prove.
Weaknesses of Qualitative Research
4. The researcher's presence during data
gathering, which is often unavoidable in
qualitative research, can affect the subjects'
attitudes towards the process.
5. Issues of anonymity and confidentiality
can bring/result in problems when
presenting findings.
6. Findings can be more difficult and take
time to visualize.
Directions: Read and analyze the situations
in the first column of the table. Then,
determine whether each is a strength or a
weakness of qualitative research. Check
appropriate column for your answer.
Activity 2
Research Activity Strength Weakness
1. The researcher must provide all the details of the data in order to
arrive at the correct findings and substantive conclusion.
2. The findings of the research can be visualized after many attempts of
analyzing the data.
3. During the collection of the data, like observation, the researcher must
be physically visible to the respondents. Consequently, there is a
possibility of a change in natural attitude of the respondents.
4. In qualitative study, the researcher must gather voluminous
information to have enough substance for interpretation and analysis of
data.
5. Few respondents are enough sources of information in conducting
qualitative research. This means that findings are exclusive to that group
selected and may not be relatable to a larger population.
6. Research framework may be changed from time to time when
conducting a qualitative research. This is brought about by the discovery
of new themes that emerge along the course of the study.
7. Realistic experience of the people is one attribute of qualitative
research.
Directions: Match the phrase in column A
with its corresponding concept in Column B.
Write the letter of the correct answer on the
blank provided before each number.
Activity 3
1. Discovering a new theory
2. Providing meaning to
people’s experiences
3. Studying a particular cultural
group
4. Investigation of a person,
group organization, or situation
for a long period of time
5. Explaining the connection of
the past to the present time
6. Analysis of the substance or
content of the communication
A. Phenomenology
B. Ethnography
C. Grounded theory
D. Case study
E. Content and
Discourse Analysis
F. Historical Analysis
Group
Activity!
The top three kinds of qualitative research we would like to
conduct
• 1.
• 2.
• 3.
The three topics we would like to focus on.
• 1.
• 2.
• 3.
How will we overcome the challenges in conducting a
qualitative research?
• 1.
• 2.
• 3.
IMPORTANCE OF
QUALITATIVE
RESEARCH ACROSS
FIELDS OF INQUIRY
02
Qualitative Research in
Ethnography of Education
Ethnography in Education
Ethnographic practice-like any set of social and cultural practices-are ways
that people in a certain place react to each other to pursue an agenda:
research agenda,
educational agenda, and
social, cultural, and instructional change agenda.
 seeks to understand what
counts as education for
members of a particular
group
 studies about social and
cultural dynamics of a school
or classroom.
~Green and Bloome (1997)
Qualitative Research in
Technical communications
The advancement in technical communication
is a product of exploration using qualitative
research.
 e-mail,
 fax messaging,
 video and voice conferencing,
 intranet and extranet,
 jargon, and
 graphics.
Qualitative Research in
Psychology
Understanding the psychological processes and how
they affect society is the contribution of qualitative
research.
 has been strongly shaped by the behavioral and cognitive traditions
within which psychology should seek to understand and
determine an observable, objective psychological reality. An
example of this is, psychologists seek to understand why some
students lack the motivation to go to school and why some students
resort to bullying and the like.
~Braun and Clarke (2013),
Qualitative Research in
The stated connection of understanding the connection
between advertising and consumers’ preferences can be
explained through qualitative research
great advertising
comes along from an
understanding of
consumer’s wants and
needs.
~Morrison et al.
Qualitative Research in
Knowledge
Awareness of mental
process
 direct remembering and
reliving with complete details
of the events
 awareness of emotions and of
cognitive processes
Awareness of identity
Alienation
 awareness of values and the
construction of personal
characteristics of each
partner and of the couple as
a unit
 refusal to observe, reflect or
remember
categories of interview:
Qualitative Research in
thorough investigation through research, marketing
strategies are improved for better return of investment.
qualitative research in marketing
is influenced by social research
and has embedded projective
devices within the approach of in-
depth interview
Qualitative Research in
In this manner, business establishments can collect
reliable information and come to a decision of improving
their ways and processes.
Business establishments use
methods like participant observation,
content analysis focus groups,
narrative interviews, and “hidden”
methods such as archival research
~Marschan, Pekkari & Welch, 2004
Activity 2: TVL-ICT
Directions: Site at least five other forms
of qualitative research in technical
communication.
Activity 2: GAS
Directions: Explain or provide an
example how the following
categories of interview affects an
individual.
Directions: Explain or provide an example how the following
categories of interview affects an individual.
Knowledge
Awareness of mental
process
 direct remembering and
reliving with complete details
of the events
 awareness of emotions and of
cognitive processes
Awareness of identity
Alienation
 awareness of values and the
construction of personal
characteristics of each
partner and of the couple as
a unit
 refusal to observe, reflect or
remember
categories of interview:
Activity 3
Directions: Based on your observation and
personal experience, give the contribution of
the following fields of research to your life,
your community, and to the country in general.
Field of Research
Its Contribution
To Myself To my community To my country
1. Education
2. Technical
Communication
3. Psychology
4. Advertising
5. Social Work
6. Marketing
7. International
Business
Group
Activity!
Directions: Base on the a research title you prepared from
the last lesson, answer the following questions:
Title: ___________________
1. Field of Research: ___________________
2. What aspect of this field need to be
improved? ____________________________
_____________________________________.
3. How would you improve these aspects? ___
____________________________________.
Activity 4
REFLECT
If you were to
create your
own research
paper, what
would be the
purpose of
your study?
CREDITS: This presentation template was
created by Slidesgo, including icons by
Flaticon, and infographics & images by
Freepik
villalunakaireen@gmail.com
Slideshare: Katherine Villaluna

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Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx

  • 1. 11th Grade PRACTICAL RESEARCH 1 Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life
  • 2. Learning Objectives: After studying this chapter, you will be able to: a) describe characteristics, strengths, weaknesses, and kinds of qualitative research (CS_RS11_IIIa_4) b) Illustrate the importance of qualitative research across field (CS_RS11_IIIa_5)
  • 3. THE VALUE OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH: ITS KINDS, CHARACTERISTICS, USES, STRENGTHS, AND WEAKNESSES IMPORTANCE OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH ACROSS FIELDS OF INQUIRY
  • 4. Directions: Try to determine what senses you will use to describe the things listed in the first column. Check appropriate column in the table to accomplish it. The first one is done for you. Activity 1
  • 5. See it Taste it! Smell It! Touch it! Listen to it! Food      Music Stone Rubbing Alcohol Bag Cellphone Book Paper Person Water
  • 6. 01 THE VALUE OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH: ITS KINDS, CHARACTERISTICS, USES, STRENGTHS, AND WEAKNESSES
  • 7. Kinds of Qualitative Research  It is the study of how people give meaning to their experiences, like the death of loved ones, care for the people, and friendliness of the people.  It is understanding of how a particular cultural group goes about their daily lives which includes their organizational set-up, internal operations, and lifestyle.  This occurs when a researcher discovers a new theory based on the data collected. It is a research methodology for discovering theory in a substantive area. Grounded theory Ethnography Phenomenology
  • 8.  This method requires the examination or analysis of the substance or content of the communication that takes place through letters, books, journals, photos, video recordings, short message services, online messages, emails, audio-visual materials, etc. Kinds of Qualitative Research Case study Content and Discourse Analysis Historical Analysis  This is the study of primary documents to explain the connection of past events to the present time. An example of this is explaining the happenings during the Marcos regime.  This study involves an investigation of a person, group, organization, or situation for a long period of time to explain why such things occur to the subject under study. Some examples of this type of study are the fields of social care, nursing, psychology, rehabilitation centers, education, etc.
  • 9. Characteristics and Uses of Qualitative Research Qualitative research takes place in a natural setting like home, school, institution, or community. Researchers gain actual experiences of the research participants. It focuses on participants’ perceptions and experiences (Franenkel and Wallen, 1988 in Creswell, 2013) Researchers are sensitive to participants’ needs and participants are actively engaged in the process.
  • 10. Characteristics and Uses of Qualitative Research Data are collected through observation, interviews, documents, e-mails, blogs, videos, etc. It may result in changes in research questions after new discoveries occur. It develops from a specific to a general understanding of concepts.
  • 11. Characteristics and Uses of Qualitative Research It is a process of describing a situation, analyzing data for themes or categories, and making interpretations or drawing conclusions. It may be subjected to the researcher’s personal interpretation. The researchers, as a primary instrument in data collection, view social phenomena and situations holistically.
  • 12. Strengths of Qualitative Research 1. Issues can be analyzed through detailed and deep examination. 2. Interviews are not being delimited to specific questions and can be guided/redirected by the researcher along the process. 3. The research framework and direction can be easily revised as new information emerges.
  • 13. Strengths of Qualitative Research 4. The obtained data from human experience is powerful and sometimes more interesting than quantitative data. 5. Data usually are collected from a few cases or individuals so findings cannot be generalized to a larger population. Findings can however be transferable to another setting.
  • 14. Weaknesses of Qualitative Research 1. Research quality is heavily dependent on the researcher’s skills and may be influenced by the researcher's outlooks. 2. The volume of data makes analysis and interpretation time-consuming. 3. It is sometimes hard to prove.
  • 15. Weaknesses of Qualitative Research 4. The researcher's presence during data gathering, which is often unavoidable in qualitative research, can affect the subjects' attitudes towards the process. 5. Issues of anonymity and confidentiality can bring/result in problems when presenting findings. 6. Findings can be more difficult and take time to visualize.
  • 16. Directions: Read and analyze the situations in the first column of the table. Then, determine whether each is a strength or a weakness of qualitative research. Check appropriate column for your answer. Activity 2
  • 17. Research Activity Strength Weakness 1. The researcher must provide all the details of the data in order to arrive at the correct findings and substantive conclusion. 2. The findings of the research can be visualized after many attempts of analyzing the data. 3. During the collection of the data, like observation, the researcher must be physically visible to the respondents. Consequently, there is a possibility of a change in natural attitude of the respondents. 4. In qualitative study, the researcher must gather voluminous information to have enough substance for interpretation and analysis of data. 5. Few respondents are enough sources of information in conducting qualitative research. This means that findings are exclusive to that group selected and may not be relatable to a larger population. 6. Research framework may be changed from time to time when conducting a qualitative research. This is brought about by the discovery of new themes that emerge along the course of the study. 7. Realistic experience of the people is one attribute of qualitative research.
  • 18. Directions: Match the phrase in column A with its corresponding concept in Column B. Write the letter of the correct answer on the blank provided before each number. Activity 3
  • 19. 1. Discovering a new theory 2. Providing meaning to people’s experiences 3. Studying a particular cultural group 4. Investigation of a person, group organization, or situation for a long period of time 5. Explaining the connection of the past to the present time 6. Analysis of the substance or content of the communication A. Phenomenology B. Ethnography C. Grounded theory D. Case study E. Content and Discourse Analysis F. Historical Analysis
  • 21. The top three kinds of qualitative research we would like to conduct • 1. • 2. • 3. The three topics we would like to focus on. • 1. • 2. • 3. How will we overcome the challenges in conducting a qualitative research? • 1. • 2. • 3.
  • 23. Qualitative Research in Ethnography of Education Ethnography in Education Ethnographic practice-like any set of social and cultural practices-are ways that people in a certain place react to each other to pursue an agenda: research agenda, educational agenda, and social, cultural, and instructional change agenda.  seeks to understand what counts as education for members of a particular group  studies about social and cultural dynamics of a school or classroom. ~Green and Bloome (1997)
  • 24. Qualitative Research in Technical communications The advancement in technical communication is a product of exploration using qualitative research.  e-mail,  fax messaging,  video and voice conferencing,  intranet and extranet,  jargon, and  graphics.
  • 25. Qualitative Research in Psychology Understanding the psychological processes and how they affect society is the contribution of qualitative research.  has been strongly shaped by the behavioral and cognitive traditions within which psychology should seek to understand and determine an observable, objective psychological reality. An example of this is, psychologists seek to understand why some students lack the motivation to go to school and why some students resort to bullying and the like. ~Braun and Clarke (2013),
  • 26. Qualitative Research in The stated connection of understanding the connection between advertising and consumers’ preferences can be explained through qualitative research great advertising comes along from an understanding of consumer’s wants and needs. ~Morrison et al.
  • 27. Qualitative Research in Knowledge Awareness of mental process  direct remembering and reliving with complete details of the events  awareness of emotions and of cognitive processes Awareness of identity Alienation  awareness of values and the construction of personal characteristics of each partner and of the couple as a unit  refusal to observe, reflect or remember categories of interview:
  • 28. Qualitative Research in thorough investigation through research, marketing strategies are improved for better return of investment. qualitative research in marketing is influenced by social research and has embedded projective devices within the approach of in- depth interview
  • 29. Qualitative Research in In this manner, business establishments can collect reliable information and come to a decision of improving their ways and processes. Business establishments use methods like participant observation, content analysis focus groups, narrative interviews, and “hidden” methods such as archival research ~Marschan, Pekkari & Welch, 2004
  • 30. Activity 2: TVL-ICT Directions: Site at least five other forms of qualitative research in technical communication.
  • 31. Activity 2: GAS Directions: Explain or provide an example how the following categories of interview affects an individual.
  • 32. Directions: Explain or provide an example how the following categories of interview affects an individual. Knowledge Awareness of mental process  direct remembering and reliving with complete details of the events  awareness of emotions and of cognitive processes Awareness of identity Alienation  awareness of values and the construction of personal characteristics of each partner and of the couple as a unit  refusal to observe, reflect or remember categories of interview:
  • 33. Activity 3 Directions: Based on your observation and personal experience, give the contribution of the following fields of research to your life, your community, and to the country in general.
  • 34. Field of Research Its Contribution To Myself To my community To my country 1. Education 2. Technical Communication 3. Psychology 4. Advertising 5. Social Work 6. Marketing 7. International Business
  • 36. Directions: Base on the a research title you prepared from the last lesson, answer the following questions: Title: ___________________ 1. Field of Research: ___________________ 2. What aspect of this field need to be improved? ____________________________ _____________________________________. 3. How would you improve these aspects? ___ ____________________________________.
  • 38. If you were to create your own research paper, what would be the purpose of your study?
  • 39. CREDITS: This presentation template was created by Slidesgo, including icons by Flaticon, and infographics & images by Freepik villalunakaireen@gmail.com Slideshare: Katherine Villaluna

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