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PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA (OXYGENIC
AND ANOXYGENIC)
Ms. Kushbu.R
Kristu Jayanti College
INTRODUCTION
• All the living organism require energy to carry out their
different activities of life for this energy is needed which
comes by the oxidation of carbohydrates, proteins, fat
similar to green plant ,these have certain chlorophyll
containing compound which synthesis food
from simple carbon dioxide, water.
• Photosynthesis in bacteria defined as the synthesis of
the carbohydrate by the chlorophyll in the presence of
similar compound such as carbon dioxide and reductanct
taken from the air and oxygen does not evolve as a
product
2H2A+CO2----------------------(CH2O)x+2A+2H2O
• All the photosynthetic bacteria are classified into the 35
groups.The group 10 contain anoxygenic phototrophic
bacteria whlie 11 belongs to oxygenic phototropic
bacteria .
• The anoxygenic group has purple and green sulphur
bacteria and oxygenic group has cyanobacteria .
• Another type of oxygenic bacteria are
prochlorophyta. It acts as a bridge between cyanophyta
and chlorophyta.
CHLOROPHYLL
• Chlorophyll is a complex
molecule .several modification of
chlorophyll occur among plant
and other photosynthetic
organism .All photosynthetic
organism have chlorophyll a and
accessory pigment.
• Accessory pigment contain
chlorophyllb, c ,d and e
,Xanthophyll and carotenoids.
• It absorb energy from different
wavelength such as Voilet-blue,
reddish ,orange –red etc.
STAGE OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS
• When chlorophyll absorb light
energy ,an electron gain energy
and exicted .The excited
electron is transferred to
another molecule (called
primary electron acceptor)
• The chlorophyll molecule is
oxidized (loss of electron) and
has a positive charge.
• Photoactivation of chlorophyll
results a splitting of the water
molecule and transfer of
energry to ATP and NADP+.
6CO2+12 H2O+light----C6H12O6+6O2+6H2O
TYPES OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS
There are two types of photosynthesis
1. Anoxygenic Photosynthesis -phototrophic bacteria H2O is not
oxidized and O2 is not produced, and thus the process is called
anoxygenic photosynthesis.
CO2+2H2A+Light--[CH20]+2A
Example-Purple bacteria
H2A=H2O,H2S,H2 etc.
2. Oxygenic Photosynthesis-The oxidation of H2O produces
molecular oxygen (O2) as a by-product. Because O2 is produced,
photosynthesis in these organisms is called oxygenic
photosynthesis.
6CO2+12 H2O+light-----C6H12O6+6O2+6H2O
Example-Eukaryotes and cyanobacteria
2H2O 4H++O2+4e-
ANOXYGENIC PHOTOSYNTHESIS
• It is type of photosynthesis process which frequently occurs in
the microorganism which are mostly found in aquatic habitat .
This reaction does not involve production of oxygen.
• Sulfur is used as a reducing agent during the process in green
sulfur bacteria and purple bacteria.
ANOXYGENIC PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA
• Some photosynthetic bacteria can use light energy to extract
electrons from molecules other than water.
• These organisms are of ancient origin, presumed to have evolved
before oxygenic photosynthetic organisms.
• Anoxygenic photosynthetic organisms occur in the domain
Bacteria and have representatives in four phyla – Purple-Sulphur
Bacteria, Purple non- Sulphur Bacteria, Green-Sulfur Bacteria,
Green non- Sulfur Bacteria.
• Anoxygenic photosynthesis depends on electron donors such as
reduced sulphur compounds, molecular hydrogen or organic
compounds.
• They are found in fresh water, brackish water, marine and
hypersaline water.
• Anoxygenic photosynthetic bacteria have been divided into three
groups on the basis of pigmentation: purple bacteria, green bacteria
and heliobacteria.
OXYGENIC PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA
• The Oxygenic Photosynthetic Bacteria are
unicellular or multicellular and possess
bacteriochlorophyll a and carry out oxygenic
photosynthesis.
• They are mostly represented by gram-
negative cynobacteria.
• Carboxysomes and gas vesicles are present
and also show gliding movement.
• Photosynthesis is oxygenic and autotrophic.
• Photosynthates get accumulated in the
form ofglycogen.
OXYGENIC PHOTOSYNTHESIS
• During this process ,light energy transfer electron
from water to carbon dioxide to produce
carbohydrate .In this reaction the carbon dioxide is
reduced or receive the electron and water become
oxidised or losses electron .Ultimately oxygen is
produced along with carbohydrate.
6CO2+12 H2O+light----C6H12O6+6O2+6H2O
This is a two stage process
1. Light dependent reaction
2. Light independent reaction
• Light dependent reaction-This is a series of
reaction which occurs in the grana of chloroplast
and require direct energy from the sulight .Light
energy is trapped for the ATP synthesis at some time
water is photolysed in to Oxygen and Hydrogen ion
and free electron carrier.
2H2O 4H++O2+4e-
• Light Independent reaction – A light
independent reaction is a series of reaction in the
stroma of chloroplast .It help to make the
carbohydrate from carbon dioxide molecule by
reduction process .
• In contrast to electron flow in anoxygenic
phototrophs, electron flow in oxygenic phototrophs
proceeds through two distinct but interconnected
series of light reactions.
• The two light systems are called photosystem I and
photosystem II, each photosystem having a
spectrally distinct form of reaction center
chlorophyll a.
• Photosystem I (PSI) chlorophyll, called P700,
absorbs light at long wavelengths (far red light),
whereas Photosystem II chlorophyll, called
P680, absorbs light at shorter wavelengths (near
red light).
• Oxygenic phototrophs use light to generate both
ATP and NADPH, the electrons for the latter
arising from the splitting of water into oxygen and
electrons.
PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA  (OXYGENIC AND ANOXYGENIC)

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PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA (OXYGENIC AND ANOXYGENIC)

  • 1. PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA (OXYGENIC AND ANOXYGENIC) Ms. Kushbu.R Kristu Jayanti College
  • 2. INTRODUCTION • All the living organism require energy to carry out their different activities of life for this energy is needed which comes by the oxidation of carbohydrates, proteins, fat similar to green plant ,these have certain chlorophyll containing compound which synthesis food from simple carbon dioxide, water. • Photosynthesis in bacteria defined as the synthesis of the carbohydrate by the chlorophyll in the presence of similar compound such as carbon dioxide and reductanct taken from the air and oxygen does not evolve as a product 2H2A+CO2----------------------(CH2O)x+2A+2H2O
  • 3. • All the photosynthetic bacteria are classified into the 35 groups.The group 10 contain anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria whlie 11 belongs to oxygenic phototropic bacteria . • The anoxygenic group has purple and green sulphur bacteria and oxygenic group has cyanobacteria . • Another type of oxygenic bacteria are prochlorophyta. It acts as a bridge between cyanophyta and chlorophyta.
  • 4. CHLOROPHYLL • Chlorophyll is a complex molecule .several modification of chlorophyll occur among plant and other photosynthetic organism .All photosynthetic organism have chlorophyll a and accessory pigment. • Accessory pigment contain chlorophyllb, c ,d and e ,Xanthophyll and carotenoids. • It absorb energy from different wavelength such as Voilet-blue, reddish ,orange –red etc.
  • 5. STAGE OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS • When chlorophyll absorb light energy ,an electron gain energy and exicted .The excited electron is transferred to another molecule (called primary electron acceptor) • The chlorophyll molecule is oxidized (loss of electron) and has a positive charge. • Photoactivation of chlorophyll results a splitting of the water molecule and transfer of energry to ATP and NADP+. 6CO2+12 H2O+light----C6H12O6+6O2+6H2O
  • 6. TYPES OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS There are two types of photosynthesis 1. Anoxygenic Photosynthesis -phototrophic bacteria H2O is not oxidized and O2 is not produced, and thus the process is called anoxygenic photosynthesis. CO2+2H2A+Light--[CH20]+2A Example-Purple bacteria H2A=H2O,H2S,H2 etc. 2. Oxygenic Photosynthesis-The oxidation of H2O produces molecular oxygen (O2) as a by-product. Because O2 is produced, photosynthesis in these organisms is called oxygenic photosynthesis. 6CO2+12 H2O+light-----C6H12O6+6O2+6H2O Example-Eukaryotes and cyanobacteria 2H2O 4H++O2+4e-
  • 7. ANOXYGENIC PHOTOSYNTHESIS • It is type of photosynthesis process which frequently occurs in the microorganism which are mostly found in aquatic habitat . This reaction does not involve production of oxygen. • Sulfur is used as a reducing agent during the process in green sulfur bacteria and purple bacteria.
  • 8. ANOXYGENIC PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA • Some photosynthetic bacteria can use light energy to extract electrons from molecules other than water. • These organisms are of ancient origin, presumed to have evolved before oxygenic photosynthetic organisms. • Anoxygenic photosynthetic organisms occur in the domain Bacteria and have representatives in four phyla – Purple-Sulphur Bacteria, Purple non- Sulphur Bacteria, Green-Sulfur Bacteria, Green non- Sulfur Bacteria. • Anoxygenic photosynthesis depends on electron donors such as reduced sulphur compounds, molecular hydrogen or organic compounds. • They are found in fresh water, brackish water, marine and hypersaline water. • Anoxygenic photosynthetic bacteria have been divided into three groups on the basis of pigmentation: purple bacteria, green bacteria and heliobacteria.
  • 9. OXYGENIC PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA • The Oxygenic Photosynthetic Bacteria are unicellular or multicellular and possess bacteriochlorophyll a and carry out oxygenic photosynthesis. • They are mostly represented by gram- negative cynobacteria. • Carboxysomes and gas vesicles are present and also show gliding movement. • Photosynthesis is oxygenic and autotrophic. • Photosynthates get accumulated in the form ofglycogen.
  • 10. OXYGENIC PHOTOSYNTHESIS • During this process ,light energy transfer electron from water to carbon dioxide to produce carbohydrate .In this reaction the carbon dioxide is reduced or receive the electron and water become oxidised or losses electron .Ultimately oxygen is produced along with carbohydrate. 6CO2+12 H2O+light----C6H12O6+6O2+6H2O This is a two stage process 1. Light dependent reaction 2. Light independent reaction
  • 11. • Light dependent reaction-This is a series of reaction which occurs in the grana of chloroplast and require direct energy from the sulight .Light energy is trapped for the ATP synthesis at some time water is photolysed in to Oxygen and Hydrogen ion and free electron carrier. 2H2O 4H++O2+4e- • Light Independent reaction – A light independent reaction is a series of reaction in the stroma of chloroplast .It help to make the carbohydrate from carbon dioxide molecule by reduction process .
  • 12.
  • 13. • In contrast to electron flow in anoxygenic phototrophs, electron flow in oxygenic phototrophs proceeds through two distinct but interconnected series of light reactions. • The two light systems are called photosystem I and photosystem II, each photosystem having a spectrally distinct form of reaction center chlorophyll a. • Photosystem I (PSI) chlorophyll, called P700, absorbs light at long wavelengths (far red light), whereas Photosystem II chlorophyll, called P680, absorbs light at shorter wavelengths (near red light). • Oxygenic phototrophs use light to generate both ATP and NADPH, the electrons for the latter arising from the splitting of water into oxygen and electrons.