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@OECD_local www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local www.oecd.org/cfe
OECD PROGRAMME: A TERRITORIAL
APPROACH TO CLIMATE ACTION AND
RESILIENCE (TACAR)
Tadashi Matsumoto
Head of Unit, Sustainable Development and Global Relations
Cities, Urban Policies and Sustainable Development Division
OECD
OECD Taskforce on climate adaptation
Monday 28 November 2022
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
 Promote place-based
policy responses & bridge
siloes
 Strengthen linkages
(mitigation-adaptation,
urban-rural)
 Granular measurement
(beyond national averages)
 Scale-up & replicate
innovative local action
 Spur local green growth
and assist recovery from
the COVID-19 crisis
What is a territorial approach and how
can it help?
Sectoral Multi-sectoral
One-size-fits-all Context-specific measures
& interventions
Top-down policy-making &
implementation
Bottom-up policy-making &
implementation
TRADITIONAL APPROACH TERRITORIAL APPROACH
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Updates on OECD Programme on A Territorial Approach
to Climate Action and Resilience (TACAR)
Pilar 1. Localised
indicator framework
Pilar 2. Checklist
for action
Pilar 3. Innovative
climate policies/
Pilar 4. Subnational
climate finance
• Localised benchmark
on climate action and
resilience
• Checklist for action
• Country-specific case
studies
• Paper on applying a
territorial approach
to climate adaptation
• Compendium of leading
examples of a territorial
approach
• Country-specific case
studies
• Paper on applying a
territorial approach to
climate adaptation
• Database of financial
flows and subnational
green budgeting
• Self-assessment tool to
introduce ‘green-lens’
into budgetary
practices
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Proposed indicator framework
4
Why?
 National averages tend to mask large
territorial disparities
 Lack of ‘common languages’ between
national and subnational governments
 Limited international comparability of
existing climate subnational data
Proposed localised indicator framework
 32 comparable indicators
 25 indicators at regional level (TL2, TL3)
 7 indicators available at city level (FUA)
 Follows Pressure-State-Response approach
 Builds on the OECD Regional and Metropolitan
Database allowing international comparability
 Consistent with the dashboard of the OECD
International Programe for Action on Climate
offering a common language between national and
subnational governments allowing for national
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Proposed (major) indicators
5
Pressure indicators
(drivers of emissions)
• (Cooling and heating degree
days, levels and % change
• Land use: built-up area growth;
built-up area per capita, and
difference between built-up area
growth and population growth
• GHG emissions per capita, level
and % change
• GHG emissions by sector: share
of total emissions, level, per
capita and % change
State indicators
(impacts and risks)
• Population exposure to heat
stress
• Urban Heat Island Intensity
• Population exposure to coastal
flooding
• Population exposure to fires
• Green areas in cities
• Patent applications in climate
mitigation technologies as % of
total technologies
• Citizens’ satisfaction with efforts
to preserve the environment
Response indicators
(actions and opportunities)
TL2 and TL3 regions
Functional Urban Areas (FUA)
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Emission levels and trends are diverse across
regions within a same country
6
Indicator: Total production-based
greenhouse gas emissions per capita (t
CO2-eq/capita), 2018; Emission growth
(%) 1990-2018, OECD large regions (TL2)
83.2 t CO2 eq/cap
Southland (New Zealand)
Auckland (New Zealand)
6.5 t CO2 eq/cap
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Difference in temperature between cities and their surrounding
areas reaches almost 5°C, and even 7°C
7
7.1°C warmer than
their surroundings
Asahikawa (Japan)
Kurume (Japan)
1.3°C warmer
than their
surroundings
Urban heat island intensity index, 2021 (FUA)
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Green areas in urban centres
8
Green areas (trees, grasslands and shrublands) as % of the
total area in FUA’s urban centres, 2022
33.1% of the total area in FUA centre
Puerto Montt (Chile)
0.97% of the total area in FUA centre
Antofagasta (Chile)
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Large territorial disparities in exposure to river
flooding in Canada
9
Population exposure to 100-year river floods in OECD large
regions (TL2), 2015
82.7 % of the total
population exposed
Yukon (Canada)
Ontario (Canada)
7.68 t of the total
population exposed
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Policy implications: better understanding of territorial
disparity can promote multi-level climate action
10
 Setting locally differentiated climate targets in policy framework such as NDCs or NAPs
 Challenging national investment toward places with high mitigation potential / vulnerability
to climate change
 Aligning and co-ordinating national and subnational climate strategies
 Promoting knowledge sharing among regions and cities with that have similar
opportunities and challenges
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 11
TACAR next steps (2023)
 Finalising the indicator framework
 Developing a policy checklist for a territorial approach to climate action and resilience
 Collecting leading examples of a territorial approach and producing an international compendium
 Country and city-based case studies
2023 Q4
2023 Q1-Q3
2021 Q4 - 2022 Q4
Kick-off
Webinar
(December 2020)
Advance research
methodologies
(i.e., indicator paper)
Policy checklist Country and city-
based case studies
Synthesis report
Compendium of
leading examples

Twitter: @OECD_local
LinkedIn: www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local
Website: www.oecd.org/cfe
For more information about OECD TACAR Programme visit
https://www.oecd.org/cfe/cities/tacar.htm
Thank you
Tadashi.MATSOMOTO@oecd.org

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OECD Programme_A territorial approach to climate Action and resilience (TACAR).pdf

  • 1. @OECD_local www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local www.oecd.org/cfe OECD PROGRAMME: A TERRITORIAL APPROACH TO CLIMATE ACTION AND RESILIENCE (TACAR) Tadashi Matsumoto Head of Unit, Sustainable Development and Global Relations Cities, Urban Policies and Sustainable Development Division OECD OECD Taskforce on climate adaptation Monday 28 November 2022
  • 2. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |  Promote place-based policy responses & bridge siloes  Strengthen linkages (mitigation-adaptation, urban-rural)  Granular measurement (beyond national averages)  Scale-up & replicate innovative local action  Spur local green growth and assist recovery from the COVID-19 crisis What is a territorial approach and how can it help? Sectoral Multi-sectoral One-size-fits-all Context-specific measures & interventions Top-down policy-making & implementation Bottom-up policy-making & implementation TRADITIONAL APPROACH TERRITORIAL APPROACH
  • 3. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Updates on OECD Programme on A Territorial Approach to Climate Action and Resilience (TACAR) Pilar 1. Localised indicator framework Pilar 2. Checklist for action Pilar 3. Innovative climate policies/ Pilar 4. Subnational climate finance • Localised benchmark on climate action and resilience • Checklist for action • Country-specific case studies • Paper on applying a territorial approach to climate adaptation • Compendium of leading examples of a territorial approach • Country-specific case studies • Paper on applying a territorial approach to climate adaptation • Database of financial flows and subnational green budgeting • Self-assessment tool to introduce ‘green-lens’ into budgetary practices
  • 4. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Proposed indicator framework 4 Why?  National averages tend to mask large territorial disparities  Lack of ‘common languages’ between national and subnational governments  Limited international comparability of existing climate subnational data Proposed localised indicator framework  32 comparable indicators  25 indicators at regional level (TL2, TL3)  7 indicators available at city level (FUA)  Follows Pressure-State-Response approach  Builds on the OECD Regional and Metropolitan Database allowing international comparability  Consistent with the dashboard of the OECD International Programe for Action on Climate offering a common language between national and subnational governments allowing for national
  • 5. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Proposed (major) indicators 5 Pressure indicators (drivers of emissions) • (Cooling and heating degree days, levels and % change • Land use: built-up area growth; built-up area per capita, and difference between built-up area growth and population growth • GHG emissions per capita, level and % change • GHG emissions by sector: share of total emissions, level, per capita and % change State indicators (impacts and risks) • Population exposure to heat stress • Urban Heat Island Intensity • Population exposure to coastal flooding • Population exposure to fires • Green areas in cities • Patent applications in climate mitigation technologies as % of total technologies • Citizens’ satisfaction with efforts to preserve the environment Response indicators (actions and opportunities) TL2 and TL3 regions Functional Urban Areas (FUA)
  • 6. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Emission levels and trends are diverse across regions within a same country 6 Indicator: Total production-based greenhouse gas emissions per capita (t CO2-eq/capita), 2018; Emission growth (%) 1990-2018, OECD large regions (TL2) 83.2 t CO2 eq/cap Southland (New Zealand) Auckland (New Zealand) 6.5 t CO2 eq/cap
  • 7. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Difference in temperature between cities and their surrounding areas reaches almost 5°C, and even 7°C 7 7.1°C warmer than their surroundings Asahikawa (Japan) Kurume (Japan) 1.3°C warmer than their surroundings Urban heat island intensity index, 2021 (FUA)
  • 8. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Green areas in urban centres 8 Green areas (trees, grasslands and shrublands) as % of the total area in FUA’s urban centres, 2022 33.1% of the total area in FUA centre Puerto Montt (Chile) 0.97% of the total area in FUA centre Antofagasta (Chile)
  • 9. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Large territorial disparities in exposure to river flooding in Canada 9 Population exposure to 100-year river floods in OECD large regions (TL2), 2015 82.7 % of the total population exposed Yukon (Canada) Ontario (Canada) 7.68 t of the total population exposed
  • 10. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Policy implications: better understanding of territorial disparity can promote multi-level climate action 10  Setting locally differentiated climate targets in policy framework such as NDCs or NAPs  Challenging national investment toward places with high mitigation potential / vulnerability to climate change  Aligning and co-ordinating national and subnational climate strategies  Promoting knowledge sharing among regions and cities with that have similar opportunities and challenges
  • 11. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 11 TACAR next steps (2023)  Finalising the indicator framework  Developing a policy checklist for a territorial approach to climate action and resilience  Collecting leading examples of a territorial approach and producing an international compendium  Country and city-based case studies 2023 Q4 2023 Q1-Q3 2021 Q4 - 2022 Q4 Kick-off Webinar (December 2020) Advance research methodologies (i.e., indicator paper) Policy checklist Country and city- based case studies Synthesis report Compendium of leading examples
  • 12.  Twitter: @OECD_local LinkedIn: www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local Website: www.oecd.org/cfe For more information about OECD TACAR Programme visit https://www.oecd.org/cfe/cities/tacar.htm Thank you Tadashi.MATSOMOTO@oecd.org