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Natural Farming
Sustainable Development Goal
Dr. Siddhartha Swarup Jena
Certified Farm Advisor (Organic farming)
Block Agriculture Officer,
Th. Rampur, Kalahandi, Odisha
Introduction
 Modern agricultural prod does not appear to be sustainable
 Need farming techniques which are sustainable in terms of
environmental, production, and socio-economic points of view.
 Management and conservation of the natural resource base
 The orientation of technological and institutional change
 Attainment and continued satisfaction of human needs for the
present and future generations
Green revolution
Boon or Bane
List of pesticides found in our daily food
Crop Pesticides
Apples Diphenylamine, Captan, Endosulfan, Phosmet, Azinphos-methyl
Bananas Diazinon, Thiabendazone, Carbaryl
Cabbage Methamidophos, Dimethoate, Fenvalerate, Permethrin, BHC
Carrots DDT, Trifluralin, Parathion, Diazinon, Dieldrin
Cauliflower Methamidophos, Endosulfan, Dimethoate, Chlorothalonil, Diazion
Cucumbers Methamidophos, Endosulfan, Dieldrin, Chlorpyrifos, Dimethoate
Grapes Captan, Dimethoate, Dicloran, Carbaryl, Iprodione
Green Beans Dimethoate, Methamidophos, Endosulfan, Acephate, Chlorothalonil
Onions DCPA, DDT, Ethion, Diazinon, Malathion
Oranges Methidathion, Chlorpyrifos, Ethion, Parathin, Carbary
Potatoes DDT, Chlorpropham, Dieldrin, Aldicarb, Chlordane
Tomatoes Methamidophos, Chlorpyrifos, Chlorothalonilo, Permethrin, Dimethoate
Source : www.satavic.org
Toxins in Fertilizers
Critical Limit (drinking water)
Elements C.L.(mg/l)
Pb 0.10
Cd 0.05
Co 1.00
F 2.00
NO2 & NO3 100.00
Fertilizers Lead Cadmium
Urea 4 1
SSP 609 187
DAP 188 109
CAN 200 6
MOP 88 14
Complex 128 6
(Pathak and Ahmed,1995 & Sreenivas,1999)
Nature is the best role model for farming
The entire system is based on intimate understanding of nature's ways
The soil in this system is a living entity
use of organic waste & other biological materials microbes (bio-
fertilizers) to
release nutrients
The total environment of the soil, from soil structure to soil cover is
more important.
Concept and strategic importance of organic farming
Principle of health
Principle of ecology
Principle of fairness
Principle of care
Principles of organic farming
 Enrichment of soil
 Management of temperature
 Conservation of soil and rain water
 Self-reliance in inputs
 Harvesting of sun energy
 Maintenance of life forms
 Integration of animals
 Use of renewable energy
Basic steps of organic farming
High Costs of
Cultivation
(Seeds,
Fertilizers,
Pesticides)
Prolonged Dry
Spells,
Droughts, Crop
Failures
Acute water
shortages, Drying
of Borewells
Problems faced
by Tenants,
Rural-Urban
Distress Migration
Unseasonal Rain,
More Frequent
Cyclones
Market
Uncertainty
Farmer Distress
Why Natural Farming?
Consumer Food Plate
Food Scarcity
Chemical
Residues
Lack of
Nutrients
Soil degradation,
Continuous loss of soil
organic matter
Water stress and
water emergency
Heatwaves – global
warming
Decreased bio diversity
Water and air pollution
Environment crisis
Natural Farming
The agronomic phrase “Natural Farming” refers to
farming with nature.
It exemplifies agro ecological principles where the
emphasis is on “enhanced soil quality and physical
conditions by managing organic matter and soil
biological activity; diversified crops & cropping
systems; enhanced biomass recycling and biological
interactions” (Khadse et al., 2017).
History
 In 1930 - Mokichi okada conceived no fertilizers farming system
 In 1951 - Newman Turner mentioned about use of cover crops,
no tillage, no weeding, no fertilizers, no compost / pesticides and
fertility management
 In 1980 - Masanobu Fukuoka proposed natural farming
 In India natural farming called as Rishi Kheti by Partap Agarwal
 In 1990 - Subhash Palekar developed ZBNF and insists soil
fertility and opposes use of external inputs or synthetic fertilizers
 In 2020 Karnataka – 2000 acres converted to ZBNF followed by
Maharastra, Andhra Pradesh and entire H.P on 2022
Natural farming in India
• In India, Natural farming is promoted as Bharatiya Prakritik Krishi Paddhati
Programme (BPKP) under centrally sponsored scheme- Paramparagat
Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)
• It is largely based on on-farm biomass recycling with major stress on
biomass mulching, use of on-farm cow dung-urine formulations; periodic
soil aeration and exclusion of all synthetic chemical inputs.
• The BPKP programme has been adopted in AP, Karnataka, HP, Gujarat, UP
and Kerala.
• Several studies have reported the effectiveness of natural farming (BPKP) in
terms of increase in production, sustainability, saving of water use,
improvement in soil health and farmland ecosystem.
• It is considered as a cost- effective farming practices with scope for raising
employment and rural development.
ODISHA: An Overview
1.Odisha has a tropical monsoonic type
of climate.
2.Hot summer with high humidity.
3.Medium to high rainfall.
4.Short and mild winter.
5.The normal annual rainfall of the state
is 1551.2 mm.
6.10 ACZs
7. More than 90% of total farmers are
SMF.
Climate of Odisha is changing & making agriculture a
risky proposition
Results
Beejamrutham Jeevamrutham Achhadana Waaphasa
Microbial seed coating
through cow urine and
dung -based
formulations
Enhance soil
microbiome through
an ‘inoculum’ of cow
dung, cow urine and
other ingredients
Ground to be kept
covered with crops and
crop residues as
mulching
Fast buildup of soil
humus through ZBNF
leading to soil
aeration and water
vapor harnessing
Four Wheels of SPNF
Higher Yields, Lower Costs
Enhanced Soil Fertility
Carbon Accumulation
Atmospheric Water
Absorption
Resilience to Climate
Shocks
Beejamrutha
 Take 5 kg of Desi cow dung in a cloth and bound it by small rope as a small bundle and
hang it for a night (12 hr.) in 20 lit of water.
 In another container dissolve 50 g of lime in 1 lit of water and keep it for a night.
 Next day morning squeeze the cow dung in water add handful of soil and stir well.
 To the solutions add 5 lit of Desi cow urine and lime water and stir well.
 It protects seeds/seedlings from soil and seed borne pathogens.
The ingredients are
 Water 20 lit.
 Desi cow dung 5 kg
 Desi cow urine 5 lit.
 Handful of soil from farm/forestry
 Lime 50 g
The ingredients are
1) Water 200 lit.
2) Desi cow dung 10 kg
3) Desi cow urine 10 lit.
4) Jaggery 2 kg
5) Pulse flour 2 kg
6) Handful of soil from farm or forest bund.
Jeevamrutha
Take 200 lit of water in a barrel and add the ingredients one by one, first desi cow dung followed
by jaggery, pulse flour, desi cow urine and collected soil
After adding each material stir well in clock wise direction
Keep the barrel in shade covered with wet jute bag
Stir the prepared solution three times a day
It acts as a catalytic agent to promote biological activity thereby breaks the nutrients available in
the soil by increasing soil microbes
Mulching
• Soil mulching, straw mulching, live mulching are done under ZBNF
• Reduces need for tillage
• Enhances biological activity
• Replenishes the nutrient base of the soil
• Retains soil moisture
• Controls water evaporation
• Circulate sir in soil and conserve water / moisture
• Increases water holding capacity of soil.
Waaphasa
 If there is no Waaphasa (soil aeration)
in the soil, the plants will die.
 For this, water is sprayed on degradable
materials that are allowed to remain on
the farmland.
 This forms humus that helps retain the
moisture and nutrients in the soil.
 Farmers need to draw only 10 per cent
of the required water from the soil for
cultivation using this method.
1. Improves Yield
2. Increased farmers Income
3. Minimize cost of production
4. Ensure better health
5. Eliminate the application of chemicals
6. Environment Conservation
7. Reduce water consumption
8. Rejuvenate Soil Health
9. Livestock sustainability
10. Increases resilience
11. Restores biodiversity & other ecosystem functions
Benefits of Natural farming
Natural Fmg. is good for biodiversity and
biodiversity is good for NF
Natural farmers use more
Agro-ecological methods:
• Mixed crop rotations, intercropping, …
• Grasslands and green manuring,
• Habitats and non-farmed areas
• Non-chemical pest management
Promoting functional diversity means enhancing and benefitting from Ecological service functions:
•Pollination
•Pest and disease prevention
•Biodiversity preservation,
•Soil quality
•Resilience
•In situ conservation of genes
PROMOTION OF NATURAL FARMING PRACTICES
Name of the
Practice
Impacts
Promotion of PMDS
Navadhanya
To promote the soil health and to improve the
organic carbon content in the soil
Seed treatment
with Bejamrutham
Protect the seed from soil borne & seed borne
diseases – it is targeted to achieve 100% seed
treatment in cluster villages
Line sowing in
Paddy
It enhances the yield in Paddy.
Guli Ragi /SRI RAGI
To double the yield & income of the ragi
farmers SRI ragi is promoted
Promotion of Desi
Paddy
Keeping in view of nutritional values.
House Hold Kitchen
Garden
It is planned to establish homestead kitchen
garden in Anganwadi centers and schools to
nurture the students on the natural farming
methods.
Botanical
concoctions
In order to supply various BEs on timely basis
depending on the crop condition mass
preparation of the NF inputs were prepared
and supplied to the farmers as per the need of
the crop ie Neemastram,agnastram,jilledu
dravanam, jeevamrutam with aesfoetida
solution, meenamrutam etc in agricultural and
orchards.
Package Of Practices in Paddy
Navadhanya for Biomass
Incorporation
Seed treatment with
Bheejamrutham
Preparation of Ghanajeevamrutha
Leaf Clipping
Line sowing
Cono-weeding
Azolla Application
Jeevamrutham Application
IPM Practices
Application of Botanical Extracts
NAVADHANYA- BETTER SOIL HEALTH
 Navadhanya / Green Manuring to be taken up
with the showers of May with a mixture of 18-20
varities of various crop species as per the
availability with the farmers 12 kgs per acre
 Leafy vegetables can be harvested from the 15th
day onwards
 Green fodder can be harvested and fed to cattle
for improving milk and cattle health
 Trampling should be advocated at 50%
flowering during which most of the root
exudates will be released. Average Biomass per
acre estimated is 8-10 tonnes .
 It can be taken up in both the wet and dry soils
to cover the soil to reduce exposure of soil .
 It can be also taken up in orchard crops to cover
the interspace
 Navadhanya crop enables to increase the SOC,
increase WHC, reduce the soil erosion and
increase the earth worm population
What are the Navadhanya Crops
Sl No Name of the Species Crop names
1 Green manure Dhaincha; Sun hemp; Pillipesara
2 Pulses Black gram; Green gram; Cowpea;
3 Oil seeds Sesame; Castor; Ground nut
4 Spices Coriander; Fenugreek; Mustard
5 Cereals Finger millet; Maize; Foxtail Millet, Pearl
millet; Little millet
6 Creepers Bottle guard, Ridge guard, Tomato,
7 Tuber crops Radish
8 Flower crops Marigold Etc…
(1) Add
organic matter
(3)Build
aggregates
(10) Manage Soil
Moisture
(11) Capture &
Recycle Nutrients
(4) Increase
Earthworms
(5) Add Lasting
Residue/cover
(6) Suppress
weeds (7) Increase
Infiltration of
water
(8) Reduce
Erosion
(9)
Minimize/reduc
e soil
compaction
(12) Add
Nitrogen(legu
me)
(13)Add Nitrogen
fixers
(14) Attract
Beneficial
insects
(15) Disease
mgt
/Suppression
(16) Enhance
pollinators
(2) Add plant
diversity
NAVADHANYA BUILDS SOIL HEALTH
Visual Soil Health Indicators
SOIL COLOUR & ORGANIC MATTER
BIOMASS ESTIMATION
SOIL COMPACTION
SOIL AGGREGATION
EARTHWORMS
Economics
CROP DIVERSITY
ROOT PENETRATION
Application of Botanical Extracts
FOR CONTROL OF INSECTS
 NEEMASTRAM
 AGNASTRAM
 BRAMHASTRAM
 DASHAPARNI
FOR CONTROL OF FUNGAL DISORDERS
 SOUR BUTTER MILK
 COW DUNG ASAFOETIDA SOLUTION
 DRY GINGER MILK SOLUTION
FOR PROMOTING GROWTH
 PANCHAGAVYA
 SAPTADHANYAKURA SOLUTION
 FISH AMINO ACID
 EGG AMINO ACID
Preventive practices Trap cropping
Neem leaf extract Neem cake extract
Neem oil spray
Fermented curd water
Herbal Pesticide formulation
Neem-cow urine extract
Organic Pest and Disease Management
Optimizing soil ‘health’ is the foundation of organic agriculture
Maintaining high levels of soil biological activity and organic matter
 Coupled with balanced / optimum nutrient levels.
 Organics aims to ‘feed the soil to feed the crop’
 Organics therefore takes a long term, whole farm / systems approach
Summary
CROP HEALTH
HUMAN HEALTH
THANK YOU
CROP HEALTH
HUMAN HEALTH
SOIL HEALTH
PLANET – PLANT - PEOPLE

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Natural farming @ Dr. Siddhartha S. Jena.pptx

  • 1. Natural Farming Sustainable Development Goal Dr. Siddhartha Swarup Jena Certified Farm Advisor (Organic farming) Block Agriculture Officer, Th. Rampur, Kalahandi, Odisha
  • 2. Introduction  Modern agricultural prod does not appear to be sustainable  Need farming techniques which are sustainable in terms of environmental, production, and socio-economic points of view.  Management and conservation of the natural resource base  The orientation of technological and institutional change  Attainment and continued satisfaction of human needs for the present and future generations
  • 4. List of pesticides found in our daily food Crop Pesticides Apples Diphenylamine, Captan, Endosulfan, Phosmet, Azinphos-methyl Bananas Diazinon, Thiabendazone, Carbaryl Cabbage Methamidophos, Dimethoate, Fenvalerate, Permethrin, BHC Carrots DDT, Trifluralin, Parathion, Diazinon, Dieldrin Cauliflower Methamidophos, Endosulfan, Dimethoate, Chlorothalonil, Diazion Cucumbers Methamidophos, Endosulfan, Dieldrin, Chlorpyrifos, Dimethoate Grapes Captan, Dimethoate, Dicloran, Carbaryl, Iprodione Green Beans Dimethoate, Methamidophos, Endosulfan, Acephate, Chlorothalonil Onions DCPA, DDT, Ethion, Diazinon, Malathion Oranges Methidathion, Chlorpyrifos, Ethion, Parathin, Carbary Potatoes DDT, Chlorpropham, Dieldrin, Aldicarb, Chlordane Tomatoes Methamidophos, Chlorpyrifos, Chlorothalonilo, Permethrin, Dimethoate Source : www.satavic.org
  • 5. Toxins in Fertilizers Critical Limit (drinking water) Elements C.L.(mg/l) Pb 0.10 Cd 0.05 Co 1.00 F 2.00 NO2 & NO3 100.00 Fertilizers Lead Cadmium Urea 4 1 SSP 609 187 DAP 188 109 CAN 200 6 MOP 88 14 Complex 128 6 (Pathak and Ahmed,1995 & Sreenivas,1999)
  • 6. Nature is the best role model for farming The entire system is based on intimate understanding of nature's ways The soil in this system is a living entity use of organic waste & other biological materials microbes (bio- fertilizers) to release nutrients The total environment of the soil, from soil structure to soil cover is more important. Concept and strategic importance of organic farming
  • 7. Principle of health Principle of ecology Principle of fairness Principle of care Principles of organic farming
  • 8.  Enrichment of soil  Management of temperature  Conservation of soil and rain water  Self-reliance in inputs  Harvesting of sun energy  Maintenance of life forms  Integration of animals  Use of renewable energy Basic steps of organic farming
  • 9. High Costs of Cultivation (Seeds, Fertilizers, Pesticides) Prolonged Dry Spells, Droughts, Crop Failures Acute water shortages, Drying of Borewells Problems faced by Tenants, Rural-Urban Distress Migration Unseasonal Rain, More Frequent Cyclones Market Uncertainty Farmer Distress Why Natural Farming? Consumer Food Plate Food Scarcity Chemical Residues Lack of Nutrients Soil degradation, Continuous loss of soil organic matter Water stress and water emergency Heatwaves – global warming Decreased bio diversity Water and air pollution Environment crisis
  • 10. Natural Farming The agronomic phrase “Natural Farming” refers to farming with nature. It exemplifies agro ecological principles where the emphasis is on “enhanced soil quality and physical conditions by managing organic matter and soil biological activity; diversified crops & cropping systems; enhanced biomass recycling and biological interactions” (Khadse et al., 2017).
  • 11. History  In 1930 - Mokichi okada conceived no fertilizers farming system  In 1951 - Newman Turner mentioned about use of cover crops, no tillage, no weeding, no fertilizers, no compost / pesticides and fertility management  In 1980 - Masanobu Fukuoka proposed natural farming  In India natural farming called as Rishi Kheti by Partap Agarwal  In 1990 - Subhash Palekar developed ZBNF and insists soil fertility and opposes use of external inputs or synthetic fertilizers  In 2020 Karnataka – 2000 acres converted to ZBNF followed by Maharastra, Andhra Pradesh and entire H.P on 2022
  • 12. Natural farming in India • In India, Natural farming is promoted as Bharatiya Prakritik Krishi Paddhati Programme (BPKP) under centrally sponsored scheme- Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) • It is largely based on on-farm biomass recycling with major stress on biomass mulching, use of on-farm cow dung-urine formulations; periodic soil aeration and exclusion of all synthetic chemical inputs. • The BPKP programme has been adopted in AP, Karnataka, HP, Gujarat, UP and Kerala. • Several studies have reported the effectiveness of natural farming (BPKP) in terms of increase in production, sustainability, saving of water use, improvement in soil health and farmland ecosystem. • It is considered as a cost- effective farming practices with scope for raising employment and rural development.
  • 13. ODISHA: An Overview 1.Odisha has a tropical monsoonic type of climate. 2.Hot summer with high humidity. 3.Medium to high rainfall. 4.Short and mild winter. 5.The normal annual rainfall of the state is 1551.2 mm. 6.10 ACZs 7. More than 90% of total farmers are SMF. Climate of Odisha is changing & making agriculture a risky proposition
  • 14. Results Beejamrutham Jeevamrutham Achhadana Waaphasa Microbial seed coating through cow urine and dung -based formulations Enhance soil microbiome through an ‘inoculum’ of cow dung, cow urine and other ingredients Ground to be kept covered with crops and crop residues as mulching Fast buildup of soil humus through ZBNF leading to soil aeration and water vapor harnessing Four Wheels of SPNF Higher Yields, Lower Costs Enhanced Soil Fertility Carbon Accumulation Atmospheric Water Absorption Resilience to Climate Shocks
  • 15. Beejamrutha  Take 5 kg of Desi cow dung in a cloth and bound it by small rope as a small bundle and hang it for a night (12 hr.) in 20 lit of water.  In another container dissolve 50 g of lime in 1 lit of water and keep it for a night.  Next day morning squeeze the cow dung in water add handful of soil and stir well.  To the solutions add 5 lit of Desi cow urine and lime water and stir well.  It protects seeds/seedlings from soil and seed borne pathogens. The ingredients are  Water 20 lit.  Desi cow dung 5 kg  Desi cow urine 5 lit.  Handful of soil from farm/forestry  Lime 50 g
  • 16. The ingredients are 1) Water 200 lit. 2) Desi cow dung 10 kg 3) Desi cow urine 10 lit. 4) Jaggery 2 kg 5) Pulse flour 2 kg 6) Handful of soil from farm or forest bund. Jeevamrutha Take 200 lit of water in a barrel and add the ingredients one by one, first desi cow dung followed by jaggery, pulse flour, desi cow urine and collected soil After adding each material stir well in clock wise direction Keep the barrel in shade covered with wet jute bag Stir the prepared solution three times a day It acts as a catalytic agent to promote biological activity thereby breaks the nutrients available in the soil by increasing soil microbes
  • 17. Mulching • Soil mulching, straw mulching, live mulching are done under ZBNF • Reduces need for tillage • Enhances biological activity • Replenishes the nutrient base of the soil • Retains soil moisture • Controls water evaporation • Circulate sir in soil and conserve water / moisture • Increases water holding capacity of soil.
  • 18. Waaphasa  If there is no Waaphasa (soil aeration) in the soil, the plants will die.  For this, water is sprayed on degradable materials that are allowed to remain on the farmland.  This forms humus that helps retain the moisture and nutrients in the soil.  Farmers need to draw only 10 per cent of the required water from the soil for cultivation using this method.
  • 19. 1. Improves Yield 2. Increased farmers Income 3. Minimize cost of production 4. Ensure better health 5. Eliminate the application of chemicals 6. Environment Conservation 7. Reduce water consumption 8. Rejuvenate Soil Health 9. Livestock sustainability 10. Increases resilience 11. Restores biodiversity & other ecosystem functions Benefits of Natural farming
  • 20. Natural Fmg. is good for biodiversity and biodiversity is good for NF Natural farmers use more Agro-ecological methods: • Mixed crop rotations, intercropping, … • Grasslands and green manuring, • Habitats and non-farmed areas • Non-chemical pest management Promoting functional diversity means enhancing and benefitting from Ecological service functions: •Pollination •Pest and disease prevention •Biodiversity preservation, •Soil quality •Resilience •In situ conservation of genes
  • 21. PROMOTION OF NATURAL FARMING PRACTICES Name of the Practice Impacts Promotion of PMDS Navadhanya To promote the soil health and to improve the organic carbon content in the soil Seed treatment with Bejamrutham Protect the seed from soil borne & seed borne diseases – it is targeted to achieve 100% seed treatment in cluster villages Line sowing in Paddy It enhances the yield in Paddy. Guli Ragi /SRI RAGI To double the yield & income of the ragi farmers SRI ragi is promoted Promotion of Desi Paddy Keeping in view of nutritional values. House Hold Kitchen Garden It is planned to establish homestead kitchen garden in Anganwadi centers and schools to nurture the students on the natural farming methods. Botanical concoctions In order to supply various BEs on timely basis depending on the crop condition mass preparation of the NF inputs were prepared and supplied to the farmers as per the need of the crop ie Neemastram,agnastram,jilledu dravanam, jeevamrutam with aesfoetida solution, meenamrutam etc in agricultural and orchards.
  • 22. Package Of Practices in Paddy Navadhanya for Biomass Incorporation Seed treatment with Bheejamrutham Preparation of Ghanajeevamrutha Leaf Clipping Line sowing Cono-weeding Azolla Application Jeevamrutham Application IPM Practices Application of Botanical Extracts
  • 23. NAVADHANYA- BETTER SOIL HEALTH  Navadhanya / Green Manuring to be taken up with the showers of May with a mixture of 18-20 varities of various crop species as per the availability with the farmers 12 kgs per acre  Leafy vegetables can be harvested from the 15th day onwards  Green fodder can be harvested and fed to cattle for improving milk and cattle health  Trampling should be advocated at 50% flowering during which most of the root exudates will be released. Average Biomass per acre estimated is 8-10 tonnes .  It can be taken up in both the wet and dry soils to cover the soil to reduce exposure of soil .  It can be also taken up in orchard crops to cover the interspace  Navadhanya crop enables to increase the SOC, increase WHC, reduce the soil erosion and increase the earth worm population
  • 24. What are the Navadhanya Crops Sl No Name of the Species Crop names 1 Green manure Dhaincha; Sun hemp; Pillipesara 2 Pulses Black gram; Green gram; Cowpea; 3 Oil seeds Sesame; Castor; Ground nut 4 Spices Coriander; Fenugreek; Mustard 5 Cereals Finger millet; Maize; Foxtail Millet, Pearl millet; Little millet 6 Creepers Bottle guard, Ridge guard, Tomato, 7 Tuber crops Radish 8 Flower crops Marigold Etc…
  • 25. (1) Add organic matter (3)Build aggregates (10) Manage Soil Moisture (11) Capture & Recycle Nutrients (4) Increase Earthworms (5) Add Lasting Residue/cover (6) Suppress weeds (7) Increase Infiltration of water (8) Reduce Erosion (9) Minimize/reduc e soil compaction (12) Add Nitrogen(legu me) (13)Add Nitrogen fixers (14) Attract Beneficial insects (15) Disease mgt /Suppression (16) Enhance pollinators (2) Add plant diversity NAVADHANYA BUILDS SOIL HEALTH
  • 26. Visual Soil Health Indicators SOIL COLOUR & ORGANIC MATTER BIOMASS ESTIMATION SOIL COMPACTION SOIL AGGREGATION EARTHWORMS Economics CROP DIVERSITY ROOT PENETRATION
  • 27. Application of Botanical Extracts FOR CONTROL OF INSECTS  NEEMASTRAM  AGNASTRAM  BRAMHASTRAM  DASHAPARNI FOR CONTROL OF FUNGAL DISORDERS  SOUR BUTTER MILK  COW DUNG ASAFOETIDA SOLUTION  DRY GINGER MILK SOLUTION FOR PROMOTING GROWTH  PANCHAGAVYA  SAPTADHANYAKURA SOLUTION  FISH AMINO ACID  EGG AMINO ACID
  • 28. Preventive practices Trap cropping Neem leaf extract Neem cake extract Neem oil spray Fermented curd water Herbal Pesticide formulation Neem-cow urine extract Organic Pest and Disease Management
  • 29. Optimizing soil ‘health’ is the foundation of organic agriculture Maintaining high levels of soil biological activity and organic matter  Coupled with balanced / optimum nutrient levels.  Organics aims to ‘feed the soil to feed the crop’  Organics therefore takes a long term, whole farm / systems approach Summary
  • 30. CROP HEALTH HUMAN HEALTH THANK YOU CROP HEALTH HUMAN HEALTH SOIL HEALTH PLANET – PLANT - PEOPLE