SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Trends in international climate finance 
flows and frameworks to scale-up, co-ordinate 
and mainstream climate action 
LEDS Global Partnership Meeting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 
August 27 2014 
Juan Casado-Asensio (OECD Development Co-operation Directorate) 
Benjamin Larroquette (GLECRDS, UNDP-GEF)
Outline 
• Towards effective development co-operation 
• OECD DAC statistics for measuring and monitoring 
external development finance for climate change 
• Climate-related ODA trends and patterns to Africa 
• Key policy trends and challenges 
• CC strategies as basis of integrated planning 
• Examples of capacity building initiatives that 
support CC strategy development
Toward effective development co-operation: 
 Aid Effectiveness 
Principles draw 
from 50 years of 
development co-operation 
experience 
 Busan Declaration 
(2011) and Global 
Partnership for 
Effective 
Development 
Co-operation 
The Paris Declaration “Pyramid” 
• Ownership of development priorities by 
developing countries 
• Focus on results 
• Inclusive development partnerships 
• Transparency and accountability
OECD DAC Statistical System 
• Development finance 
statistics are: 
– reported by members, 
international organisations & 
some non-DAC and charities 
– collected within the Creditor 
Reporting System (CRS), 
– monitored by Secretariat 
(quality controls & reviews) 
– transparent - activity-level aid 
data publically available online 
– could help partner countries 
follow commitments on the 
ground 
• Reporting guided by 
standardised 
definitions and 
classifications, e.g. 
– commitments, 
disbursements 
– sector classifications 
– Bilateral / multilateral 
(avoids double counting) 
– exchange rates 
– ODA definition
Climate-related ODA is growing and 
increasing as a share of ODA 
Trends in climate-related aid, 3-year annual averages 
2001-12, bilateral commitments, USD billion, constant 2011 prices 
25 
20 
15 
10 
5 
Source: OECD DAC Statistics, May 2014 
• Climate-related aid by members of 
the OECD DAC reached USD 21 bn 
on average per year in 2010-12, 
representing 16% of total ODA. 
• Mitigation and/or adaptation was the 
principal objective for 59% of 
climate-related activities; for the 
remainder, it was a significant 
objective. 
• Of the total climate-related aid, 58% 
addresses mitigation concerns 
only, 25% adaptation concerns only, 
and 18% addresses both over 2010- 
12. 
3% 4% 
6% 
16% 
18% 
16% 
14% 
12% 
10% 
8% 
6% 
4% 
2% 
0% 
0 
2001-03 2004-06 2007-09 2010-12 
Share of total ODA commitments 
USD billion 
Principal Significant Share of Total ODA 
Notes: 1) This Chart presents a trend based on averages over three years, so as to smooth fluctuations from 
large multi-year projects committed in a given year. 2) Reporting against the mitigation marker became 
mandatory from 2006 flows onwards. 3) The adaptation marker was introduced in 2010. Data on total climate-related 
aid for earlier years mainly relates to mitigation and may underestimate bilateral aid flows to climate 
change.
Distribution of bilateral climate-related aid 
Geographic regions receiving mitigation-related aid 
2007-2012, bilateral commitments 
Oceania 
1% 
Asia 
45% 
Europe 
5% 
America 
13% 
Unspecified 
Africa 
22% 
14% 
Oceania 
2% 
Asia 
35% 
Africa 
28% 
Europe 
5% 
America 
11% 
Unspecified 
19% 
• Income groups – MICs are the largest recipient group, but LDCs/LICs receive a higher 
share of adaptation-related (25%) aid vs. mitigation-related aid (13%). 
• Geographical focus – aid is concentrated in a small number of partner countries (though 
less concentrated in adaptation), with most flowing to Asia followed by Africa. 
• Delivery instrument – mitigation-related aid is typically delivered through loans (58%); 
adaptation-related aid through grants (69%). 
Geographic regions receiving adaptation-related aid 
2007-2012, bilateral commitments 
Source: OECD DAC CRS, May 2014 Source: OECD DAC CRS, May 2014 
• Projects – For mitigation: large-volume projects to cut GHG emission reductions (energy, transport, water). 
For adaptation: many small-volume policy formulation, research, education and capacity building projects, 
but a small number of large-volume activities on water, agriculture, forestry, fishing and rural development.
How much climate-related bilateral aid is 
flowing to Africa? 
Trends in climate-related aid to Africa, 3-year annual averages 
2004-12, bilateral commitments, USD billion, constant 2012 prices 
Source: OECD DAC Statistics, August 2014 
• Climate-related aid to Africa has also increased since 2004-06, reaching USD 5 bn 
per year on average over 2010-12 or 13% of total bilateral aid for the region. 
• 52% of all climate-related aid to Africa targets mitigation and/or adaptation as a 
principal objective. 
• Of the total climate-related aid to Africa, 51% targets mitigation only, 32% targets 
adaptation only and 17% targets both. 
Notes: 1) This Chart 
presents a trend based on 
averages over three years, 
so as to smooth 
fluctuations from large 
multi-year projects 
committed in a given year. 
2) Reporting against the 
mitigation marker became 
mandatory from 2006 flows 
onwards. 3) The adaptation 
marker was introduced in 
2010. Data on total climate-related 
aid for earlier years 
mainly relates to mitigation 
and may underestimate 
bilateral aid flows to 
climate change.
Which sectors are targeted by climate-related aid? 
Top 5 sectors receiving 86% of total climate-related aid to Africa over 2010-12 
2010-12, bilateral commitments, USD billion, constant 2012 prices 
Electrical 
transmission 
and 
distribution 
29% 
Wind 
21% 
Geothermal 
14% 
Power 
generation 
from 
renewable 
sources 
17% 
• Climate-related aid is concentrated in the energy sector (mitigation-related aid), followed 
by the agriculture forestry, fishing and rural development, and water sectors (adaptation-related 
aid). 
• Mitigation-related aid in the energy sector is concentrated in electrical transmission and 
distribution and renewable energy generation (increase energy access and grid 
connectivity, integrate renewables). 
Hydro 
7% 
Solar 
5% 
Energy 
Admin 
6% 
Other 
1% 
Source: OECD DAC Statistics, August 2014
Access 1,000s of activity-level data 
through the new data visualisation tool 
Online http://www.oecd.org/dac/stats/rioconventions.htm 
Data on bilateral climate-related 
aid commitments from members 
of the OECD DAC. 
• Trends and composition in 
climate-related aid 
• By provider, recipient, by sector, 
and instrument. 
• Access to activity level data 
• 3-minute introduction video 
• Latest statistical flyers 
• Definitions & additional 
guidelines 
• Details of events
1 
The United Nations Development Programme 
We are on the ground in 177 countries and territories 
worldwide: we understand the local context 
3 
2 
We provide climate change mitigation expertise, 
with a $4 billion project portfolio in sustainable energy 
4 
Access to 
electricity (on-and 
off-grid): 
$260m + $900m 
in co-financing* 
Energy efficiency 
and 
conservation: 
$265m + $1.2bn 
in co-financing 
Sustainable 
transport 
systems: 
$85m + $820m 
in co-financing 
We implement a detailed approach for developing 
Low-Emission, Climate-Resilient Strategies 
Statistical downscaling of 
General Circulation Models 
Municipal climate impact 
scenarios 
* Project portfolio amounts relate to the period 1992-2010 
UNDP’s Low Emission Climate 
Resilient Development Strategies 
We provide expertise on adaptation , with a project portfolio 
in excess of $ 2 billion (including $750 million + in grants)
Trends 
Countries are: 
• increasingly preparing LEDS, LECRDS, NAPS, NAMAs 
and other cross-cutting strategies to support their 
transitions to a low emission and climate resilient 
economy 
• recognizing inter-sectoral nature of adapting to “new 
reality” , i.e., role of key line ministries and other 
partners to reduce risks and mitigate emissions in 
integrated manner 
• facing critical challenges in implementing these 
strategies and actions: capacity, coordination, 
mainstreaming into development policy, financing
Key Challenges 
• National capacities are required to navigate complex 
landscape and allow countries to access different forms of 
relevant finance and deliver integrated development 
benefits 
• Funding mechanisms not widely established to deliver 
integrated CCA and CCM benefits; focus on one or another 
• Need to catalyze private finance: public finance alone is 
insufficient to meet demands of climate challenge, must 
catalyze greater volumes of private finance 
• Limited alignment between climate and development: to 
drive economy-wide transformation, and to mainstream 
climate expenditures into planning and development policy
Green LECRDS, NAPs, LEDS, NAMAs 
A Basis of Integrated Planning 
Strategic Planning 
•Assess needs and 
priorities, and 
identify barriers to 
investment 
• Identify policy mix 
and sources of 
financing 
Accessing 
Resources 
• Directly access 
finance 
•Blend and combine 
finance 
•Formulate project, 
progamme, sector-wide 
approaches to 
access finance 
Coordinated 
Implementation 
• Implement and 
execute project, 
programme, 
sector-wide 
approaches in 
integrated manner 
•Build local supply 
of expertise and 
skills 
Monitor, Report & 
Verify 
•Monitor, report, 
and verify flows 
•Performance-based 
payments 
LECRDS, LEDS, 
NAPs, NAMAs 
Supporting national systems to integrate climate and development helps countries to 
plan effectively and allocate finance, as well as identify appropriate sources of finance 
and policy mechanisms – LECRDS, LEDS, NAMAs, NAPs can form basis
NAPAs NAPA follow up projects NAPA follow-up projects 
(under development) 
NAP Support
From supporting countries to prepare NAPAs to 
accessing finance to implement urgent priorities 
Bhutan NAPA Process 
Reducing Climate Change-induced 
Risks and Vulnerabilities from Glacial 
Lake Outburst Floods in Punakha- 
Wangdi and Chamkhar Valleys 
31 countries- Supported to prepared NAPAs 
50 LDCs – Supported to access climate 
finance to address adaptation needs
•Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECB) 
• EC, Germany - BMU/ICI, Australia 
• National Adaptation Plan Support Programme (w/ UNEP) 
• LDCF 
• National Communications Support Programme (w/UNEP) 
•GEF 
•National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs) 
• GEF 
•Climate Public Expenditures and Institutional Reviews (CPEIR) 
• Canada-SIDA, multiple partners, LDCF, SCCF 
•Climate Finance Options website (w/ World Bank) 
• World Bank, UNDP 
• NIE Accreditation Support Programme - AF Direct Access 
• UNDP 
• GCF Readiness Programme (w/ UNEP, WRI) 
• Germany 
Capacity building support for 
Enabling and foundational initiatives
NAP Support Programme 
• Project developed by UNEP and UNDP 
• Together with GEFSEC, IFAD, WFP, UNITAR, WHO, GIZ 
• $2 M USD, duration 2 years, financed by LDCF 
• Leveraging and building on other ongoing initiatives 
• Designed with inputs and suggestions made by LDCs, 
LEG and several key donors and is consequently 
establish a support mechanism around three main pillars 
• Institutional support 
• Technical support 
• Knowledge brokering
NAP Support Programme 
To support LDCs to commence process of integrating medium- to 
long-term planning for adaptation to climate change within, or 
aligned with, current development planning and budgeting 
processes 
• Identification of gaps (information, capacity [technical 
and functional], institutional) 
• Making linkages to other ongoing initiatives 
• Making tools and approaches available to LDCs to 
support key steps in NAP process 
• Exchanging lessons learned and knowledge through 
South-South and North-South Cooperation.
Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme: 
• Objective: Build capacities to design and implement Low Emission 
Development Strategies and national mitigation actions in the public 
and/or private sectors 
• Five main work areas 
• GHG inventory management systems 
• Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) 
• Low-Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) 
• Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) 
• Mitigation actions in selected industries/private sector 
• Funding: $40 million covering 25 countries; funded by European 
Commission, Germany and Australian Government. 
• Implementation period: 2011-16 
• Sectors: Energy, transport, industries, waste, agriculture. Industries 
include cement, fertilizers, mining, construction, chemicals
LECB Contribution to Addressing 
Capacity/Coordination/Financing Challenges 
• Design strategic, long-term national vision for low-emission 
development aligned with national development goals 
• Remove technical, financial and institutional barriers to scale-up 
mitigation action 
• Improve GHG emission scenarios and the underlying 
information base to ensure well-informed decision making and 
a business case for climate change mitigation 
• Assess sustainable development impacts (co-benefits) of 
NAMAs & LEDS and design systems to capture these impacts 
• Support climate finance “readiness” efforts, including how to 
catalyse public finance to attract private sector investments
LECB Contribution to Addressing 
Capacity/Coordination/Financing Challenges (cont’d) 
• Put in place a multi-stakeholder framework for coordination 
with relevant institutions, national steering committee, 
technical working groups 
• Maximise use of national experts with tailored technical 
assistance provided, based upon country needs 
• Focus on institutional capacity building to support a 
country-driven process to enhance the skills required for 
accessing finance and implementation 
• Learn from diverse capacities and experiences, ranging from 
LDCs to medium-income countries and large emerging 
economies
LECB – Implementation challenges 
• A country-driven process subject to political changes 
• Priority setting for NAMAs are very lengthy and complex 
due to competing agendas among sectoral ministries 
• Scope of work (i.e. number of sectors and NAMAs) 
tends to be overambitious 
• Implementation of mitigation actions and MRV politically 
charged in many countries 
• Incipient institutional support to NAMAs and LEDS 
• Weak technical capacities to undertake thorough NAMA 
formulation and implementation
Existing UNDP Tools and Guidance in English – 
some available in French, Spanish, Russian 
http://www.undp.org/climatestrategies 
http://climatefinanceoptions.org/cfo/index.php
Thank you! 
juan.casadoasensio@oecd.org 
benjamin.larroquette@undp.org 
For further information: 
www.oecd.org/development/environment-development/climate-partnership.htm 
www.climatefinance-developmenteffectiveness.org/partnership-for-climate-finance-and-development. 
html

More Related Content

What's hot

The colombian climate finanace strategy
The colombian climate finanace strategyThe colombian climate finanace strategy
The colombian climate finanace strategy
ExternalEvents
 
OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 4 Annabelle Trinidad, ...
OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 4 Annabelle Trinidad, ...OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 4 Annabelle Trinidad, ...
OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 4 Annabelle Trinidad, ...
OECD Environment
 
MDB Climate Finance Tracking Methodology and 2013 Joint Report on MDB Climate...
MDB Climate Finance Tracking Methodology and 2013 Joint Report on MDB Climate...MDB Climate Finance Tracking Methodology and 2013 Joint Report on MDB Climate...
MDB Climate Finance Tracking Methodology and 2013 Joint Report on MDB Climate...
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
Adaptation Financing Instruments and Opportunities
Adaptation Financing Instruments and OpportunitiesAdaptation Financing Instruments and Opportunities
Adaptation Financing Instruments and Opportunities
NAP Global Network
 
OECD UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance – Session 5 Onno van den Heuvel,...
OECD UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance – Session 5 Onno van den Heuvel,...OECD UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance – Session 5 Onno van den Heuvel,...
OECD UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance – Session 5 Onno van den Heuvel,...
OECD Environment
 
Introduction: Why Focus on Financing Implementation of NAPs?
Introduction: Why Focus on Financing Implementation of NAPs? Introduction: Why Focus on Financing Implementation of NAPs?
Introduction: Why Focus on Financing Implementation of NAPs?
NAP Global Network
 
Introduction to the NAP Global Network | Jamaica, July 2017
Introduction to the NAP Global Network | Jamaica, July 2017Introduction to the NAP Global Network | Jamaica, July 2017
Introduction to the NAP Global Network | Jamaica, July 2017
NAP Global Network
 
Adaptation Finance: NAP Global Network’s Targeted Topics Forum
Adaptation Finance: NAP Global Network’s Targeted Topics ForumAdaptation Finance: NAP Global Network’s Targeted Topics Forum
Adaptation Finance: NAP Global Network’s Targeted Topics Forum
NAP Global Network
 
Adaptation Sector Integration: Perspectives from the agriculture and land-use...
Adaptation Sector Integration: Perspectives from the agriculture and land-use...Adaptation Sector Integration: Perspectives from the agriculture and land-use...
Adaptation Sector Integration: Perspectives from the agriculture and land-use...
NAP Global Network
 
5.2 corfee morlot-oecd
5.2 corfee morlot-oecd5.2 corfee morlot-oecd
OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 1 Edward Perry, OECD
OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 1 Edward Perry, OECD OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 1 Edward Perry, OECD
OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 1 Edward Perry, OECD
OECD Environment
 
"Financing National Adaptation Plans: Options for Implementation" | Day 1
"Financing National Adaptation Plans: Options for Implementation" | Day 1 "Financing National Adaptation Plans: Options for Implementation" | Day 1
"Financing National Adaptation Plans: Options for Implementation" | Day 1
NAP Global Network
 
Engaging Private Sector for Financing the National Adaptation Plan | Vidya So...
Engaging Private Sector for Financing the National Adaptation Plan | Vidya So...Engaging Private Sector for Financing the National Adaptation Plan | Vidya So...
Engaging Private Sector for Financing the National Adaptation Plan | Vidya So...
NAP Global Network
 
OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 4 Yasha Feferholtz, CBD
OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 4 Yasha Feferholtz, CBDOECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 4 Yasha Feferholtz, CBD
OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 4 Yasha Feferholtz, CBD
OECD Environment
 
Module 1: Agriculture in the UNFCCC process and NDCs
Module 1: Agriculture in the UNFCCC process and NDCs Module 1: Agriculture in the UNFCCC process and NDCs
Module 1: Agriculture in the UNFCCC process and NDCs
CCAFS | CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security
 
Using Fiscal Instruments to Finance the NAP Process | Jo-Ellen Parry, IISD
Using Fiscal Instruments to Finance the NAP Process | Jo-Ellen Parry, IISDUsing Fiscal Instruments to Finance the NAP Process | Jo-Ellen Parry, IISD
Using Fiscal Instruments to Finance the NAP Process | Jo-Ellen Parry, IISD
NAP Global Network
 
NAP Process in the Philippines: Enhancing the National Climate Change Action ...
NAP Process in the Philippines: Enhancing the National Climate Change Action ...NAP Process in the Philippines: Enhancing the National Climate Change Action ...
NAP Process in the Philippines: Enhancing the National Climate Change Action ...
NAP Global Network
 
6 3 _oecd dac secretariat_corfee_morlot&campillo
6 3 _oecd dac secretariat_corfee_morlot&campillo6 3 _oecd dac secretariat_corfee_morlot&campillo
6 3 _oecd dac secretariat_corfee_morlot&campillo
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
3.1 ockenden
3.1 ockenden3.1 ockenden
Finding Money to Pay for Adaptation: Economic Instruments
Finding Money to Pay for Adaptation: Economic InstrumentsFinding Money to Pay for Adaptation: Economic Instruments
Finding Money to Pay for Adaptation: Economic Instruments
NAP Global Network
 

What's hot (20)

The colombian climate finanace strategy
The colombian climate finanace strategyThe colombian climate finanace strategy
The colombian climate finanace strategy
 
OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 4 Annabelle Trinidad, ...
OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 4 Annabelle Trinidad, ...OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 4 Annabelle Trinidad, ...
OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 4 Annabelle Trinidad, ...
 
MDB Climate Finance Tracking Methodology and 2013 Joint Report on MDB Climate...
MDB Climate Finance Tracking Methodology and 2013 Joint Report on MDB Climate...MDB Climate Finance Tracking Methodology and 2013 Joint Report on MDB Climate...
MDB Climate Finance Tracking Methodology and 2013 Joint Report on MDB Climate...
 
Adaptation Financing Instruments and Opportunities
Adaptation Financing Instruments and OpportunitiesAdaptation Financing Instruments and Opportunities
Adaptation Financing Instruments and Opportunities
 
OECD UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance – Session 5 Onno van den Heuvel,...
OECD UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance – Session 5 Onno van den Heuvel,...OECD UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance – Session 5 Onno van den Heuvel,...
OECD UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance – Session 5 Onno van den Heuvel,...
 
Introduction: Why Focus on Financing Implementation of NAPs?
Introduction: Why Focus on Financing Implementation of NAPs? Introduction: Why Focus on Financing Implementation of NAPs?
Introduction: Why Focus on Financing Implementation of NAPs?
 
Introduction to the NAP Global Network | Jamaica, July 2017
Introduction to the NAP Global Network | Jamaica, July 2017Introduction to the NAP Global Network | Jamaica, July 2017
Introduction to the NAP Global Network | Jamaica, July 2017
 
Adaptation Finance: NAP Global Network’s Targeted Topics Forum
Adaptation Finance: NAP Global Network’s Targeted Topics ForumAdaptation Finance: NAP Global Network’s Targeted Topics Forum
Adaptation Finance: NAP Global Network’s Targeted Topics Forum
 
Adaptation Sector Integration: Perspectives from the agriculture and land-use...
Adaptation Sector Integration: Perspectives from the agriculture and land-use...Adaptation Sector Integration: Perspectives from the agriculture and land-use...
Adaptation Sector Integration: Perspectives from the agriculture and land-use...
 
5.2 corfee morlot-oecd
5.2 corfee morlot-oecd5.2 corfee morlot-oecd
5.2 corfee morlot-oecd
 
OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 1 Edward Perry, OECD
OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 1 Edward Perry, OECD OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 1 Edward Perry, OECD
OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 1 Edward Perry, OECD
 
"Financing National Adaptation Plans: Options for Implementation" | Day 1
"Financing National Adaptation Plans: Options for Implementation" | Day 1 "Financing National Adaptation Plans: Options for Implementation" | Day 1
"Financing National Adaptation Plans: Options for Implementation" | Day 1
 
Engaging Private Sector for Financing the National Adaptation Plan | Vidya So...
Engaging Private Sector for Financing the National Adaptation Plan | Vidya So...Engaging Private Sector for Financing the National Adaptation Plan | Vidya So...
Engaging Private Sector for Financing the National Adaptation Plan | Vidya So...
 
OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 4 Yasha Feferholtz, CBD
OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 4 Yasha Feferholtz, CBDOECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 4 Yasha Feferholtz, CBD
OECD-UNDP Conference on Biodiversity Finance - Session 4 Yasha Feferholtz, CBD
 
Module 1: Agriculture in the UNFCCC process and NDCs
Module 1: Agriculture in the UNFCCC process and NDCs Module 1: Agriculture in the UNFCCC process and NDCs
Module 1: Agriculture in the UNFCCC process and NDCs
 
Using Fiscal Instruments to Finance the NAP Process | Jo-Ellen Parry, IISD
Using Fiscal Instruments to Finance the NAP Process | Jo-Ellen Parry, IISDUsing Fiscal Instruments to Finance the NAP Process | Jo-Ellen Parry, IISD
Using Fiscal Instruments to Finance the NAP Process | Jo-Ellen Parry, IISD
 
NAP Process in the Philippines: Enhancing the National Climate Change Action ...
NAP Process in the Philippines: Enhancing the National Climate Change Action ...NAP Process in the Philippines: Enhancing the National Climate Change Action ...
NAP Process in the Philippines: Enhancing the National Climate Change Action ...
 
6 3 _oecd dac secretariat_corfee_morlot&campillo
6 3 _oecd dac secretariat_corfee_morlot&campillo6 3 _oecd dac secretariat_corfee_morlot&campillo
6 3 _oecd dac secretariat_corfee_morlot&campillo
 
3.1 ockenden
3.1 ockenden3.1 ockenden
3.1 ockenden
 
Finding Money to Pay for Adaptation: Economic Instruments
Finding Money to Pay for Adaptation: Economic InstrumentsFinding Money to Pay for Adaptation: Economic Instruments
Finding Money to Pay for Adaptation: Economic Instruments
 

Similar to Intl finance b 2014 08-25 presentation leds global partnership addis ababa

2014 cop20-ccxg-adaptation-side-event-m. mullan and j. corfee-morlot
2014 cop20-ccxg-adaptation-side-event-m. mullan and j. corfee-morlot2014 cop20-ccxg-adaptation-side-event-m. mullan and j. corfee-morlot
2014 cop20-ccxg-adaptation-side-event-m. mullan and j. corfee-morlot
OECD Environment
 
OECD Presentation: Turning NDCs into investment plans: Way forward in countri...
OECD Presentation: Turning NDCs into investment plans: Way forward in countri...OECD Presentation: Turning NDCs into investment plans: Way forward in countri...
OECD Presentation: Turning NDCs into investment plans: Way forward in countri...
OECD Environment
 
Taking Stock of International Contributions to Low-Carbon, Climate Resilient ...
Taking Stock of International Contributions to Low-Carbon, Climate Resilient ...Taking Stock of International Contributions to Low-Carbon, Climate Resilient ...
Taking Stock of International Contributions to Low-Carbon, Climate Resilient ...
Climate Policy Initiative
 
Financing climate smart agriculture
Financing climate smart agriculture Financing climate smart agriculture
Financing climate smart agriculture
FAO
 
Climate Finance - National Adaptation Plans under the UNFCCC Process - Webinar
Climate Finance - National Adaptation Plans under the UNFCCC Process - WebinarClimate Finance - National Adaptation Plans under the UNFCCC Process - Webinar
Climate Finance - National Adaptation Plans under the UNFCCC Process - Webinar
UNDP Climate
 
Viet Nam experience with CPEIR and climate change finance tracking
Viet Nam experience with CPEIR and climate change finance trackingViet Nam experience with CPEIR and climate change finance tracking
Viet Nam experience with CPEIR and climate change finance tracking
UNDP Climate
 
22.0b opm managing finance nap ws manila june 2017 part 2
22.0b opm managing finance nap ws manila june 2017 part 222.0b opm managing finance nap ws manila june 2017 part 2
22.0b opm managing finance nap ws manila june 2017 part 2
NAP Events
 
GEF Adaptation Program Accessing Financing from the Least Developed Countries...
GEF Adaptation ProgramAccessing Financing from the Least Developed Countries...GEF Adaptation ProgramAccessing Financing from the Least Developed Countries...
GEF Adaptation Program Accessing Financing from the Least Developed Countries...
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development
 
Climate Finance and Forest Conservation
Climate Finance and Forest ConservationClimate Finance and Forest Conservation
Climate Finance and Forest Conservation
CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Ghana Nat CC committee retreat - development & CC overview2 pics
Ghana Nat CC committee retreat - development & CC overview2 picsGhana Nat CC committee retreat - development & CC overview2 pics
Ghana Nat CC committee retreat - development & CC overview2 pics
Dr Seán Doolan, MBA
 
Climate finance aoki (gef)scale up&replication-gef perspectives-ccxg gf march...
Climate finance aoki (gef)scale up&replication-gef perspectives-ccxg gf march...Climate finance aoki (gef)scale up&replication-gef perspectives-ccxg gf march...
Climate finance aoki (gef)scale up&replication-gef perspectives-ccxg gf march...
OECD Environment
 
Climate finance amoah (ghana)challenges in scaling up cf-ccxg gf-march2014
Climate finance amoah (ghana)challenges in scaling up cf-ccxg gf-march2014Climate finance amoah (ghana)challenges in scaling up cf-ccxg gf-march2014
Climate finance amoah (ghana)challenges in scaling up cf-ccxg gf-march2014
OECD Environment
 
Landscape of international adaptation finance and role of NAPs
Landscape of international adaptation finance and role of NAPs Landscape of international adaptation finance and role of NAPs
Landscape of international adaptation finance and role of NAPs
NAP Global Network
 
Finance strategies for adaptation. Presentation for CANCC
Finance strategies for adaptation. Presentation for CANCCFinance strategies for adaptation. Presentation for CANCC
Finance strategies for adaptation. Presentation for CANCC
NAP Global Network
 
NAP-NDC Linkages: Examples from the NAP-GSP and NAP-Ag Programme
NAP-NDC Linkages: Examples from the NAP-GSP and NAP-Ag ProgrammeNAP-NDC Linkages: Examples from the NAP-GSP and NAP-Ag Programme
NAP-NDC Linkages: Examples from the NAP-GSP and NAP-Ag Programme
NAP Global Network
 
SCF_COP27_Side-event_11Nov_Reportslidepack.pdf
SCF_COP27_Side-event_11Nov_Reportslidepack.pdfSCF_COP27_Side-event_11Nov_Reportslidepack.pdf
SCF_COP27_Side-event_11Nov_Reportslidepack.pdf
YuvrajSaigal
 
Greening Governance Seminar Series: Driving Equitable Climate Transitions: Go...
Greening Governance Seminar Series: Driving Equitable Climate Transitions: Go...Greening Governance Seminar Series: Driving Equitable Climate Transitions: Go...
Greening Governance Seminar Series: Driving Equitable Climate Transitions: Go...
World Resources Institute (WRI)
 
2.1 campillo&shine
2.1 campillo&shine2.1 campillo&shine
Climate-Related Development Finace in EECCA COUNTRIES
Climate-Related Development Finace in EECCA COUNTRIESClimate-Related Development Finace in EECCA COUNTRIES
Climate-Related Development Finace in EECCA COUNTRIES
OECD Environment
 
Workshop WCP_WACDEP CAM_carolina carías_1 sep
Workshop WCP_WACDEP CAM_carolina carías_1 sepWorkshop WCP_WACDEP CAM_carolina carías_1 sep
Workshop WCP_WACDEP CAM_carolina carías_1 sep
Global Water Partnership
 

Similar to Intl finance b 2014 08-25 presentation leds global partnership addis ababa (20)

2014 cop20-ccxg-adaptation-side-event-m. mullan and j. corfee-morlot
2014 cop20-ccxg-adaptation-side-event-m. mullan and j. corfee-morlot2014 cop20-ccxg-adaptation-side-event-m. mullan and j. corfee-morlot
2014 cop20-ccxg-adaptation-side-event-m. mullan and j. corfee-morlot
 
OECD Presentation: Turning NDCs into investment plans: Way forward in countri...
OECD Presentation: Turning NDCs into investment plans: Way forward in countri...OECD Presentation: Turning NDCs into investment plans: Way forward in countri...
OECD Presentation: Turning NDCs into investment plans: Way forward in countri...
 
Taking Stock of International Contributions to Low-Carbon, Climate Resilient ...
Taking Stock of International Contributions to Low-Carbon, Climate Resilient ...Taking Stock of International Contributions to Low-Carbon, Climate Resilient ...
Taking Stock of International Contributions to Low-Carbon, Climate Resilient ...
 
Financing climate smart agriculture
Financing climate smart agriculture Financing climate smart agriculture
Financing climate smart agriculture
 
Climate Finance - National Adaptation Plans under the UNFCCC Process - Webinar
Climate Finance - National Adaptation Plans under the UNFCCC Process - WebinarClimate Finance - National Adaptation Plans under the UNFCCC Process - Webinar
Climate Finance - National Adaptation Plans under the UNFCCC Process - Webinar
 
Viet Nam experience with CPEIR and climate change finance tracking
Viet Nam experience with CPEIR and climate change finance trackingViet Nam experience with CPEIR and climate change finance tracking
Viet Nam experience with CPEIR and climate change finance tracking
 
22.0b opm managing finance nap ws manila june 2017 part 2
22.0b opm managing finance nap ws manila june 2017 part 222.0b opm managing finance nap ws manila june 2017 part 2
22.0b opm managing finance nap ws manila june 2017 part 2
 
GEF Adaptation Program Accessing Financing from the Least Developed Countries...
GEF Adaptation ProgramAccessing Financing from the Least Developed Countries...GEF Adaptation ProgramAccessing Financing from the Least Developed Countries...
GEF Adaptation Program Accessing Financing from the Least Developed Countries...
 
Climate Finance and Forest Conservation
Climate Finance and Forest ConservationClimate Finance and Forest Conservation
Climate Finance and Forest Conservation
 
Ghana Nat CC committee retreat - development & CC overview2 pics
Ghana Nat CC committee retreat - development & CC overview2 picsGhana Nat CC committee retreat - development & CC overview2 pics
Ghana Nat CC committee retreat - development & CC overview2 pics
 
Climate finance aoki (gef)scale up&replication-gef perspectives-ccxg gf march...
Climate finance aoki (gef)scale up&replication-gef perspectives-ccxg gf march...Climate finance aoki (gef)scale up&replication-gef perspectives-ccxg gf march...
Climate finance aoki (gef)scale up&replication-gef perspectives-ccxg gf march...
 
Climate finance amoah (ghana)challenges in scaling up cf-ccxg gf-march2014
Climate finance amoah (ghana)challenges in scaling up cf-ccxg gf-march2014Climate finance amoah (ghana)challenges in scaling up cf-ccxg gf-march2014
Climate finance amoah (ghana)challenges in scaling up cf-ccxg gf-march2014
 
Landscape of international adaptation finance and role of NAPs
Landscape of international adaptation finance and role of NAPs Landscape of international adaptation finance and role of NAPs
Landscape of international adaptation finance and role of NAPs
 
Finance strategies for adaptation. Presentation for CANCC
Finance strategies for adaptation. Presentation for CANCCFinance strategies for adaptation. Presentation for CANCC
Finance strategies for adaptation. Presentation for CANCC
 
NAP-NDC Linkages: Examples from the NAP-GSP and NAP-Ag Programme
NAP-NDC Linkages: Examples from the NAP-GSP and NAP-Ag ProgrammeNAP-NDC Linkages: Examples from the NAP-GSP and NAP-Ag Programme
NAP-NDC Linkages: Examples from the NAP-GSP and NAP-Ag Programme
 
SCF_COP27_Side-event_11Nov_Reportslidepack.pdf
SCF_COP27_Side-event_11Nov_Reportslidepack.pdfSCF_COP27_Side-event_11Nov_Reportslidepack.pdf
SCF_COP27_Side-event_11Nov_Reportslidepack.pdf
 
Greening Governance Seminar Series: Driving Equitable Climate Transitions: Go...
Greening Governance Seminar Series: Driving Equitable Climate Transitions: Go...Greening Governance Seminar Series: Driving Equitable Climate Transitions: Go...
Greening Governance Seminar Series: Driving Equitable Climate Transitions: Go...
 
2.1 campillo&shine
2.1 campillo&shine2.1 campillo&shine
2.1 campillo&shine
 
Climate-Related Development Finace in EECCA COUNTRIES
Climate-Related Development Finace in EECCA COUNTRIESClimate-Related Development Finace in EECCA COUNTRIES
Climate-Related Development Finace in EECCA COUNTRIES
 
Workshop WCP_WACDEP CAM_carolina carías_1 sep
Workshop WCP_WACDEP CAM_carolina carías_1 sepWorkshop WCP_WACDEP CAM_carolina carías_1 sep
Workshop WCP_WACDEP CAM_carolina carías_1 sep
 

More from Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)

TOSSD 2020 Data - Key Figures
TOSSD 2020 Data - Key FiguresTOSSD 2020 Data - Key Figures
TOSSD 2020 Data - Key Figures
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
TOSSD 2020 data - Key Figures
TOSSD 2020 data - Key FiguresTOSSD 2020 data - Key Figures
TOSSD 2020 data - Key Figures
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
OECD Financing for Sustainable Development
OECD Financing for Sustainable Development OECD Financing for Sustainable Development
OECD Financing for Sustainable Development
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
Summary DSI OECD seminar on triangular co-operation
Summary DSI OECD seminar on triangular co-operation Summary DSI OECD seminar on triangular co-operation
Summary DSI OECD seminar on triangular co-operation
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
Market Place on Triangular Co-operation Projects
Market Place on Triangular Co-operation ProjectsMarket Place on Triangular Co-operation Projects
Market Place on Triangular Co-operation Projects
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
PF4SD 2020 expert discussions key takeaways
PF4SD 2020 expert discussions key takeawaysPF4SD 2020 expert discussions key takeaways
PF4SD 2020 expert discussions key takeaways
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
Summary 2019 International Meeting on Triangular Co-operation
Summary 2019 International Meeting on Triangular Co-operationSummary 2019 International Meeting on Triangular Co-operation
Summary 2019 International Meeting on Triangular Co-operation
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
Agenda 2019 International Meeting on Triangular Co-operation
Agenda 2019 International Meeting on Triangular Co-operationAgenda 2019 International Meeting on Triangular Co-operation
Agenda 2019 International Meeting on Triangular Co-operation
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
Arab Concessional Financing for Development
Arab Concessional Financing for DevelopmentArab Concessional Financing for Development
Arab Concessional Financing for Development
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
Financing for Development Series: ECIS
 Financing for Development Series: ECIS Financing for Development Series: ECIS
Financing for Development Series: ECIS
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
Reporting issues. Providers of development co-operation beyond the DAC.
Reporting issues. Providers of development co-operation beyond the DAC.Reporting issues. Providers of development co-operation beyond the DAC.
Reporting issues. Providers of development co-operation beyond the DAC.
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
OECD 2019 Civil Society Days Conference Programme
OECD 2019 Civil Society Days Conference ProgrammeOECD 2019 Civil Society Days Conference Programme
OECD 2019 Civil Society Days Conference Programme
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
Conference highlights - OECD Civil Society Days 2019
Conference highlights - OECD Civil Society Days 2019Conference highlights - OECD Civil Society Days 2019
Conference highlights - OECD Civil Society Days 2019
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
Amountsmobilisedfromtheprivatesectorbydevelopmentfinanceinterventionsin201217...
Amountsmobilisedfromtheprivatesectorbydevelopmentfinanceinterventionsin201217...Amountsmobilisedfromtheprivatesectorbydevelopmentfinanceinterventionsin201217...
Amountsmobilisedfromtheprivatesectorbydevelopmentfinanceinterventionsin201217...
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
Enabling Civil Society for Sustainable Development: Select Survey Findings
Enabling Civil Society for Sustainable Development: Select Survey FindingsEnabling Civil Society for Sustainable Development: Select Survey Findings
Enabling Civil Society for Sustainable Development: Select Survey Findings
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
Engaging Civil Society Organisations through Triangular Co-operation
Engaging Civil Society Organisations through Triangular Co-operationEngaging Civil Society Organisations through Triangular Co-operation
Engaging Civil Society Organisations through Triangular Co-operation
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
Summary GPI side-event in BAPA+40 (2019)
Summary GPI side-event in BAPA+40 (2019)Summary GPI side-event in BAPA+40 (2019)
Summary GPI side-event in BAPA+40 (2019)
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
Factsheet - Private sector engagement through triangular co-operation
Factsheet - Private sector engagement through triangular co-operationFactsheet - Private sector engagement through triangular co-operation
Factsheet - Private sector engagement through triangular co-operation
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
Summary GPI side-event in Global South-South Development Expo (2018)
Summary GPI side-event in Global South-South Development Expo (2018)Summary GPI side-event in Global South-South Development Expo (2018)
Summary GPI side-event in Global South-South Development Expo (2018)
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 
Trilateral Cooperation Experiences and Challenges - Seminar Brasilia 2017
Trilateral Cooperation Experiences and Challenges - Seminar Brasilia 2017Trilateral Cooperation Experiences and Challenges - Seminar Brasilia 2017
Trilateral Cooperation Experiences and Challenges - Seminar Brasilia 2017
Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)
 

More from Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC) (20)

TOSSD 2020 Data - Key Figures
TOSSD 2020 Data - Key FiguresTOSSD 2020 Data - Key Figures
TOSSD 2020 Data - Key Figures
 
TOSSD 2020 data - Key Figures
TOSSD 2020 data - Key FiguresTOSSD 2020 data - Key Figures
TOSSD 2020 data - Key Figures
 
OECD Financing for Sustainable Development
OECD Financing for Sustainable Development OECD Financing for Sustainable Development
OECD Financing for Sustainable Development
 
Summary DSI OECD seminar on triangular co-operation
Summary DSI OECD seminar on triangular co-operation Summary DSI OECD seminar on triangular co-operation
Summary DSI OECD seminar on triangular co-operation
 
Market Place on Triangular Co-operation Projects
Market Place on Triangular Co-operation ProjectsMarket Place on Triangular Co-operation Projects
Market Place on Triangular Co-operation Projects
 
PF4SD 2020 expert discussions key takeaways
PF4SD 2020 expert discussions key takeawaysPF4SD 2020 expert discussions key takeaways
PF4SD 2020 expert discussions key takeaways
 
Summary 2019 International Meeting on Triangular Co-operation
Summary 2019 International Meeting on Triangular Co-operationSummary 2019 International Meeting on Triangular Co-operation
Summary 2019 International Meeting on Triangular Co-operation
 
Agenda 2019 International Meeting on Triangular Co-operation
Agenda 2019 International Meeting on Triangular Co-operationAgenda 2019 International Meeting on Triangular Co-operation
Agenda 2019 International Meeting on Triangular Co-operation
 
Arab Concessional Financing for Development
Arab Concessional Financing for DevelopmentArab Concessional Financing for Development
Arab Concessional Financing for Development
 
Financing for Development Series: ECIS
 Financing for Development Series: ECIS Financing for Development Series: ECIS
Financing for Development Series: ECIS
 
Reporting issues. Providers of development co-operation beyond the DAC.
Reporting issues. Providers of development co-operation beyond the DAC.Reporting issues. Providers of development co-operation beyond the DAC.
Reporting issues. Providers of development co-operation beyond the DAC.
 
OECD 2019 Civil Society Days Conference Programme
OECD 2019 Civil Society Days Conference ProgrammeOECD 2019 Civil Society Days Conference Programme
OECD 2019 Civil Society Days Conference Programme
 
Conference highlights - OECD Civil Society Days 2019
Conference highlights - OECD Civil Society Days 2019Conference highlights - OECD Civil Society Days 2019
Conference highlights - OECD Civil Society Days 2019
 
Amountsmobilisedfromtheprivatesectorbydevelopmentfinanceinterventionsin201217...
Amountsmobilisedfromtheprivatesectorbydevelopmentfinanceinterventionsin201217...Amountsmobilisedfromtheprivatesectorbydevelopmentfinanceinterventionsin201217...
Amountsmobilisedfromtheprivatesectorbydevelopmentfinanceinterventionsin201217...
 
Enabling Civil Society for Sustainable Development: Select Survey Findings
Enabling Civil Society for Sustainable Development: Select Survey FindingsEnabling Civil Society for Sustainable Development: Select Survey Findings
Enabling Civil Society for Sustainable Development: Select Survey Findings
 
Engaging Civil Society Organisations through Triangular Co-operation
Engaging Civil Society Organisations through Triangular Co-operationEngaging Civil Society Organisations through Triangular Co-operation
Engaging Civil Society Organisations through Triangular Co-operation
 
Summary GPI side-event in BAPA+40 (2019)
Summary GPI side-event in BAPA+40 (2019)Summary GPI side-event in BAPA+40 (2019)
Summary GPI side-event in BAPA+40 (2019)
 
Factsheet - Private sector engagement through triangular co-operation
Factsheet - Private sector engagement through triangular co-operationFactsheet - Private sector engagement through triangular co-operation
Factsheet - Private sector engagement through triangular co-operation
 
Summary GPI side-event in Global South-South Development Expo (2018)
Summary GPI side-event in Global South-South Development Expo (2018)Summary GPI side-event in Global South-South Development Expo (2018)
Summary GPI side-event in Global South-South Development Expo (2018)
 
Trilateral Cooperation Experiences and Challenges - Seminar Brasilia 2017
Trilateral Cooperation Experiences and Challenges - Seminar Brasilia 2017Trilateral Cooperation Experiences and Challenges - Seminar Brasilia 2017
Trilateral Cooperation Experiences and Challenges - Seminar Brasilia 2017
 

Intl finance b 2014 08-25 presentation leds global partnership addis ababa

  • 1. Trends in international climate finance flows and frameworks to scale-up, co-ordinate and mainstream climate action LEDS Global Partnership Meeting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia August 27 2014 Juan Casado-Asensio (OECD Development Co-operation Directorate) Benjamin Larroquette (GLECRDS, UNDP-GEF)
  • 2. Outline • Towards effective development co-operation • OECD DAC statistics for measuring and monitoring external development finance for climate change • Climate-related ODA trends and patterns to Africa • Key policy trends and challenges • CC strategies as basis of integrated planning • Examples of capacity building initiatives that support CC strategy development
  • 3. Toward effective development co-operation:  Aid Effectiveness Principles draw from 50 years of development co-operation experience  Busan Declaration (2011) and Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation The Paris Declaration “Pyramid” • Ownership of development priorities by developing countries • Focus on results • Inclusive development partnerships • Transparency and accountability
  • 4. OECD DAC Statistical System • Development finance statistics are: – reported by members, international organisations & some non-DAC and charities – collected within the Creditor Reporting System (CRS), – monitored by Secretariat (quality controls & reviews) – transparent - activity-level aid data publically available online – could help partner countries follow commitments on the ground • Reporting guided by standardised definitions and classifications, e.g. – commitments, disbursements – sector classifications – Bilateral / multilateral (avoids double counting) – exchange rates – ODA definition
  • 5. Climate-related ODA is growing and increasing as a share of ODA Trends in climate-related aid, 3-year annual averages 2001-12, bilateral commitments, USD billion, constant 2011 prices 25 20 15 10 5 Source: OECD DAC Statistics, May 2014 • Climate-related aid by members of the OECD DAC reached USD 21 bn on average per year in 2010-12, representing 16% of total ODA. • Mitigation and/or adaptation was the principal objective for 59% of climate-related activities; for the remainder, it was a significant objective. • Of the total climate-related aid, 58% addresses mitigation concerns only, 25% adaptation concerns only, and 18% addresses both over 2010- 12. 3% 4% 6% 16% 18% 16% 14% 12% 10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 0% 0 2001-03 2004-06 2007-09 2010-12 Share of total ODA commitments USD billion Principal Significant Share of Total ODA Notes: 1) This Chart presents a trend based on averages over three years, so as to smooth fluctuations from large multi-year projects committed in a given year. 2) Reporting against the mitigation marker became mandatory from 2006 flows onwards. 3) The adaptation marker was introduced in 2010. Data on total climate-related aid for earlier years mainly relates to mitigation and may underestimate bilateral aid flows to climate change.
  • 6. Distribution of bilateral climate-related aid Geographic regions receiving mitigation-related aid 2007-2012, bilateral commitments Oceania 1% Asia 45% Europe 5% America 13% Unspecified Africa 22% 14% Oceania 2% Asia 35% Africa 28% Europe 5% America 11% Unspecified 19% • Income groups – MICs are the largest recipient group, but LDCs/LICs receive a higher share of adaptation-related (25%) aid vs. mitigation-related aid (13%). • Geographical focus – aid is concentrated in a small number of partner countries (though less concentrated in adaptation), with most flowing to Asia followed by Africa. • Delivery instrument – mitigation-related aid is typically delivered through loans (58%); adaptation-related aid through grants (69%). Geographic regions receiving adaptation-related aid 2007-2012, bilateral commitments Source: OECD DAC CRS, May 2014 Source: OECD DAC CRS, May 2014 • Projects – For mitigation: large-volume projects to cut GHG emission reductions (energy, transport, water). For adaptation: many small-volume policy formulation, research, education and capacity building projects, but a small number of large-volume activities on water, agriculture, forestry, fishing and rural development.
  • 7. How much climate-related bilateral aid is flowing to Africa? Trends in climate-related aid to Africa, 3-year annual averages 2004-12, bilateral commitments, USD billion, constant 2012 prices Source: OECD DAC Statistics, August 2014 • Climate-related aid to Africa has also increased since 2004-06, reaching USD 5 bn per year on average over 2010-12 or 13% of total bilateral aid for the region. • 52% of all climate-related aid to Africa targets mitigation and/or adaptation as a principal objective. • Of the total climate-related aid to Africa, 51% targets mitigation only, 32% targets adaptation only and 17% targets both. Notes: 1) This Chart presents a trend based on averages over three years, so as to smooth fluctuations from large multi-year projects committed in a given year. 2) Reporting against the mitigation marker became mandatory from 2006 flows onwards. 3) The adaptation marker was introduced in 2010. Data on total climate-related aid for earlier years mainly relates to mitigation and may underestimate bilateral aid flows to climate change.
  • 8. Which sectors are targeted by climate-related aid? Top 5 sectors receiving 86% of total climate-related aid to Africa over 2010-12 2010-12, bilateral commitments, USD billion, constant 2012 prices Electrical transmission and distribution 29% Wind 21% Geothermal 14% Power generation from renewable sources 17% • Climate-related aid is concentrated in the energy sector (mitigation-related aid), followed by the agriculture forestry, fishing and rural development, and water sectors (adaptation-related aid). • Mitigation-related aid in the energy sector is concentrated in electrical transmission and distribution and renewable energy generation (increase energy access and grid connectivity, integrate renewables). Hydro 7% Solar 5% Energy Admin 6% Other 1% Source: OECD DAC Statistics, August 2014
  • 9. Access 1,000s of activity-level data through the new data visualisation tool Online http://www.oecd.org/dac/stats/rioconventions.htm Data on bilateral climate-related aid commitments from members of the OECD DAC. • Trends and composition in climate-related aid • By provider, recipient, by sector, and instrument. • Access to activity level data • 3-minute introduction video • Latest statistical flyers • Definitions & additional guidelines • Details of events
  • 10. 1 The United Nations Development Programme We are on the ground in 177 countries and territories worldwide: we understand the local context 3 2 We provide climate change mitigation expertise, with a $4 billion project portfolio in sustainable energy 4 Access to electricity (on-and off-grid): $260m + $900m in co-financing* Energy efficiency and conservation: $265m + $1.2bn in co-financing Sustainable transport systems: $85m + $820m in co-financing We implement a detailed approach for developing Low-Emission, Climate-Resilient Strategies Statistical downscaling of General Circulation Models Municipal climate impact scenarios * Project portfolio amounts relate to the period 1992-2010 UNDP’s Low Emission Climate Resilient Development Strategies We provide expertise on adaptation , with a project portfolio in excess of $ 2 billion (including $750 million + in grants)
  • 11. Trends Countries are: • increasingly preparing LEDS, LECRDS, NAPS, NAMAs and other cross-cutting strategies to support their transitions to a low emission and climate resilient economy • recognizing inter-sectoral nature of adapting to “new reality” , i.e., role of key line ministries and other partners to reduce risks and mitigate emissions in integrated manner • facing critical challenges in implementing these strategies and actions: capacity, coordination, mainstreaming into development policy, financing
  • 12. Key Challenges • National capacities are required to navigate complex landscape and allow countries to access different forms of relevant finance and deliver integrated development benefits • Funding mechanisms not widely established to deliver integrated CCA and CCM benefits; focus on one or another • Need to catalyze private finance: public finance alone is insufficient to meet demands of climate challenge, must catalyze greater volumes of private finance • Limited alignment between climate and development: to drive economy-wide transformation, and to mainstream climate expenditures into planning and development policy
  • 13. Green LECRDS, NAPs, LEDS, NAMAs A Basis of Integrated Planning Strategic Planning •Assess needs and priorities, and identify barriers to investment • Identify policy mix and sources of financing Accessing Resources • Directly access finance •Blend and combine finance •Formulate project, progamme, sector-wide approaches to access finance Coordinated Implementation • Implement and execute project, programme, sector-wide approaches in integrated manner •Build local supply of expertise and skills Monitor, Report & Verify •Monitor, report, and verify flows •Performance-based payments LECRDS, LEDS, NAPs, NAMAs Supporting national systems to integrate climate and development helps countries to plan effectively and allocate finance, as well as identify appropriate sources of finance and policy mechanisms – LECRDS, LEDS, NAMAs, NAPs can form basis
  • 14. NAPAs NAPA follow up projects NAPA follow-up projects (under development) NAP Support
  • 15. From supporting countries to prepare NAPAs to accessing finance to implement urgent priorities Bhutan NAPA Process Reducing Climate Change-induced Risks and Vulnerabilities from Glacial Lake Outburst Floods in Punakha- Wangdi and Chamkhar Valleys 31 countries- Supported to prepared NAPAs 50 LDCs – Supported to access climate finance to address adaptation needs
  • 16. •Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECB) • EC, Germany - BMU/ICI, Australia • National Adaptation Plan Support Programme (w/ UNEP) • LDCF • National Communications Support Programme (w/UNEP) •GEF •National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs) • GEF •Climate Public Expenditures and Institutional Reviews (CPEIR) • Canada-SIDA, multiple partners, LDCF, SCCF •Climate Finance Options website (w/ World Bank) • World Bank, UNDP • NIE Accreditation Support Programme - AF Direct Access • UNDP • GCF Readiness Programme (w/ UNEP, WRI) • Germany Capacity building support for Enabling and foundational initiatives
  • 17. NAP Support Programme • Project developed by UNEP and UNDP • Together with GEFSEC, IFAD, WFP, UNITAR, WHO, GIZ • $2 M USD, duration 2 years, financed by LDCF • Leveraging and building on other ongoing initiatives • Designed with inputs and suggestions made by LDCs, LEG and several key donors and is consequently establish a support mechanism around three main pillars • Institutional support • Technical support • Knowledge brokering
  • 18. NAP Support Programme To support LDCs to commence process of integrating medium- to long-term planning for adaptation to climate change within, or aligned with, current development planning and budgeting processes • Identification of gaps (information, capacity [technical and functional], institutional) • Making linkages to other ongoing initiatives • Making tools and approaches available to LDCs to support key steps in NAP process • Exchanging lessons learned and knowledge through South-South and North-South Cooperation.
  • 19. Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme: • Objective: Build capacities to design and implement Low Emission Development Strategies and national mitigation actions in the public and/or private sectors • Five main work areas • GHG inventory management systems • Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) • Low-Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) • Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) • Mitigation actions in selected industries/private sector • Funding: $40 million covering 25 countries; funded by European Commission, Germany and Australian Government. • Implementation period: 2011-16 • Sectors: Energy, transport, industries, waste, agriculture. Industries include cement, fertilizers, mining, construction, chemicals
  • 20. LECB Contribution to Addressing Capacity/Coordination/Financing Challenges • Design strategic, long-term national vision for low-emission development aligned with national development goals • Remove technical, financial and institutional barriers to scale-up mitigation action • Improve GHG emission scenarios and the underlying information base to ensure well-informed decision making and a business case for climate change mitigation • Assess sustainable development impacts (co-benefits) of NAMAs & LEDS and design systems to capture these impacts • Support climate finance “readiness” efforts, including how to catalyse public finance to attract private sector investments
  • 21. LECB Contribution to Addressing Capacity/Coordination/Financing Challenges (cont’d) • Put in place a multi-stakeholder framework for coordination with relevant institutions, national steering committee, technical working groups • Maximise use of national experts with tailored technical assistance provided, based upon country needs • Focus on institutional capacity building to support a country-driven process to enhance the skills required for accessing finance and implementation • Learn from diverse capacities and experiences, ranging from LDCs to medium-income countries and large emerging economies
  • 22. LECB – Implementation challenges • A country-driven process subject to political changes • Priority setting for NAMAs are very lengthy and complex due to competing agendas among sectoral ministries • Scope of work (i.e. number of sectors and NAMAs) tends to be overambitious • Implementation of mitigation actions and MRV politically charged in many countries • Incipient institutional support to NAMAs and LEDS • Weak technical capacities to undertake thorough NAMA formulation and implementation
  • 23. Existing UNDP Tools and Guidance in English – some available in French, Spanish, Russian http://www.undp.org/climatestrategies http://climatefinanceoptions.org/cfo/index.php
  • 24. Thank you! juan.casadoasensio@oecd.org benjamin.larroquette@undp.org For further information: www.oecd.org/development/environment-development/climate-partnership.htm www.climatefinance-developmenteffectiveness.org/partnership-for-climate-finance-and-development. html