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Network eWaste : Community role to manage
end of life Product
Who We are : EC Member
Sumon Ahmed
Sabir
Dr. Md. Mostofa
Akbar
Hasin Jahan
Md. Munir
Hasan
K.M.
Tariquzzaman
Md Shahedul
Alam
Tanveer Ehsanur
Rahman
MD MAHFUZUR
RAHMAN
Kazi Khairul
Bashar
Md Dilir Hossain
Mollah
Maksudur
Rahman
Mohammad
Rashidul Huq
Akter Ul Alam
CTO, FHL
CSE
Professor,
BUET
Country
Head,
WaterAid
Cofounder,
Cornerstone
CTO, SCL
Professor,
NSU
CTO,
Novotel
CEO,
Heptatech VP, IEB CIOO, FHL
COO,
Heptatech
Telecom
Professional
RMG
Professional
Appropriate recycling of eWaste
ই-বর্জ্যের লাগসই পুনরাবর্যন
Point of
Discussion :
eWaste
1. What is eWaste ?
2. Why is it a concern
for Environment and
Human ?
3. What is happening
to discarded eWaste,
where these goes?
4. Benefiter and
Citizens’ role to
improve?
5. Potential of
eWaste in a Circular
economy and driving
for formal industry ?
6. How ewaste will
impact SDGs? Time
to wait further ?
7. Your can help for
formal ewaste
industry
development
• Environmental Impact
• Citizens’ Role and Producer Role
• Challenges for safe and formal recycling
Appropriate recycling of eWaste
What is eWaste ?
1
WEEE Society Bangladesh
• Electrical and Electronic Equipment (Consumer, ICT,
Industries) once discarded by its owner due to end of life,
replaced due to new technology, faulty/not repairable is
termed as ewaste (Step Initiative 2014).
• eWaste is strongly linked with economic development, level
of affordability, urbanization and mobility
• Each product has different material content, is disposed of
and recycled in differently ways.
Why is a
concern for
Environment
and Human ?
E-waste is categorized as hazardous waste due to the presence of toxic
materials such as mercury, lead and brominated flame retardants
(BFR),CFCs,HCFCs are considered as hazardous waste according to the
Basel Convention.
The increasing levels of e-waste, low collection rates, and non-
environmentally sound disposal and treatment of this waste stream
pose significant risks to the environment and to human health.
2
Occupational Hazards
•Inhaling fumes from burning wires/circuit boards and cooking material
•Pregnant women working as recyclers – exposure of fetuses
•Ingesting contaminated dust on surfaces - Playing with dismantled electronics
•Children and adolescents working in collection, dismantling, and recycling
Environmental Hazards
•Dumping acid used to remove precious metal like gold into soil & cannel/rivers
•Leaching of substances from landfills or stored electronics - Particulate matter, dioxins, furans from dismantling electronics
•Contaminants entering the water system and food system through livestock, fish, and crops
Appropriate recycling of eWaste
What is
happening to
discarded
eWaste, end of
life cycle?
3
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Society, Bangladesh
• Repair
• Reuse/resale
• Collection
• Aggregation
• Sorting
• Refining
• Shops
• Household
• Businesses
• 69 earth
elements from
periodic table
Production
and Trade
Market
entry
Use Phase
eWaste
Generated
I. Formally collection – National eWaste legislation
II. ewaste in waste bin
III. Collection outside formal systems – developed waste management
infra
IV. Collection outside formal systems – no developed waste
management infra
Challenging
part : way of
collection
<20%
>80%
Formally
Recycled
Informally
Recycled*
*Dumped in nature
Potential of eWaste in a Circular economy
Higher consumption
rates of EEE
Short life cycles Few repair options
58 MT
World-2021
22950
Ton
Bangladesh/Year*
62+ton/day
World EU Oceania America Asia Aftica
Bangladesh
*
Ewaste per capita,kg 7.3 16.2 16.1 13.3 5.6 2.5 1.3
Formally Recycle,kg 1.26 6.89 1.42 1.25 0.66 0.02 0.00
Formally Recycle, % 17.3% 42.5% 8.8% 9.4% 11.7% 0.9% 0.1%
0.0%
5.0%
10.0%
15.0%
20.0%
25.0%
30.0%
35.0%
40.0%
45.0%
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
kg
Ewaste : Generation vs Recycle (2019 data)s
• eWaste content precious material and critical raw material
• 17.3% formally recycled ewaste financial value 11B$
• Around 27MT material contributed circular economy
• Fate of 82.7% e-waste is uncertain
• Cross-boarder export/2nd hand use 7%-20%
• The majority of undocumented domestic and commercial e-waste
is probably mixed with other waste streams and informally
recycled
5
Bangladesh :1.4kg/person,170M
Formally
Recycled
eWaste
Generated
24M$
61B$
11B$
Bangladesh eWaste Management Society (BEMS)
Appropriate recycling of eWaste
Benefiter and
Citizens’ role to
improve?
• Entire society: the first model looks to set upfront fees to be paid
by the producer when the product is placed on the market.
• Consumers: secondly, there is the model that makes the person
or entity responsible for disposing the e-waste financially liable
for the cost of the collection and recycling.
• Producers: the third type uses a market share approach to
financing, seeking to recoup all the actual operational costs of
running the collection system.
4
Consumer Segment
•PCs – laptop/desktop, Mobile phone, Tab, TV, Audio and video devices, HH electronics, Fridge , Washing m/c etc
•Consumer items Producer and distributors
Corporate Segment
•MNOs, ISPs/BTRC licenses, IT & Telecom Vendors
•Multinational Companies/Local Companies
•Banks and Financial Institutes
•Public Sector all Ministries/Dept etc
•DESA, DESCO, PGCB, REB etc
ই-বর্জ্যের লাগসই পুনরাবর্যন
Three generic financing models, or stakeholder groups, that have potential,
individual, or shared responsibility for end-of-life eWaste*
How ewaste will
impact SDGs?
Time to wait
further?
6
GOAL 03 GOOD
HEALTH AND WELL-
BEING
1
GOAL 06 CLEAN WATER
AND SANITATION
2
GOAL 11 SUSTAINABLE CITIES
AND COMMUNITIES
>>TARGET 11.6 REDUCE PER
CAPITA ENVIRONMENTAL
IMPACT
3
GOAL 12 RESPONSIBLE
CONSUMPTION AND
PRODUCTION >> TARGET
12.4 WASTE MANAGEMENT
& 12.5 REDUCE WASTE
GENERATION
4
GOAL 14 LIFE BELOW
WATER
5
GOAL 8 DECENT WORK
AND ECONOMIC
GROWTH
6
Bangladesh eWaste Management Society (BEMS)
• In September 2015, the United Nations and all member states adopted the
ambitious 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and identified 17
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)and 169 targets for ending poverty,
protecting the planet, and ensuring prosperity for all over a 15-year span.
• Increasing levels of e-waste, improper and unsafe treatment, and disposal
through incineration or in landfills pose significant challenges to the
environment, human health, and to the achievement of the SGDs.
Ref. 1. The Global E-waste Monitor 2019, Quantities, Flows, and
Resources
Authored by Baldé, C. P., Forti, V., Gray, V., Kuehr, R., Stegmann, P.
ই-বর্জ্যের লাগসই পুনরাবর্যন
Our Role : Be
part of this
drive
I. Awareness development on environment - Professional and Public
II. Establish a clear legal framework for e-waste collection and
recycling.
III. Introduce extended producer responsibility to ensure producers
finance the collection and recycling of e-waste.
IV. Your participation of this WEEE Society
I. Your Organizational Membership
II. Volunteers and Organizer
*StEP Guideline
WEEE Society, Bangladesh
7
There are so many factors that play a role in making the electronics sector resource efficient and circular. But one
thing stands out: as long as citizens don’t return their used, broken gear to officially recognized collection points,
or sell it on, or donate it to charity, we will need to continue mining the materials, which is much more damaging
for the environment.
Pascal Leroy, Director General, WEEE Forum
ই-বর্জ্যের লাগসই পুনরাবর্যন
Thanks
References
• International Weee Forum website
• ITU Reports on ewaste
• UNU
• StEP research paper

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Network eWaste : Community role to manage end of life Product

  • 1. Network eWaste : Community role to manage end of life Product
  • 2. Who We are : EC Member Sumon Ahmed Sabir Dr. Md. Mostofa Akbar Hasin Jahan Md. Munir Hasan K.M. Tariquzzaman Md Shahedul Alam Tanveer Ehsanur Rahman MD MAHFUZUR RAHMAN Kazi Khairul Bashar Md Dilir Hossain Mollah Maksudur Rahman Mohammad Rashidul Huq Akter Ul Alam CTO, FHL CSE Professor, BUET Country Head, WaterAid Cofounder, Cornerstone CTO, SCL Professor, NSU CTO, Novotel CEO, Heptatech VP, IEB CIOO, FHL COO, Heptatech Telecom Professional RMG Professional Appropriate recycling of eWaste ই-বর্জ্যের লাগসই পুনরাবর্যন
  • 3. Point of Discussion : eWaste 1. What is eWaste ? 2. Why is it a concern for Environment and Human ? 3. What is happening to discarded eWaste, where these goes? 4. Benefiter and Citizens’ role to improve? 5. Potential of eWaste in a Circular economy and driving for formal industry ? 6. How ewaste will impact SDGs? Time to wait further ? 7. Your can help for formal ewaste industry development • Environmental Impact • Citizens’ Role and Producer Role • Challenges for safe and formal recycling Appropriate recycling of eWaste
  • 4. What is eWaste ? 1 WEEE Society Bangladesh • Electrical and Electronic Equipment (Consumer, ICT, Industries) once discarded by its owner due to end of life, replaced due to new technology, faulty/not repairable is termed as ewaste (Step Initiative 2014). • eWaste is strongly linked with economic development, level of affordability, urbanization and mobility • Each product has different material content, is disposed of and recycled in differently ways.
  • 5. Why is a concern for Environment and Human ? E-waste is categorized as hazardous waste due to the presence of toxic materials such as mercury, lead and brominated flame retardants (BFR),CFCs,HCFCs are considered as hazardous waste according to the Basel Convention. The increasing levels of e-waste, low collection rates, and non- environmentally sound disposal and treatment of this waste stream pose significant risks to the environment and to human health. 2 Occupational Hazards •Inhaling fumes from burning wires/circuit boards and cooking material •Pregnant women working as recyclers – exposure of fetuses •Ingesting contaminated dust on surfaces - Playing with dismantled electronics •Children and adolescents working in collection, dismantling, and recycling Environmental Hazards •Dumping acid used to remove precious metal like gold into soil & cannel/rivers •Leaching of substances from landfills or stored electronics - Particulate matter, dioxins, furans from dismantling electronics •Contaminants entering the water system and food system through livestock, fish, and crops Appropriate recycling of eWaste
  • 6. What is happening to discarded eWaste, end of life cycle? 3 Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Society, Bangladesh • Repair • Reuse/resale • Collection • Aggregation • Sorting • Refining • Shops • Household • Businesses • 69 earth elements from periodic table Production and Trade Market entry Use Phase eWaste Generated I. Formally collection – National eWaste legislation II. ewaste in waste bin III. Collection outside formal systems – developed waste management infra IV. Collection outside formal systems – no developed waste management infra Challenging part : way of collection <20% >80% Formally Recycled Informally Recycled* *Dumped in nature
  • 7. Potential of eWaste in a Circular economy Higher consumption rates of EEE Short life cycles Few repair options 58 MT World-2021 22950 Ton Bangladesh/Year* 62+ton/day World EU Oceania America Asia Aftica Bangladesh * Ewaste per capita,kg 7.3 16.2 16.1 13.3 5.6 2.5 1.3 Formally Recycle,kg 1.26 6.89 1.42 1.25 0.66 0.02 0.00 Formally Recycle, % 17.3% 42.5% 8.8% 9.4% 11.7% 0.9% 0.1% 0.0% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% 35.0% 40.0% 45.0% 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 kg Ewaste : Generation vs Recycle (2019 data)s • eWaste content precious material and critical raw material • 17.3% formally recycled ewaste financial value 11B$ • Around 27MT material contributed circular economy • Fate of 82.7% e-waste is uncertain • Cross-boarder export/2nd hand use 7%-20% • The majority of undocumented domestic and commercial e-waste is probably mixed with other waste streams and informally recycled 5 Bangladesh :1.4kg/person,170M Formally Recycled eWaste Generated 24M$ 61B$ 11B$ Bangladesh eWaste Management Society (BEMS) Appropriate recycling of eWaste
  • 8. Benefiter and Citizens’ role to improve? • Entire society: the first model looks to set upfront fees to be paid by the producer when the product is placed on the market. • Consumers: secondly, there is the model that makes the person or entity responsible for disposing the e-waste financially liable for the cost of the collection and recycling. • Producers: the third type uses a market share approach to financing, seeking to recoup all the actual operational costs of running the collection system. 4 Consumer Segment •PCs – laptop/desktop, Mobile phone, Tab, TV, Audio and video devices, HH electronics, Fridge , Washing m/c etc •Consumer items Producer and distributors Corporate Segment •MNOs, ISPs/BTRC licenses, IT & Telecom Vendors •Multinational Companies/Local Companies •Banks and Financial Institutes •Public Sector all Ministries/Dept etc •DESA, DESCO, PGCB, REB etc ই-বর্জ্যের লাগসই পুনরাবর্যন Three generic financing models, or stakeholder groups, that have potential, individual, or shared responsibility for end-of-life eWaste*
  • 9. How ewaste will impact SDGs? Time to wait further? 6 GOAL 03 GOOD HEALTH AND WELL- BEING 1 GOAL 06 CLEAN WATER AND SANITATION 2 GOAL 11 SUSTAINABLE CITIES AND COMMUNITIES >>TARGET 11.6 REDUCE PER CAPITA ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT 3 GOAL 12 RESPONSIBLE CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION >> TARGET 12.4 WASTE MANAGEMENT & 12.5 REDUCE WASTE GENERATION 4 GOAL 14 LIFE BELOW WATER 5 GOAL 8 DECENT WORK AND ECONOMIC GROWTH 6 Bangladesh eWaste Management Society (BEMS) • In September 2015, the United Nations and all member states adopted the ambitious 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and identified 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)and 169 targets for ending poverty, protecting the planet, and ensuring prosperity for all over a 15-year span. • Increasing levels of e-waste, improper and unsafe treatment, and disposal through incineration or in landfills pose significant challenges to the environment, human health, and to the achievement of the SGDs. Ref. 1. The Global E-waste Monitor 2019, Quantities, Flows, and Resources Authored by Baldé, C. P., Forti, V., Gray, V., Kuehr, R., Stegmann, P. ই-বর্জ্যের লাগসই পুনরাবর্যন
  • 10. Our Role : Be part of this drive I. Awareness development on environment - Professional and Public II. Establish a clear legal framework for e-waste collection and recycling. III. Introduce extended producer responsibility to ensure producers finance the collection and recycling of e-waste. IV. Your participation of this WEEE Society I. Your Organizational Membership II. Volunteers and Organizer *StEP Guideline WEEE Society, Bangladesh 7
  • 11. There are so many factors that play a role in making the electronics sector resource efficient and circular. But one thing stands out: as long as citizens don’t return their used, broken gear to officially recognized collection points, or sell it on, or donate it to charity, we will need to continue mining the materials, which is much more damaging for the environment. Pascal Leroy, Director General, WEEE Forum ই-বর্জ্যের লাগসই পুনরাবর্যন
  • 13. References • International Weee Forum website • ITU Reports on ewaste • UNU • StEP research paper