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LITERATURE REVIEW
Dr. Binu Babu
Ph. D (N), MSN, MBA
Mrs. Jincy Ealias
MSN, RN
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
Literature review
• Literature reviews are the form of
disciplined inquiry that involves studying
something in a planned manner and
reporting it so that other inquirers can
potentially replicate the process if they
choose (Frey et al 2000)
• A review of literature is a comprehensive
description as well as an evaluation of the
evidence related to a given topic.
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
Purpose of a Literature Review
• To attain a good knowledge of the field of inquiry –
facts, scholars, etc.
• To identify the methodologies common to the field
• To verify that the proposed research is really
needed.
• Literature reviews helps to narrow a problem
• Literature reviews generate hypotheses, Research
questions or questions for further studies.
• Literature reviews commence a long-term study of
interest.
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
The sources
Electronic database
1. MEDLINE
2. CINHAL
3. Science Direct
4. Medscape
5. Scopus etc.
Printed sources
1. Journals
2. Text Books
3. Magazine
4. News Articles etc
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
Sources of literature review
Sources
Electronic
database
Books
Magazines
and
newspapers
Journals
Conference
paper
Research
reports
Thesis
Encyclopedi
a &
dictionary
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
General Guidelines to
Writing a Literature Review
• Introduce the literature review by pointing
out the major research topic that will be
discussed
• Identify the broad problem area but don’t be
too global (for example, discussing the history of
education when the topic is on specific instructional
strategy)
• Discuss the general importance of your
topic for those in your field
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
• Don’t attempt to cover everything written on
topic
• Need to pick out the research most relevant to
the topic you are studying
• Use the studies in literature review as
“evidence” that the research question is an
important one.
• Literature reviews is important to cover
research relevant to all the variables being
studied.
• Research that explains the relationship
between these variables is a top priority.
• Need to plan the structure of literature review
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
Organizing Literature Review
• Topical Order: organize by main topics or issues;
emphasize the relationship of the issues to the main
“problem”
• Chronological Order: organize the literature by the dates
the research was published
• Problem-Cause-Solution Order: Organize the review so
that it moves from the problem to the solution.
• General-to-Specific Order: Examine broad-based
research first and then focus on specific studies that
relate to the topic
• Specific-to-General Order: Try to make discuss specific
research studies so conclusions can be drawn
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
Understanding the concepts
of problem and key words
Identify the relevant sources
Searching the literature
Analyze and synthesis the
literature
Writing the literature
review
Steps of literature review
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
Steps of literature review
Step – 1:- Understanding the concepts of problem and key words
• Identify the key terms and variables and its characteristics
Step – 2:- Identify the relevant sources
• Locate the sources (electronic or printed)
Step – 3:- Searching the literature
• Collect the appropriate information's related to our research problem.
Step – 4:- Analyze and synthesis the literature
• Analyze and synthesis the collected data, for this we can use PQRS system
• Preview
• Question
• Read
• Summarize
Step – 5:- Writing the literature review
• While writing a literature review researcher should avoid long and confusing word.
Sentences must be a clear, the spelling and grammar must get clear.
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
Elements
of
Literature
Review
INTRODUCTION
BODY
CONCLUSION
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
Common Errors
• Review isn’t logically organized
• Review isn’t focused on most important facets of
the study
• Review doesn’t relate literature to the study
• Too few references or outdated references cited
• Review isn’t written in author’s own words
• Review reads like a series of disjointed summaries
• Review doesn’t argue a point
• Recent references are omitted
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
References
• Grove SK, Gray JR. Understanding nursing
research: Building an evidence-based practice.
7th ed. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier; 2018.2.
• Polit DF, Beck C. Nursing research: Generating
and assessing evidence for nursing practice.
10th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health;
2017.3.
• Sharma SK. Nursing research et statistics. New
Delhi: Elsevier; 2014.
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
THANK YOU
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy

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Literature Review.ppsx

  • 1. LITERATURE REVIEW Dr. Binu Babu Ph. D (N), MSN, MBA Mrs. Jincy Ealias MSN, RN Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 2. Literature review • Literature reviews are the form of disciplined inquiry that involves studying something in a planned manner and reporting it so that other inquirers can potentially replicate the process if they choose (Frey et al 2000) • A review of literature is a comprehensive description as well as an evaluation of the evidence related to a given topic. Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 3. Purpose of a Literature Review • To attain a good knowledge of the field of inquiry – facts, scholars, etc. • To identify the methodologies common to the field • To verify that the proposed research is really needed. • Literature reviews helps to narrow a problem • Literature reviews generate hypotheses, Research questions or questions for further studies. • Literature reviews commence a long-term study of interest. Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 4. The sources Electronic database 1. MEDLINE 2. CINHAL 3. Science Direct 4. Medscape 5. Scopus etc. Printed sources 1. Journals 2. Text Books 3. Magazine 4. News Articles etc Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 5. Sources of literature review Sources Electronic database Books Magazines and newspapers Journals Conference paper Research reports Thesis Encyclopedi a & dictionary Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 6. General Guidelines to Writing a Literature Review • Introduce the literature review by pointing out the major research topic that will be discussed • Identify the broad problem area but don’t be too global (for example, discussing the history of education when the topic is on specific instructional strategy) • Discuss the general importance of your topic for those in your field Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 7. • Don’t attempt to cover everything written on topic • Need to pick out the research most relevant to the topic you are studying • Use the studies in literature review as “evidence” that the research question is an important one. • Literature reviews is important to cover research relevant to all the variables being studied. • Research that explains the relationship between these variables is a top priority. • Need to plan the structure of literature review Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 8. Organizing Literature Review • Topical Order: organize by main topics or issues; emphasize the relationship of the issues to the main “problem” • Chronological Order: organize the literature by the dates the research was published • Problem-Cause-Solution Order: Organize the review so that it moves from the problem to the solution. • General-to-Specific Order: Examine broad-based research first and then focus on specific studies that relate to the topic • Specific-to-General Order: Try to make discuss specific research studies so conclusions can be drawn Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 9. Understanding the concepts of problem and key words Identify the relevant sources Searching the literature Analyze and synthesis the literature Writing the literature review Steps of literature review Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 10. Steps of literature review Step – 1:- Understanding the concepts of problem and key words • Identify the key terms and variables and its characteristics Step – 2:- Identify the relevant sources • Locate the sources (electronic or printed) Step – 3:- Searching the literature • Collect the appropriate information's related to our research problem. Step – 4:- Analyze and synthesis the literature • Analyze and synthesis the collected data, for this we can use PQRS system • Preview • Question • Read • Summarize Step – 5:- Writing the literature review • While writing a literature review researcher should avoid long and confusing word. Sentences must be a clear, the spelling and grammar must get clear. Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 12. Common Errors • Review isn’t logically organized • Review isn’t focused on most important facets of the study • Review doesn’t relate literature to the study • Too few references or outdated references cited • Review isn’t written in author’s own words • Review reads like a series of disjointed summaries • Review doesn’t argue a point • Recent references are omitted Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 13. References • Grove SK, Gray JR. Understanding nursing research: Building an evidence-based practice. 7th ed. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier; 2018.2. • Polit DF, Beck C. Nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice. 10th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health; 2017.3. • Sharma SK. Nursing research et statistics. New Delhi: Elsevier; 2014. Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 14. THANK YOU Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy