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RESEARCH PROBLEM
Dr. Binu Babu
Ph. D (N), MSN, MBA
Mrs. Jincy Ealias
MSN, RN
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
• A problem statement articulates the
problem to be addressed and indicates the
need for a study.
• Research questions are the specific
queries researchers want to answer in
addressing the research problem. Research
questions guide the types of data to be
collected in a study.
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
• A research problem is an enigmatic,
perplexing, or troubling condition. Both
qualitative an quantitative researchers
identify a research problem within a broad
topic area of interest.
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
DEFINITION
According to Kerlinger, ‘A problem is an
interrogative sentence or statement that asks
what relation exists between two or more
variable. The answer to question will provide
what is having sought in the research.
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
Components of a problem statement
–Variable
–Population
–Setting of the study
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
SOURCES
OF
RESEARCH
PROBLEMS
Experience
and Clinical
Fieldwork
Literatures
Social
issues
Theories
Ideas from
external
sources
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
Formulating Research Problem
Rephrasing the Research Problem
Evaluating the research problem
Surveying the available Literature
Understanding the nature of the Problem
Form a problem statement in a general way depends on area or
subject
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
1. Form a problem statement in a General
Way depends on area or subject
– It begins with selection of a broad research topic
from personal experience, literature and theories.
2. Understanding the nature of the Problem
– The broad research topic should examine the
beneficiary groups needs and the appropriate area
for its implementation. The problem should be
relevant, significant to nursing practice.
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
3. Surveying the available Literature
– Literature review helps to gain knowledge on
existing data and provides scientific support
for stating the problem.
4. Evaluating the research problem
– Research problem should be evaluated for
time, money, availability of subjects and
researcher’s interest.
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
5. Rephrasing the Research Problem
– The general area of interest is drawn more
specific with research variables, population and
setting of the study and formulate the final
research statement.
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
Format of problem statement
• The problem statement should be either in
declarative format or interrogative format
• Declarative format: the format which
represents in a statement with variables,
population and setting of the study.
• Eg: Music therapy decreases the level of
maternal anxiety during C - section
• interrogative format: this is a question format
which ends with a question mark.
• Eg. Does music therapy decreases the level of
maternal anxiety during C – section?
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
References
• Grove SK, Gray JR. Understanding nursing
research: Building an evidence-based practice.
7th ed. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier; 2018.2.
• Polit DF, Beck C. Nursing research: Generating
and assessing evidence for nursing practice.
10th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health;
2017.3.
• Sharma SK. Nursing research et statistics. New
Delhi: Elsevier; 2014.
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
Thank you
Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy

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Research Problems.ppsx

  • 1. RESEARCH PROBLEM Dr. Binu Babu Ph. D (N), MSN, MBA Mrs. Jincy Ealias MSN, RN Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 2. • A problem statement articulates the problem to be addressed and indicates the need for a study. • Research questions are the specific queries researchers want to answer in addressing the research problem. Research questions guide the types of data to be collected in a study. Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 3. • A research problem is an enigmatic, perplexing, or troubling condition. Both qualitative an quantitative researchers identify a research problem within a broad topic area of interest. Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 4. DEFINITION According to Kerlinger, ‘A problem is an interrogative sentence or statement that asks what relation exists between two or more variable. The answer to question will provide what is having sought in the research. Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 5. Components of a problem statement –Variable –Population –Setting of the study Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 7. Formulating Research Problem Rephrasing the Research Problem Evaluating the research problem Surveying the available Literature Understanding the nature of the Problem Form a problem statement in a general way depends on area or subject Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 8. 1. Form a problem statement in a General Way depends on area or subject – It begins with selection of a broad research topic from personal experience, literature and theories. 2. Understanding the nature of the Problem – The broad research topic should examine the beneficiary groups needs and the appropriate area for its implementation. The problem should be relevant, significant to nursing practice. Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 9. 3. Surveying the available Literature – Literature review helps to gain knowledge on existing data and provides scientific support for stating the problem. 4. Evaluating the research problem – Research problem should be evaluated for time, money, availability of subjects and researcher’s interest. Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 10. 5. Rephrasing the Research Problem – The general area of interest is drawn more specific with research variables, population and setting of the study and formulate the final research statement. Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 11. Format of problem statement • The problem statement should be either in declarative format or interrogative format • Declarative format: the format which represents in a statement with variables, population and setting of the study. • Eg: Music therapy decreases the level of maternal anxiety during C - section • interrogative format: this is a question format which ends with a question mark. • Eg. Does music therapy decreases the level of maternal anxiety during C – section? Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 12. References • Grove SK, Gray JR. Understanding nursing research: Building an evidence-based practice. 7th ed. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier; 2018.2. • Polit DF, Beck C. Nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice. 10th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health; 2017.3. • Sharma SK. Nursing research et statistics. New Delhi: Elsevier; 2014. Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy
  • 13. Thank you Nursing Lecturers Incredibly Easy