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International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 09 Issue: 01 | Jan 2022 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2022, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.529 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 344
Iron Ore Slag Dust and Cement Block
Srikant Sarda1, Megha Jha2, Twinkle Dewangan3 , Divyarth Manas Tiwari4
1UG student, SSIPMT, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
2UG student, SSIPMT, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
3UG student, SSIPMT, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
4Assistant Professor, Dept. of civil Engineering, SSIPMT, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
---------------------------------------------------------------------***----------------------------------------------------------------------
Abstract -This research paper represents the experimental
study on use of iron ore slag dust material as an aggregate
in concrete. To accomplish the objective of manageable turn
of events and use of waste materials in substantial creation
is particularly useful for what's to come. The iron ore slag
dust aggregate used in this study was extracted from iron
ores extraction fields or ore mines of India. The results show
that it is possible to produce medium and high strength
concrete with the addition of ore slag dust as aggregates
instead of natural aggregate. It is also seen from the results
that the compressive strength characteristics of iron ore
slag dust aggregate concrete attain the required criteria set
by various international standards and codes, which affirms
the possibility of iron ore slag dust residue to be utilized as a
substitute to normal aggregate in primary cement. We
replaced the Fine aggregate in concrete by 100% to the iron
ore slag material aggregate of size less than 4.65mm. The
water to cement percentage was taken from 8% to 15 % of
total weight for concrete production and compared with
normal aggregate and using concrete of M20 grade.
Although by changing the water/concrete proportion, high
strength cement can be acquired. However, the usefulness
will likewise contrast from ordinary total squares. As in this
review the necessary functionality is accomplished by
utilizing the greatest water concrete proportion. In this way,
it is suggested that adding admixtures, for example, super
plasticizer and silica seethe into the blending so the
usefulness will be improved.
Key Words: Iron ore slag dust, Sustainable
development.
1.INTRODUCTION:
One of the most used construction materials worldwide is
cement concrete, this is so because of its physical properties
such as durability, resistance to fire, simple to use etc, and
all these are under a very economical point of view , due to
which its utilization is increasing day by day and because of
this high demand of natural aggregates for concrete
production is required. A drastic reduction in natural
aggregates has been observed which is causing harm to the
environment. To reduce the environmental impact of
concrete production many substitute materials have been
used as a substitute of natural aggregate for concrete
production. Now a large group of Construction,
metallurgical and innovative companies and industries are
the major practitioners of alternative materials utilization
in aggregate replacement for concrete. Nowadays, the use of
iron ore slag dust as a land filling material is very popular.
But, when that dust is utilized for land filling it becomes
useless to the company, it loses its value and becomes a pile
of waste. The Iron ore slag dust wastes are accumulating
every day and it has become a burden on the extraction
industries to adopt a viable solution for its disposal. This
causes a negative impact on the environment as well as it
utilizes the large amount of storage space of companies if
these wastes are not removed efficiently otherwise
construction industries have to deal a large amount of
pressure to adopt an effective disposing solution of these
wastes, which require an urgent measure for proper
management of these wastes. Unfortunately, this waste
removal process adds an extra maintenance cost to the total
production and management expense. That’s why reusing
iron ore slag dust waste as aggregate in concrete is a new
and effective way for ore slag dust to reuse and also the
strength of the iron ore slag dust aggregate concrete is
slightly more than that of conventional concrete. The main
problem was to make this ceramic waste aggregates
workable as they were flaky in nature so we decided to use
them of 4.65mm size by which there can be workability
increased
1.1 Literature Review
1. Atul Uniyal1 (Assistant Professor, HSST, SRHU
Jollygrant), Karan Singh2 (Assistant Professor, HSST,
SRHU Jollygrant)(2019):
They supplanted the totals with tile powder by
5%,10%,15% and 20%, they performed a test on this tile
powder altered cement to discover the impact of tile
powder on the trademark strength of cement. From their
tests they closed the accompanying: The most ideal
measurements for the halfway option of concrete by
artistic tile powder is 15 %. The compressive strength of
substantial abatements, when the expansion of dose is
over 15%. The outcomes show assuming 20% substitution
of concrete by ceramic tile powder will influence the
strength of cement.
2. G. Navya*, J. Venkateswara Rao** *(P.G student,
Department of civil engineering, G.M.R.I.T, India) **
(Associate professor, Department of civil engineering,
G.M.R.I.T, India)
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 09 Issue: 01 | Jan 2022 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2022, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.529 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 345
In this exploratory examination the compressive
strength, water assimilation and flexural strength of paver
blocks were controlled by adding Coconut strands in the
top 20mm thickness. Coconut strands included extents of
0.1%, 0.2%, 0.3%, 0.4% and 0.5% in volume of cement.
The compressive strength, flexural strength and water not
really settled toward the finish of 7 and 28 days. Test
results demonstrate that expansion of coconut fiber by
0.3% paver block achieves greatest compressive strength.
Test results demonstrate that expansion of coconut fiber
continuously increments flexural qualities and water
ingestion at 7 and 28 days. In this examination at 0.3% of
coconut fiber content the impact of top layer thickness on
compressive strength and flexural strength was not really
settled. Results show that incorporation of filaments even
up to half of top layer thickness compressive and flexural
qualities are expanding. The paper additionally shows the
expense correlation per each square.
3. SP Ahirrao, KN Borse, S Bagrecha
They observed that increases in the compressive
strength values at the 10%, 40%, and 60% aggregate
replacement by waste glass with 0- 10 mm particle size
were 3%, 8% and 5% as compared with control sample
without waste glass but decrease in the compressive
strength value was 2% at the 20% replacement. the
replacement of Fine glass by Fine aggregate at level of
20% by weight has significant effect on the compressive
strength, flexural strength, splitting tensile strength and
abrasion resistance of the paving blocks with Fine glass
compared with the control sample while the beneficial
effect on these properties of CG replacement with Fine
aggregate by weight is little.
4. P Turgut, ES Yahlizade
The experimental outcomes show that the substitution
of Fine glass by Fine aggregate at level of 20% by weight
significantly affects the compressive strength, flexural
strength, parting elasticity and scraped spot obstruction of
the clearing blocks as contrasted and the control test due
to the pozzolanic idea of Fine glass. The compressive
strength, flexural strength, parting rigidity and scraped
spot obstruction of the clearing block tests in the Fine
glass substitution level of 20% are 69%, 90%, 47% and 15
% higher as contrasted and the control test separately.
results show that the Fine glass at level of 20% can
possibly be utilized in the creation of clearing locks. The
advantageous impact on these properties of Coarse glass
supplanting with Fine aggregate is little as contrasted and
Fine glass.
5. Veera Reddy (2010):
Veera Reddy investigated impact value and crushing
value of artistic pieces as 18.2 and 24.7% separately.
These qualities were inside as far as possible as indicated
by IS 383-1970, henceforth it was protected to use as a
coarse aggregate in concrete composition.
2. Methodology
Initially, 2 block of total constituent of 30 and 40
percent individually, typical substantial block of
150mmX150mmX150mm size are ready by blending sand,
and normal Portland concrete which was accessible at our
college lab, the water concrete proportion was kept from
8-15% by weight of proportion for M20 grade of cement.
The mix was topped off pleasantly in three layers in form
and packed 30-35 times on each layer.
Then the three blocks were left for curing 7days. After
that iron ore slag dust were crushed manually using
hammer and sieved uniformly from 4.65mm size sieve, the
mix proportion of this concrete was kept same as that of
M20, and proportion is given in the table below
Ceme
nt
Dust water
%
(By
weight)
Total
30%
(by
weig
ht)
2.1 kg 4.9kg 840 ml 7kg
40%
(by
weig
ht)
2.8 kg 4.2kg 1050 ml 7kg
All the dry ingredients were mixed uniformly after that
a water cement ratio of 8-15% by weight, has been used to
make the concrete workable. If the water cement ratio had
been kept low, the concrete must have possessed more
strength, but it couldn’t be workable at less water cement
ratio. Once the concrete is ready it is again filled in three
layers in 150mmX150mmX150mm mould size
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 09 Issue: 01 | Jan 2022 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2022, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.529 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 346
.
3. Material specification
Iron ore slag dust: -
These are black coloured rock, which are the remains of
iron ore . When iron is extracted from its ore then some
residue left in the form of small dust or powder form,
which are just waste materials for the manufactures and
are used place where felling of land is required
4. Collection of materials
Iron ore slag dust was collected from the waste area of the
iron ore extraction company or from any site where
landfilling is happening.
5. Experimental result
Following were the outcomes acquired by various tests
performed on the cube:
5.1 COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH TEST
Results of following test is:
S. No. % of
aggregate
Normal
aggregate
Iron ore
slag dust
1 30% 10 N/mm2 13.56
N/mm2
2 40% 14.6
N/mm2
20 N/mm2
5.2 Slump cone test
The slump obtained is a true slump
5.3. Initial/Final set times
The table below show the penetration of each block at
different times
Time /
Penetration
At T=0
min
At T= 5 min At T=30
min
30% 35 mm 34mm 30 mm
40% 36 mm 34.5mm 27 mm
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 09 Issue: 01 | Jan 2022 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2022, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.529 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 347
5.4 Properties difference of normal aggregate and Iron
ore slag dust aggregate
S. No. Properties Normal
aggregate
Iron ore
slag dust
1 Shape Angular Flaky
2 Texture Rough All sides
are rough
6. CONCLUSIONS
The aim of our project was to replace the normal aggregate
to tile or Iron ore slag dust. As we know the normal
aggregate we use comes from natural resources and from
the current scenario we know that the natural resources are
reducing day by day and its high time that we should start
replacing them with other materials. India is a country
where construction and excavation never stops, and huge
amounts of deconstruction takes place for construction of
new buildings etc. Iron ore slag dust is a material which is
extracted from many ore industries and companies, may it
be domestic ore or international ore. By excavating such
huge amounts of ore waste is generated and we can replace
them with natural aggregates. We can reuse this Iron ore
slag dust as aggregate.
We supplanted natural aggregate by 100 percent of Iron
more slag dust total in our task and as far as strength it was
somewhat more than that of ordinary aggregate as
affirmed by the compressive strength trial of 30% and 40%
blend. Iron ore slag dust aggregate cement is somewhat
more affordable when contrasted with customary cement.
By expansion of Iron ore slag dust into concrete, elective
compelling usage of Iron ore slag residue can be
accomplished.
In this exploratory concentrate just compressive strength
has been checked, impact on rigidity and flexural strength of
cement with incorporation of iron ore slag dust aggregate
can be examined. Despite the fact that by diminishing the
water/concrete proportion, high strength cement is
possible. Yet, the functionality will be exceptionally low. As
in this review the necessary usefulness is accomplished by
utilizing the most extreme water concrete proportion.
Therefore,it is recommended that adding admixtures such
as super plasticizer and silica fume into the mixing so that
the workability will be improved. More preliminaries with
various molecule sizes of iron ore slag dust aggregate and
level of substitution of natural aggregate are recommended
to get different outcomes and higher strength
characteristics in concrete.
REFERENCES
[1] IS 2386 (part III):1963 Indian standard Methods of
test for aggregates for concrete.
[2] IS 7320:1974 Specification for concrete slump test
apparatus, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi
[3] IS 516:1959 Method of tests for strength of Concrete,
Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
[4] IS 383:1970 Specification for coarse and fine
aggregates from natural sources for Concrete, Bureau
of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
[5] Concrete Technology by M. S. Shetty S. Chand
Publishing, page no. 66 – 118.

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Iron Ore Slag Dust and Cement Block

  • 1. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 09 Issue: 01 | Jan 2022 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2022, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.529 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 344 Iron Ore Slag Dust and Cement Block Srikant Sarda1, Megha Jha2, Twinkle Dewangan3 , Divyarth Manas Tiwari4 1UG student, SSIPMT, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India 2UG student, SSIPMT, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India 3UG student, SSIPMT, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India 4Assistant Professor, Dept. of civil Engineering, SSIPMT, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India ---------------------------------------------------------------------***---------------------------------------------------------------------- Abstract -This research paper represents the experimental study on use of iron ore slag dust material as an aggregate in concrete. To accomplish the objective of manageable turn of events and use of waste materials in substantial creation is particularly useful for what's to come. The iron ore slag dust aggregate used in this study was extracted from iron ores extraction fields or ore mines of India. The results show that it is possible to produce medium and high strength concrete with the addition of ore slag dust as aggregates instead of natural aggregate. It is also seen from the results that the compressive strength characteristics of iron ore slag dust aggregate concrete attain the required criteria set by various international standards and codes, which affirms the possibility of iron ore slag dust residue to be utilized as a substitute to normal aggregate in primary cement. We replaced the Fine aggregate in concrete by 100% to the iron ore slag material aggregate of size less than 4.65mm. The water to cement percentage was taken from 8% to 15 % of total weight for concrete production and compared with normal aggregate and using concrete of M20 grade. Although by changing the water/concrete proportion, high strength cement can be acquired. However, the usefulness will likewise contrast from ordinary total squares. As in this review the necessary functionality is accomplished by utilizing the greatest water concrete proportion. In this way, it is suggested that adding admixtures, for example, super plasticizer and silica seethe into the blending so the usefulness will be improved. Key Words: Iron ore slag dust, Sustainable development. 1.INTRODUCTION: One of the most used construction materials worldwide is cement concrete, this is so because of its physical properties such as durability, resistance to fire, simple to use etc, and all these are under a very economical point of view , due to which its utilization is increasing day by day and because of this high demand of natural aggregates for concrete production is required. A drastic reduction in natural aggregates has been observed which is causing harm to the environment. To reduce the environmental impact of concrete production many substitute materials have been used as a substitute of natural aggregate for concrete production. Now a large group of Construction, metallurgical and innovative companies and industries are the major practitioners of alternative materials utilization in aggregate replacement for concrete. Nowadays, the use of iron ore slag dust as a land filling material is very popular. But, when that dust is utilized for land filling it becomes useless to the company, it loses its value and becomes a pile of waste. The Iron ore slag dust wastes are accumulating every day and it has become a burden on the extraction industries to adopt a viable solution for its disposal. This causes a negative impact on the environment as well as it utilizes the large amount of storage space of companies if these wastes are not removed efficiently otherwise construction industries have to deal a large amount of pressure to adopt an effective disposing solution of these wastes, which require an urgent measure for proper management of these wastes. Unfortunately, this waste removal process adds an extra maintenance cost to the total production and management expense. That’s why reusing iron ore slag dust waste as aggregate in concrete is a new and effective way for ore slag dust to reuse and also the strength of the iron ore slag dust aggregate concrete is slightly more than that of conventional concrete. The main problem was to make this ceramic waste aggregates workable as they were flaky in nature so we decided to use them of 4.65mm size by which there can be workability increased 1.1 Literature Review 1. Atul Uniyal1 (Assistant Professor, HSST, SRHU Jollygrant), Karan Singh2 (Assistant Professor, HSST, SRHU Jollygrant)(2019): They supplanted the totals with tile powder by 5%,10%,15% and 20%, they performed a test on this tile powder altered cement to discover the impact of tile powder on the trademark strength of cement. From their tests they closed the accompanying: The most ideal measurements for the halfway option of concrete by artistic tile powder is 15 %. The compressive strength of substantial abatements, when the expansion of dose is over 15%. The outcomes show assuming 20% substitution of concrete by ceramic tile powder will influence the strength of cement. 2. G. Navya*, J. Venkateswara Rao** *(P.G student, Department of civil engineering, G.M.R.I.T, India) ** (Associate professor, Department of civil engineering, G.M.R.I.T, India)
  • 2. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 09 Issue: 01 | Jan 2022 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2022, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.529 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 345 In this exploratory examination the compressive strength, water assimilation and flexural strength of paver blocks were controlled by adding Coconut strands in the top 20mm thickness. Coconut strands included extents of 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.3%, 0.4% and 0.5% in volume of cement. The compressive strength, flexural strength and water not really settled toward the finish of 7 and 28 days. Test results demonstrate that expansion of coconut fiber by 0.3% paver block achieves greatest compressive strength. Test results demonstrate that expansion of coconut fiber continuously increments flexural qualities and water ingestion at 7 and 28 days. In this examination at 0.3% of coconut fiber content the impact of top layer thickness on compressive strength and flexural strength was not really settled. Results show that incorporation of filaments even up to half of top layer thickness compressive and flexural qualities are expanding. The paper additionally shows the expense correlation per each square. 3. SP Ahirrao, KN Borse, S Bagrecha They observed that increases in the compressive strength values at the 10%, 40%, and 60% aggregate replacement by waste glass with 0- 10 mm particle size were 3%, 8% and 5% as compared with control sample without waste glass but decrease in the compressive strength value was 2% at the 20% replacement. the replacement of Fine glass by Fine aggregate at level of 20% by weight has significant effect on the compressive strength, flexural strength, splitting tensile strength and abrasion resistance of the paving blocks with Fine glass compared with the control sample while the beneficial effect on these properties of CG replacement with Fine aggregate by weight is little. 4. P Turgut, ES Yahlizade The experimental outcomes show that the substitution of Fine glass by Fine aggregate at level of 20% by weight significantly affects the compressive strength, flexural strength, parting elasticity and scraped spot obstruction of the clearing blocks as contrasted and the control test due to the pozzolanic idea of Fine glass. The compressive strength, flexural strength, parting rigidity and scraped spot obstruction of the clearing block tests in the Fine glass substitution level of 20% are 69%, 90%, 47% and 15 % higher as contrasted and the control test separately. results show that the Fine glass at level of 20% can possibly be utilized in the creation of clearing locks. The advantageous impact on these properties of Coarse glass supplanting with Fine aggregate is little as contrasted and Fine glass. 5. Veera Reddy (2010): Veera Reddy investigated impact value and crushing value of artistic pieces as 18.2 and 24.7% separately. These qualities were inside as far as possible as indicated by IS 383-1970, henceforth it was protected to use as a coarse aggregate in concrete composition. 2. Methodology Initially, 2 block of total constituent of 30 and 40 percent individually, typical substantial block of 150mmX150mmX150mm size are ready by blending sand, and normal Portland concrete which was accessible at our college lab, the water concrete proportion was kept from 8-15% by weight of proportion for M20 grade of cement. The mix was topped off pleasantly in three layers in form and packed 30-35 times on each layer. Then the three blocks were left for curing 7days. After that iron ore slag dust were crushed manually using hammer and sieved uniformly from 4.65mm size sieve, the mix proportion of this concrete was kept same as that of M20, and proportion is given in the table below Ceme nt Dust water % (By weight) Total 30% (by weig ht) 2.1 kg 4.9kg 840 ml 7kg 40% (by weig ht) 2.8 kg 4.2kg 1050 ml 7kg All the dry ingredients were mixed uniformly after that a water cement ratio of 8-15% by weight, has been used to make the concrete workable. If the water cement ratio had been kept low, the concrete must have possessed more strength, but it couldn’t be workable at less water cement ratio. Once the concrete is ready it is again filled in three layers in 150mmX150mmX150mm mould size
  • 3. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 09 Issue: 01 | Jan 2022 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2022, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.529 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 346 . 3. Material specification Iron ore slag dust: - These are black coloured rock, which are the remains of iron ore . When iron is extracted from its ore then some residue left in the form of small dust or powder form, which are just waste materials for the manufactures and are used place where felling of land is required 4. Collection of materials Iron ore slag dust was collected from the waste area of the iron ore extraction company or from any site where landfilling is happening. 5. Experimental result Following were the outcomes acquired by various tests performed on the cube: 5.1 COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH TEST Results of following test is: S. No. % of aggregate Normal aggregate Iron ore slag dust 1 30% 10 N/mm2 13.56 N/mm2 2 40% 14.6 N/mm2 20 N/mm2 5.2 Slump cone test The slump obtained is a true slump 5.3. Initial/Final set times The table below show the penetration of each block at different times Time / Penetration At T=0 min At T= 5 min At T=30 min 30% 35 mm 34mm 30 mm 40% 36 mm 34.5mm 27 mm
  • 4. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 09 Issue: 01 | Jan 2022 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2022, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 7.529 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 347 5.4 Properties difference of normal aggregate and Iron ore slag dust aggregate S. No. Properties Normal aggregate Iron ore slag dust 1 Shape Angular Flaky 2 Texture Rough All sides are rough 6. CONCLUSIONS The aim of our project was to replace the normal aggregate to tile or Iron ore slag dust. As we know the normal aggregate we use comes from natural resources and from the current scenario we know that the natural resources are reducing day by day and its high time that we should start replacing them with other materials. India is a country where construction and excavation never stops, and huge amounts of deconstruction takes place for construction of new buildings etc. Iron ore slag dust is a material which is extracted from many ore industries and companies, may it be domestic ore or international ore. By excavating such huge amounts of ore waste is generated and we can replace them with natural aggregates. We can reuse this Iron ore slag dust as aggregate. We supplanted natural aggregate by 100 percent of Iron more slag dust total in our task and as far as strength it was somewhat more than that of ordinary aggregate as affirmed by the compressive strength trial of 30% and 40% blend. Iron ore slag dust aggregate cement is somewhat more affordable when contrasted with customary cement. By expansion of Iron ore slag dust into concrete, elective compelling usage of Iron ore slag residue can be accomplished. In this exploratory concentrate just compressive strength has been checked, impact on rigidity and flexural strength of cement with incorporation of iron ore slag dust aggregate can be examined. Despite the fact that by diminishing the water/concrete proportion, high strength cement is possible. Yet, the functionality will be exceptionally low. As in this review the necessary usefulness is accomplished by utilizing the most extreme water concrete proportion. Therefore,it is recommended that adding admixtures such as super plasticizer and silica fume into the mixing so that the workability will be improved. More preliminaries with various molecule sizes of iron ore slag dust aggregate and level of substitution of natural aggregate are recommended to get different outcomes and higher strength characteristics in concrete. REFERENCES [1] IS 2386 (part III):1963 Indian standard Methods of test for aggregates for concrete. [2] IS 7320:1974 Specification for concrete slump test apparatus, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi [3] IS 516:1959 Method of tests for strength of Concrete, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi. [4] IS 383:1970 Specification for coarse and fine aggregates from natural sources for Concrete, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi. [5] Concrete Technology by M. S. Shetty S. Chand Publishing, page no. 66 – 118.