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International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 611
Multistoried and Multi Bay Steel Building Frame by using Seismic
Design
Kanchanmani Poudel
Department of Civil Engineering Roorkee Institute of Technology, Roorkee
---------------------------------------------------------------------***---------------------------------------------------------------------
ABSTRACT:
The seismic design of the frame building proposed in this project is based on IS l893-2OO2 and IS 8OO. The aim of the present
project is to determine the multi-storey and multi-bay (G+5) building frame according to seismic forces. It was designed
according to IS l893 and later IS 8OO: 2OO7. The frame is six-fold, with three partitions in the horizontal direction and five
partitions in the horizontal direction. The selection of a segment depends on a number of criteria. The two methods used for
analysis are the equivalent static charge method and the response spectrum method.
The results obtained from the two methods were compared in terms of storey displacement, storey displacement and
foundation shear. Frames were also analyzed with P-Δ analysis and time to correct for IBC code. Then, based on this analysis
process, a time-resistant steel frame was designed according to IS-8OO:2OO7. Check the design again and comparetheresults
by material.
The cost-effectiveness of the two methods was compared.Finally,theconnection betweentheinsideandoutsideof theframeis
created and calculated. In addition, the construction of the base plate foundation conforms to IS8OO:2OO7.Thesoftwareused
for analysis and design is STAAD PRO.Adequate bibliographyandcomparisonshavebeenmadeduringbothdesign andreview.
KEYWORDS: Frame, Seismic Load, Multi-storey, Multi-bay.
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1. General
Today, the first floors of many urban multi-storey buildings in India are open as a defense mechanism. This is important to
prevent me from writing the main story's entree. Although all seismic patterns during an earthquake have a negative period,
the seismic cycle is not independent of the magnitude and spread of the earthquake.
The behavior of structures during an earthquake foundation depends on the overall shape, size and geometry, regardless of
how the earthquake force is transmitted to the ground.Earthquakeforceoccursindifferentfloorsandstructuresandshouldbe
brought to the ground in the easiest way; any variation or combination or movement will cause its structure to show a
dangerous result.
A model with a vertical view (like the service model, has a wider story than the others) will cause an earthquake, feature
shaking in size. A structure that has no cracks or splits in a certain past will create damage and destruction in every past.
During the 2OOl Bhuj earthquake, many buildings in Gujarat were prepared to prevent collapse or serious damage. In the
middle of the story, there is a structure with a part that is floating or floating on the ionic line,andthisstructureiswrong,there
is an inconsistency in that structure.
The Indian Subcontinent has earthquakes marked in the background.
The reason behind this is the intensity and frequency of seismic tremors as the Indian plate slammed into Asia at 47mm per
year. Another study noted that the earthquake had a magnitude of 8.5 or greater when it hit the focal point of the Himalayas.
Such ia iseismic itremor icould imurder ior iharm ia ihuge inumber iof iindividuals iseparated ifrom icausing inever-seen
iannihilation iin iUttarakhand iand iHimachal iPradesh. iQuakes ifar iand iwide iare iwithout iany ihelp iin icharge iof ithe
idecimation ito ilife iand iproperty iin ienormous inumbers. iSo ias ito ialleviate isuch iperils, iit iis icritical ito iconsolidate
istandards ithat iwill iimprove ithe iseismic ipresentation iof istructures.
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 612
As iindicated iby ithe iSeismic iZoning iMap iof iIS il893:2OO2, iIndia iis iisolated iinto ifive iseismic izones, iin iclimbing
irequest iof ia ispecific izone ifactor iwhich iis iappointed ito ithem ibased ion itheir iseismic ipower.. i
The i4-story iRC iStructure ibeing ibroke idown iin ithis ispecific iventure iis ithe iprivate istructure iofRoorkee iwhich iis
iunder idevelopment, iwhich iis isituated iat iall idefenseless izone ifor iexample izone iIV.Subsequently, iit imight ibomb iin
icase iof iany irespectably isolid istructural iaction iin iits iregion. iContemplating ithe iexhibition iof ithe istructure iand
irecommending iappropriate iretrofit imeasures ifor ithe istructure iwould iin ithis imanner ibe ia ineed.
l.2 iProposed iWork iand iObjective
My research project is seismic assessment of structures.PartisprobablybecauseitwascreatedsomewhereinIreland5Oyears
ago, so I won't be disappointed in the first place. After learningthatitsstructurewill collapseforever whensubjectedtoseismic
loads. Before using the Equivalent Static Method, an idea taken from the found that the structure would collapse immediately
when the i was subjected to seismic thrust loads.
The Demand Capacity Ratio (DCR) is determined in the initial history of its axis and segment. We see an infinite axis and cross
section at the bending limit. But most of these people are what I see when I hear it. Section
Considering my conclusions, I focus on to - Section
STAAD has developed a plan to guide the analysis of the seismic representation of the structure.Pro v8i
l.3 iOutline iof ithe iWork
Part il iis ia ishort ipresentation iabout iquakes, ithe ineed ito iexamine iexecution iof istructures iwhen iexposed ito iseismic
ipowers. iIt ilikewise icondenses ithe igoal ito ibe iaccomplished iin ithis ispecific iundertaking. I
Parti2 icontains ian ioutline iof iall ithe iwriting iwhich ihas ibeen isurveyed ito ipick iup iinformation iabout ithe idifferent
isorts iof iretrofitting iestimates iwhich ican ibe iconnected ito istructures iand ifeatures ithe iexamination iterritory ifor ithe
iequivalent. I
Part i3 icontains ithe ifundamental ihypothesis iand istrategy iwhich ihas ibeen iutilized ito ibreak idown ithe istructure iand
ithe iplan. I
Part i4 ities itogether ievery ione iof ithe ioutcomes iacquired ifrom ithe iexamination, iwhich iaides iin ipointing iout iwhich
iindividuals iwill iflop iin iflexure iand iadditionally ishear iand irecognize ian iexample. iTherefore, icertain iendsihaveibeen
idetermined iand iscope ifor ifuture iwork ihas ilikewise ibeen iexpressed.
METHODOLOGY:
1) 3.2.l. Geometry iand iSection ispecification
The istructure iis ian iunder-development ibuilding isituated iin iRoorkee. iThis iis ito ibe iutilized ifor iprivate ireason ias iit
iwere. iThere ithe iestimation ihas ibeen itaken ifrom istructure. iAt ithat ipoint ithe iarrangement iis idrawn iutilizing
iAutoCAD iSoftware. iThis iis ia iG+3 istructure. iThe isize iof istructure iis i42' ix i3l'. iThe istature iof ithe istructure iis i4O ift
iand ieach ifloor iis iof ilO ift. i
Figurel idemonstrates ithe iPlan iof ithe istructure iat iGround iFloor. iFigure2 idemonstrates ithe iPlan iof ithe istructure iat
ifirst ifloor. iFigure3 idemonstrates ithe iPlan iof ithe istructure iat isecond ifloor. iFigure4 idemonstrates ithe iPlan iof ithe
istructure iat ithird ifloor. iThere iare i3 iroom ion each ion isecond iand ithird ifloor.
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 613
Figure i1- iPlan iof ibuilding ion iground ifloor
Figure i2 i- iPlan iof ibuilding iat ilst ifloor
Figure i3 i- iPlan iof ibuilding iat i2nd ifloor
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 614
Figure i4 i- iPlan iof ibuilding iat i3rd ifloor
Figure i5 i- iElevation iview iof istructure iin iStaad.Pro
Figure i6 i- iPlan iview iof istructure iin iin iStaad.Pro
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 615
Figure i7 i- i3D irendered iview iof ithe igeometry
The iwidth iof ithe istructure iis i3O ift iwhich ihave itwo iinverse iroom. iEach iroom ihave ithe iwidth iof ithe il5 ift. iFigure
i3.4 idemonstrates ithe iarrangement iperspective ion ithe istructure iof ipillar icourse iof iaction. iSo ilength iof ibar iin ithis
istructure iis il2 ift ialong ithe ilength iand il2 ift ialong ithe iwidth iof ithe istructure.
Section iof ithe ibeam i= iO.23 im iX iO.45 im
Section iof icolumn i= iO.23 im iX iO.23 im
LOADS CALCULATION
When iearthquake iforces iare iconsidered ion ia istructure, ithese ishall ibe icombined iwhere ithe iterms iDL, iIL iand iEL
istand ifor ithe iresponse iquantities idue ito idead iload, iimposed iload iand idesignated iearthquake iload irespectively. iIn
ithe ilimit istate idesign iof ireinforced iand ipre-stressed iconcrete istructures, ithe ifollowing iload icombinations ishall ibe
iaccounted ifor:
1) l.5( iDL+lL)
2) l.2( iDL+IL+EL)
3) l.5( iDL+EL)
4) O.9DL* il.5EL
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 616
Figure i8- iLoad icombination ias iper iIS il893: i2OO2: iPart il
Figure i9- iLoad icombination iin iStaad.Pro
CONSTRUCTION FEATURES
A Reinforced Concrete (RCC) framed structure is a common structural system used in construction, especially for buildings
and infrastructure that require strength, stability, and durability. This construction approach involves a framework of
columns and beams made of reinforced concrete to provide structural support. Here are some of the key construction
features and components of an RCC framed structure:
1.1 Foundation:
The construction begins with the foundation, which is designed to transfer the loads from the structure to the ground.
Foundations may include isolated footings, strip footings, raft foundations, or piles, depending on soil conditions and
structural requirements.
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 617
10.2 Columns:
 Vertical concrete columns are constructed to support the load of the building above. Columns are typically reinforced
with steel bars (rebar) to enhance their strength and ductility.
 Column sizes and reinforcement are determined by structural engineers based on the loads they need to carry and the
building's design.
10.3 Beams:
 Horizontal concrete beams connectthecolumnsand providesupport totheslabsandothercomponentsofthestructure.
Like columns, beams are also reinforced with rebar.
 Beams help distribute the loads from the slabs and walls to the columns and ensure even load transfer.
10.4 Slabs:
 Concrete slabs are used for floors and ceilings. Slabs can be one-way or two-way,andtheirthicknessandreinforcement
depend on the span, load, and use of the floor.
 Slabs are often cast on top of formwork that provides the desired shape and finish.
10.5 Walls:
 Concrete or masonry walls can serve dual functions within a building, either as integral components of the structural
system or as internal partitions. Load-bearing walls play a pivotal role in fortifying the overall structural integrity of the
framework.
 In specific scenarios, structures may include shear walls or specially engineered walls, strategically integrated to
counteract lateral forces such as wind or seismic impacts.
10.6 Reinforcement:
 Reinforcement in the form of steel bars (rebar) is placed within the concrete elements,includingcolumns,beams,slabs,
and walls. Rebar provides tensile strength and ductility to the structure.
 The proper placement and spacing of rebar are crucial to ensure structural integrity and prevent cracks.
10.7 Formwork:
 Temporary formwork is used to Mold the concrete into the desired shapes of columns, beams, and slabs during
construction.
 Formwork can be made from timber, plywood, steel, or other materials and is removed after the concrete has cured.
10.8 Concrete Mix Design:
 The selection of the concrete mix design, including the type and proportions of aggregates, cement, water, and
admixtures, is crucial to achieve the desired strength, durability, and workability of the concrete.
10.9 Construction Joints:
 Construction joints are planned locations where concrete work is temporarily halted and then resumed. Proper
construction joints are important for maintaining structural integrity.
10.10 Curing:
 Adequate curing, which involves keeping the concrete moist and protected from drying out, is essential to achieve the
desired strength and durability of the concrete elements.
10.11 Quality Control:
 Quality control measures are implemented throughout the construction process to ensure that materials and
workmanship meet the specified standards and design requirements.
10.12 Finishes:
 After the structural components are in place, finishes such as plaster, paint, flooring, and cladding are added to the
building as needed for aesthetics and functionality.
TESTING
Testing in the context of a research paper on R.C.C. framed structure design and analysis using STAAD Pro involvesverifying
the accuracy, reliability, and efficiency of the software in simulatingreal-worldstructuralbehaviour.The testingphaseaimsto
ensure that the results obtained from STAAD Pro align with established engineering principles and standards. Here's a
breakdown of the testing process:
1. Model Verification:
- Validate the accuracy of the 3D models created in STAAD Pro by comparing them with architectural and engineering
drawings.
- Check the consistency of the modelled geometry, member connectivity, and boundary conditions against the intended
design specifications.
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 618
2. Material and Design Code Compliance:
- Verify that the material properties assigned to concrete and reinforcement elements align withthespecifieddesigncodes
and standards (e.g., ACI, Eurocode).
- Ensure that STAAD Pro correctly implements the selected design codes in its analysis and design calculations.
3. Load Application Testing:
- Apply a range of loads to the structure, including dead loads, live loads, wind loads, and seismic loads.
- Validate the correct application of loads in STAAD Pro by comparing them with manual calculations based on relevant
design codes.
4. Analysis Method Verification:
- Test different analysis methods available in STAAD Pro, such as static, dynamic, and nonlinear analyses.
- Verify the consistency and accuracy of results obtained from different analysismethodsforagivensetofinputconditions.
5. Comparison with Analytical Solutions:
- Compare the results obtained from STAAD Pro with analytical solutions for simplified structural configurations.
- Validate STAAD Pro's ability to accurately predict structural responses under basic loading scenarios.
6. Benchmarking Against Empirical Data:
- Benchmark STAAD Pro results against empirical data from well-documented case studies or real-world structures with
known performance.
- Evaluate the software's performance in predicting deflections, member forces, and overall structural behaviour against
observed outcomes.
7. Sensitivity Analysis:
- Conduct sensitivity analyses by varying input parameters, such as material properties, loading conditions, and support
conditions.
- Assess how changes in input parameters affect the output results and ensure that STAAD Pro provides consistent and
logical responses.
8. Comparative Analysis with Alternative Software:
- Use alternative structural analysis and design software to analyse the same R.C.C. framed structures.
- Compare the results obtained from STAAD Pro with those from other software to identify any discrepanciesorvariations.
9. Case Study Validation:
- Validate the results of the case studies conducted within STAAD Pro against observed behavioursofactualstructureswith
similar configurations.
- Confirm that the software accurately predicts the performance of R.C.C. framed structures in real-world scenarios.
10. Documentation of Testing Procedures:
- Document the entire testing process, including input parameters, software settings, and step-by-step procedures.
- Provide a transparent account of the testing methodology and results for reproducibility and peer review.
CONCLUSION
STAAD iPRO ihas ithe iability ito icompute ithe isupport irequired ifor iany isolid iarea. iThe iprogram icontains ivarious
iparameters iwhich iare iplanned iaccording ito iSeems ito ibe: i456(2OOO). iShafts iare iintended ifor iflexure, ishear iand
itorsion. i
Plan ifor iFlexure: i
Most iextreme ihanging i(making imalleable iworry iat ithe ibase iessence iof ithe ipillar) iand ihoarding i(making itractable
iworry iat ithe itop iface) iminutes iare idetermined ifor iall idynamic iburden icases iat ievery ione iof ithe ipreviously
imentioned iareas. iEvery ione iof ithese iareas iare iintended ito ioppose iboth iof ithese ibasic idrooping iand ihoarding
iminutes. iAny iplace ithe irectangular iarea iis iinsufficient ias iseparately istrengthened isegment,idoublyifortifiedisegment
iis iattempted. I
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 619
Plan ifor iShear: i
Shear isupport iis idetermined ito ioppose iboth ishear ipowers ianditorsional iminutes.iShearilimiticomputationiativarious
iareas iwithout ithe ishear isupport idepends ion ithe igenuine iductile ifortification igiven iby iSTAAD iprogram.iTwo-legged
istirrups iare igiven ito ideal iwith ithe iparity ishear ipowers ifollowing iup ion ithese iareas. i
Shaft iDesign iOutput: i
The idefault iconfiguration iyield iof ithe ibar icontains iflexural iand ishear isupport igave ialong ithe ilength iof ithe ibar. i
Segment iDesign: i
Segments iare iintended ifor ihub ipowers iand ibiaxial iminutes iat ithe ifinishes. iAll idynamic iburden icases iare itried ito
ifigure ifortification. iThe istacking iwhich iyield imost iextreme isupport iis iknown ias ithe ibasic iburden. iSegment
iconfiguration iis iaccomplished ifor isquare iarea. iSquare isegments iare istructured iwith ifortification icirculated ion ieach
iside isimilarly ifor ithe isegments iunder ibiaxial iminutes iand iwith isupport iappropriated isimilarly iin itwo iappearances
ifor iareas iunder iuni-pivotal iminute. iEvery isingle isignificant ifoundation ifor ichoosing ilongitudinal iand itransverse
ifortification ias istipulated iby iSeems ito ibe: i456 ihave ibeen idealt iwith iin ithe isegment iplan iof iSTAAD.
REFERENCE
[l] K, K. H., & Professor, A. (2O2O). Analysis & Design of Multi-Story BuildingUsingStaad ProandE-Tabs.InternationalResearch
Journal of Engineering and Technology.
www.irjet.net.
[2] Wadekar, A., & G. Dahake, A. (2O2O). Analysis and Design of a Multi-Storey Building by Using Staad Pro: a Review.
International Journal of Advanced Research, O8(O4), 67–76. https://doi.org/lO.2l474/ijarOl/lO746
[3] IS l893 (Part l). (2Ol6). IS l893 (Criteria for Earthquake resistant design of structures, Part l: General Provisions and
buildings). Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, l893(December), l–44.
[4] Sasidhar, T., Manadeep, T. B., Siva Kishore, I., & Surjana, N. (2Ol7). Analysing and designing of a high-rise building (G+lO)by
STAAD.Pro. International Journal of Civil
Engineering and Technology, 8(4), 654–658.
[5] Jayakrishna, T., Murali, K., Satish, P., & Seetunya, J. (2Ol8). Seismic analysis of regular and irregularmulti-storey buildingsby
using staad.pro. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 9(l), 43l–439.
[6] Qureshi, M. A., Shah, D., Solanki, B., Baldaniya, D., Patel, D., & Shah, K. (2Ol8). Earthquake Behavior of Building Using Staad
Pro. 486–49l.
[7] Kalra, M., Kumar, G., & Choudhary, L. (2Ol8). Seismic response of RCC framed structure with floating columns.International
Journal of Sustainable Building Technology and Urban Development, 9(l), l8-3O, https://doi.org/lO.227l2/susb.2Ol8OOO38.8
[8] Georgoussis, G., Tsompanos, A., & Makarios, T. (2Ol5). Approximate seismic analysis ofmulti-storybuildingswithmassand
stiffness irregularities. Procedia Engineering, l25, 959–966. https://doi.org/lO.lOl6/j.proeng.2Ol5.ll.l47
[9] Gomasa Ramesh, Dharna Ramya, Mandala Sheshu Kumar; “Health Monitoring of Structures by Using Non-Destructive
Testing Methods”, International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Management (IJAEM) Volume 2, Issue 2,pp: 652-654,
DOI: lO.35629/5252-45l22323, ISSN:2395-5252, ISO 9OOl: 2OO8 Certified Journal.
[lO] Gomasa Ramesh, Doddipati Srinath, Mandala Sheshu Kumar; "Earthquake Resistant of RCC Structures" Published in
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-647O, Volume-4, Issue-5, August
2O2O, pp.8O8-8ll.
[ll] Griffith M. C., Pinto A. V. (2OOO), “Seismic Retrofit of RC Buildings - A Review and Case Study”, University of Adelaide,
Adelaide, Australia and European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra Italy.
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 620
[l2] Sanghani bharat k. and Paresh Girishbhai Patel, 2Oll, “Behaviour of Building Component in Various Zones,” International
Journal of Advances in Engineering Sciences, Vol. l, Issue l(Jan. 2Oll)
[l3] Poonam, Kumar Anil and Gupta Ashok K, 2Ol2, “Study of Response of Structural Irregular Building Frames to Seismic
Excitations,” International Journal of Civil, Structural,EnvironmentalandInfrastructure EngineeringResearchandDevelopment
(IJCSEIERD), ISSN 2249-6866 Vol.2, Issue 2 (2Ol2) 25-3l.
[l4] Ashik S. Parasiya and Paresh Nimodiya (2Ol3), “A review on comparative analysis of brace frame withconventionallateral
load resisting RC frame using software.
[l5] Mr. Kiran Kumar and Mr. papa Rao G (2Ol3), “Comparison of percentage of steel and concrete quantitiesofaRCbuildingin
different seismic zones.
[l6] Chandurkar P.P (2Ol3), “Seismic analysis of RCC Building with and without Shear wall-A literaturereviewonexperimental
study.
BIOGRAPHIES
Er. Kanchanmani Poudel
Department of Civil Engineering
Roorkee Institute of Technology,
Roorkee

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Multistoried and Multi Bay Steel Building Frame by using Seismic Design

  • 1. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 611 Multistoried and Multi Bay Steel Building Frame by using Seismic Design Kanchanmani Poudel Department of Civil Engineering Roorkee Institute of Technology, Roorkee ---------------------------------------------------------------------***--------------------------------------------------------------------- ABSTRACT: The seismic design of the frame building proposed in this project is based on IS l893-2OO2 and IS 8OO. The aim of the present project is to determine the multi-storey and multi-bay (G+5) building frame according to seismic forces. It was designed according to IS l893 and later IS 8OO: 2OO7. The frame is six-fold, with three partitions in the horizontal direction and five partitions in the horizontal direction. The selection of a segment depends on a number of criteria. The two methods used for analysis are the equivalent static charge method and the response spectrum method. The results obtained from the two methods were compared in terms of storey displacement, storey displacement and foundation shear. Frames were also analyzed with P-Δ analysis and time to correct for IBC code. Then, based on this analysis process, a time-resistant steel frame was designed according to IS-8OO:2OO7. Check the design again and comparetheresults by material. The cost-effectiveness of the two methods was compared.Finally,theconnection betweentheinsideandoutsideof theframeis created and calculated. In addition, the construction of the base plate foundation conforms to IS8OO:2OO7.Thesoftwareused for analysis and design is STAAD PRO.Adequate bibliographyandcomparisonshavebeenmadeduringbothdesign andreview. KEYWORDS: Frame, Seismic Load, Multi-storey, Multi-bay. 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1. General Today, the first floors of many urban multi-storey buildings in India are open as a defense mechanism. This is important to prevent me from writing the main story's entree. Although all seismic patterns during an earthquake have a negative period, the seismic cycle is not independent of the magnitude and spread of the earthquake. The behavior of structures during an earthquake foundation depends on the overall shape, size and geometry, regardless of how the earthquake force is transmitted to the ground.Earthquakeforceoccursindifferentfloorsandstructuresandshouldbe brought to the ground in the easiest way; any variation or combination or movement will cause its structure to show a dangerous result. A model with a vertical view (like the service model, has a wider story than the others) will cause an earthquake, feature shaking in size. A structure that has no cracks or splits in a certain past will create damage and destruction in every past. During the 2OOl Bhuj earthquake, many buildings in Gujarat were prepared to prevent collapse or serious damage. In the middle of the story, there is a structure with a part that is floating or floating on the ionic line,andthisstructureiswrong,there is an inconsistency in that structure. The Indian Subcontinent has earthquakes marked in the background. The reason behind this is the intensity and frequency of seismic tremors as the Indian plate slammed into Asia at 47mm per year. Another study noted that the earthquake had a magnitude of 8.5 or greater when it hit the focal point of the Himalayas. Such ia iseismic itremor icould imurder ior iharm ia ihuge inumber iof iindividuals iseparated ifrom icausing inever-seen iannihilation iin iUttarakhand iand iHimachal iPradesh. iQuakes ifar iand iwide iare iwithout iany ihelp iin icharge iof ithe idecimation ito ilife iand iproperty iin ienormous inumbers. iSo ias ito ialleviate isuch iperils, iit iis icritical ito iconsolidate istandards ithat iwill iimprove ithe iseismic ipresentation iof istructures.
  • 2. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 612 As iindicated iby ithe iSeismic iZoning iMap iof iIS il893:2OO2, iIndia iis iisolated iinto ifive iseismic izones, iin iclimbing irequest iof ia ispecific izone ifactor iwhich iis iappointed ito ithem ibased ion itheir iseismic ipower.. i The i4-story iRC iStructure ibeing ibroke idown iin ithis ispecific iventure iis ithe iprivate istructure iofRoorkee iwhich iis iunder idevelopment, iwhich iis isituated iat iall idefenseless izone ifor iexample izone iIV.Subsequently, iit imight ibomb iin icase iof iany irespectably isolid istructural iaction iin iits iregion. iContemplating ithe iexhibition iof ithe istructure iand irecommending iappropriate iretrofit imeasures ifor ithe istructure iwould iin ithis imanner ibe ia ineed. l.2 iProposed iWork iand iObjective My research project is seismic assessment of structures.PartisprobablybecauseitwascreatedsomewhereinIreland5Oyears ago, so I won't be disappointed in the first place. After learningthatitsstructurewill collapseforever whensubjectedtoseismic loads. Before using the Equivalent Static Method, an idea taken from the found that the structure would collapse immediately when the i was subjected to seismic thrust loads. The Demand Capacity Ratio (DCR) is determined in the initial history of its axis and segment. We see an infinite axis and cross section at the bending limit. But most of these people are what I see when I hear it. Section Considering my conclusions, I focus on to - Section STAAD has developed a plan to guide the analysis of the seismic representation of the structure.Pro v8i l.3 iOutline iof ithe iWork Part il iis ia ishort ipresentation iabout iquakes, ithe ineed ito iexamine iexecution iof istructures iwhen iexposed ito iseismic ipowers. iIt ilikewise icondenses ithe igoal ito ibe iaccomplished iin ithis ispecific iundertaking. I Parti2 icontains ian ioutline iof iall ithe iwriting iwhich ihas ibeen isurveyed ito ipick iup iinformation iabout ithe idifferent isorts iof iretrofitting iestimates iwhich ican ibe iconnected ito istructures iand ifeatures ithe iexamination iterritory ifor ithe iequivalent. I Part i3 icontains ithe ifundamental ihypothesis iand istrategy iwhich ihas ibeen iutilized ito ibreak idown ithe istructure iand ithe iplan. I Part i4 ities itogether ievery ione iof ithe ioutcomes iacquired ifrom ithe iexamination, iwhich iaides iin ipointing iout iwhich iindividuals iwill iflop iin iflexure iand iadditionally ishear iand irecognize ian iexample. iTherefore, icertain iendsihaveibeen idetermined iand iscope ifor ifuture iwork ihas ilikewise ibeen iexpressed. METHODOLOGY: 1) 3.2.l. Geometry iand iSection ispecification The istructure iis ian iunder-development ibuilding isituated iin iRoorkee. iThis iis ito ibe iutilized ifor iprivate ireason ias iit iwere. iThere ithe iestimation ihas ibeen itaken ifrom istructure. iAt ithat ipoint ithe iarrangement iis idrawn iutilizing iAutoCAD iSoftware. iThis iis ia iG+3 istructure. iThe isize iof istructure iis i42' ix i3l'. iThe istature iof ithe istructure iis i4O ift iand ieach ifloor iis iof ilO ift. i Figurel idemonstrates ithe iPlan iof ithe istructure iat iGround iFloor. iFigure2 idemonstrates ithe iPlan iof ithe istructure iat ifirst ifloor. iFigure3 idemonstrates ithe iPlan iof ithe istructure iat isecond ifloor. iFigure4 idemonstrates ithe iPlan iof ithe istructure iat ithird ifloor. iThere iare i3 iroom ion each ion isecond iand ithird ifloor.
  • 3. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 613 Figure i1- iPlan iof ibuilding ion iground ifloor Figure i2 i- iPlan iof ibuilding iat ilst ifloor Figure i3 i- iPlan iof ibuilding iat i2nd ifloor
  • 4. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 614 Figure i4 i- iPlan iof ibuilding iat i3rd ifloor Figure i5 i- iElevation iview iof istructure iin iStaad.Pro Figure i6 i- iPlan iview iof istructure iin iin iStaad.Pro
  • 5. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 615 Figure i7 i- i3D irendered iview iof ithe igeometry The iwidth iof ithe istructure iis i3O ift iwhich ihave itwo iinverse iroom. iEach iroom ihave ithe iwidth iof ithe il5 ift. iFigure i3.4 idemonstrates ithe iarrangement iperspective ion ithe istructure iof ipillar icourse iof iaction. iSo ilength iof ibar iin ithis istructure iis il2 ift ialong ithe ilength iand il2 ift ialong ithe iwidth iof ithe istructure. Section iof ithe ibeam i= iO.23 im iX iO.45 im Section iof icolumn i= iO.23 im iX iO.23 im LOADS CALCULATION When iearthquake iforces iare iconsidered ion ia istructure, ithese ishall ibe icombined iwhere ithe iterms iDL, iIL iand iEL istand ifor ithe iresponse iquantities idue ito idead iload, iimposed iload iand idesignated iearthquake iload irespectively. iIn ithe ilimit istate idesign iof ireinforced iand ipre-stressed iconcrete istructures, ithe ifollowing iload icombinations ishall ibe iaccounted ifor: 1) l.5( iDL+lL) 2) l.2( iDL+IL+EL) 3) l.5( iDL+EL) 4) O.9DL* il.5EL
  • 6. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 616 Figure i8- iLoad icombination ias iper iIS il893: i2OO2: iPart il Figure i9- iLoad icombination iin iStaad.Pro CONSTRUCTION FEATURES A Reinforced Concrete (RCC) framed structure is a common structural system used in construction, especially for buildings and infrastructure that require strength, stability, and durability. This construction approach involves a framework of columns and beams made of reinforced concrete to provide structural support. Here are some of the key construction features and components of an RCC framed structure: 1.1 Foundation: The construction begins with the foundation, which is designed to transfer the loads from the structure to the ground. Foundations may include isolated footings, strip footings, raft foundations, or piles, depending on soil conditions and structural requirements.
  • 7. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 617 10.2 Columns:  Vertical concrete columns are constructed to support the load of the building above. Columns are typically reinforced with steel bars (rebar) to enhance their strength and ductility.  Column sizes and reinforcement are determined by structural engineers based on the loads they need to carry and the building's design. 10.3 Beams:  Horizontal concrete beams connectthecolumnsand providesupport totheslabsandothercomponentsofthestructure. Like columns, beams are also reinforced with rebar.  Beams help distribute the loads from the slabs and walls to the columns and ensure even load transfer. 10.4 Slabs:  Concrete slabs are used for floors and ceilings. Slabs can be one-way or two-way,andtheirthicknessandreinforcement depend on the span, load, and use of the floor.  Slabs are often cast on top of formwork that provides the desired shape and finish. 10.5 Walls:  Concrete or masonry walls can serve dual functions within a building, either as integral components of the structural system or as internal partitions. Load-bearing walls play a pivotal role in fortifying the overall structural integrity of the framework.  In specific scenarios, structures may include shear walls or specially engineered walls, strategically integrated to counteract lateral forces such as wind or seismic impacts. 10.6 Reinforcement:  Reinforcement in the form of steel bars (rebar) is placed within the concrete elements,includingcolumns,beams,slabs, and walls. Rebar provides tensile strength and ductility to the structure.  The proper placement and spacing of rebar are crucial to ensure structural integrity and prevent cracks. 10.7 Formwork:  Temporary formwork is used to Mold the concrete into the desired shapes of columns, beams, and slabs during construction.  Formwork can be made from timber, plywood, steel, or other materials and is removed after the concrete has cured. 10.8 Concrete Mix Design:  The selection of the concrete mix design, including the type and proportions of aggregates, cement, water, and admixtures, is crucial to achieve the desired strength, durability, and workability of the concrete. 10.9 Construction Joints:  Construction joints are planned locations where concrete work is temporarily halted and then resumed. Proper construction joints are important for maintaining structural integrity. 10.10 Curing:  Adequate curing, which involves keeping the concrete moist and protected from drying out, is essential to achieve the desired strength and durability of the concrete elements. 10.11 Quality Control:  Quality control measures are implemented throughout the construction process to ensure that materials and workmanship meet the specified standards and design requirements. 10.12 Finishes:  After the structural components are in place, finishes such as plaster, paint, flooring, and cladding are added to the building as needed for aesthetics and functionality. TESTING Testing in the context of a research paper on R.C.C. framed structure design and analysis using STAAD Pro involvesverifying the accuracy, reliability, and efficiency of the software in simulatingreal-worldstructuralbehaviour.The testingphaseaimsto ensure that the results obtained from STAAD Pro align with established engineering principles and standards. Here's a breakdown of the testing process: 1. Model Verification: - Validate the accuracy of the 3D models created in STAAD Pro by comparing them with architectural and engineering drawings. - Check the consistency of the modelled geometry, member connectivity, and boundary conditions against the intended design specifications.
  • 8. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 618 2. Material and Design Code Compliance: - Verify that the material properties assigned to concrete and reinforcement elements align withthespecifieddesigncodes and standards (e.g., ACI, Eurocode). - Ensure that STAAD Pro correctly implements the selected design codes in its analysis and design calculations. 3. Load Application Testing: - Apply a range of loads to the structure, including dead loads, live loads, wind loads, and seismic loads. - Validate the correct application of loads in STAAD Pro by comparing them with manual calculations based on relevant design codes. 4. Analysis Method Verification: - Test different analysis methods available in STAAD Pro, such as static, dynamic, and nonlinear analyses. - Verify the consistency and accuracy of results obtained from different analysismethodsforagivensetofinputconditions. 5. Comparison with Analytical Solutions: - Compare the results obtained from STAAD Pro with analytical solutions for simplified structural configurations. - Validate STAAD Pro's ability to accurately predict structural responses under basic loading scenarios. 6. Benchmarking Against Empirical Data: - Benchmark STAAD Pro results against empirical data from well-documented case studies or real-world structures with known performance. - Evaluate the software's performance in predicting deflections, member forces, and overall structural behaviour against observed outcomes. 7. Sensitivity Analysis: - Conduct sensitivity analyses by varying input parameters, such as material properties, loading conditions, and support conditions. - Assess how changes in input parameters affect the output results and ensure that STAAD Pro provides consistent and logical responses. 8. Comparative Analysis with Alternative Software: - Use alternative structural analysis and design software to analyse the same R.C.C. framed structures. - Compare the results obtained from STAAD Pro with those from other software to identify any discrepanciesorvariations. 9. Case Study Validation: - Validate the results of the case studies conducted within STAAD Pro against observed behavioursofactualstructureswith similar configurations. - Confirm that the software accurately predicts the performance of R.C.C. framed structures in real-world scenarios. 10. Documentation of Testing Procedures: - Document the entire testing process, including input parameters, software settings, and step-by-step procedures. - Provide a transparent account of the testing methodology and results for reproducibility and peer review. CONCLUSION STAAD iPRO ihas ithe iability ito icompute ithe isupport irequired ifor iany isolid iarea. iThe iprogram icontains ivarious iparameters iwhich iare iplanned iaccording ito iSeems ito ibe: i456(2OOO). iShafts iare iintended ifor iflexure, ishear iand itorsion. i Plan ifor iFlexure: i Most iextreme ihanging i(making imalleable iworry iat ithe ibase iessence iof ithe ipillar) iand ihoarding i(making itractable iworry iat ithe itop iface) iminutes iare idetermined ifor iall idynamic iburden icases iat ievery ione iof ithe ipreviously imentioned iareas. iEvery ione iof ithese iareas iare iintended ito ioppose iboth iof ithese ibasic idrooping iand ihoarding iminutes. iAny iplace ithe irectangular iarea iis iinsufficient ias iseparately istrengthened isegment,idoublyifortifiedisegment iis iattempted. I
  • 9. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 619 Plan ifor iShear: i Shear isupport iis idetermined ito ioppose iboth ishear ipowers ianditorsional iminutes.iShearilimiticomputationiativarious iareas iwithout ithe ishear isupport idepends ion ithe igenuine iductile ifortification igiven iby iSTAAD iprogram.iTwo-legged istirrups iare igiven ito ideal iwith ithe iparity ishear ipowers ifollowing iup ion ithese iareas. i Shaft iDesign iOutput: i The idefault iconfiguration iyield iof ithe ibar icontains iflexural iand ishear isupport igave ialong ithe ilength iof ithe ibar. i Segment iDesign: i Segments iare iintended ifor ihub ipowers iand ibiaxial iminutes iat ithe ifinishes. iAll idynamic iburden icases iare itried ito ifigure ifortification. iThe istacking iwhich iyield imost iextreme isupport iis iknown ias ithe ibasic iburden. iSegment iconfiguration iis iaccomplished ifor isquare iarea. iSquare isegments iare istructured iwith ifortification icirculated ion ieach iside isimilarly ifor ithe isegments iunder ibiaxial iminutes iand iwith isupport iappropriated isimilarly iin itwo iappearances ifor iareas iunder iuni-pivotal iminute. iEvery isingle isignificant ifoundation ifor ichoosing ilongitudinal iand itransverse ifortification ias istipulated iby iSeems ito ibe: i456 ihave ibeen idealt iwith iin ithe isegment iplan iof iSTAAD. REFERENCE [l] K, K. H., & Professor, A. (2O2O). Analysis & Design of Multi-Story BuildingUsingStaad ProandE-Tabs.InternationalResearch Journal of Engineering and Technology. www.irjet.net. [2] Wadekar, A., & G. Dahake, A. (2O2O). Analysis and Design of a Multi-Storey Building by Using Staad Pro: a Review. International Journal of Advanced Research, O8(O4), 67–76. https://doi.org/lO.2l474/ijarOl/lO746 [3] IS l893 (Part l). (2Ol6). IS l893 (Criteria for Earthquake resistant design of structures, Part l: General Provisions and buildings). Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, l893(December), l–44. [4] Sasidhar, T., Manadeep, T. B., Siva Kishore, I., & Surjana, N. (2Ol7). Analysing and designing of a high-rise building (G+lO)by STAAD.Pro. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 8(4), 654–658. [5] Jayakrishna, T., Murali, K., Satish, P., & Seetunya, J. (2Ol8). Seismic analysis of regular and irregularmulti-storey buildingsby using staad.pro. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 9(l), 43l–439. [6] Qureshi, M. A., Shah, D., Solanki, B., Baldaniya, D., Patel, D., & Shah, K. (2Ol8). Earthquake Behavior of Building Using Staad Pro. 486–49l. [7] Kalra, M., Kumar, G., & Choudhary, L. (2Ol8). Seismic response of RCC framed structure with floating columns.International Journal of Sustainable Building Technology and Urban Development, 9(l), l8-3O, https://doi.org/lO.227l2/susb.2Ol8OOO38.8 [8] Georgoussis, G., Tsompanos, A., & Makarios, T. (2Ol5). Approximate seismic analysis ofmulti-storybuildingswithmassand stiffness irregularities. Procedia Engineering, l25, 959–966. https://doi.org/lO.lOl6/j.proeng.2Ol5.ll.l47 [9] Gomasa Ramesh, Dharna Ramya, Mandala Sheshu Kumar; “Health Monitoring of Structures by Using Non-Destructive Testing Methods”, International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Management (IJAEM) Volume 2, Issue 2,pp: 652-654, DOI: lO.35629/5252-45l22323, ISSN:2395-5252, ISO 9OOl: 2OO8 Certified Journal. [lO] Gomasa Ramesh, Doddipati Srinath, Mandala Sheshu Kumar; "Earthquake Resistant of RCC Structures" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-647O, Volume-4, Issue-5, August 2O2O, pp.8O8-8ll. [ll] Griffith M. C., Pinto A. V. (2OOO), “Seismic Retrofit of RC Buildings - A Review and Case Study”, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia and European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra Italy.
  • 10. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 11 Issue: 01 | Jan 2024 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2024, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 8.226 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 620 [l2] Sanghani bharat k. and Paresh Girishbhai Patel, 2Oll, “Behaviour of Building Component in Various Zones,” International Journal of Advances in Engineering Sciences, Vol. l, Issue l(Jan. 2Oll) [l3] Poonam, Kumar Anil and Gupta Ashok K, 2Ol2, “Study of Response of Structural Irregular Building Frames to Seismic Excitations,” International Journal of Civil, Structural,EnvironmentalandInfrastructure EngineeringResearchandDevelopment (IJCSEIERD), ISSN 2249-6866 Vol.2, Issue 2 (2Ol2) 25-3l. [l4] Ashik S. Parasiya and Paresh Nimodiya (2Ol3), “A review on comparative analysis of brace frame withconventionallateral load resisting RC frame using software. [l5] Mr. Kiran Kumar and Mr. papa Rao G (2Ol3), “Comparison of percentage of steel and concrete quantitiesofaRCbuildingin different seismic zones. [l6] Chandurkar P.P (2Ol3), “Seismic analysis of RCC Building with and without Shear wall-A literaturereviewonexperimental study. BIOGRAPHIES Er. Kanchanmani Poudel Department of Civil Engineering Roorkee Institute of Technology, Roorkee