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Introduction to Embedded Systems
Copyright ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Course Objective ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Course Notes ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Course References ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Course Outline ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Course Outline ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
What is a Computer System? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems Software Hardware
Hardware ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Software ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
What is a General Purpose System? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
What is an Embedded System? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Embedded Systems Examples Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Characteristics of Embedded Systems - Dependability ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Characteristics of Embedded Systems - Efficiency ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Characteristics of Embedded Systems - Dedication ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Characteristics of Embedded Systems – Meeting Real-Time Constraints ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Characteristics of Embedded Systems – Connection to a Physical Environment ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Embedded Versus General Purpose Systems ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Embedded Systems Architecture Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems Device Drivers  Operating Systems Middleware Application SoC Memories Peripherals
Exercise 1: Characterize an Embedded System ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Course Outline ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
CPU, Processor, and SoC Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to STM32 STM32 SoC
Central Processing Unit ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
CPU Structure ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems CU Registers ALU Internal Bus
Registers ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
ALU ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
CU ,[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems Instruction Program Counter Memory Device Instruction Register Instruction Decoder Control Signal Generator
Pipelining ,[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems With pipelining, same number of instructions executes in less time. F D E F D E F D E F D E F D E F D E
Types of CPUs ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Processor  ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Cache Memories ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems Bus  (66 MHz) Bus  (66 MHz) CPU (400 MHz) Memory Device (10 MHz) CPU + Cache (400 MHz) Memory Device (10 MHz)
Read Operation with a Cache ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Write Operation with a Cache ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Memory Management Unit ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems VA PA CPU Memory Device MMU
System Bus ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems CPU Instruction/Data Memories CPU Instruction Memory Data Memory
System on Chip ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Co-Processor ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Memories ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Volatile Memories Versus Non-Volatile Memories Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Direct Memory Access ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems CPU DMA Memory IO Device
IO Devices ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Internal IO Devices ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
External IO Devices ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
IO Controllers ,[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems CPU Signals Device Signals CPU IO Device IO Control
IO Address Allocation ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Memory Mapped IOs versus IO Mapped IOs ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
IO Management ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Interrupt Controller ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems CPU IO Device Interrupt Control
Interrupt Processing Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems Interrupt Control
On Chip Bus ,[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Types of the SoC ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Implementation Tradeoff Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Embedded Boards ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Embedded Boards  cont’d ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Exercise 2: Identify Your Embedded System Hardware ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Course Outline ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Program ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems Device Drivers  Operating Systems Middleware Application
Programming Languages in Embedded Systems ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Machine Code and Assembly Programming ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Assembly Instructions ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Pros and Cons of Assembly Language ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
C/C++ Programming ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Bootloader  ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Device Drivers ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems HLD Operating Systems Middleware Application LLD
Operating System ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Middleware ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Application ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Embedded SW Application Form ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
The Endless Loop ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@ 2009 Real-Time Operating Systems DO FOREVER Request Input Device make a Measurement Wait for the Measurement to be ready Fetch the Value of the Measurement Process the Value of the Measurement IF Value is Reasonable THEN Prepare new Result using Value  ELSE Result will be an Error Report Request Output Device deliver the Result Wait for the Result to be output Confirm that output is OK END DO
Basic Cyclic Executive ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@ 2009 Real-Time Operating Systems
Time-Driven Cyclic Executive ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@ 2009 Real-Time Operating Systems
Multi-Rate Cyclic Executive ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@ 2009 Real-Time Operating Systems
Limitation of Cyclic Executives ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@ 2009 Real-Time Operating Systems
Caution Adding Interrupts  ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@ 2009 Real-Time Operating Systems HW I/P Device ISR Shared Data Area SW using Data  from ISR Old New
Multi-Rate Executive with Interrupts ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@ 2009 Real-Time Operating Systems HW I/P Device ISR Shared Data Area Task Data Buffers DI Copy data from ISR buffers  to task buffers EI
Faster Response: Preemptive Scheduling ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@ 2009 Real-Time Operating Systems Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 HW I/P Device ISR Task 3
Preemptive Scheduling Issues ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@ 2009 Real-Time Operating Systems Shared Data Area Task 1 Task 1 cont’d Task 2 with higher priority
An Intertask Communication Catalog ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@ 2009 Real-Time Operating Systems
An Intertask Communication Catalog  cont’d ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@ 2009 Real-Time Operating Systems
Exercise 3: Identify Your Embedded System Software ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Course Outline ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Embedded Development Tools ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Assembler ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Compiler ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Linker and Locator ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Simulator ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Debugger ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Flash Loader ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Profiler ,[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Integrated Development Environment ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Schematic Capture/Circuit Design Tool ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
PCB Layout Design Tool ,[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Oscilloscope ,[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
Exercise 4: Identify Your Embedded System Development Tools ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems

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Introduction to embedded systems

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  • 13. Embedded Systems Examples Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
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  • 20. Embedded Systems Architecture Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems Device Drivers Operating Systems Middleware Application SoC Memories Peripherals
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  • 23. CPU, Processor, and SoC Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to STM32 STM32 SoC
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  • 40. Volatile Memories Versus Non-Volatile Memories Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
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  • 50. Interrupt Processing Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems Interrupt Control
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  • 53. Implementation Tradeoff Amr Ali Abdel-Naby@2011 Introduction to Embedded Systems
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Editor's Notes

  1. * 07/16/96 * ##
  2. * 07/16/96 * ##