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The Flaws of Higher
Education in Pakistan
Overview
 Introduction
 Education system of Pakistan.
 Issues in higher education of Pakistan
 Conclusion
Introduction
 The system of education includes all institutions that are involved in delivering
formal education.
 The education system is a group of institutions including all private and
government sector schools, colleges, universities, etc. whose primary purpose is
to provide education to children and young people in educational settings.
 Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge,
skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
Education system of Pakistan
 According to the reports published in March 2015
 Total institutions 260,903
 Public institutions 180,846
 Private institutions 80,057
 According to these facts and figures, 31% educational institutes are
run by private sector while 69% are public institutes delivering
education to almost 41,018,384 students with the help of 1,535,461
teachers.
https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/10/these-countries-spend-the-most-on-education/
Quality of
Education
Cost of
Education
Allocation of
Low Budget
Difference in
teaching
methods
Gender Gap
Cramming
Based Education
System
Education as a
Business
Issues of Higher Education in Pakistan
Quality of Education
 Education in Pakistan has become a big and quick buck making business.
 Institutes in Pakistan providing higher education to students have all sorts of
comforts and luxuries and has maintained their standards.
 Unfortunately these high standard institutes fails to provide quality education
to students.
 Students passing out with their degrees lack in knowledge and discipline.
 The result is that every year thousands of graduates are produced who are
added to the list of unemployed youth.
 Lack of vocational training facilities also accounts for this issue.
Cost of Education
 Cost for higher education in Pakistan is increasing rapidly, specially for the
private sector institutions.
 The quality of education provided in private as well as in public institutions
are generally considered to be different.
 While a huge number of people are unable to afford the cost of private
sector institutions.
 As a result of which the literacy rate is not increasing efficiently as the
competition in government institutes is higher and private sector is out of
reach.
Allocation of Low Budget
 Pakistan’s spending on education as a percentage of GDP remains among the lowest in the region
South Asia.
 Which was 2.2 percentage of GDP in the fiscal year 2017 as compared to 2.3 percentage of GDP in
the fiscal year 2016.
 There is a need to increase it around 7% of the total GDP, in order to provide a good, efficient and
meaningful education to the youth of Pakistan.
 Only five countries spent more than 15% on education, which includes
 Brazil
 Chile
 Mexico
 New Zealand
 Costa Rica
https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/10/these-countries-spend-the-most-on-education/
https://www.techjuice.pk/govt-announced-education-budget-for-fy-2018-19/
Difference in teaching methods
 In primary and secondary education system of Pakistan the process of rote
learning is implemented.
 It is a process of mindless memorization of facts and figures. It is the ability of
your brain to remember things.
 While in higher education system the technique of meaningful learning is
implemented.
 Meaningful learning is the process which tells us about how much we have
understood the subject.
 Meaningful learning holds more importance, it provides conceptual learning to
the students.
Rote Learning
 It is the process of mindless
memorization of content.
 Students who learn through this
method are unable to relate and
deal with new information
coming there way.
 Students are limited in their
brains and only have the
knowledge which is delivered
through teachers.
Conceptual Learning
 The data or content is fully
understood by the students.
 Students can relate new
information to their existing
knowledge.
 Concepts of students are clear
which as a result makes learning
easier and students don’t feel any
burden.
Gender Gap
 The gender discrimination is a cause that is contributing towards the low
participation rate of girls.
 The ratio of participation among male and female students is 10:4
 Less number of seats are allocated for female candidates in every field of
education.
Cramming Based Education System
 The examination is the tool to evaluate student’s learning. It should rely on
qualitative and quantitative techniques to comprehensively weigh in the
performance of students.
 Pathetically, the examination system is not only fusty, but it also lacks
credential to judge the performance of learners.
 The examination system determines only the memory of students. It does not
evaluate them in totality.
Education as a Business
 Education has been pursued by some of the people as an industry.
 In this scenario the only purpose of educational institutes providing higher
education is to make money where students are customers.
 As a result of which the future of students is at risk but most importantly the
future of this country, the future of Pakistan is at risk.
Conclusion
 However all these issues in the education system of Pakistan can be
resolved through appropriate steps and measures taken at both government
and private level. Which in my opinion is extremely important for the
efficient growth and betterment of higher education in Pakistan as well as
for the future of youth after all the future of this country is in the hands of
students.
Flaws of Higher Education System in Pakistan

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Flaws of Higher Education System in Pakistan

  • 1. The Flaws of Higher Education in Pakistan
  • 2. Overview  Introduction  Education system of Pakistan.  Issues in higher education of Pakistan  Conclusion
  • 3. Introduction  The system of education includes all institutions that are involved in delivering formal education.  The education system is a group of institutions including all private and government sector schools, colleges, universities, etc. whose primary purpose is to provide education to children and young people in educational settings.  Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
  • 4. Education system of Pakistan  According to the reports published in March 2015  Total institutions 260,903  Public institutions 180,846  Private institutions 80,057  According to these facts and figures, 31% educational institutes are run by private sector while 69% are public institutes delivering education to almost 41,018,384 students with the help of 1,535,461 teachers. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/10/these-countries-spend-the-most-on-education/
  • 5. Quality of Education Cost of Education Allocation of Low Budget Difference in teaching methods Gender Gap Cramming Based Education System Education as a Business Issues of Higher Education in Pakistan
  • 6. Quality of Education  Education in Pakistan has become a big and quick buck making business.  Institutes in Pakistan providing higher education to students have all sorts of comforts and luxuries and has maintained their standards.  Unfortunately these high standard institutes fails to provide quality education to students.  Students passing out with their degrees lack in knowledge and discipline.  The result is that every year thousands of graduates are produced who are added to the list of unemployed youth.  Lack of vocational training facilities also accounts for this issue.
  • 7. Cost of Education  Cost for higher education in Pakistan is increasing rapidly, specially for the private sector institutions.  The quality of education provided in private as well as in public institutions are generally considered to be different.  While a huge number of people are unable to afford the cost of private sector institutions.  As a result of which the literacy rate is not increasing efficiently as the competition in government institutes is higher and private sector is out of reach.
  • 8. Allocation of Low Budget  Pakistan’s spending on education as a percentage of GDP remains among the lowest in the region South Asia.  Which was 2.2 percentage of GDP in the fiscal year 2017 as compared to 2.3 percentage of GDP in the fiscal year 2016.  There is a need to increase it around 7% of the total GDP, in order to provide a good, efficient and meaningful education to the youth of Pakistan.  Only five countries spent more than 15% on education, which includes  Brazil  Chile  Mexico  New Zealand  Costa Rica https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/10/these-countries-spend-the-most-on-education/ https://www.techjuice.pk/govt-announced-education-budget-for-fy-2018-19/
  • 9. Difference in teaching methods  In primary and secondary education system of Pakistan the process of rote learning is implemented.  It is a process of mindless memorization of facts and figures. It is the ability of your brain to remember things.  While in higher education system the technique of meaningful learning is implemented.  Meaningful learning is the process which tells us about how much we have understood the subject.  Meaningful learning holds more importance, it provides conceptual learning to the students.
  • 10. Rote Learning  It is the process of mindless memorization of content.  Students who learn through this method are unable to relate and deal with new information coming there way.  Students are limited in their brains and only have the knowledge which is delivered through teachers. Conceptual Learning  The data or content is fully understood by the students.  Students can relate new information to their existing knowledge.  Concepts of students are clear which as a result makes learning easier and students don’t feel any burden.
  • 11. Gender Gap  The gender discrimination is a cause that is contributing towards the low participation rate of girls.  The ratio of participation among male and female students is 10:4  Less number of seats are allocated for female candidates in every field of education.
  • 12. Cramming Based Education System  The examination is the tool to evaluate student’s learning. It should rely on qualitative and quantitative techniques to comprehensively weigh in the performance of students.  Pathetically, the examination system is not only fusty, but it also lacks credential to judge the performance of learners.  The examination system determines only the memory of students. It does not evaluate them in totality.
  • 13. Education as a Business  Education has been pursued by some of the people as an industry.  In this scenario the only purpose of educational institutes providing higher education is to make money where students are customers.  As a result of which the future of students is at risk but most importantly the future of this country, the future of Pakistan is at risk.
  • 14. Conclusion  However all these issues in the education system of Pakistan can be resolved through appropriate steps and measures taken at both government and private level. Which in my opinion is extremely important for the efficient growth and betterment of higher education in Pakistan as well as for the future of youth after all the future of this country is in the hands of students.