SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
Effective Ways To Reduce Your
CNC Machining Costs
6.23.22
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
2
Agenda
 Overview of the Biggest Factors Affecting CNC Costs
 Understanding the Dual-Sourcing Model
 The 5 Specific Ways to Reduce Costs
 What Criteria Affect Costing and Delivery
 Summary
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
3
Metal Craft Machining
 Who is Metal Craft Machining?
– Established in 1983
– Located in Central MA
– Acquired by Epec in 2018
– 30,000 sq ft
– Significant investment in
machinists, equipment, and
software focused on increasing
machine efficiencies.
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
4
Overview of the Biggest Factors Affecting
CNC Costs
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
5
Part Complexity
 Reducing CNC machining costs is directly related to the time it takes to
machine the part itself – spindle time
 Part design complexity - most significant factor affecting the cost of CNC
machining
– The more complex a design is, the more time
it take will be to fabricate
– Time is money:
• The longer it takes to machine, the more it will cost
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
6
Part Complexity
 Higher complexity designs require:
– Advanced capability CNC machines
– Increased machining time
– Multiple setups
– Increased In-process inspections
 Part features can increase cost:
– Sharp internal corners, thin walls, deep cavities, and non-standard hole sizes.
These affect cost significantly and should be avoided unless they are absolutely
necessary.
– Surface roughness and tolerancing may require multiple passes and inspections
• Use industry standards
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
7
Materials
 Materials specified for a part are a cost driver
 Costs associated with a material to be machined
– Raw material cost – varied material prices are determined by
material availability and their physical properties
– Overall production costs - machinability of the material
 Material machinability
– Materials that are more difficult to machine, take more
time and effort to machine
 Metals are more expensive than plastics
– Raw material and machine time
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
8
Tooling
 Tooling determines the quality,
precision, and repeatability of the
finished part
 Reduce tooling costs
 Machining time can be reduced by
creating features that can be
fabricated using standard CNC tool
sizes
 Custom tooling is costly
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
9
Setup
 Utilize standard fixturing
– Soft jaws
– Work off sets
 Eliminate the need for custom
fixtures and work off sets
 If custom fixtures are necessary, we
design and produce in-house
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
10
Understanding the Dual-Sourcing Model
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
11
What is Dual Sourcing
 Low-cost offshore (outsource) CNC machining of production parts with the
support of a U.S. machine shop and engineering team
 What does that mean?
– We will outsource everything that we can
– Our facility will be used for ITAR, prototypes, and rework when needed
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
12
Process flow
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
13
Model
 We have several facilities in Asia
– China & India
 The Process
– CAM/engineering done in U.S.
– Right facility for every order
– We manage the transportation to
New Bedford, MA
– Inspection done in the U.S.
– Customer’s price will include all
freight and tariffs
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
14
Quoting
 Quoting time
– 24 hours any customer questions
– 48 hours – Red Line drawing sent to
facility
– 48 hours quote returned from Asia
– 5-6 days quotes returned to
customer
 Required for quote
– Drawing and .stp file
– Quantities to quote
– EAU
– Lead time (Standard & Quick Turn)
 What could delay the quote?
– Raw Material Quote
– Surface Finish Quote
– Component Quote
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
15
The 5 Specific Ways to Reduce Costs
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
16
Part Complexity and DFM
 3-axis and 5-axis mills and lathes allow for complex geometries and tight
tolerances.
– The processing cost depends on the type of machine and the number of hours it
will run
 The Design for Manufacturing process (DFM) is critical in CNC machining cost
calculations
 Design complexity dictates machining time
 Reduce feature complexity without sacrificing functionality
 Design complex parts into multiple parts that can be assembled after
machining
 Eliminate multiple machine setups and special tooling
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
17
Part Complexity and DFM
 Guidelines:
– Internal cavities and fillets
– Increase wall thickness
– Increase radius
– Thread depth
• 3:1 depth to diameter
– Tight tolerances
• Standard tolerance
• +/-0.005” on metal
• +/-0.010” on plastic
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
18
Materials
 Application requirements dictate the material type
 Consider a less expensive or easier-to-machine material that maintains the
design requirement
 Materials that are difficult to machine
materials consume more resources:
– Tools
– Cutting fluid
– Electricity
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
19
Materials
 Aluminum $
– Soft
– Easy to machine
– Long tool life
– 6061, 7075
 Stainless Steel $$$
– Hard
– Difficult to machine
– Short tool life
– 303, 304, 316
 Brass / Copper $$
– Hard
– Easy to machine
– Long tool life
– 360, OFHC 101
 Plastics (mechanical grades) $$
– Soft
– Easy to machine, difficult for tight
tolerance, dimensional instability
– Long tool life
– PVC, nylon, and Delrin (PEEK is the
exception but higher cost)
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
20
Tooling and Setup
 Tooling
– CNC designs require special tools for efficient fabrication. When designing a part,
machine time can be reduced by ensuring dimensions correspond to standard CNC
tool specifications.
– Hole, thread and cavity diameters should correspond to common CNC tool
diameters.
– Maintain hole and cavity dimensions across a part - fewer tool changes mean less
machining process.
 Reduce the quantity and type of cutting tools or tool inserts required
 Non-standard hole sizes
– Reamers, more costly
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
21
Tooling and Setup
 Machining set up and fixture costs depend largely on the complexity of the job.
 If no custom work holding fixtures are required, fixed costs will be lower.
 Likewise, custom holders of limited complexity that can be produced in-house
will generally cost less than those that require a specialized supplier.
– Machine shops use standard work holding fixtures
• Machine vises
• Lathe jaws
• Collet holders
• Tombstones
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
22
Surface finish
 Use standard finishes
 CNC machining produces parts that
can be used as-machined: machine
finish
 Specific applications require post-
processing operations to improve
functionality and aesthetic criteria
– Heat treatment
– Grinding
– Surface Finish
• Machine finish (surface texture)
• Polish
• Bead blast
• Plating (material dependent)
– Gold, Nickel, Silver (most metals)
– Anodize, chromate (Aluminum)
– Black Oxide (steel)
– Passivate (stainless steel)
– Avoid multiple finishes
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
23
CAD / CAM
 A programmer converts CAD files to CAM files to CNC machine language.
This expertise is costly.
 Increase part file attributes
 CAD / solid model
– Creates 3D objects using computer-aided design software
– Accurate dimensional representation of a solid part
– Automates mathematical calculations
– Quality of model
• Material
• Threads
• Finish
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
24
CAD / CAM
 PDF / part drawing
– Adds written detail not contained in
solid model
 CAM / Programming
– More accurate model and part
drawing means reduced
programming
– Programming time equals cost
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
25
What Design Criteria Affects Costing and Delivery
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
26
Wall thickness
 Increase wall thickness
– Thick walls are more stable
– Risk of finish damage from material and tool deflection
– Thin walls require shallow cutting depths, adds machine time
– Thicker walls decrease machining times and lower cost
 Minimum metal wall = 0.035”
 Minimum plastic wall = 0.060”
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
27
Internal Radii
 Increase internal radii
– CNC milling tools are cylindrical and
create corners inside a part with a
curve or radius
– Design the part with internal radii
instead of sharp corners
– Larger internal radius = larger the
milling tool = less machining time
– Internal corner radii 1/3 depth of the
cavity
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
28
Deep Cavities / Threads
 Avoid deep cavities
– The deeper the cavity, the longer it takes to cut away the material
– Cavities greater than 4 times the diameter of the tool require specialized tooling
 Tapped holes
– Maintain thread depth at 1.5 times the diameter
of the hole
– Large – thread mill
– Small - tap
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
29
Tight Tolerances
 Eliminate all unnecessary decimal points from your design
 Dimensions specify the level of accuracy required for your part
 Level of accuracy determines the tools used to machine the part
 More decimal places = more intricate the tool = higher the cost
– +/-0.005″ standard
– +/-0.001″ or better can be achieved – more costly
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
30
Summary
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
31
Summary
 Time is money
 To reduce the cost of the production of CNC parts:
– Decrease part complexity
– Specify raw material that is lower cost and less difficult to machine
– Design using off-the-shelf tooling
– Use standard tolerances and finishes
– Eliminate custom fixturing
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
32
Our Products
Battery Packs Flex & Rigid-Flex PCBs Cable Assemblies Printed Circuit Boards
CNC Machining User Interfaces Flexible Heaters EC Fans & Motors
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
33
Q&A
 Questions?
– Enter any questions you may have
in the control panel
– If we don’t have time to get to it, we
will reply via email
Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability
34
Thank You
Check out our website at www.epectec.com.
For more information email sales@epectec.com.
Stay Connected with Epec Engineered Technologies
Follow us on our social media sites for continuous technical updates and information:

More Related Content

Similar to Effective Ways To Reduce Your CNC Machining Costs

Successful Flex & Rigid-Flex Designs for Streamlining Production
Successful Flex & Rigid-Flex Designs for Streamlining ProductionSuccessful Flex & Rigid-Flex Designs for Streamlining Production
Successful Flex & Rigid-Flex Designs for Streamlining Production
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
Design for Manufacturability Guidelines Every Designer should Follow
Design for Manufacturability Guidelines Every Designer should FollowDesign for Manufacturability Guidelines Every Designer should Follow
Design for Manufacturability Guidelines Every Designer should Follow
DFMPro
 
AM Solution Centres - TCT - issue 1-2
AM Solution Centres - TCT - issue 1-2AM Solution Centres - TCT - issue 1-2
AM Solution Centres - TCT - issue 1-2
Marc Saunders
 
UNIT-1-PPCE.pptx
UNIT-1-PPCE.pptxUNIT-1-PPCE.pptx
UNIT-1-PPCE.pptx
dharma raja`
 
How to Ensure Your Flex Circuit Quick-Turn Will Not Get Delayed
How to Ensure Your Flex Circuit Quick-Turn Will Not Get DelayedHow to Ensure Your Flex Circuit Quick-Turn Will Not Get Delayed
How to Ensure Your Flex Circuit Quick-Turn Will Not Get Delayed
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
Tasman 3DPrinters presentation - Avalon Airshow 2015
Tasman 3DPrinters presentation - Avalon Airshow 2015Tasman 3DPrinters presentation - Avalon Airshow 2015
Tasman 3DPrinters presentation - Avalon Airshow 2015
Grange Products
 
Chapter 24 (cost optionization)
Chapter 24 (cost optionization)Chapter 24 (cost optionization)
Chapter 24 (cost optionization)
Govt islamia college kasur
 
3D Incredible- A detail overview of different industries in 3D printing and i...
3D Incredible- A detail overview of different industries in 3D printing and i...3D Incredible- A detail overview of different industries in 3D printing and i...
3D Incredible- A detail overview of different industries in 3D printing and i...
3d_Incredible
 
Production service center
Production service centerProduction service center
Production service center
Linda Crum
 
Production service center psc
Production service center pscProduction service center psc
Production service center psc
x1marketing
 
Presentation_12_5_05.ppt
Presentation_12_5_05.pptPresentation_12_5_05.ppt
Presentation_12_5_05.ppt
ssuser35af09
 
Industrialising AM - AMUG - draft 1
Industrialising AM - AMUG - draft 1Industrialising AM - AMUG - draft 1
Industrialising AM - AMUG - draft 1
Marc Saunders
 
PROCESS PLANNING AND COST ESTIMATION 5 UNITS PPT
PROCESS PLANNING AND COST ESTIMATION 5 UNITS PPTPROCESS PLANNING AND COST ESTIMATION 5 UNITS PPT
PROCESS PLANNING AND COST ESTIMATION 5 UNITS PPT
Felix John
 
CSCMP 2014 3D Printing for the Rest of Us
CSCMP 2014 3D Printing for the Rest of UsCSCMP 2014 3D Printing for the Rest of Us
CSCMP 2014 3D Printing for the Rest of Us
EdElsbury
 
Deringer-Ney: Micro Manufacturing
Deringer-Ney: Micro Manufacturing Deringer-Ney: Micro Manufacturing
Deringer-Ney: Micro Manufacturing
Deringer-Ney
 
Micro mfgbrochure
Micro mfgbrochureMicro mfgbrochure
Micro mfgbrochure
Deringer-Ney
 
Introduction OF PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
Introduction OF PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGYIntroduction OF PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
Introduction OF PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
Prof.Mayur Modi
 
Product Design.pptx
Product Design.pptxProduct Design.pptx
Product Design.pptx
RiadHasan25
 
ch3.ECONOMIC AND PRODUCT DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS IN MACHINING.pptx
ch3.ECONOMIC AND PRODUCT DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS IN MACHINING.pptxch3.ECONOMIC AND PRODUCT DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS IN MACHINING.pptx
ch3.ECONOMIC AND PRODUCT DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS IN MACHINING.pptx
NURINSYIRAHBINTIMOHD1
 
ch3.ECONOMIC AND PRODUCT DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS IN MACHINING.pptx
ch3.ECONOMIC AND PRODUCT DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS IN MACHINING.pptxch3.ECONOMIC AND PRODUCT DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS IN MACHINING.pptx
ch3.ECONOMIC AND PRODUCT DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS IN MACHINING.pptx
NURINSYIRAHBINTIMOHD1
 

Similar to Effective Ways To Reduce Your CNC Machining Costs (20)

Successful Flex & Rigid-Flex Designs for Streamlining Production
Successful Flex & Rigid-Flex Designs for Streamlining ProductionSuccessful Flex & Rigid-Flex Designs for Streamlining Production
Successful Flex & Rigid-Flex Designs for Streamlining Production
 
Design for Manufacturability Guidelines Every Designer should Follow
Design for Manufacturability Guidelines Every Designer should FollowDesign for Manufacturability Guidelines Every Designer should Follow
Design for Manufacturability Guidelines Every Designer should Follow
 
AM Solution Centres - TCT - issue 1-2
AM Solution Centres - TCT - issue 1-2AM Solution Centres - TCT - issue 1-2
AM Solution Centres - TCT - issue 1-2
 
UNIT-1-PPCE.pptx
UNIT-1-PPCE.pptxUNIT-1-PPCE.pptx
UNIT-1-PPCE.pptx
 
How to Ensure Your Flex Circuit Quick-Turn Will Not Get Delayed
How to Ensure Your Flex Circuit Quick-Turn Will Not Get DelayedHow to Ensure Your Flex Circuit Quick-Turn Will Not Get Delayed
How to Ensure Your Flex Circuit Quick-Turn Will Not Get Delayed
 
Tasman 3DPrinters presentation - Avalon Airshow 2015
Tasman 3DPrinters presentation - Avalon Airshow 2015Tasman 3DPrinters presentation - Avalon Airshow 2015
Tasman 3DPrinters presentation - Avalon Airshow 2015
 
Chapter 24 (cost optionization)
Chapter 24 (cost optionization)Chapter 24 (cost optionization)
Chapter 24 (cost optionization)
 
3D Incredible- A detail overview of different industries in 3D printing and i...
3D Incredible- A detail overview of different industries in 3D printing and i...3D Incredible- A detail overview of different industries in 3D printing and i...
3D Incredible- A detail overview of different industries in 3D printing and i...
 
Production service center
Production service centerProduction service center
Production service center
 
Production service center psc
Production service center pscProduction service center psc
Production service center psc
 
Presentation_12_5_05.ppt
Presentation_12_5_05.pptPresentation_12_5_05.ppt
Presentation_12_5_05.ppt
 
Industrialising AM - AMUG - draft 1
Industrialising AM - AMUG - draft 1Industrialising AM - AMUG - draft 1
Industrialising AM - AMUG - draft 1
 
PROCESS PLANNING AND COST ESTIMATION 5 UNITS PPT
PROCESS PLANNING AND COST ESTIMATION 5 UNITS PPTPROCESS PLANNING AND COST ESTIMATION 5 UNITS PPT
PROCESS PLANNING AND COST ESTIMATION 5 UNITS PPT
 
CSCMP 2014 3D Printing for the Rest of Us
CSCMP 2014 3D Printing for the Rest of UsCSCMP 2014 3D Printing for the Rest of Us
CSCMP 2014 3D Printing for the Rest of Us
 
Deringer-Ney: Micro Manufacturing
Deringer-Ney: Micro Manufacturing Deringer-Ney: Micro Manufacturing
Deringer-Ney: Micro Manufacturing
 
Micro mfgbrochure
Micro mfgbrochureMicro mfgbrochure
Micro mfgbrochure
 
Introduction OF PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
Introduction OF PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGYIntroduction OF PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
Introduction OF PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
 
Product Design.pptx
Product Design.pptxProduct Design.pptx
Product Design.pptx
 
ch3.ECONOMIC AND PRODUCT DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS IN MACHINING.pptx
ch3.ECONOMIC AND PRODUCT DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS IN MACHINING.pptxch3.ECONOMIC AND PRODUCT DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS IN MACHINING.pptx
ch3.ECONOMIC AND PRODUCT DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS IN MACHINING.pptx
 
ch3.ECONOMIC AND PRODUCT DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS IN MACHINING.pptx
ch3.ECONOMIC AND PRODUCT DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS IN MACHINING.pptxch3.ECONOMIC AND PRODUCT DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS IN MACHINING.pptx
ch3.ECONOMIC AND PRODUCT DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS IN MACHINING.pptx
 

More from Epec Engineered Technologies

Standard vs Custom Battery Packs - Decoding the Power Play
Standard vs Custom Battery Packs - Decoding the Power PlayStandard vs Custom Battery Packs - Decoding the Power Play
Standard vs Custom Battery Packs - Decoding the Power Play
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
Tachyon 100G PCB Performance Attributes and Applications
Tachyon 100G PCB Performance Attributes and ApplicationsTachyon 100G PCB Performance Attributes and Applications
Tachyon 100G PCB Performance Attributes and Applications
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
Low Layer Count PCBs – Why They Are Not All Created Equal
Low Layer Count PCBs – Why They Are Not All Created EqualLow Layer Count PCBs – Why They Are Not All Created Equal
Low Layer Count PCBs – Why They Are Not All Created Equal
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
Flex and Rigid-Flex PCBs - Technical Issues In Data Sets
Flex and Rigid-Flex PCBs - Technical Issues In Data SetsFlex and Rigid-Flex PCBs - Technical Issues In Data Sets
Flex and Rigid-Flex PCBs - Technical Issues In Data Sets
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
Adding Keypads and Cables to Your Injection-Molded Enclosure
Adding Keypads and Cables to Your Injection-Molded EnclosureAdding Keypads and Cables to Your Injection-Molded Enclosure
Adding Keypads and Cables to Your Injection-Molded Enclosure
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
Challenges Designing and Manufacturing Lithium-Ion Battery Packs
Challenges Designing and Manufacturing Lithium-Ion Battery PacksChallenges Designing and Manufacturing Lithium-Ion Battery Packs
Challenges Designing and Manufacturing Lithium-Ion Battery Packs
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
PCB Manufacturing Facilities - Certifications, Compliance, and Security
PCB Manufacturing Facilities - Certifications, Compliance, and SecurityPCB Manufacturing Facilities - Certifications, Compliance, and Security
PCB Manufacturing Facilities - Certifications, Compliance, and Security
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
Electrical vs. Mechanical Requirements in Flex Rigid and Flex PCB Designs
Electrical vs. Mechanical Requirements in Flex Rigid and Flex PCB DesignsElectrical vs. Mechanical Requirements in Flex Rigid and Flex PCB Designs
Electrical vs. Mechanical Requirements in Flex Rigid and Flex PCB Designs
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
Design Options for Low-Cost UL Approved Wire Harnesses
Design Options for Low-Cost UL Approved Wire HarnessesDesign Options for Low-Cost UL Approved Wire Harnesses
Design Options for Low-Cost UL Approved Wire Harnesses
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
Dealing with Component Shortages That Impact Battery Packs Design
Dealing with Component Shortages That Impact Battery Packs DesignDealing with Component Shortages That Impact Battery Packs Design
Dealing with Component Shortages That Impact Battery Packs Design
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
Epec Corporate Overview – 2022
Epec Corporate Overview – 2022Epec Corporate Overview – 2022
Epec Corporate Overview – 2022
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
EMI Shielding Methods for Flex & Rigid-Flex PCB Designs
EMI Shielding Methods for Flex & Rigid-Flex PCB DesignsEMI Shielding Methods for Flex & Rigid-Flex PCB Designs
EMI Shielding Methods for Flex & Rigid-Flex PCB Designs
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
PCB Design and Layout - Checklist of What You Need Before You Start
PCB Design and Layout - Checklist of What You Need Before You StartPCB Design and Layout - Checklist of What You Need Before You Start
PCB Design and Layout - Checklist of What You Need Before You Start
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
Domestic PCB Capabilities
Domestic PCB CapabilitiesDomestic PCB Capabilities
Domestic PCB Capabilities
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
Quick Turn PCBs - Why an Experienced Supply Chain Matters
Quick Turn PCBs - Why an Experienced Supply Chain MattersQuick Turn PCBs - Why an Experienced Supply Chain Matters
Quick Turn PCBs - Why an Experienced Supply Chain Matters
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
Flexible Heater Overview
 Flexible Heater Overview Flexible Heater Overview
Flexible Heater Overview
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
Design Considerations for Lithium Batteries Used in Portable Devices
Design Considerations for Lithium Batteries Used in Portable DevicesDesign Considerations for Lithium Batteries Used in Portable Devices
Design Considerations for Lithium Batteries Used in Portable Devices
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
Match Your High-Tech PCB Design to Your Suppliers Capabilities
Match Your High-Tech PCB Design to Your Suppliers CapabilitiesMatch Your High-Tech PCB Design to Your Suppliers Capabilities
Match Your High-Tech PCB Design to Your Suppliers Capabilities
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
From Mechanical HMIs to Touch: Old vs New Technology
From Mechanical HMIs to Touch: Old vs New TechnologyFrom Mechanical HMIs to Touch: Old vs New Technology
From Mechanical HMIs to Touch: Old vs New Technology
Epec Engineered Technologies
 
Planning Your High-Tech PCB Design for the Lowest Possible Cost
Planning Your High-Tech PCB Design for the Lowest Possible CostPlanning Your High-Tech PCB Design for the Lowest Possible Cost
Planning Your High-Tech PCB Design for the Lowest Possible Cost
Epec Engineered Technologies
 

More from Epec Engineered Technologies (20)

Standard vs Custom Battery Packs - Decoding the Power Play
Standard vs Custom Battery Packs - Decoding the Power PlayStandard vs Custom Battery Packs - Decoding the Power Play
Standard vs Custom Battery Packs - Decoding the Power Play
 
Tachyon 100G PCB Performance Attributes and Applications
Tachyon 100G PCB Performance Attributes and ApplicationsTachyon 100G PCB Performance Attributes and Applications
Tachyon 100G PCB Performance Attributes and Applications
 
Low Layer Count PCBs – Why They Are Not All Created Equal
Low Layer Count PCBs – Why They Are Not All Created EqualLow Layer Count PCBs – Why They Are Not All Created Equal
Low Layer Count PCBs – Why They Are Not All Created Equal
 
Flex and Rigid-Flex PCBs - Technical Issues In Data Sets
Flex and Rigid-Flex PCBs - Technical Issues In Data SetsFlex and Rigid-Flex PCBs - Technical Issues In Data Sets
Flex and Rigid-Flex PCBs - Technical Issues In Data Sets
 
Adding Keypads and Cables to Your Injection-Molded Enclosure
Adding Keypads and Cables to Your Injection-Molded EnclosureAdding Keypads and Cables to Your Injection-Molded Enclosure
Adding Keypads and Cables to Your Injection-Molded Enclosure
 
Challenges Designing and Manufacturing Lithium-Ion Battery Packs
Challenges Designing and Manufacturing Lithium-Ion Battery PacksChallenges Designing and Manufacturing Lithium-Ion Battery Packs
Challenges Designing and Manufacturing Lithium-Ion Battery Packs
 
PCB Manufacturing Facilities - Certifications, Compliance, and Security
PCB Manufacturing Facilities - Certifications, Compliance, and SecurityPCB Manufacturing Facilities - Certifications, Compliance, and Security
PCB Manufacturing Facilities - Certifications, Compliance, and Security
 
Electrical vs. Mechanical Requirements in Flex Rigid and Flex PCB Designs
Electrical vs. Mechanical Requirements in Flex Rigid and Flex PCB DesignsElectrical vs. Mechanical Requirements in Flex Rigid and Flex PCB Designs
Electrical vs. Mechanical Requirements in Flex Rigid and Flex PCB Designs
 
Design Options for Low-Cost UL Approved Wire Harnesses
Design Options for Low-Cost UL Approved Wire HarnessesDesign Options for Low-Cost UL Approved Wire Harnesses
Design Options for Low-Cost UL Approved Wire Harnesses
 
Dealing with Component Shortages That Impact Battery Packs Design
Dealing with Component Shortages That Impact Battery Packs DesignDealing with Component Shortages That Impact Battery Packs Design
Dealing with Component Shortages That Impact Battery Packs Design
 
Epec Corporate Overview – 2022
Epec Corporate Overview – 2022Epec Corporate Overview – 2022
Epec Corporate Overview – 2022
 
EMI Shielding Methods for Flex & Rigid-Flex PCB Designs
EMI Shielding Methods for Flex & Rigid-Flex PCB DesignsEMI Shielding Methods for Flex & Rigid-Flex PCB Designs
EMI Shielding Methods for Flex & Rigid-Flex PCB Designs
 
PCB Design and Layout - Checklist of What You Need Before You Start
PCB Design and Layout - Checklist of What You Need Before You StartPCB Design and Layout - Checklist of What You Need Before You Start
PCB Design and Layout - Checklist of What You Need Before You Start
 
Domestic PCB Capabilities
Domestic PCB CapabilitiesDomestic PCB Capabilities
Domestic PCB Capabilities
 
Quick Turn PCBs - Why an Experienced Supply Chain Matters
Quick Turn PCBs - Why an Experienced Supply Chain MattersQuick Turn PCBs - Why an Experienced Supply Chain Matters
Quick Turn PCBs - Why an Experienced Supply Chain Matters
 
Flexible Heater Overview
 Flexible Heater Overview Flexible Heater Overview
Flexible Heater Overview
 
Design Considerations for Lithium Batteries Used in Portable Devices
Design Considerations for Lithium Batteries Used in Portable DevicesDesign Considerations for Lithium Batteries Used in Portable Devices
Design Considerations for Lithium Batteries Used in Portable Devices
 
Match Your High-Tech PCB Design to Your Suppliers Capabilities
Match Your High-Tech PCB Design to Your Suppliers CapabilitiesMatch Your High-Tech PCB Design to Your Suppliers Capabilities
Match Your High-Tech PCB Design to Your Suppliers Capabilities
 
From Mechanical HMIs to Touch: Old vs New Technology
From Mechanical HMIs to Touch: Old vs New TechnologyFrom Mechanical HMIs to Touch: Old vs New Technology
From Mechanical HMIs to Touch: Old vs New Technology
 
Planning Your High-Tech PCB Design for the Lowest Possible Cost
Planning Your High-Tech PCB Design for the Lowest Possible CostPlanning Your High-Tech PCB Design for the Lowest Possible Cost
Planning Your High-Tech PCB Design for the Lowest Possible Cost
 

Recently uploaded

FULL STACK PROGRAMMING - Both Front End and Back End
FULL STACK PROGRAMMING - Both Front End and Back EndFULL STACK PROGRAMMING - Both Front End and Back End
FULL STACK PROGRAMMING - Both Front End and Back End
PreethaV16
 
Levelised Cost of Hydrogen (LCOH) Calculator Manual
Levelised Cost of Hydrogen  (LCOH) Calculator ManualLevelised Cost of Hydrogen  (LCOH) Calculator Manual
Levelised Cost of Hydrogen (LCOH) Calculator Manual
Massimo Talia
 
openshift technical overview - Flow of openshift containerisatoin
openshift technical overview - Flow of openshift containerisatoinopenshift technical overview - Flow of openshift containerisatoin
openshift technical overview - Flow of openshift containerisatoin
snaprevwdev
 
一比一原版(爱大毕业证书)爱荷华大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(爱大毕业证书)爱荷华大学毕业证如何办理一比一原版(爱大毕业证书)爱荷华大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(爱大毕业证书)爱荷华大学毕业证如何办理
nedcocy
 
Blood finder application project report (1).pdf
Blood finder application project report (1).pdfBlood finder application project report (1).pdf
Blood finder application project report (1).pdf
Kamal Acharya
 
OOPS_Lab_Manual - programs using C++ programming language
OOPS_Lab_Manual - programs using C++ programming languageOOPS_Lab_Manual - programs using C++ programming language
OOPS_Lab_Manual - programs using C++ programming language
PreethaV16
 
Power Electronics- AC -AC Converters.pptx
Power Electronics- AC -AC Converters.pptxPower Electronics- AC -AC Converters.pptx
Power Electronics- AC -AC Converters.pptx
Poornima D
 
SENTIMENT ANALYSIS ON PPT AND Project template_.pptx
SENTIMENT ANALYSIS ON PPT AND Project template_.pptxSENTIMENT ANALYSIS ON PPT AND Project template_.pptx
SENTIMENT ANALYSIS ON PPT AND Project template_.pptx
b0754201
 
Accident detection system project report.pdf
Accident detection system project report.pdfAccident detection system project report.pdf
Accident detection system project report.pdf
Kamal Acharya
 
ITSM Integration with MuleSoft.pptx
ITSM  Integration with MuleSoft.pptxITSM  Integration with MuleSoft.pptx
ITSM Integration with MuleSoft.pptx
VANDANAMOHANGOUDA
 
Asymmetrical Repulsion Magnet Motor Ratio 6-7.pdf
Asymmetrical Repulsion Magnet Motor Ratio 6-7.pdfAsymmetrical Repulsion Magnet Motor Ratio 6-7.pdf
Asymmetrical Repulsion Magnet Motor Ratio 6-7.pdf
felixwold
 
Unit -II Spectroscopy - EC I B.Tech.pdf
Unit -II Spectroscopy - EC  I B.Tech.pdfUnit -II Spectroscopy - EC  I B.Tech.pdf
Unit -II Spectroscopy - EC I B.Tech.pdf
TeluguBadi
 
An Introduction to the Compiler Designss
An Introduction to the Compiler DesignssAn Introduction to the Compiler Designss
An Introduction to the Compiler Designss
ElakkiaU
 
Digital Twins Computer Networking Paper Presentation.pptx
Digital Twins Computer Networking Paper Presentation.pptxDigital Twins Computer Networking Paper Presentation.pptx
Digital Twins Computer Networking Paper Presentation.pptx
aryanpankaj78
 
Object Oriented Analysis and Design - OOAD
Object Oriented Analysis and Design - OOADObject Oriented Analysis and Design - OOAD
Object Oriented Analysis and Design - OOAD
PreethaV16
 
一比一原版(CalArts毕业证)加利福尼亚艺术学院毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(CalArts毕业证)加利福尼亚艺术学院毕业证如何办理一比一原版(CalArts毕业证)加利福尼亚艺术学院毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(CalArts毕业证)加利福尼亚艺术学院毕业证如何办理
ecqow
 
Open Channel Flow: fluid flow with a free surface
Open Channel Flow: fluid flow with a free surfaceOpen Channel Flow: fluid flow with a free surface
Open Channel Flow: fluid flow with a free surface
Indrajeet sahu
 
Impartiality as per ISO /IEC 17025:2017 Standard
Impartiality as per ISO /IEC 17025:2017 StandardImpartiality as per ISO /IEC 17025:2017 Standard
Impartiality as per ISO /IEC 17025:2017 Standard
MuhammadJazib15
 
Call For Paper -3rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Advan...
Call For Paper -3rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Advan...Call For Paper -3rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Advan...
Call For Paper -3rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Advan...
ijseajournal
 
UNIT 4 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS-DIGITAL ICS
UNIT 4 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS-DIGITAL ICSUNIT 4 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS-DIGITAL ICS
UNIT 4 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS-DIGITAL ICS
vmspraneeth
 

Recently uploaded (20)

FULL STACK PROGRAMMING - Both Front End and Back End
FULL STACK PROGRAMMING - Both Front End and Back EndFULL STACK PROGRAMMING - Both Front End and Back End
FULL STACK PROGRAMMING - Both Front End and Back End
 
Levelised Cost of Hydrogen (LCOH) Calculator Manual
Levelised Cost of Hydrogen  (LCOH) Calculator ManualLevelised Cost of Hydrogen  (LCOH) Calculator Manual
Levelised Cost of Hydrogen (LCOH) Calculator Manual
 
openshift technical overview - Flow of openshift containerisatoin
openshift technical overview - Flow of openshift containerisatoinopenshift technical overview - Flow of openshift containerisatoin
openshift technical overview - Flow of openshift containerisatoin
 
一比一原版(爱大毕业证书)爱荷华大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(爱大毕业证书)爱荷华大学毕业证如何办理一比一原版(爱大毕业证书)爱荷华大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(爱大毕业证书)爱荷华大学毕业证如何办理
 
Blood finder application project report (1).pdf
Blood finder application project report (1).pdfBlood finder application project report (1).pdf
Blood finder application project report (1).pdf
 
OOPS_Lab_Manual - programs using C++ programming language
OOPS_Lab_Manual - programs using C++ programming languageOOPS_Lab_Manual - programs using C++ programming language
OOPS_Lab_Manual - programs using C++ programming language
 
Power Electronics- AC -AC Converters.pptx
Power Electronics- AC -AC Converters.pptxPower Electronics- AC -AC Converters.pptx
Power Electronics- AC -AC Converters.pptx
 
SENTIMENT ANALYSIS ON PPT AND Project template_.pptx
SENTIMENT ANALYSIS ON PPT AND Project template_.pptxSENTIMENT ANALYSIS ON PPT AND Project template_.pptx
SENTIMENT ANALYSIS ON PPT AND Project template_.pptx
 
Accident detection system project report.pdf
Accident detection system project report.pdfAccident detection system project report.pdf
Accident detection system project report.pdf
 
ITSM Integration with MuleSoft.pptx
ITSM  Integration with MuleSoft.pptxITSM  Integration with MuleSoft.pptx
ITSM Integration with MuleSoft.pptx
 
Asymmetrical Repulsion Magnet Motor Ratio 6-7.pdf
Asymmetrical Repulsion Magnet Motor Ratio 6-7.pdfAsymmetrical Repulsion Magnet Motor Ratio 6-7.pdf
Asymmetrical Repulsion Magnet Motor Ratio 6-7.pdf
 
Unit -II Spectroscopy - EC I B.Tech.pdf
Unit -II Spectroscopy - EC  I B.Tech.pdfUnit -II Spectroscopy - EC  I B.Tech.pdf
Unit -II Spectroscopy - EC I B.Tech.pdf
 
An Introduction to the Compiler Designss
An Introduction to the Compiler DesignssAn Introduction to the Compiler Designss
An Introduction to the Compiler Designss
 
Digital Twins Computer Networking Paper Presentation.pptx
Digital Twins Computer Networking Paper Presentation.pptxDigital Twins Computer Networking Paper Presentation.pptx
Digital Twins Computer Networking Paper Presentation.pptx
 
Object Oriented Analysis and Design - OOAD
Object Oriented Analysis and Design - OOADObject Oriented Analysis and Design - OOAD
Object Oriented Analysis and Design - OOAD
 
一比一原版(CalArts毕业证)加利福尼亚艺术学院毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(CalArts毕业证)加利福尼亚艺术学院毕业证如何办理一比一原版(CalArts毕业证)加利福尼亚艺术学院毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(CalArts毕业证)加利福尼亚艺术学院毕业证如何办理
 
Open Channel Flow: fluid flow with a free surface
Open Channel Flow: fluid flow with a free surfaceOpen Channel Flow: fluid flow with a free surface
Open Channel Flow: fluid flow with a free surface
 
Impartiality as per ISO /IEC 17025:2017 Standard
Impartiality as per ISO /IEC 17025:2017 StandardImpartiality as per ISO /IEC 17025:2017 Standard
Impartiality as per ISO /IEC 17025:2017 Standard
 
Call For Paper -3rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Advan...
Call For Paper -3rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Advan...Call For Paper -3rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Advan...
Call For Paper -3rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Advan...
 
UNIT 4 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS-DIGITAL ICS
UNIT 4 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS-DIGITAL ICSUNIT 4 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS-DIGITAL ICS
UNIT 4 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS-DIGITAL ICS
 

Effective Ways To Reduce Your CNC Machining Costs

  • 1. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability Effective Ways To Reduce Your CNC Machining Costs 6.23.22
  • 2. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 2 Agenda  Overview of the Biggest Factors Affecting CNC Costs  Understanding the Dual-Sourcing Model  The 5 Specific Ways to Reduce Costs  What Criteria Affect Costing and Delivery  Summary
  • 3. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 3 Metal Craft Machining  Who is Metal Craft Machining? – Established in 1983 – Located in Central MA – Acquired by Epec in 2018 – 30,000 sq ft – Significant investment in machinists, equipment, and software focused on increasing machine efficiencies.
  • 4. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 4 Overview of the Biggest Factors Affecting CNC Costs
  • 5. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 5 Part Complexity  Reducing CNC machining costs is directly related to the time it takes to machine the part itself – spindle time  Part design complexity - most significant factor affecting the cost of CNC machining – The more complex a design is, the more time it take will be to fabricate – Time is money: • The longer it takes to machine, the more it will cost
  • 6. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 6 Part Complexity  Higher complexity designs require: – Advanced capability CNC machines – Increased machining time – Multiple setups – Increased In-process inspections  Part features can increase cost: – Sharp internal corners, thin walls, deep cavities, and non-standard hole sizes. These affect cost significantly and should be avoided unless they are absolutely necessary. – Surface roughness and tolerancing may require multiple passes and inspections • Use industry standards
  • 7. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 7 Materials  Materials specified for a part are a cost driver  Costs associated with a material to be machined – Raw material cost – varied material prices are determined by material availability and their physical properties – Overall production costs - machinability of the material  Material machinability – Materials that are more difficult to machine, take more time and effort to machine  Metals are more expensive than plastics – Raw material and machine time
  • 8. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 8 Tooling  Tooling determines the quality, precision, and repeatability of the finished part  Reduce tooling costs  Machining time can be reduced by creating features that can be fabricated using standard CNC tool sizes  Custom tooling is costly
  • 9. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 9 Setup  Utilize standard fixturing – Soft jaws – Work off sets  Eliminate the need for custom fixtures and work off sets  If custom fixtures are necessary, we design and produce in-house
  • 10. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 10 Understanding the Dual-Sourcing Model
  • 11. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 11 What is Dual Sourcing  Low-cost offshore (outsource) CNC machining of production parts with the support of a U.S. machine shop and engineering team  What does that mean? – We will outsource everything that we can – Our facility will be used for ITAR, prototypes, and rework when needed
  • 12. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 12 Process flow
  • 13. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 13 Model  We have several facilities in Asia – China & India  The Process – CAM/engineering done in U.S. – Right facility for every order – We manage the transportation to New Bedford, MA – Inspection done in the U.S. – Customer’s price will include all freight and tariffs
  • 14. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 14 Quoting  Quoting time – 24 hours any customer questions – 48 hours – Red Line drawing sent to facility – 48 hours quote returned from Asia – 5-6 days quotes returned to customer  Required for quote – Drawing and .stp file – Quantities to quote – EAU – Lead time (Standard & Quick Turn)  What could delay the quote? – Raw Material Quote – Surface Finish Quote – Component Quote
  • 15. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 15 The 5 Specific Ways to Reduce Costs
  • 16. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 16 Part Complexity and DFM  3-axis and 5-axis mills and lathes allow for complex geometries and tight tolerances. – The processing cost depends on the type of machine and the number of hours it will run  The Design for Manufacturing process (DFM) is critical in CNC machining cost calculations  Design complexity dictates machining time  Reduce feature complexity without sacrificing functionality  Design complex parts into multiple parts that can be assembled after machining  Eliminate multiple machine setups and special tooling
  • 17. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 17 Part Complexity and DFM  Guidelines: – Internal cavities and fillets – Increase wall thickness – Increase radius – Thread depth • 3:1 depth to diameter – Tight tolerances • Standard tolerance • +/-0.005” on metal • +/-0.010” on plastic
  • 18. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 18 Materials  Application requirements dictate the material type  Consider a less expensive or easier-to-machine material that maintains the design requirement  Materials that are difficult to machine materials consume more resources: – Tools – Cutting fluid – Electricity
  • 19. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 19 Materials  Aluminum $ – Soft – Easy to machine – Long tool life – 6061, 7075  Stainless Steel $$$ – Hard – Difficult to machine – Short tool life – 303, 304, 316  Brass / Copper $$ – Hard – Easy to machine – Long tool life – 360, OFHC 101  Plastics (mechanical grades) $$ – Soft – Easy to machine, difficult for tight tolerance, dimensional instability – Long tool life – PVC, nylon, and Delrin (PEEK is the exception but higher cost)
  • 20. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 20 Tooling and Setup  Tooling – CNC designs require special tools for efficient fabrication. When designing a part, machine time can be reduced by ensuring dimensions correspond to standard CNC tool specifications. – Hole, thread and cavity diameters should correspond to common CNC tool diameters. – Maintain hole and cavity dimensions across a part - fewer tool changes mean less machining process.  Reduce the quantity and type of cutting tools or tool inserts required  Non-standard hole sizes – Reamers, more costly
  • 21. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 21 Tooling and Setup  Machining set up and fixture costs depend largely on the complexity of the job.  If no custom work holding fixtures are required, fixed costs will be lower.  Likewise, custom holders of limited complexity that can be produced in-house will generally cost less than those that require a specialized supplier. – Machine shops use standard work holding fixtures • Machine vises • Lathe jaws • Collet holders • Tombstones
  • 22. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 22 Surface finish  Use standard finishes  CNC machining produces parts that can be used as-machined: machine finish  Specific applications require post- processing operations to improve functionality and aesthetic criteria – Heat treatment – Grinding – Surface Finish • Machine finish (surface texture) • Polish • Bead blast • Plating (material dependent) – Gold, Nickel, Silver (most metals) – Anodize, chromate (Aluminum) – Black Oxide (steel) – Passivate (stainless steel) – Avoid multiple finishes
  • 23. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 23 CAD / CAM  A programmer converts CAD files to CAM files to CNC machine language. This expertise is costly.  Increase part file attributes  CAD / solid model – Creates 3D objects using computer-aided design software – Accurate dimensional representation of a solid part – Automates mathematical calculations – Quality of model • Material • Threads • Finish
  • 24. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 24 CAD / CAM  PDF / part drawing – Adds written detail not contained in solid model  CAM / Programming – More accurate model and part drawing means reduced programming – Programming time equals cost
  • 25. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 25 What Design Criteria Affects Costing and Delivery
  • 26. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 26 Wall thickness  Increase wall thickness – Thick walls are more stable – Risk of finish damage from material and tool deflection – Thin walls require shallow cutting depths, adds machine time – Thicker walls decrease machining times and lower cost  Minimum metal wall = 0.035”  Minimum plastic wall = 0.060”
  • 27. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 27 Internal Radii  Increase internal radii – CNC milling tools are cylindrical and create corners inside a part with a curve or radius – Design the part with internal radii instead of sharp corners – Larger internal radius = larger the milling tool = less machining time – Internal corner radii 1/3 depth of the cavity
  • 28. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 28 Deep Cavities / Threads  Avoid deep cavities – The deeper the cavity, the longer it takes to cut away the material – Cavities greater than 4 times the diameter of the tool require specialized tooling  Tapped holes – Maintain thread depth at 1.5 times the diameter of the hole – Large – thread mill – Small - tap
  • 29. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 29 Tight Tolerances  Eliminate all unnecessary decimal points from your design  Dimensions specify the level of accuracy required for your part  Level of accuracy determines the tools used to machine the part  More decimal places = more intricate the tool = higher the cost – +/-0.005″ standard – +/-0.001″ or better can be achieved – more costly
  • 30. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 30 Summary
  • 31. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 31 Summary  Time is money  To reduce the cost of the production of CNC parts: – Decrease part complexity – Specify raw material that is lower cost and less difficult to machine – Design using off-the-shelf tooling – Use standard tolerances and finishes – Eliminate custom fixturing
  • 32. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 32 Our Products Battery Packs Flex & Rigid-Flex PCBs Cable Assemblies Printed Circuit Boards CNC Machining User Interfaces Flexible Heaters EC Fans & Motors
  • 33. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 33 Q&A  Questions? – Enter any questions you may have in the control panel – If we don’t have time to get to it, we will reply via email
  • 34. Manufacturing That Eliminates Risk & Improves Reliability 34 Thank You Check out our website at www.epectec.com. For more information email sales@epectec.com. Stay Connected with Epec Engineered Technologies Follow us on our social media sites for continuous technical updates and information: