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Dr. Dewi Aryani, M.Si
Member of Commission IX
The House of Representative of the Republic of Indonesia
Founder-AirQualityAsia-Indonesia
Former, Chairwoman-Indonesia, 2017
RAISING AWARENESS TOWARDS
POLLUTION AND ITS IMPACT TO
HUMAN HEALTH
International webinar
25 September 2020
2
QUALITY OF AIR, QUALITY OF LIFE
Living in a pollution-
free environment
signifies a better
quality of life.
.
It has been proven
that air quality
affects human
health.
Growth and concentration of
the population in cities, the
way we consume energy in
urban areas, among others,
result in the emission of huge
quantities of gases that are
harmful to our health.
.
Air pollution causes
around seven
million deaths a
year worldwide.
HOW DOES AIR POLLUTION AFFECT OUR HEALTH?
Damage to reproductive
organs
.
Cardiovascular damage
.
Irritation of the eyes,
nose and throat
Respiratory diseases Nervous system damage.
Fatigue, headaches and anxiety
.
4
MAIN CAUSES OF AIR POLLUTION
75% Such sources of emissions liberate gases and substances
that are toxic for human beings, the most harmful of which
are: tropospheric ozone (O3), sulphur dioxide (SO2),
nitrogen dioxide (NO2), benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) and
suspended particulate matter (PM)
50%
35%
Emissions from different transport
modes, the burning of fossil fuels,
industrial production, forest fires,
aerosol use and radiation fare
A major study on urban pollution carried out in 650 cities worldwide
has confirmed the fear that air pollution impacts on human health in
the short term and is directly linked to the deaths of elderly people
and those already suffering from illness on a daily basis.
HEALTH IMPACT OF POLLUTION
The number of deaths due to
pollution was three times greater
than the number due to AIDS,
tuberculosis, and malaria combined
and 15 times more than the number
resulting from all wars and other
forms of violence
In 2015, Air pollution was responsible for
6.4 million deaths – 2.8 million from
household air pollution and 4.2 million
from ambient air pollution. Water
pollution caused 1.75 million deaths.
Occupational pollutants caused 0.85
million deaths. Soil pollution, heavy
metals and toxic chemicals caused 0.5
million deaths
CORONAVIRUS DISEASE-19 OR KNOWN AS COVID-19
IN THE WORLD
 Coronavirus Cases: 31,863,209
 Deaths: 976,784
 Recovered: 23,460,950
Worldometers.info, as of 23 Sept 2020
INDONESIA
 Coronavirus Cases: 257,388
 Deaths: 9,977
 Recovered: 23,460,950
Worldometers.info, As of 23 Sept 2020
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease
caused by a newly discovered coronavirus, early this year.
7
LINK BETWEENCOVID-19 AND DEADLY AIR POLLUTION
The
Himalayas
were visible
again,
spanning the
northern
Indian horizon
for what may
have been the
first time in 30
years
Kenyans
reported seeing
the jagged
peaks of Mount
Kenya from
behind
Nairobi’s
skyscrapers
many urban
residents got a
breather from
air pollution
This is a stark
confirmation of
the contribution
of our everyday
activities to
sources of
emissions of the
air pollutants
that we breathe
NASA satellite
data showed a
drop in
pollution over
the highways
spanning the
United States’
northeast
corridor
50 40 15
IMPACTOF POLLUTION
Around 7 million people
died prematurely every
year from air pollution
higher levels of fine
particulate matter, or
PM2.5, are associated
with higher death rates
from Covid-19
There is a strong link
between poor
communities and high
levels of air pollution. The
poorest suffer
THE WAY FORWARD
Get your new travel
document: the
immunity passport
Surveillance as an
ongoing public
health measure
Brand-new habits or
changing clean and
healthy life
. It brings a whole new
dimension to privacy
and ethics issues like
we’ve seen in South
Korea. But under the
guise of another major
public health crisis, such
measures could become
the norm.
10
HOW TO TACKLE AIR POLLUTION?
BreatheLife initiative
Actions will be local and focused
on improving transport
(providing more public
transport, better services,
clean environment for user),
waste management, indoor air
quality, energy supply, industry,
food and agriculture.
the aims to mobilize cities and
individuals to protect our health
and our planet from the effects of
air pollution” and which has fixed
the objective of cutting by half
the number of deaths linked to
air pollution before 2030.
.
WHO and the CCAC – made up of the United Nations
Environment Programme (UNEP) and 54 nations launched the
BreatheLife initiative.
.
11
HOW TO TACKLE COVID-19 AND AIR POLLUTION?
1 Building Back Better
2 If seized upon, this crisis could have a
much bigger silver lining: creating the
conditions to tackle what will be
humanity’s greatest challenge this
century, climate change.
3 Public sentiment supports making
improvements in air quality part of
post-Covid recovery plans.
HOW TO TACKLE COVID-19 AND AIR POLLUTION?/2
Ban Ki Moon, Former UN Sec Gen
 Governments must seize these
opportunities to put clean air
and climate justice at the heart of
recovery plans, in line with the
2015 Paris climate agreement"
 This will not be easy, but it can
and must be done!”
Helena Molin Valdés, Head of the Climate
and Clean Air Coalition Secretariat
Any stimulus packages
should be green and efforts
to rebuild economies
should include climate
change and air pollution
mitigation.
13
CONCLUSION
We will have vaccine We will have new public
health protocols too for
how to prevent another
calamity
be
Our mankind will
prevail
These are
for sure!
We will more grateful to
the life we lived in the
past, living now and in
the future
Dr. Dewi Aryani : Raising Awareness Towards Pollution and its Impact to Human Health

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Dr. Dewi Aryani : Raising Awareness Towards Pollution and its Impact to Human Health

  • 1. Dr. Dewi Aryani, M.Si Member of Commission IX The House of Representative of the Republic of Indonesia Founder-AirQualityAsia-Indonesia Former, Chairwoman-Indonesia, 2017 RAISING AWARENESS TOWARDS POLLUTION AND ITS IMPACT TO HUMAN HEALTH International webinar 25 September 2020
  • 2. 2 QUALITY OF AIR, QUALITY OF LIFE Living in a pollution- free environment signifies a better quality of life. . It has been proven that air quality affects human health. Growth and concentration of the population in cities, the way we consume energy in urban areas, among others, result in the emission of huge quantities of gases that are harmful to our health. . Air pollution causes around seven million deaths a year worldwide.
  • 3. HOW DOES AIR POLLUTION AFFECT OUR HEALTH? Damage to reproductive organs . Cardiovascular damage . Irritation of the eyes, nose and throat Respiratory diseases Nervous system damage. Fatigue, headaches and anxiety .
  • 4. 4 MAIN CAUSES OF AIR POLLUTION 75% Such sources of emissions liberate gases and substances that are toxic for human beings, the most harmful of which are: tropospheric ozone (O3), sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) and suspended particulate matter (PM) 50% 35% Emissions from different transport modes, the burning of fossil fuels, industrial production, forest fires, aerosol use and radiation fare A major study on urban pollution carried out in 650 cities worldwide has confirmed the fear that air pollution impacts on human health in the short term and is directly linked to the deaths of elderly people and those already suffering from illness on a daily basis.
  • 5. HEALTH IMPACT OF POLLUTION The number of deaths due to pollution was three times greater than the number due to AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria combined and 15 times more than the number resulting from all wars and other forms of violence In 2015, Air pollution was responsible for 6.4 million deaths – 2.8 million from household air pollution and 4.2 million from ambient air pollution. Water pollution caused 1.75 million deaths. Occupational pollutants caused 0.85 million deaths. Soil pollution, heavy metals and toxic chemicals caused 0.5 million deaths
  • 6. CORONAVIRUS DISEASE-19 OR KNOWN AS COVID-19 IN THE WORLD  Coronavirus Cases: 31,863,209  Deaths: 976,784  Recovered: 23,460,950 Worldometers.info, as of 23 Sept 2020 INDONESIA  Coronavirus Cases: 257,388  Deaths: 9,977  Recovered: 23,460,950 Worldometers.info, As of 23 Sept 2020 Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus, early this year.
  • 7. 7 LINK BETWEENCOVID-19 AND DEADLY AIR POLLUTION The Himalayas were visible again, spanning the northern Indian horizon for what may have been the first time in 30 years Kenyans reported seeing the jagged peaks of Mount Kenya from behind Nairobi’s skyscrapers many urban residents got a breather from air pollution This is a stark confirmation of the contribution of our everyday activities to sources of emissions of the air pollutants that we breathe NASA satellite data showed a drop in pollution over the highways spanning the United States’ northeast corridor
  • 8. 50 40 15 IMPACTOF POLLUTION Around 7 million people died prematurely every year from air pollution higher levels of fine particulate matter, or PM2.5, are associated with higher death rates from Covid-19 There is a strong link between poor communities and high levels of air pollution. The poorest suffer
  • 9. THE WAY FORWARD Get your new travel document: the immunity passport Surveillance as an ongoing public health measure Brand-new habits or changing clean and healthy life . It brings a whole new dimension to privacy and ethics issues like we’ve seen in South Korea. But under the guise of another major public health crisis, such measures could become the norm.
  • 10. 10 HOW TO TACKLE AIR POLLUTION? BreatheLife initiative Actions will be local and focused on improving transport (providing more public transport, better services, clean environment for user), waste management, indoor air quality, energy supply, industry, food and agriculture. the aims to mobilize cities and individuals to protect our health and our planet from the effects of air pollution” and which has fixed the objective of cutting by half the number of deaths linked to air pollution before 2030. . WHO and the CCAC – made up of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and 54 nations launched the BreatheLife initiative. .
  • 11. 11 HOW TO TACKLE COVID-19 AND AIR POLLUTION? 1 Building Back Better 2 If seized upon, this crisis could have a much bigger silver lining: creating the conditions to tackle what will be humanity’s greatest challenge this century, climate change. 3 Public sentiment supports making improvements in air quality part of post-Covid recovery plans.
  • 12. HOW TO TACKLE COVID-19 AND AIR POLLUTION?/2 Ban Ki Moon, Former UN Sec Gen  Governments must seize these opportunities to put clean air and climate justice at the heart of recovery plans, in line with the 2015 Paris climate agreement"  This will not be easy, but it can and must be done!” Helena Molin Valdés, Head of the Climate and Clean Air Coalition Secretariat Any stimulus packages should be green and efforts to rebuild economies should include climate change and air pollution mitigation.
  • 13. 13 CONCLUSION We will have vaccine We will have new public health protocols too for how to prevent another calamity be Our mankind will prevail These are for sure! We will more grateful to the life we lived in the past, living now and in the future