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Canadian Immigration Tracker
2018 to March 2024
Working Draft - Key Slides
15,000
30,000
45,000
60,000
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1
Economic - PNP Economic - Fed Family Refugees Other
Programs Examined
• Permanent Residents/Immigrants (PRs): Economic (PNP and Federal), Family and Refugees
• TR to Permanent Resident transition
• Asylum Claimants
• Temporary Residents/International Mobility Program (IMP): International Agreements (e.g., NAFTA, GATS),
Canadian Interests (e.g., intra-corporate transfers, work exchange programs, post-graduate employment,
spouses)
• Temporary Residents/Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP): caregivers, agriculture workers, other
workers with Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)
• Study Permits (international students)
• Settlement Services
• Citizenship
• Visitor Visas
2
March 2024 Highlights
• PRs: Admissions Decrease from 38,970 in February to 34,780 in March. March year-over-year change (change from 2022 in parentheses):
Economic - PNP -6.5% (35.9%), Economic - Federal -31.6% (-30.1%), Family -27.4% (-23.0%), Refugees -12.9% (-14.3%)
• Applications: Given time delays in entering application data, am using a six month time lag. Decrease from 48,685 in August to 42,721 in September. September year-over-year change (change from 2020): 37.8%
(0.7%).84,770
• Express Entry and Arrima Invitations to Apply: Increase from 9,798 in March (2,493 Arrima) to 10,311 in April (1,036 Arrima). April year-over-year change (change from 2022): 28.6% (525.3%)
• TR to PRs transition (i.e., those already in Canada): Decrease from 22,380 in February to 18,120 (52 percent of all PRs). March year-over-year change (change from 2022): -30.9% (-12.6%)
• Temporary Residents:
• TRs/IMP: Increase from 75,800 in February to 84,770 in March. March year-over-year (change from 2022): Agreements: -17.4% (-41.2%), Canadian Interests: -17.4% (60.9%%), Other IMP Participants 47.6% (860.3%),
Not stated 41.5% (738.8%)
• TRs/TFWP: Increase from 12,600 in February to17,730 in March. March year-over-year change (change from 2022): Caregivers -36.8% (-40.0%), Agriculture -15.1% (-12.2%) and Other LMIA -0.9% (151.9%).
• Students: Increase from 29,275 in February to 42,090 in March. March year-over-year change (change from 2023): 49.3% (49.3%)
• Applications: Sharp decrease from 68,214 in February to 33,287 in March. March year-over-year change (change from 2021): -53.0% (-27.1%)
• Web Get a study permit: Stable from 55,835 in March to 57,596 in April. April year-over-year change (change from 2022): -27.6% (-34.3%)
• Asylum Claimants: Increase from 15,155 in January to 16,350 in February. February year-over-year change (change from 2021): 62.8%
(212.0%) - NOTE: March data not uploaded as of 27 May
• Irregular arrivals (Roxham Road etc): Remain low level, decline from 178 in February to 139 in March. March year-over-year change (change from 2021): -96.7% -94.4%).
• Settlement Services (2023): Increase from 1,941,480 in 2022 to 2,960,330 in 2023 (most recent data, services, not unique clients). 2023 year-
over-year (change from 2021): 52.5% (53.3%)
• Citizenship: Stable from 34,852 in February to 34,230 in March. March year-over-year change (change from 2022): 21.2% (-17.9%)
• Applications (2023): From 264,231 in 2022 to 317,538 in 2023. 2023 Year-over-year change (change from 2021): 20.2%% (36.3%)
• Visitor Visas: Increase from 142,667 in February to 155,242 in March. March year-over-year change (change from 2022): -2.6% (75.2%).
3
Change Across Major Programs
2023 full year Compared to full year 2018 Baseline
4
PR Applications
PR Admissions-PNP
PR Admissions-Fed
TR2PR
Temporary Workers IMP
Temporary Workers TFWP
Asylum Claimants
Study Permit Applications
Study Permit Holders
Citizenship Applications (2023)
New Citizens
Settlement Services (2023)
Visitor Visas
0% 75% 150% 225% 300%
38.1%
26.7%
113.7%
22.2%
92.2%
132.8%
170.5%
123.8%
226.2%
165.4%
30.8%
69.6%
3.5%
Change Across Web Hits
2023 full year Compared to full year 2018 Baseline
5
Get a Study Permit
Get a Work Permit
Immigrate to Canada
Find immigrant Services
Apply for Citizenship
-45% -30% -15% 0% 15% 30% 45% 60%
-36.3%
47.5%
-7.6%
55.5%
18.5%
Permanent Residents
6
Express Entry & Arrima Invitations—2018-24
7,500
15,000
22,500
30,000
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1
CEC PNP No Program Federal Skilled Trades Healthcare
STEM Trades Transport Agriculture French
General QC Arrima 7
PR Applications: Region of Citizenship —2018-23
35,000
70,000
105,000
140,000
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7
Asia Africa Americas Europe Oceania
8
Note: Given delays in entering applications in processing systems, a six month time lag is used. May 2021 surge driven by
applications from India (corrected from previous version)
Admissions: PRs by Categories—2018-24
15,000
30,000
45,000
60,000
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1
Economic - PNP Economic - Fed Family Refugees Other
9
Admissions: PRs Region of Citizenship—2018-24
25%
50%
75%
100%
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1
Asia Africa Americas Europe Oceania
10
Admissions: PRs Canada Total
March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18
-52.5%
-35%
-17.5%
0%
17.5%
35%
52.5%
70%
Economic - PNP Economic - Fed Family Refugees
69.6%
27.5%
30.8%
69.6%
-14.3%
-23%
-30.1%
35.9%
-12.9%
-27.4%
-31.6%
-6.5%
March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18
11
Admissions: PNP Provinces
March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18
-45%
-22.5%
0%
22.5%
45%
67.5%
90%
Atlantic ON MB SK AB BC
60.9%
48.9%
77.2%
56.4%
88%
82.9%
-12.5%
-14.8%
-39.5%
-15.4%
-23.1%
-11.6%
-14.6%
13.3%
-19.4%
-35.3%
11.7%
0.4%
March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18
12
Admissions: Permanent Residents by Citizenship
March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18
Top 10 Countries — Ordered by 2018 base year
-100%
-40%
20%
80%
140%
India Philippines China Syria Nigeria USA Pakistan France Eritrea UK
-21.3%
33.7%
128.9%
21.1%
-5.1%
101.3%
-29.9%
6.5%
-37.3%
67.8%
-37.9%
52.8%
-54.4%
-19.7%
-41.1%
-8.7%
3.1%
-28.9%
-3.8%
-4.3%
-38.5%
-24%
-46%
-14.5%
-38.3%
-13.2%
-19.5%
-32.7%
-7.3%
-30.7%
March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18
13
Admissions: Temporary to Permanent Residents
By Program—2018-24
10,000
20,000
30,000
40,000
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1
IMP Post-Graduate WP Students TFWP
14
Admissions by Province: TRs to PRs
March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18
-125%
0%
125%
250%
375%
500%
Atlantic QC ON MB SK AB BC
154.4%
81.9%
110.8%
415.3%
197.7%
53.6%
296.6%
-29.6%
26.4%
48.5%
-2.1%
-14%
-33.5%
9%
-40.5%
-14.6%
-30.3%
-47.4%
-37.5%
-0.3%
8.7%
March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18
15
Admissions: TRs to PRs
March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18
-90%
-45%
0%
45%
90%
135%
180%
IMP Post-Graduate WP Students TFWP
122.8%
132.7%
176.6%
170.9%
17.3%
-18.9%
-23.9%
-7.3%
-15.6%
-24.1%
-40.6%
-27.9%
February 2024/23 February 2024/22 Full year 2023/18
16
Two-Step Immigration
TR2PR Percent Total Admission
0
15,000
30,000
45,000
60,000
22.5%
45%
67.5%
90%
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1
Percent TR2PR Total Admissions
17
Asylum Claimants
18
Asylum Claimants: Of
fi
ce Type 2018-24
4,500
9,000
13,500
18,000
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1
Airport Border Inland Other
19
Note: The “other claim of
fi
ce” surge in September-November likely re
fl
ected delays in classi
fi
cation, most of these were likely Inland
Asylum Claimants: Irregular Arrivals
RCMP Interceptions as Percent Total Asylum Claimants—2018-24
0
1,250
2,500
3,750
5,000
15%
30%
45%
60%
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1
Percent Claimants Irregular Arrivals
20
Asylum Claimants: Year-over-year
February Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18
-175%
0%
175%
350%
525%
700%
Airport Border Inland
184.9%
43.3%
491.9%
388.7%
-42.1%
650.7%
162.9%
-69.8%
262.6%
February 2024/23 February 2024/22 Full year 2023/18
21
Asylum Claimants: Year-over-year
February Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18
-250%
0%
250%
500%
750%
1,000%
India Mexico Iran Nigeria Colombia Pakistan China Turkey Haiti USA
-61.2%
356.5%
255%
3%
165.8%
140.3%
4.6%
141.9%
666.5%
152.8%
-100%
-14.5%
-22.2%
488.9%
222.2%
15.6%
984%
32.9%
220.6%
974.4%
-100%
42%
-59.9%
165%
40.3%
-42.2%
502.2%
-10.6%
29.9%
335.8%
February 2024/23 February 2024/22 Full year 2023/18
22
Note: USA no longer in top 25
Temporary Residents
23
IMP & TFWP Work Permit Holders—2018-24
35,000
70,000
105,000
140,000
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1
Agreements Cdn Interests Other IMP Vulnerable Not Stated Caregivers
Agriculture LMIA 24
Temporary Residents by Program Canada
March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18
-100%
0%
100%
200%
300%
400%
Agreements Canadian Interests Caregivers Agriculture LMIA
338.8%
35.7%
-45.4%
162.1%
-46.4%
151.9%
-12.2%
-40%
60.9%
-41.2%
-0.9%
-15.1%
-36.8%
-17.4%
-17.4%
March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18
25
IMP by Region of Citizenship—2018-24
0%
25%
50%
75%
100%
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1
Asia Europe Americas Africa Oceania
26
IMP by Citizenship
March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 Top 10 Countries—Ordered by
2018 base year
-125%
0%
125%
250%
375%
500%
India USA France China UK Australia Ireland Korea Brazil Japan
18%
58.1%
41.3%
-26.6%
-12.1%
24.4%
55.1%
51.1%
-27%
417.8%
117.3%
33.1%
187.6%
44.9%
40%
50.4%
50.9%
43.9%
6.3%
75.4%
18.1%
-4.3%
51%
-17.4%
1.2%
-4.8%
-7.5%
-11.3%
-3.3%
-32.7%
March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18
27
IMP by Province
March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18
Top 10 Countries—Ordered by 2018 base year
-100%
0%
100%
200%
300%
400%
Atlantic QC ON MB SK AB BC
164.1%
198.8%
147.9%
236.1%
282.2%
161.9%
288.4%
120.2%
316.9%
166%
223.6%
155.2%
81.9%
174.1%
13.4%
34.6%
6.8%
2.4%
-7.4%
28.3%
8.6%
March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18
28
TFWP by Region of Citizenship—2018-24
0%
25%
50%
75%
100%
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1
Americas Asia Europe Africa Oceania
29
TFWP by Citizenship
March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 Top 10 Countries—Ordered by
2018 base year
-100%
0%
100%
200%
300%
400%
Mexico Jamaica Guatemala Philippines India Korea USA UK China France
301.1%
253.1%
17.5%
-39.2%
21.5%
289.2%
153.7%
114.2%
15.5%
62.5%
182.6%
305.6%
15.4%
-30%
-15.4%
132.1%
113.3%
-6.3%
10%
1.4%
16.1%
55.3%
-6.3%
-22.2%
-23.3%
-11.6%
-1.5%
-17.4%
11%
-17%
March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18
30
TFWP by Province
March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 Top 10 Countries—Ordered by
2018 base year
-75%
0%
75%
150%
225%
300%
Atlantic QC ON MB SK AB BC
89.7%
189.9%
148.1%
164.7%
59.1%
239.2%
160.5%
7.5%
111.6%
95.8%
156.5%
8.3%
59.2%
83.2%
-15.1%
-8.3%
14.6%
28.3%
-10.4%
-5.6%
-3.6%
March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18
31
Study Permits
32
Study Permit Applications—By Region—2018-24
25,000
50,000
75,000
100,000
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1
Asia Africa Americas Europe Oceania
33
Study Permit Holders—By Level—2018-24
45,000
90,000
135,000
180,000
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1
Secondary or less Post Secondary Other Studies Untitled 1
34
Study Permit Holders—By Region—2018-24
0%
25%
50%
75%
100%
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1
Asia Africa Americas Europe Oceania
35
Study Permit Holders by Citizenship
March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18
Top 10 Countries — Ordered by Number of Permits, 2018 base year
-125%
0%
125%
250%
375%
500%
India China Korea France Vietnam Brazil Iran Japan USA Nigeria
478%
21.9%
19.4%
111.1%
-1.2%
-10.4%
17.8%
-38.4%
-31.4%
160.6%
210.7%
39.1%
-52.9%
64.1%
0.8%
17.5%
32.2%
-4.9%
63.5%
67.3%
39.4%
16.4%
-10.3%
-1%
0.8%
27.6%
-3.3%
3.8%
47.6%
111.9%
March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18
36
Study Permit Holders by Province
March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18
0%
35%
70%
105%
140%
Atlantic QC ON MB SK AB BC
54.2%
122.3%
107.9%
56.8%
106.7%
80.1%
91.2%
86.0%
92.7%
34.5%
58.4%
50.3%
57.3%
87.4%
53.6%
52.7%
9.3%
26.2%
70.3%
20.6%
27.8%
March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18
37
Study Permits—Web Interest
40,000
80,000
120,000
160,000
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2020-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1
Canada Asia Americas Africa Europe Oceania Not captured
38
Study Permits—Web Interest
April Comparison: 2024/21, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18
Top 10 Countries by “Get your study permit” ordered by site visits, 2018 base year
-225%
0%
225%
450%
675%
900%
India USA China Nigeria Brazil PhilippinesColombia Mexico Iran Pakistan
88.8%
-81.5%
-2%
-24.5%
223%
-38.9%
219.4%
-38.7%
15.4%
-12.7% -13.3%
807%
-16.1%
-55.4%
-58%
-48.5%
-33.5%
-8.4%
-15.5%
-47.9%
-25.4%
244%
-8.7%
-22.8%
-54.6%
-20.3%
-44.2%
-29.2%
-19.3%
-26.8%
April 2024/23 April 2024-22 Full year 2023/18
39
Settlement Services
40
Settlement—By Service—2018-23
Pre-Arrival and In Canada Services
68,750
137,500
206,250
275,000
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7
Pre-Arrival Information & Orientation Needs & Assets Assessment, Referrals Employment Related Services
Information & Orientation Services Community Connections Language Assessment
Language Training Resettlement Assistance Service Delivery Improvement
41
Settlement Services
Annual Comparisons: 2023/22, 2023/21, Full year 2023/18
Pre-Arrival Info & Orientation
Needs, Assets & Referrals
Employment Related
Information & Orientation
Community Connections
Language Assessment
Language Training
Resettlement Assistance
Service Delivery Improvement
-110% -32.5% 45% 122.5% 200%
-96.7%
14.8%
143%
48.8%
68.6%
20.5%
29.9%
8.1%
36.3%
-92.3%
162.8%
192.4%
197.9%
88.0%
53.2%
62.5%
39.1%
45.2%
-97.2%
-3.3%
16.2%
36.6%
41.7%
22.5%
20.9%
28.0%
20.6%
2023/22 2023/21 Full year 2023/18
42
Settlement Services—By Region—2018-23
0%
25%
50%
75%
100%
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7
Asia Africa Americas Europe Oceania
43
Settlement Services by Citizenship
Annual Comparisons: 2023/22, 2023/21, Full year 2023/18
Top 10, 2018 base year
-125%
0%
125%
250%
375%
500%
Syria China India Philippines Iraq Eritrea Iran PakistanAfghanistan Somalia
40%
400.8%
-2.3%
2.4%
49.6%
-34.9%
-42%
2.1%
-16.8%
-23.5%
34.3%
217.6%
16.2%
15.1%
40.7%
-12.5%
-6%
30.7%
12.7%
-6.7%
20.7%
36.4%
8.4%
13.2%
21.3%
-12.1%
-4.2%
10.3%
5%
-2.4%
2023/22 2023/21 Full year 2023/18
44
Settlement Services
Annual Comparisons: 2023/22, 2023/21, Full year 2023/18
-35%
-17.5%
0%
17.5%
35%
52.5%
70%
Atlantic QC ON MB SK AB BC
29.8%
38.7%
28.7%
15.8%
28.3%
-27.5%
64.7%
-18.6%
-21.7%
-16.5%
-24.0%
-16.9%
-20.6%
-5.8%
47.0%
70.0%
44.1%
55.9%
47.3%
2.3%
53.0%
2023/22 2023/21 Full year 2023/18
45
Citizenship
46
Citizenship Applications—2018-23
7,500
15,000
22,500
30,000
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7
Number: Red line is 3-month moving average
47
New Citizens—By Region of Birth—2018-24
Numbers
12,500
25,000
37,500
50,000
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1
Asia Africa Americas Europe Oceania
48
New Citizens—By Region of Birth—2018-24
Percentage
25%
50%
75%
100%
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1
Asia Africa Americas Europe Oceania
49
Citizenship by Country of Birth
March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18
-200%
-50%
100%
250%
400%
Philippines India Iran China Pakistan Nigeria USA Egypt Iraq France
115%
52.4%
7.5%
81.9%
224.5%
41.6%
28.6%
6.9%
302.4%
86.9%
-39.9%
-57.2%
-40.5%
-19.6%
-5.3%
-37.5%
-2.1%
-48%
38.2%
-13.3%
115.3%
-34.3%
-12.5%
48.9%
-26.7%
5.7%
46.9%
5%
39.5%
27%
March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18
50
Approved Visitor Visas
51
Visitor Visas—By Source Country—2018-24
75,000
150,000
225,000
300,000
2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1
Asia Americas Africa Europe Oceania Other
52
Visitor Visas—By Source Country
March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/23, Full year 2023/18
Top 10 Countries—Ordered by 2018 base year
-150%
-75%
0%
75%
150%
225%
300%
China India Philippines Iran Brazil Vietnam Colombia Algeria Pakistan Russia
-8.9%
152.9%
163.3%
71.3%
46.1%
-37.3%
-1.5%
58%
76.7%
-52%
-100%
153.8%
298.5%
31.6%
49.8%
91.5%
25.5%
198.8%
108.1%
243.2%
-100%
-39%
-11.8%
50.9%
-67.4%
-4.3%
-19.2%
-38.2%
28.1%
12.9%
March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18
53
Note: Russia no longer in top 25
Research Questions
54
• Which programs contracted most quickly and which source countries
were most a
ff
ected? Similarly, which programs and source countries
recovered more quickly?
• Did application success rates vary pre and post-COVID by source
country?
• Were exogenous factors such as US immigration restrictions or
tensions with China a factor?
• Did interest in immigrating to Canada increase or decrease and for
which countries?
Annex
55
Top Countries Share of Total (2018)
10 Countries 25 Countries
Permanent Residents 60.9% 77.7%
IMP 70.8% 86.4%
TFWP 85.2% 93.2%
Study Permits 70.3% 73.8%
Asylum Claimants 57.4% 77.4%
Citizenship 50.3% 71.5%
56
Top Countries (2018)
Permanent
Residents
IMP TFWP Students Settlement Citizenship
India 69,980 India 55,610 Mexico 28,860 India 107,105 Syria 15,530 Philippines 19,647
Philippines 35,050 USA 26,540 Jamaica 10,200 China 85,100 Eritrea 11,865 India 19,486
China 29,710 Finland 23,445 Guatemala 9,810 Korea 16,875 Congo 11,355 Iran 10,037
Syria 12,045 China 21,910 Philippines 8,750 Vietnam 12,370 Somalia 10,785 PRC 9,718
Nigeria 10,920 UK 11,205 India 7,380 Iran 7,040 Afghanistan 9,550 Pakistan 9,406
USA 10,905 Australia 8,850 Korea 1,960 Japan 6,685 India 9,035 Nigeria 4,398
Pakistan 9,490 Ireland 8,675 USA 1,850 Bangladesh 4,155 Pakistan 8,360 USA 4,229
France 6,175 Korea 8,105 UK 940 Philippines 4,075 Korea of 7,775 Egypt 4,115
Eritrea 5,695 Brazil 8,080 China 935 Taiwan 3,160 Mexico 7,640 Iraq 3,951
UK 5,660 Japan 7,250 France 915
Saudi
Arabia
2,870 Philippines 6,995 France 3,836
57
Data Sources
• PRs: Canada - Admissions of Permanent Residents by Province/Territory of Intended Destination and Immigration Category, Canada - Admissions of
Permanent Residents by Country of Citizenship, COVID Immigration Impact - PR Applications Source Countries
• TR to Permanent Resident transition: Canada – Admissions of Permanent Residents with Prior Post-graduate Work Permit Holder Status by Province/Territory of Intended Destination and Immigration
Category, Canada – Admissions of Permanent Residents with Prior International Mobility Program Work Permit Holder Status by Province/Territory of Intended Destination and Immigration Category,
Canada – Admissions of Permanent Residents with Prior Study Permit Holder Status by Province/Territory of Intended Destination and Immigration Category, Canada – Admissions of Permanent
Residents with Prior Temporary Foreign Worker Program Work Permit Holder Status by Province/Territory of Intended Destination and Immigration Category
• Asylum Claimants: Canada - Asylum Claimants by Claim O
ffi
ce Type, Province/Territory* of Claim and Claim Year, Canada - Asylum Claimants by Top Twenty-Five Countries of Citizenship (2019 ranking),
Claim O
ffi
ce Type and Claim Year
• TRs: Canada - International Mobility Program (IMP) work permit holders by province/territory of intended destination, program and year in which permit(s)
became e
ff
ective, Canada - Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) work permit holders by province/territory of intended destination, program and year
in which permit(s) became e
ff
ective, Canada – International Mobility Program work permit holders by country of citizenship and year in which permit(s)
became e
ff
ective, Canada – Temporary Foreign Worker Program work permit holders by country of citizenship and year in which permit(s) became e
ff
ective
• Study Permits: Canada - Study permit holders by country of citizenship and year in which permit(s) became e
ff
ective, Canada - Study permit holders by
province/territory of intended destination, study level and year in which permit(s) became e
ff
ective, Source Countries - Applications Processed by IRCC for
New Study Permit Applications
• Settlement Services: Special request IRCC data table
• Citizenship: Source Countries (Country of Birth) - New Canadian Citizens (in Persons) by Month
• Web: Provided by IRCC
• 2018 is used as baseline
58

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Canadian Immigration Tracker March 2024 - Key Slides

  • 1. Canadian Immigration Tracker 2018 to March 2024 Working Draft - Key Slides 15,000 30,000 45,000 60,000 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1 Economic - PNP Economic - Fed Family Refugees Other
  • 2. Programs Examined • Permanent Residents/Immigrants (PRs): Economic (PNP and Federal), Family and Refugees • TR to Permanent Resident transition • Asylum Claimants • Temporary Residents/International Mobility Program (IMP): International Agreements (e.g., NAFTA, GATS), Canadian Interests (e.g., intra-corporate transfers, work exchange programs, post-graduate employment, spouses) • Temporary Residents/Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP): caregivers, agriculture workers, other workers with Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) • Study Permits (international students) • Settlement Services • Citizenship • Visitor Visas 2
  • 3. March 2024 Highlights • PRs: Admissions Decrease from 38,970 in February to 34,780 in March. March year-over-year change (change from 2022 in parentheses): Economic - PNP -6.5% (35.9%), Economic - Federal -31.6% (-30.1%), Family -27.4% (-23.0%), Refugees -12.9% (-14.3%) • Applications: Given time delays in entering application data, am using a six month time lag. Decrease from 48,685 in August to 42,721 in September. September year-over-year change (change from 2020): 37.8% (0.7%).84,770 • Express Entry and Arrima Invitations to Apply: Increase from 9,798 in March (2,493 Arrima) to 10,311 in April (1,036 Arrima). April year-over-year change (change from 2022): 28.6% (525.3%) • TR to PRs transition (i.e., those already in Canada): Decrease from 22,380 in February to 18,120 (52 percent of all PRs). March year-over-year change (change from 2022): -30.9% (-12.6%) • Temporary Residents: • TRs/IMP: Increase from 75,800 in February to 84,770 in March. March year-over-year (change from 2022): Agreements: -17.4% (-41.2%), Canadian Interests: -17.4% (60.9%%), Other IMP Participants 47.6% (860.3%), Not stated 41.5% (738.8%) • TRs/TFWP: Increase from 12,600 in February to17,730 in March. March year-over-year change (change from 2022): Caregivers -36.8% (-40.0%), Agriculture -15.1% (-12.2%) and Other LMIA -0.9% (151.9%). • Students: Increase from 29,275 in February to 42,090 in March. March year-over-year change (change from 2023): 49.3% (49.3%) • Applications: Sharp decrease from 68,214 in February to 33,287 in March. March year-over-year change (change from 2021): -53.0% (-27.1%) • Web Get a study permit: Stable from 55,835 in March to 57,596 in April. April year-over-year change (change from 2022): -27.6% (-34.3%) • Asylum Claimants: Increase from 15,155 in January to 16,350 in February. February year-over-year change (change from 2021): 62.8% (212.0%) - NOTE: March data not uploaded as of 27 May • Irregular arrivals (Roxham Road etc): Remain low level, decline from 178 in February to 139 in March. March year-over-year change (change from 2021): -96.7% -94.4%). • Settlement Services (2023): Increase from 1,941,480 in 2022 to 2,960,330 in 2023 (most recent data, services, not unique clients). 2023 year- over-year (change from 2021): 52.5% (53.3%) • Citizenship: Stable from 34,852 in February to 34,230 in March. March year-over-year change (change from 2022): 21.2% (-17.9%) • Applications (2023): From 264,231 in 2022 to 317,538 in 2023. 2023 Year-over-year change (change from 2021): 20.2%% (36.3%) • Visitor Visas: Increase from 142,667 in February to 155,242 in March. March year-over-year change (change from 2022): -2.6% (75.2%). 3
  • 4. Change Across Major Programs 2023 full year Compared to full year 2018 Baseline 4 PR Applications PR Admissions-PNP PR Admissions-Fed TR2PR Temporary Workers IMP Temporary Workers TFWP Asylum Claimants Study Permit Applications Study Permit Holders Citizenship Applications (2023) New Citizens Settlement Services (2023) Visitor Visas 0% 75% 150% 225% 300% 38.1% 26.7% 113.7% 22.2% 92.2% 132.8% 170.5% 123.8% 226.2% 165.4% 30.8% 69.6% 3.5%
  • 5. Change Across Web Hits 2023 full year Compared to full year 2018 Baseline 5 Get a Study Permit Get a Work Permit Immigrate to Canada Find immigrant Services Apply for Citizenship -45% -30% -15% 0% 15% 30% 45% 60% -36.3% 47.5% -7.6% 55.5% 18.5%
  • 7. Express Entry & Arrima Invitations—2018-24 7,500 15,000 22,500 30,000 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1 CEC PNP No Program Federal Skilled Trades Healthcare STEM Trades Transport Agriculture French General QC Arrima 7
  • 8. PR Applications: Region of Citizenship —2018-23 35,000 70,000 105,000 140,000 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 Asia Africa Americas Europe Oceania 8 Note: Given delays in entering applications in processing systems, a six month time lag is used. May 2021 surge driven by applications from India (corrected from previous version)
  • 9. Admissions: PRs by Categories—2018-24 15,000 30,000 45,000 60,000 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1 Economic - PNP Economic - Fed Family Refugees Other 9
  • 10. Admissions: PRs Region of Citizenship—2018-24 25% 50% 75% 100% 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1 Asia Africa Americas Europe Oceania 10
  • 11. Admissions: PRs Canada Total March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 -52.5% -35% -17.5% 0% 17.5% 35% 52.5% 70% Economic - PNP Economic - Fed Family Refugees 69.6% 27.5% 30.8% 69.6% -14.3% -23% -30.1% 35.9% -12.9% -27.4% -31.6% -6.5% March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18 11
  • 12. Admissions: PNP Provinces March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 -45% -22.5% 0% 22.5% 45% 67.5% 90% Atlantic ON MB SK AB BC 60.9% 48.9% 77.2% 56.4% 88% 82.9% -12.5% -14.8% -39.5% -15.4% -23.1% -11.6% -14.6% 13.3% -19.4% -35.3% 11.7% 0.4% March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18 12
  • 13. Admissions: Permanent Residents by Citizenship March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 Top 10 Countries — Ordered by 2018 base year -100% -40% 20% 80% 140% India Philippines China Syria Nigeria USA Pakistan France Eritrea UK -21.3% 33.7% 128.9% 21.1% -5.1% 101.3% -29.9% 6.5% -37.3% 67.8% -37.9% 52.8% -54.4% -19.7% -41.1% -8.7% 3.1% -28.9% -3.8% -4.3% -38.5% -24% -46% -14.5% -38.3% -13.2% -19.5% -32.7% -7.3% -30.7% March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18 13
  • 14. Admissions: Temporary to Permanent Residents By Program—2018-24 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1 IMP Post-Graduate WP Students TFWP 14
  • 15. Admissions by Province: TRs to PRs March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 -125% 0% 125% 250% 375% 500% Atlantic QC ON MB SK AB BC 154.4% 81.9% 110.8% 415.3% 197.7% 53.6% 296.6% -29.6% 26.4% 48.5% -2.1% -14% -33.5% 9% -40.5% -14.6% -30.3% -47.4% -37.5% -0.3% 8.7% March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18 15
  • 16. Admissions: TRs to PRs March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 -90% -45% 0% 45% 90% 135% 180% IMP Post-Graduate WP Students TFWP 122.8% 132.7% 176.6% 170.9% 17.3% -18.9% -23.9% -7.3% -15.6% -24.1% -40.6% -27.9% February 2024/23 February 2024/22 Full year 2023/18 16
  • 17. Two-Step Immigration TR2PR Percent Total Admission 0 15,000 30,000 45,000 60,000 22.5% 45% 67.5% 90% 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1 Percent TR2PR Total Admissions 17
  • 19. Asylum Claimants: Of fi ce Type 2018-24 4,500 9,000 13,500 18,000 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1 Airport Border Inland Other 19 Note: The “other claim of fi ce” surge in September-November likely re fl ected delays in classi fi cation, most of these were likely Inland
  • 20. Asylum Claimants: Irregular Arrivals RCMP Interceptions as Percent Total Asylum Claimants—2018-24 0 1,250 2,500 3,750 5,000 15% 30% 45% 60% 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1 Percent Claimants Irregular Arrivals 20
  • 21. Asylum Claimants: Year-over-year February Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 -175% 0% 175% 350% 525% 700% Airport Border Inland 184.9% 43.3% 491.9% 388.7% -42.1% 650.7% 162.9% -69.8% 262.6% February 2024/23 February 2024/22 Full year 2023/18 21
  • 22. Asylum Claimants: Year-over-year February Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 -250% 0% 250% 500% 750% 1,000% India Mexico Iran Nigeria Colombia Pakistan China Turkey Haiti USA -61.2% 356.5% 255% 3% 165.8% 140.3% 4.6% 141.9% 666.5% 152.8% -100% -14.5% -22.2% 488.9% 222.2% 15.6% 984% 32.9% 220.6% 974.4% -100% 42% -59.9% 165% 40.3% -42.2% 502.2% -10.6% 29.9% 335.8% February 2024/23 February 2024/22 Full year 2023/18 22 Note: USA no longer in top 25
  • 24. IMP & TFWP Work Permit Holders—2018-24 35,000 70,000 105,000 140,000 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1 Agreements Cdn Interests Other IMP Vulnerable Not Stated Caregivers Agriculture LMIA 24
  • 25. Temporary Residents by Program Canada March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 -100% 0% 100% 200% 300% 400% Agreements Canadian Interests Caregivers Agriculture LMIA 338.8% 35.7% -45.4% 162.1% -46.4% 151.9% -12.2% -40% 60.9% -41.2% -0.9% -15.1% -36.8% -17.4% -17.4% March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18 25
  • 26. IMP by Region of Citizenship—2018-24 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1 Asia Europe Americas Africa Oceania 26
  • 27. IMP by Citizenship March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 Top 10 Countries—Ordered by 2018 base year -125% 0% 125% 250% 375% 500% India USA France China UK Australia Ireland Korea Brazil Japan 18% 58.1% 41.3% -26.6% -12.1% 24.4% 55.1% 51.1% -27% 417.8% 117.3% 33.1% 187.6% 44.9% 40% 50.4% 50.9% 43.9% 6.3% 75.4% 18.1% -4.3% 51% -17.4% 1.2% -4.8% -7.5% -11.3% -3.3% -32.7% March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18 27
  • 28. IMP by Province March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 Top 10 Countries—Ordered by 2018 base year -100% 0% 100% 200% 300% 400% Atlantic QC ON MB SK AB BC 164.1% 198.8% 147.9% 236.1% 282.2% 161.9% 288.4% 120.2% 316.9% 166% 223.6% 155.2% 81.9% 174.1% 13.4% 34.6% 6.8% 2.4% -7.4% 28.3% 8.6% March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18 28
  • 29. TFWP by Region of Citizenship—2018-24 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1 Americas Asia Europe Africa Oceania 29
  • 30. TFWP by Citizenship March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 Top 10 Countries—Ordered by 2018 base year -100% 0% 100% 200% 300% 400% Mexico Jamaica Guatemala Philippines India Korea USA UK China France 301.1% 253.1% 17.5% -39.2% 21.5% 289.2% 153.7% 114.2% 15.5% 62.5% 182.6% 305.6% 15.4% -30% -15.4% 132.1% 113.3% -6.3% 10% 1.4% 16.1% 55.3% -6.3% -22.2% -23.3% -11.6% -1.5% -17.4% 11% -17% March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18 30
  • 31. TFWP by Province March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 Top 10 Countries—Ordered by 2018 base year -75% 0% 75% 150% 225% 300% Atlantic QC ON MB SK AB BC 89.7% 189.9% 148.1% 164.7% 59.1% 239.2% 160.5% 7.5% 111.6% 95.8% 156.5% 8.3% 59.2% 83.2% -15.1% -8.3% 14.6% 28.3% -10.4% -5.6% -3.6% March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18 31
  • 33. Study Permit Applications—By Region—2018-24 25,000 50,000 75,000 100,000 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1 Asia Africa Americas Europe Oceania 33
  • 34. Study Permit Holders—By Level—2018-24 45,000 90,000 135,000 180,000 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1 Secondary or less Post Secondary Other Studies Untitled 1 34
  • 35. Study Permit Holders—By Region—2018-24 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1 Asia Africa Americas Europe Oceania 35
  • 36. Study Permit Holders by Citizenship March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 Top 10 Countries — Ordered by Number of Permits, 2018 base year -125% 0% 125% 250% 375% 500% India China Korea France Vietnam Brazil Iran Japan USA Nigeria 478% 21.9% 19.4% 111.1% -1.2% -10.4% 17.8% -38.4% -31.4% 160.6% 210.7% 39.1% -52.9% 64.1% 0.8% 17.5% 32.2% -4.9% 63.5% 67.3% 39.4% 16.4% -10.3% -1% 0.8% 27.6% -3.3% 3.8% 47.6% 111.9% March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18 36
  • 37. Study Permit Holders by Province March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 0% 35% 70% 105% 140% Atlantic QC ON MB SK AB BC 54.2% 122.3% 107.9% 56.8% 106.7% 80.1% 91.2% 86.0% 92.7% 34.5% 58.4% 50.3% 57.3% 87.4% 53.6% 52.7% 9.3% 26.2% 70.3% 20.6% 27.8% March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18 37
  • 38. Study Permits—Web Interest 40,000 80,000 120,000 160,000 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2020-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1 Canada Asia Americas Africa Europe Oceania Not captured 38
  • 39. Study Permits—Web Interest April Comparison: 2024/21, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 Top 10 Countries by “Get your study permit” ordered by site visits, 2018 base year -225% 0% 225% 450% 675% 900% India USA China Nigeria Brazil PhilippinesColombia Mexico Iran Pakistan 88.8% -81.5% -2% -24.5% 223% -38.9% 219.4% -38.7% 15.4% -12.7% -13.3% 807% -16.1% -55.4% -58% -48.5% -33.5% -8.4% -15.5% -47.9% -25.4% 244% -8.7% -22.8% -54.6% -20.3% -44.2% -29.2% -19.3% -26.8% April 2024/23 April 2024-22 Full year 2023/18 39
  • 41. Settlement—By Service—2018-23 Pre-Arrival and In Canada Services 68,750 137,500 206,250 275,000 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 Pre-Arrival Information & Orientation Needs & Assets Assessment, Referrals Employment Related Services Information & Orientation Services Community Connections Language Assessment Language Training Resettlement Assistance Service Delivery Improvement 41
  • 42. Settlement Services Annual Comparisons: 2023/22, 2023/21, Full year 2023/18 Pre-Arrival Info & Orientation Needs, Assets & Referrals Employment Related Information & Orientation Community Connections Language Assessment Language Training Resettlement Assistance Service Delivery Improvement -110% -32.5% 45% 122.5% 200% -96.7% 14.8% 143% 48.8% 68.6% 20.5% 29.9% 8.1% 36.3% -92.3% 162.8% 192.4% 197.9% 88.0% 53.2% 62.5% 39.1% 45.2% -97.2% -3.3% 16.2% 36.6% 41.7% 22.5% 20.9% 28.0% 20.6% 2023/22 2023/21 Full year 2023/18 42
  • 43. Settlement Services—By Region—2018-23 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 Asia Africa Americas Europe Oceania 43
  • 44. Settlement Services by Citizenship Annual Comparisons: 2023/22, 2023/21, Full year 2023/18 Top 10, 2018 base year -125% 0% 125% 250% 375% 500% Syria China India Philippines Iraq Eritrea Iran PakistanAfghanistan Somalia 40% 400.8% -2.3% 2.4% 49.6% -34.9% -42% 2.1% -16.8% -23.5% 34.3% 217.6% 16.2% 15.1% 40.7% -12.5% -6% 30.7% 12.7% -6.7% 20.7% 36.4% 8.4% 13.2% 21.3% -12.1% -4.2% 10.3% 5% -2.4% 2023/22 2023/21 Full year 2023/18 44
  • 45. Settlement Services Annual Comparisons: 2023/22, 2023/21, Full year 2023/18 -35% -17.5% 0% 17.5% 35% 52.5% 70% Atlantic QC ON MB SK AB BC 29.8% 38.7% 28.7% 15.8% 28.3% -27.5% 64.7% -18.6% -21.7% -16.5% -24.0% -16.9% -20.6% -5.8% 47.0% 70.0% 44.1% 55.9% 47.3% 2.3% 53.0% 2023/22 2023/21 Full year 2023/18 45
  • 47. Citizenship Applications—2018-23 7,500 15,000 22,500 30,000 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 Number: Red line is 3-month moving average 47
  • 48. New Citizens—By Region of Birth—2018-24 Numbers 12,500 25,000 37,500 50,000 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1 Asia Africa Americas Europe Oceania 48
  • 49. New Citizens—By Region of Birth—2018-24 Percentage 25% 50% 75% 100% 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1 Asia Africa Americas Europe Oceania 49
  • 50. Citizenship by Country of Birth March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/22, Full year 2023/18 -200% -50% 100% 250% 400% Philippines India Iran China Pakistan Nigeria USA Egypt Iraq France 115% 52.4% 7.5% 81.9% 224.5% 41.6% 28.6% 6.9% 302.4% 86.9% -39.9% -57.2% -40.5% -19.6% -5.3% -37.5% -2.1% -48% 38.2% -13.3% 115.3% -34.3% -12.5% 48.9% -26.7% 5.7% 46.9% 5% 39.5% 27% March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18 50
  • 52. Visitor Visas—By Source Country—2018-24 75,000 150,000 225,000 300,000 2018-1 2018-7 2019-1 2019-7 2020-1 2020-7 2021-1 2021-7 2022-1 2022-7 2023-1 2023-7 2024-1 Asia Americas Africa Europe Oceania Other 52
  • 53. Visitor Visas—By Source Country March Comparison: 2024/23, 2024/23, Full year 2023/18 Top 10 Countries—Ordered by 2018 base year -150% -75% 0% 75% 150% 225% 300% China India Philippines Iran Brazil Vietnam Colombia Algeria Pakistan Russia -8.9% 152.9% 163.3% 71.3% 46.1% -37.3% -1.5% 58% 76.7% -52% -100% 153.8% 298.5% 31.6% 49.8% 91.5% 25.5% 198.8% 108.1% 243.2% -100% -39% -11.8% 50.9% -67.4% -4.3% -19.2% -38.2% 28.1% 12.9% March 2024/23 March 2024/22 Full year 2023/18 53 Note: Russia no longer in top 25
  • 54. Research Questions 54 • Which programs contracted most quickly and which source countries were most a ff ected? Similarly, which programs and source countries recovered more quickly? • Did application success rates vary pre and post-COVID by source country? • Were exogenous factors such as US immigration restrictions or tensions with China a factor? • Did interest in immigrating to Canada increase or decrease and for which countries?
  • 56. Top Countries Share of Total (2018) 10 Countries 25 Countries Permanent Residents 60.9% 77.7% IMP 70.8% 86.4% TFWP 85.2% 93.2% Study Permits 70.3% 73.8% Asylum Claimants 57.4% 77.4% Citizenship 50.3% 71.5% 56
  • 57. Top Countries (2018) Permanent Residents IMP TFWP Students Settlement Citizenship India 69,980 India 55,610 Mexico 28,860 India 107,105 Syria 15,530 Philippines 19,647 Philippines 35,050 USA 26,540 Jamaica 10,200 China 85,100 Eritrea 11,865 India 19,486 China 29,710 Finland 23,445 Guatemala 9,810 Korea 16,875 Congo 11,355 Iran 10,037 Syria 12,045 China 21,910 Philippines 8,750 Vietnam 12,370 Somalia 10,785 PRC 9,718 Nigeria 10,920 UK 11,205 India 7,380 Iran 7,040 Afghanistan 9,550 Pakistan 9,406 USA 10,905 Australia 8,850 Korea 1,960 Japan 6,685 India 9,035 Nigeria 4,398 Pakistan 9,490 Ireland 8,675 USA 1,850 Bangladesh 4,155 Pakistan 8,360 USA 4,229 France 6,175 Korea 8,105 UK 940 Philippines 4,075 Korea of 7,775 Egypt 4,115 Eritrea 5,695 Brazil 8,080 China 935 Taiwan 3,160 Mexico 7,640 Iraq 3,951 UK 5,660 Japan 7,250 France 915 Saudi Arabia 2,870 Philippines 6,995 France 3,836 57
  • 58. Data Sources • PRs: Canada - Admissions of Permanent Residents by Province/Territory of Intended Destination and Immigration Category, Canada - Admissions of Permanent Residents by Country of Citizenship, COVID Immigration Impact - PR Applications Source Countries • TR to Permanent Resident transition: Canada – Admissions of Permanent Residents with Prior Post-graduate Work Permit Holder Status by Province/Territory of Intended Destination and Immigration Category, Canada – Admissions of Permanent Residents with Prior International Mobility Program Work Permit Holder Status by Province/Territory of Intended Destination and Immigration Category, Canada – Admissions of Permanent Residents with Prior Study Permit Holder Status by Province/Territory of Intended Destination and Immigration Category, Canada – Admissions of Permanent Residents with Prior Temporary Foreign Worker Program Work Permit Holder Status by Province/Territory of Intended Destination and Immigration Category • Asylum Claimants: Canada - Asylum Claimants by Claim O ffi ce Type, Province/Territory* of Claim and Claim Year, Canada - Asylum Claimants by Top Twenty-Five Countries of Citizenship (2019 ranking), Claim O ffi ce Type and Claim Year • TRs: Canada - International Mobility Program (IMP) work permit holders by province/territory of intended destination, program and year in which permit(s) became e ff ective, Canada - Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) work permit holders by province/territory of intended destination, program and year in which permit(s) became e ff ective, Canada – International Mobility Program work permit holders by country of citizenship and year in which permit(s) became e ff ective, Canada – Temporary Foreign Worker Program work permit holders by country of citizenship and year in which permit(s) became e ff ective • Study Permits: Canada - Study permit holders by country of citizenship and year in which permit(s) became e ff ective, Canada - Study permit holders by province/territory of intended destination, study level and year in which permit(s) became e ff ective, Source Countries - Applications Processed by IRCC for New Study Permit Applications • Settlement Services: Special request IRCC data table • Citizenship: Source Countries (Country of Birth) - New Canadian Citizens (in Persons) by Month • Web: Provided by IRCC • 2018 is used as baseline 58