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Developmental Delay
Assessing Infants and Toddlers
Prepared by: Ms. Claire Ann B. Pangilinan, LPT
Submitted to: Dr. Aida S. Damian, Ed.D.
University of Perpetual Help System Dalta – Las Pinas
What is developmental delay?
Developmental Delay
Developmental delay is a descriptive term used when a
young child’s development is delayed in one or more areas
compared to other children.
These different areas of development may include:
• gross motor development: how children move
• fine motor development: how children manipulate objects
and use their hands
• speech and language development: how children
communicate, understand and use language
• cognitive/intellectual development: how children
understand, think and learn
• social and emotional development: how children relate
with others and develop increasing independence.
What is Assessment?
What is Assessment?
• The word ‘assessment’ may be a frightening term for families, as it
can imply a sort of ‘test’ which the child is about to pass or fail. This
is not the case.
• Families find assessment useful in answering their questions and
assisting them to plan for their child.
• Assessment is aimed at defining a child’s strengths and weaknesses.
Parents should always feel free to discuss the assessment procedure
with the staff involved. Parents are usually the best observers of
their children. Their contribution to the assessment is important.
They need not feel apprehensive about asking for a second opinion.
Slide Title
The initial stage of the developmental assessment is often
with a pediatrician (children’s medical specialist).
During the assessment, the doctor takes a medical history,
observes the child, does a physical examination and
may order some relevant investigations, for example,
blood and urine tests. The doctor may carry out or
recommend testing of vision and hearing.
The next stage aims to gather information about the
child’s skills across all areas of development, and to
understand how the child learns and relates to the family
and those around him or her.
This will involve the child and family being seen by one or
more of the following: occupational therapist, speech
pathologist, physiotherapist, psychologist, teacher and
social worker
What are the needs of the child with
developmental delay?
• The child with developmental delay has the
same needs as any other child. All children
benefit from a warm, secure and nurturing
environment.
• They need to feel accepted with their
individual patterns of strengths and
weaknesses. This is important for the
development of self-esteem, which builds
confidence for learning new skills.
• Children with delay learn in a similar way to all children but
usually take longer to develop new skills.
• Many children with developmental delay will need extra
help in one or more areas of their development.
These children need:
• to hear language which is appropriate to
their understanding
• extra time to learn and practice new skills
• to have tasks simplified
• to know that their efforts are valued
• a variety of ways to learn, such as
touching, looking and listening.
Sources
• Developmental delay: An information guide
for parents
• http://www.mychildwithoutlimits.org/under
stand/developmental-delay/how-is-
developmental-delay-diagnosed/

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Developmental assessments and developmental delay

  • 1. Developmental Delay Assessing Infants and Toddlers Prepared by: Ms. Claire Ann B. Pangilinan, LPT Submitted to: Dr. Aida S. Damian, Ed.D. University of Perpetual Help System Dalta – Las Pinas
  • 3. Developmental Delay Developmental delay is a descriptive term used when a young child’s development is delayed in one or more areas compared to other children.
  • 4. These different areas of development may include: • gross motor development: how children move • fine motor development: how children manipulate objects and use their hands • speech and language development: how children communicate, understand and use language • cognitive/intellectual development: how children understand, think and learn • social and emotional development: how children relate with others and develop increasing independence.
  • 6. What is Assessment? • The word ‘assessment’ may be a frightening term for families, as it can imply a sort of ‘test’ which the child is about to pass or fail. This is not the case. • Families find assessment useful in answering their questions and assisting them to plan for their child. • Assessment is aimed at defining a child’s strengths and weaknesses. Parents should always feel free to discuss the assessment procedure with the staff involved. Parents are usually the best observers of their children. Their contribution to the assessment is important. They need not feel apprehensive about asking for a second opinion.
  • 8. The initial stage of the developmental assessment is often with a pediatrician (children’s medical specialist). During the assessment, the doctor takes a medical history, observes the child, does a physical examination and may order some relevant investigations, for example, blood and urine tests. The doctor may carry out or recommend testing of vision and hearing.
  • 9. The next stage aims to gather information about the child’s skills across all areas of development, and to understand how the child learns and relates to the family and those around him or her. This will involve the child and family being seen by one or more of the following: occupational therapist, speech pathologist, physiotherapist, psychologist, teacher and social worker
  • 10. What are the needs of the child with developmental delay?
  • 11. • The child with developmental delay has the same needs as any other child. All children benefit from a warm, secure and nurturing environment. • They need to feel accepted with their individual patterns of strengths and weaknesses. This is important for the development of self-esteem, which builds confidence for learning new skills.
  • 12. • Children with delay learn in a similar way to all children but usually take longer to develop new skills. • Many children with developmental delay will need extra help in one or more areas of their development.
  • 13. These children need: • to hear language which is appropriate to their understanding • extra time to learn and practice new skills • to have tasks simplified • to know that their efforts are valued • a variety of ways to learn, such as touching, looking and listening.
  • 14. Sources • Developmental delay: An information guide for parents • http://www.mychildwithoutlimits.org/under stand/developmental-delay/how-is- developmental-delay-diagnosed/