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CULTURE AND CIVILISATION
[CLS30105]
PROJECT #2 : MESSAGE FROM THE PAST
GROUP COMPONENT REPORT
FRANCE
GROUP MEMBERS :
CHIN VINYAN (0320311)
CHIA LY VIER (0320142)
ERICA CHIN CHING (0320460)
FOONG WING HOE (0320085)
IGNATUIS JEE SHAO YANG (0320069)
TEH SIN YING (0320509)
NG WYN JANE (0319940)
YONG MAN KIT (0319778)
Pe Zhi Yong (0319765)

RESEARCH ON FRANCE
France
Archeological excavations indicate that France has been continuously settled since Paleolithic
times. The Celts, who were later called Gauls by the Romans, migrated from the Rhine valley into
what is now France. In about 600 B.C. , Greeks and Phoenicians established settlements along the
Mediterranean, most notably at Marseille. Julius Caesar conquered part of Gaul in 57–52 B.C. ,
and it remained Roman until Franks invaded in the 5th century A.D.
The Treaty of Verdun (843) divided the territories corresponding roughly to France, Germany, and
Italy among the three grandsons of Charlemagne. Charles the Bald inherited Francia Occidentalis,
which became an increasingly feudalized kingdom. By 987, the crown passed to Hugh Capet, a
princeling who controlled only the Ile-de-France, the region surrounding Paris. For 350 years, an
unbroken Capetian line added to its domain and consolidated royal authority until the accession in
1328 of Philip VI, first of the Valois line. France was then the most powerful nation in Europe, with
a population of 15 million.
France Geography
France is about 80% the size of Texas. In the Alps
near the Italian and Swiss borders is western
Europe's highest point—Mont Blanc (15,781 ft; 4,810
m). The forest-covered Vosges Mountains are in the
northeast, and the Pyrénées are along the Spanish
border. Except for extreme northern France, the
country may be described as four river basins and a
plateau.

Etymology of France
The name "France" comes from the Latin Francia, which means "country of the Franks".[15]
Originally it applied to the whole Empire of the Franks. Modern France is still named today Francia
in the Italian and Spanish languages and Frankreich in the German language (and Frankrijk in
Dutch), meaning "Frank Reich", the Realm of the Franks.
French Flag
The French flag was officially adopted on February 15, 1794
The national flag of France is a tricolour flag featuring three
vertical bands coloured royal blue (hoist side), white, and
red. It is known to English speakers as the French Tricolour
or simply the Tricolour (French: Tricolore).
The flag - the tricolore - consists of three vertical bands of
equal width, displaying the country's national colors: blue,
white and red. The blue band is positioned nearest the flag-
staff, the white in the middle, and the red on the outside.
Red, white and blue have come to represent liberty, equality and fraternity - the ideals of the
French Revolution. Blue and red are also the time-honored colors of Paris, while white is the color
of the Royal House of Bourbon.
Modern France
France covers 640,679 square kilometres (247,368 sq mi) and has a population of 66.6 million. It is
a semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the nation's largest city and the main cultural
and commercial center. The Constitution of France establishes the country as secular and
democratic, with its sovereignty derived from the people.
Language
French (le français [lə fʁɑ̃sɛ] or la langue française [la lɑ̃ɡ fʁɑ̃sɛz]) is a Romance language,
belonging to the Indo-European family. It descended from the spoken Latin language of the Roman
Empire, as did languages such as Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Romanian, Catalan and others.
French has evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in
Northern Gaul.
French is the second-most widespread language worldwide after English, being an official
language in 29 countries, most of which are members of la francophonie, the community of
French-speaking countries. It is spoken as a first language in France, southern Belgium, western
Switzerland, Monaco.

Accomplishment
FASHION
France is a leading fashion counrty in the fashion industry , along with italy , the United Kingdom ,
Japan and the Usa . Fashion is an important part of the countrys’s culture life and society . French
design became prominent during the 15th century through the 20th century, when artistic
development in France was at its peak. The fashion industry has been an important cultural export
of France since the seventeenth century since modern haute couture originated in the French
capital at the 1860s. Paris acts as the center of the country’s fashion industry . Paris is also home
to many premier fashion brands such as Chanel , Louis Vuitton , Dior and etc. 

FOOD
French cuisine consists of cooking traditions and practices from France. Guillaume Tirel Taillevent,
a court chef, wrote Le Viandier, one of the earliest recipe collections of medieval France. During
that time, French cuisine was heavily influenced by Italian cuisine. In the 17th century, chefs
François Pierre La Varenne and Marie-Antoine Carême spearheaded movements that shifted
French cooking away from its foreign influences and developed France's own indigenous style.
Cheese and wine are a major part of the cuisine, playing different roles regionally and nationally,
with many variations and appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) (regulated appellation) laws.French
cuisine was codified in the 20th century by Auguste Escoffier to become the modern haute cuisine;
Escoffier, however, left out much of the regional culinary character to be found in the regions of
France and was considered difficult to execute by home cooks. Gastro-tourism and the Guide
Michelin helped to acquaint people with the rich bourgeois and peasant cuisine of the French
countryside starting in the 20th century. Gascon cuisine has also had great influence over the
cuisine in the southwest of France. Many dishes that were once regional have proliferated in
variations across the country.
Knowledge of French cooking has contributed significantly to Western cuisines and its criteria are
used widely in Western cookery school boards and culinary education. In November 2010, French
gastronomy was added by the UNESCO to its lists of the world's ”.

TIMELINE OF FRANCE
PREHISTORY
Homo Erectus, who lived around 950,000 B.C., was the first human found in France. With the end
of the Ice Age, prehistoric man began to settle down in more permanent agricultural settlements
(Neolithic Revolution). The Celts came from Central Europe and settled in Gaul around 2500 B.C.
The Celts  were iron workers and dominated Gaul until 125 B.C., when the Roman Empire began
its reign in southern France. 
ANTIQUITY (200BC-481)
Julius Caesar led the Romans into Gaul during the Gallic Wars (58-51 BC). When Augustus
became emperor of Rome, the result was two centuries of relative peace and prosperity known as
the Pax Romana. During the 2nd century, Romans brought Christianity into Gaul. However, by the
third century the Roman Empire had begun its decline. The fourth century started with Barbarian
invaders from the East such as the Franks, the Vandals and the Visigoths. People feared for their
safety and began allying themselves with local lords in exchange for protection from the
barbarians. In this way, the feudal society that would characterize so much of the Medieval Age
began to emerge. Christianity in France received a boost when Clovis, King of the Franks,
converted to Christianity. In some ways Clovis' reign brought stability and unity to France, but in
some ways it also contributed to fragmentation, because Clovis divided up the territory as gifts and
rewards. 
MIDDLE AGE (481-1453)
Charles Martel was the first leader of the Carolingian dynasty. He expanded the Frankish kingdom
and stopped the Muslim advance in 732. He was succeeded by Pepin II, also known as Pepin the
Short. Charlemagne (742-814) continued the expansion of the Frankish kingdom.Charlemagne not
only was an able military leader, but he was also a great supporter of education and the arts. In
fact, there was a Carolingian renaissance during Charlemagne's rule. Shortly after his death,
however, the kingdom was divided. All of Charlemagne's sons died except for Louis the Pious, who
reigned for 30 years and managed to keep the kingdom together. However, when Louis died,
different alliances formed around Louis' three sons, Lothar, Louis the German and Charles the
Bald. Louis and Charles agreed to keep the lands where they were most powerful (Louis in
German areas and Charles in Frankish areas). They left Lothar with the unorganized lands in the
middle. The Treaty of Verdun was the treaty Louis and Charles presented to Lothar. The
Carolingian dynasty ended in 987 when Hugh Capet was elected to the throne of France,
beginning the Capetian Dynasty. In 1066, William, Duke of Normandy invaded England and was
crowned as the English king on Christmas Day, 1066. The marriage of Eleanor of Aquitaine, who
had previously been married to Louis VII of France, to Henry II of England yielded most of the
western part of France to the British Crown. After the death of the last Capetian king Charles IV,
Edward III of England claimed the French Throne and started the Hundred Years' War in 1337.
With the help of a French peasant girl, Joan of Arc, Charles VIII emerged victorious in the war and
drove the English back to Calais. 
RENAISSANCE (1453-1598)
Francois I strengthened the French Crown during the early 16th century. He also welcomed to
France many Italian artists, such as Leonardo da Vinci. Their influence assured the success of the
Renaissance style. The years between 1562 and 1598 saw an increase in the number of the
Huguenots (Protestants), which led to the Wars of Religion between Catholics and Protestants.
Catherine de Medici ordered the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre of hundreds of Protestants. In
1589, Henri IV, who was a target of the massacre, became the first Bourbon king of France and
wisely converted to Catholism. Henry ended the Wars of Religion with the Edict of Nantes, which
guaranteed religious and political rights to the Huguenots. 
GRAND SIECLE (1598-1715)
The 17th century is noted for being a period of extravagance and power for the French Monarchy.
King Louis XIII and Cardinal Richelieu  transformed France's feudal monarchy to an absolute
monarchy. Louis XIV, however, is the French king most associated with this period. Also known as
the Sun King, Louis strengthened his own power by keeping all the local princes and lords
occupied with the elaborate court life at his palace at Versailles. This focus on court life kept the
local princes and lords from focusing on trying to undermine Louis' power. This period is also
known for the genius of the writers, architects and musicians who were promoted by the royal
court. Unfortunately, Louis' extravagance, in particular Louis XIV's endless wars, was expensive,
and would leave much of France in financial peril by the end of his reign. Louis also revoked the
Edict of Nantes in 1685. Louis XIV died in 1715 and Louis XV assumed the throne. The
Bourgeoisie began to demand more political rights, and this would come to pose a great problem
for Louis' successors. 
REVOLUTION (1715-1804)
The majority of the population of France was made up of commoners, who resented the privileges
enjoyed by the nobles and clergy. In addition, the growth of new ideas during the 18th century's
Enlightment resulted in thinkers such as Voltaire and Rousseau beginning to question the
principles of the old regime and absolutism. These thinkers spoke of a liberal society that enjoyed
free commerce. They also championed equal rights and the abolition of the class system. The
notion of revolution was further encouraged by Frenchmen who had been exposed to the ideas
behind the American Revolution. In 1789 the crisis came to a head. On July 14th, a Parisian mob
revolted and stormed the Bastille prison, which was seen as a symbol of political oppression. The
French revolution had begun. On the August 26, 1789 the revolutionaries issued the Declaration of
the Rights of Man which embodied the principles of Liberté, Egalité, and Fraternité, and was meant
to end the class system. During the Revolution, Louis XVI was guillotined, along with scores of
moderates and radicals, at the Place de la Revolution (now the Place de la Concorde).
Robespierre and his Committee of Public Safety brought brought on the Reign of Terror in France. 
NAPOLEONIC ERA (1804-1870)
The Revolution came to an end in 1799 when Napoleon Bonaparte entered Paris and was
crowned First Consul. In 1804 he took the title of emperor Napoleon I. He took the crown from the
Pope and placed it on his head himself, thereby directly challenging the authority of the church.
Napoleon created a powerful central administration, and engaged in many military campaigns that
allowed him to expand his empire. Napoleon was defeated in Russia in 1812 and then in Waterloo
in 1815. Napoleon was replaced by Louis XVIII, who was then overthrown by Charles X. Charles'
reign reminded people too much of the old regime, and this led to the July Revolution of 1830. The
July Monarchy elected a king, Louis Philippe (the Duke of Orleans). His reign lasted 18 years (until
1848) and was a period of prosperity. In 1848, Louis Napoleon, the nephew of Napoleon I, was
elected the first president of the Second Republic. He was then proclaimed Emperor Napoleon III
in 1852 by national plebiscite. It was Napoleon III who commissioned Baron Haussman to redesign
Paris and started the French industrial revolution. 
RESREACH ON COSTUME
King Louis XVI
-ABUNDANCE OF LACE, PEARLS, RIBBONS AND GOLD EMBROIDERY
-EXCESSIVE DECORATION OF RENAIS
Marie Antoinette
-EXTREMELY EXTRAVAGANT
-FINE FABRICS
-LARGE RIBBON BOWS TRIM WITH LACE AND FLOWERS
-WIDE PANNIERS
Nobility – Princess De Lambelle (Marie’s Best Friend)
-FINEST SILK
-LACE AND GOLDEN THREAD FOR DECORATION
Napoleon Bonaparte
-BLUE COAT WITH SCARLET COLLAR AND EDGING AND WHITE WAIST COAT
-SILK STOCKING AND BREECHES
-GOLD EPAULETTES AND SMALL GILT BUTTONS
-LARGE AND PLAIN HAT

Clergy – Henri Gregoire
- LONG RED CASSCOCK
- RED CAPE ( A COVERING FOR THE CASSCOCK IN COLD WEATHER
- GREECE AND OVERCAT COVERING THE CASSOCK
- CLERICAL COLLAR ( COLLORLESS SHIRT )
PARLIAMENT
-INNER COAT, WAIST COAT AND TAIL COAT
-BREECHES, LONG STOCKING AND LEATHER BOOTS
Dr. Joseph/Dr.Guillotine
-LONG POWDERED WIG
-SILK COAT, WAISTCOAT AND NECKTIE
-BREECHES, LONG SILK STOCKING AND LEATHER SHOE
Commoner
-WHITE BLOUSE
-WHITE CORNETT
-BROWN BODICES
-LONG GREEN SKIRT AND WHITE APRON
Tax Collector – Antoine Lavoiser
-KNEE BREECHES, STOCKING AND BUCKLED SHOE
-WAISTCOAT AND WHITE CRAVAT
-JUSTAVCORPS
-POWDERED WIG
RESEARCH ON FRENCH REVOLUTION
BREIF HISTORY
Before the French revolution , France was a very peaceful country who King Louis 16th led. After
the American Revolution, the France was in debt and King Louis started to increase the taxes .
During that time, Nobility and Clergy got the privilege to not pay for the Tax . The King ordered
Antonia Lavoisier, the tax collector which was involved in tax corruption. Commoner started to felt
unfair because they needed to pay for the taxes . Commoner started to rebel against the
king .They held a meeting which called out all the estate generals ( national assembly ) which
wasn't held since 1614 and it's the first meeting with a full attendance for 175 years.During the
evening,the commoner wanted to form their own national assembly .The king rejected it and closed
the door during the mid break . The commoner found another place which is an indoor tennis court
to held their assembly.
The king sent his troop to Paris to quell up the rise due to the food storage but sadly the
commoners see it as a provocation. During the revolution, the commoners abolished the ancient
regime, feudal rights, tithes privileges and unequal tax. After that they declare the rights of man
and citizens into a new constitution. During that time, theres a rumour saying that Marie Antoinette,
the queen boarded grain inside inside the palace which causes the Woman march to happen.
Woman march is an event which women stormed into the palace and demand the king and queen
to go back to Paris. Unable to withstand the rebel, they moved back from Versailles to Paris. As a
result the country is now controlled by the national assembly. This caused the King to lose his
power. Next, the assembly voted to suspend the monarchy and have a new election which
everyone gains a chance to vote. Due to that, a new Republican Constitution is formed. Towards
the end, King Louis XVII was killed by Guillotine because he was found guilty. A guillotine is an
execution machine created by Dr. Joseph involving beheading prisoners which was considered a
more humane way back then. After the guillotine was created, this begins the terror of the country.
almost everyone who was found guilty was killed by the machine including Marie Antoinette, the
queen of King Louis XVII. This action was performed until 1977.
After the death of King Louis XVII, Napoleon Bonaparte came back to France. He became the first
consul of French and proclaimed himself as the Emperor. He is more monarch than King Louis
XVII. During his ruling, the church became much more wear because they lost their land and tithes.
He is the one who restored the French monarchy. The process is completed in a 4 years time.
Napoleon died at the Helena island in the year of 1821

SOSIAL STRATA ( THREE ESTATE )
The first two classes doesn't need to pay taxes while the commoners need to pay more than they
earned.
Which causes the rebel from the commoners as the feminism happened before French Revolution.
Commoners were very angry and started to fight against the King which started the French
Revolution.
THE THREE ESTATE PYRAMID 

ENGINEERING ( Guillotine )
It was originally developed as a more humane method of execution. The origins of the French
guillotine date back to late-1789, when Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin proposed that the French
government adopt a gentler method of execution.
The guillotine became the symbol of a string of executions: Louis XVI had already been guillotined
before the start of the terror; Marie-Antoinette, the Girondists, Philippe Égalité, Madame Roland
and many others lost their lives under its blade

LEGENG OF CIVILIZATION (NAPOLEAON BONAPARTE)
Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821), also known as
Napoleon I, was a French military leader and
emperor who conquered much of Europe in the early
19th century. Born on the island of Corsica,
Napoleon rapidly rose through the ranks of the
military during the French Revolution (1789-1799).
After seizing political power in France in a 1799 coup
d’état, he crowned himself emperor in 1804. Shrewd,
ambitious and a skilled military strategist, Napoleon
successfully waged war against various coalitions of
European nations and expanded his empire.
However, after a disastrous French invasion of
Russia in 1812, Napoleon abdicated the throne two
years later and was exiled to the island of Elba. In
1815, he briefly returned to power in his Hundred
Days campaign. After a crushing defeat at the Battle
of Waterloo, he abdicated once again and was exiled
to the remote island of Saint Helena, where he died
at 51.
Since 1792, France’s revolutionary government had been engaged in military conflicts with various
European nations. In 1796, Napoleon commanded a French army that defeated the larger armies
of Austria, one of his country’s primary rivals, in a series of battles in Italy. In 1797, France and
Austria signed the Treaty of Campo Formio, resulting in territorial gains for the French.
The following year, the Directory, the five-person group that had governed France since 1795,
offered to let Napoleon lead an invasion of England. Napoleon determined that France’s naval
forces were not yet ready to go up against the superior British Royal Navy. Instead, he proposed
an invasion of Egypt in an effort to wipe out British trade routes with India. Napoleon’s troops
scored a victory against Egypt’s military rulers, the Mamluks, at the Battle of the Pyramids in July
1798; soon, however, his forces were stranded after his naval fleet was nearly decimated by the
British at the Battle of the Nile in August 1798. In early 1799, Napoleon’s army launched an
invasion of Ottoman-ruled Syria, which ended with the failed siege of Acre, located in modern-day
Israel. That summer, with the political situation in France marked by uncertainty, the ever-ambitious
and cunning Napoleon opted to abandon his army in Egypt and return to France.

STORY DESIGN 

The French Revolution Scirpt
Ignatius - King Louis XVI
Ly Vier - Queen Marie
Erica Chin - Commoner
William - Clergy
Winter - Noble
Man Kit - Parliament
Vincent - Tax Collector
Zhi Yong - Dr joseph Guillotine
Wyn Jane - Napoleon Bornaparte
Scene one - The days before French Revolution
Before the French revolution , France was a peaceful country which their people lived in a
very enjoyable and elegant condition which was ruled by the monarchy of France, King
Louis XVI. During that time, french has been categorised in three estate which is clergy as
the first class , nobility the second and the third will be the commoners . The Church owned
a lot of land and gain about 150 million a year, mainly froim rents and tithes. Besides, the
nobility also has the same wealthiness as the clergy. Despite the large income, the Church
and the nobility paid no direct taxation to the state.
W: Erica! Erica! Erica!
E: Oui Madame. Oui Madame. Oui Madame. x2
W: There are floors to be clean Dishes need be wash And wheres my dirty cloths
E: Oui Madame. Oui Madame. Oui Madame. Oui Madame. Oui Madame.
W: Erica! Erica! Erica!
E: Oui Madame. Oui Madame. Oui Madame. x2
W: Where is my supper? Its was already suppose to be here by noww~
E: But I’m washing the cloths… start
W: This is an excuse! Leave this house now!
E: Please Madame I need the money to pay my taxes…
W: No! get your things and be gone NOWW! ends [0:52]
[light off]
[Erica]
I dreamed a dream in time gone by

When hope was high

And life worth living

I dreamed that love would never die

I dreamed that God would be forgiving

Then I was young and unafraid

And dreams were made and used and wasted

There was no Taxes to be paid

No song unsung

No wine untasted
[William]
what happen to you oh poor child ~

why are you singing so sadly here 

you shouldn’t be treated like this

But to be cleaned and to be saved
i believe the lord will rescue you 

That he will guide you in the future 

so dont worry just follow him 

he will guide you for every challenge   
[Erica]
I had a dream my life would be

So different from this hell I'm living

So different now, from what it seemed

Now i see the hope i believe 
Catholic Church and most of its higher clergy were extremely wealthy. The Church owned roughly
10 per cent of the land in France and collected revenue of about 150 million livres a year, mainly
from rents and tithes. Not only did it have a massive annual income but the Church paid no direct
taxation to the state.
[ All the commoner and nobility just came out from the church and receive a news . ]
V : Attention to all the people . Queen Marie would like to invite all the nobility to a lavish party at
Versailles Palace .
V : Ladies and Gentlemen , let the party begin
W : Your majesty
LV : Your dress looks so pretty
[ keep walking with the king ]
LV : Look at her dress , So ugly
Iggy : HOHOHO , nothing prettier my love
LV : Of Course
[ the king and queen dancing at the middle ]
[ light off ]
Scene two - The Beginning of French Revolution
[ Short clip of America Revolution ]
After the America Revolution War , France goes in debt and the king have to increase the taxes to
cover all the debt . But only commoners need to pay taxes during that time.
Iggy: Tax Collector !
V: Yes , your majesty ?
Iggy: France had been in a very serious situation . I want you to increase all the taxes and
collect it all immediately.
V: Yes , your majesty .
V: Tax , Tax
E: I only have this much
V: Give me all you have !
E: Why do we need to pay all the taxes but all the nobility and clergy don't even need to pay?
This is so unfair !!!!
[vincent]
pay tax, pay tax
you all have to pay tax
pay tax , pay tax 
you pay until you die `
[commoners]
the burden tax
is driving me to death 
we got no food 
and still need to pay tax 
why do others 
can be free from the tax 
that is unfair 
i want my own rights back  
give me all you have
and get lose now 
so pay me now 
[vincent]
pay tax pay tax
i won’t let you escape 
pay tax pay tax
it belongs to the king 
[ lights off ]
Due to the rebellion by commoners , the King held a meeting which called out all the estate
generals which wasn't held since 1614 and it's the first meeting with a full attendance for 175
years.
E: There is so many unfairness between commoner and others class . We want to form our own
national assembly !!!
MK: No ! the king will not allow you all to form any assembly !
[ crowd arguing ]
MK: times up ! time for tea break !
When the assembly is having a break , the king assign his men to close the door and forbid the
commoners to join the assembly .But the commoners found another place to hold an assembly
which is in an indoor tennis court .
[ project the picture of indoor tennis court ]
The king sent his troop to Paris to quell up the rise due to the food storage but the commoners see
it as a provocation.
[ Do you heard the people sing ]
During the revolution, the commoners abolished the ancient regime, feudal rights, tithes privileges
and unequal tax. After that they declare the rights of man and citizens into a new constitution.
Scene Three - King & Queen been moved out from Versailles to Paris
During that time, there’s a rumour saying that Marie Antoinette, the queen boarded grain inside the
palace which causes the Woman march to happen. Woman march is an event which women
stormed into the palace and demand the king and queen to go back to Paris.
[women]
At the end of the day you're another day famish , 
And that's all you can say for the life of the poor.
It's a struggle, it's a fight ,
And there's nothing that anyone's giving.
One more day, standing about, what is it for?  
One day less to be living.
At the end of the day you're another day fatter,
And the shirt on your back doesn't fit into you.
And the righteous hurry past,
You don't hear the little ones crying...
And the famine coming on fast, ready to kill.
One day nearer to dying!
At the end of the day we found food in your palace ,
And the sun in the morning we ready to storm .
And we march in to palace ,
Like a storm that'll break any second...
There's a hunger in the land,
There's are people still need to be feed ...
And there's gonna be tax to pay,
At the end of the day!
LY : Why is it so noisy !! I’m taking my afternoon nap …
Iggy : I … I … Dont know ….
LY : GO AND CHECK NOW !!!! I MEAN NOW !!!!
Iggy : ok …
[ king come back after have a look ]
Iggy : WO ….MEN …. There is a lot of women !!!
LY : What women ! Are you out of your mind !
Iggy : OUTSIDE …
Ly : Useless bum !!!
[ Marie and king go and have look ]
Erica : Leave ! Leave ! Leave this place !! Leave and give back our food !!
Ly : No you all shall leave the palace!
Erica : If you are not leaving here , we are going to kill you !
LV: okay fine , we leave …
[ Marie and King leave Versailles ]
Scene four - Terror of French Revolution
As a result the country is now controlled by the national assembly. This caused the King to lose his
power. Next, the assembly voted to suspend the monarchy and have a new election which
everyone gains a chance to vote. Due to that, a new Republican Constitution is formed. Towards
the end, King Louis XVII was killed by Guillotine because he was found guilty.
[IGGY]
Fate against me
i am the king 
how dare you could behead me 
[Zhi Yong]
you this scumbag

see the blood spilled

kill you with my guillotine 

at this moment 

without delay

lose the incisive knife 

whats your last word 

you this villain

before i start the execution! 
MK: Any last word ?
Iggy: I trust that my death will bring happiness to my people but i grieved for France because they
shall suffer from the anger of the lord !
[ man Kit took the king’s head and drink his blood ]
A guillotine is an execution machine created by Dr. Joseph to behead prisoners which was
considered a more humane way during that time. After the guillotine was created, the terror of the
country began. almost everyone who was found guilty was killed by the machine including Queen
Marie Antoinette . This action was performed until 1977.
Man Kit : what is your relationship with Queen Marie ?
Winter : I am her best friend !
Man Kit : So , do you think that Queen Marie was right ?
Winter : Yes ! She doesn't deserve to die !
Man Kit : to death she go
[ Winter was beaten to death by commoners ]

Scene five - The Return of Napoleon
After the death of King Louis XVII, Napoleon Bonaparte came back to France. He became the first
consul of French and proclaimed himself as the Emperor.
[Commoners]
who is he x 2
the man with the horse
who is he x 2
the man look so short
[Napoleon]
Im the emperor come and save the france
restore the french monarchy Im back for now and on .
[Commoners]
he is back … x 2
good news x 2
NB : im here to declare the french revolution to fight for the equality and you all will be save
[Commoners]
lets us all have faith on him And now we all got hope …
He is more monarch than King Louis XVII and he is the one who declare the french revolution .
During his ruling, the church became much weaker because they lost their land and tithes. He is
the one who restored the French monarchy in a 4 years time. Napoleon died at the Helena island
in the year of 1821 due to the reason of weakening of his armies and overthrown by his enemies .
[ The End ]

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Cnc report

  • 1. CULTURE AND CIVILISATION [CLS30105] PROJECT #2 : MESSAGE FROM THE PAST GROUP COMPONENT REPORT FRANCE GROUP MEMBERS : CHIN VINYAN (0320311) CHIA LY VIER (0320142) ERICA CHIN CHING (0320460) FOONG WING HOE (0320085) IGNATUIS JEE SHAO YANG (0320069) TEH SIN YING (0320509) NG WYN JANE (0319940) YONG MAN KIT (0319778) Pe Zhi Yong (0319765)

  • 2. RESEARCH ON FRANCE France Archeological excavations indicate that France has been continuously settled since Paleolithic times. The Celts, who were later called Gauls by the Romans, migrated from the Rhine valley into what is now France. In about 600 B.C. , Greeks and Phoenicians established settlements along the Mediterranean, most notably at Marseille. Julius Caesar conquered part of Gaul in 57–52 B.C. , and it remained Roman until Franks invaded in the 5th century A.D. The Treaty of Verdun (843) divided the territories corresponding roughly to France, Germany, and Italy among the three grandsons of Charlemagne. Charles the Bald inherited Francia Occidentalis, which became an increasingly feudalized kingdom. By 987, the crown passed to Hugh Capet, a princeling who controlled only the Ile-de-France, the region surrounding Paris. For 350 years, an unbroken Capetian line added to its domain and consolidated royal authority until the accession in 1328 of Philip VI, first of the Valois line. France was then the most powerful nation in Europe, with a population of 15 million. France Geography France is about 80% the size of Texas. In the Alps near the Italian and Swiss borders is western Europe's highest point—Mont Blanc (15,781 ft; 4,810 m). The forest-covered Vosges Mountains are in the northeast, and the Pyrénées are along the Spanish border. Except for extreme northern France, the country may be described as four river basins and a plateau.

  • 3. Etymology of France The name "France" comes from the Latin Francia, which means "country of the Franks".[15] Originally it applied to the whole Empire of the Franks. Modern France is still named today Francia in the Italian and Spanish languages and Frankreich in the German language (and Frankrijk in Dutch), meaning "Frank Reich", the Realm of the Franks. French Flag The French flag was officially adopted on February 15, 1794 The national flag of France is a tricolour flag featuring three vertical bands coloured royal blue (hoist side), white, and red. It is known to English speakers as the French Tricolour or simply the Tricolour (French: Tricolore). The flag - the tricolore - consists of three vertical bands of equal width, displaying the country's national colors: blue, white and red. The blue band is positioned nearest the flag- staff, the white in the middle, and the red on the outside. Red, white and blue have come to represent liberty, equality and fraternity - the ideals of the French Revolution. Blue and red are also the time-honored colors of Paris, while white is the color of the Royal House of Bourbon. Modern France France covers 640,679 square kilometres (247,368 sq mi) and has a population of 66.6 million. It is a semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the nation's largest city and the main cultural and commercial center. The Constitution of France establishes the country as secular and democratic, with its sovereignty derived from the people.
  • 4. Language French (le français [lə fʁɑ̃sɛ] or la langue française [la lɑ̃ɡ fʁɑ̃sɛz]) is a Romance language, belonging to the Indo-European family. It descended from the spoken Latin language of the Roman Empire, as did languages such as Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Romanian, Catalan and others. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. French is the second-most widespread language worldwide after English, being an official language in 29 countries, most of which are members of la francophonie, the community of French-speaking countries. It is spoken as a first language in France, southern Belgium, western Switzerland, Monaco.
 Accomplishment FASHION France is a leading fashion counrty in the fashion industry , along with italy , the United Kingdom , Japan and the Usa . Fashion is an important part of the countrys’s culture life and society . French design became prominent during the 15th century through the 20th century, when artistic development in France was at its peak. The fashion industry has been an important cultural export of France since the seventeenth century since modern haute couture originated in the French capital at the 1860s. Paris acts as the center of the country’s fashion industry . Paris is also home to many premier fashion brands such as Chanel , Louis Vuitton , Dior and etc. 

  • 5. FOOD French cuisine consists of cooking traditions and practices from France. Guillaume Tirel Taillevent, a court chef, wrote Le Viandier, one of the earliest recipe collections of medieval France. During that time, French cuisine was heavily influenced by Italian cuisine. In the 17th century, chefs François Pierre La Varenne and Marie-Antoine Carême spearheaded movements that shifted French cooking away from its foreign influences and developed France's own indigenous style. Cheese and wine are a major part of the cuisine, playing different roles regionally and nationally, with many variations and appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) (regulated appellation) laws.French cuisine was codified in the 20th century by Auguste Escoffier to become the modern haute cuisine; Escoffier, however, left out much of the regional culinary character to be found in the regions of France and was considered difficult to execute by home cooks. Gastro-tourism and the Guide Michelin helped to acquaint people with the rich bourgeois and peasant cuisine of the French countryside starting in the 20th century. Gascon cuisine has also had great influence over the cuisine in the southwest of France. Many dishes that were once regional have proliferated in variations across the country. Knowledge of French cooking has contributed significantly to Western cuisines and its criteria are used widely in Western cookery school boards and culinary education. In November 2010, French gastronomy was added by the UNESCO to its lists of the world's ”.

  • 6. TIMELINE OF FRANCE PREHISTORY Homo Erectus, who lived around 950,000 B.C., was the first human found in France. With the end of the Ice Age, prehistoric man began to settle down in more permanent agricultural settlements (Neolithic Revolution). The Celts came from Central Europe and settled in Gaul around 2500 B.C. The Celts  were iron workers and dominated Gaul until 125 B.C., when the Roman Empire began its reign in southern France.  ANTIQUITY (200BC-481) Julius Caesar led the Romans into Gaul during the Gallic Wars (58-51 BC). When Augustus became emperor of Rome, the result was two centuries of relative peace and prosperity known as the Pax Romana. During the 2nd century, Romans brought Christianity into Gaul. However, by the third century the Roman Empire had begun its decline. The fourth century started with Barbarian invaders from the East such as the Franks, the Vandals and the Visigoths. People feared for their safety and began allying themselves with local lords in exchange for protection from the barbarians. In this way, the feudal society that would characterize so much of the Medieval Age began to emerge. Christianity in France received a boost when Clovis, King of the Franks, converted to Christianity. In some ways Clovis' reign brought stability and unity to France, but in some ways it also contributed to fragmentation, because Clovis divided up the territory as gifts and rewards.  MIDDLE AGE (481-1453) Charles Martel was the first leader of the Carolingian dynasty. He expanded the Frankish kingdom and stopped the Muslim advance in 732. He was succeeded by Pepin II, also known as Pepin the Short. Charlemagne (742-814) continued the expansion of the Frankish kingdom.Charlemagne not only was an able military leader, but he was also a great supporter of education and the arts. In fact, there was a Carolingian renaissance during Charlemagne's rule. Shortly after his death, however, the kingdom was divided. All of Charlemagne's sons died except for Louis the Pious, who reigned for 30 years and managed to keep the kingdom together. However, when Louis died, different alliances formed around Louis' three sons, Lothar, Louis the German and Charles the Bald. Louis and Charles agreed to keep the lands where they were most powerful (Louis in German areas and Charles in Frankish areas). They left Lothar with the unorganized lands in the middle. The Treaty of Verdun was the treaty Louis and Charles presented to Lothar. The Carolingian dynasty ended in 987 when Hugh Capet was elected to the throne of France, beginning the Capetian Dynasty. In 1066, William, Duke of Normandy invaded England and was crowned as the English king on Christmas Day, 1066. The marriage of Eleanor of Aquitaine, who had previously been married to Louis VII of France, to Henry II of England yielded most of the western part of France to the British Crown. After the death of the last Capetian king Charles IV, Edward III of England claimed the French Throne and started the Hundred Years' War in 1337. With the help of a French peasant girl, Joan of Arc, Charles VIII emerged victorious in the war and drove the English back to Calais.  RENAISSANCE (1453-1598) Francois I strengthened the French Crown during the early 16th century. He also welcomed to France many Italian artists, such as Leonardo da Vinci. Their influence assured the success of the Renaissance style. The years between 1562 and 1598 saw an increase in the number of the Huguenots (Protestants), which led to the Wars of Religion between Catholics and Protestants. Catherine de Medici ordered the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre of hundreds of Protestants. In 1589, Henri IV, who was a target of the massacre, became the first Bourbon king of France and
  • 7. wisely converted to Catholism. Henry ended the Wars of Religion with the Edict of Nantes, which guaranteed religious and political rights to the Huguenots.  GRAND SIECLE (1598-1715) The 17th century is noted for being a period of extravagance and power for the French Monarchy. King Louis XIII and Cardinal Richelieu  transformed France's feudal monarchy to an absolute monarchy. Louis XIV, however, is the French king most associated with this period. Also known as the Sun King, Louis strengthened his own power by keeping all the local princes and lords occupied with the elaborate court life at his palace at Versailles. This focus on court life kept the local princes and lords from focusing on trying to undermine Louis' power. This period is also known for the genius of the writers, architects and musicians who were promoted by the royal court. Unfortunately, Louis' extravagance, in particular Louis XIV's endless wars, was expensive, and would leave much of France in financial peril by the end of his reign. Louis also revoked the Edict of Nantes in 1685. Louis XIV died in 1715 and Louis XV assumed the throne. The Bourgeoisie began to demand more political rights, and this would come to pose a great problem for Louis' successors.  REVOLUTION (1715-1804) The majority of the population of France was made up of commoners, who resented the privileges enjoyed by the nobles and clergy. In addition, the growth of new ideas during the 18th century's Enlightment resulted in thinkers such as Voltaire and Rousseau beginning to question the principles of the old regime and absolutism. These thinkers spoke of a liberal society that enjoyed free commerce. They also championed equal rights and the abolition of the class system. The notion of revolution was further encouraged by Frenchmen who had been exposed to the ideas behind the American Revolution. In 1789 the crisis came to a head. On July 14th, a Parisian mob revolted and stormed the Bastille prison, which was seen as a symbol of political oppression. The French revolution had begun. On the August 26, 1789 the revolutionaries issued the Declaration of the Rights of Man which embodied the principles of Liberté, Egalité, and Fraternité, and was meant to end the class system. During the Revolution, Louis XVI was guillotined, along with scores of moderates and radicals, at the Place de la Revolution (now the Place de la Concorde). Robespierre and his Committee of Public Safety brought brought on the Reign of Terror in France.  NAPOLEONIC ERA (1804-1870) The Revolution came to an end in 1799 when Napoleon Bonaparte entered Paris and was crowned First Consul. In 1804 he took the title of emperor Napoleon I. He took the crown from the Pope and placed it on his head himself, thereby directly challenging the authority of the church. Napoleon created a powerful central administration, and engaged in many military campaigns that allowed him to expand his empire. Napoleon was defeated in Russia in 1812 and then in Waterloo in 1815. Napoleon was replaced by Louis XVIII, who was then overthrown by Charles X. Charles' reign reminded people too much of the old regime, and this led to the July Revolution of 1830. The July Monarchy elected a king, Louis Philippe (the Duke of Orleans). His reign lasted 18 years (until 1848) and was a period of prosperity. In 1848, Louis Napoleon, the nephew of Napoleon I, was elected the first president of the Second Republic. He was then proclaimed Emperor Napoleon III in 1852 by national plebiscite. It was Napoleon III who commissioned Baron Haussman to redesign Paris and started the French industrial revolution. 
  • 8. RESREACH ON COSTUME King Louis XVI -ABUNDANCE OF LACE, PEARLS, RIBBONS AND GOLD EMBROIDERY -EXCESSIVE DECORATION OF RENAIS Marie Antoinette -EXTREMELY EXTRAVAGANT -FINE FABRICS -LARGE RIBBON BOWS TRIM WITH LACE AND FLOWERS -WIDE PANNIERS
  • 9. Nobility – Princess De Lambelle (Marie’s Best Friend) -FINEST SILK -LACE AND GOLDEN THREAD FOR DECORATION Napoleon Bonaparte -BLUE COAT WITH SCARLET COLLAR AND EDGING AND WHITE WAIST COAT -SILK STOCKING AND BREECHES -GOLD EPAULETTES AND SMALL GILT BUTTONS -LARGE AND PLAIN HAT

  • 10. Clergy – Henri Gregoire - LONG RED CASSCOCK - RED CAPE ( A COVERING FOR THE CASSCOCK IN COLD WEATHER - GREECE AND OVERCAT COVERING THE CASSOCK - CLERICAL COLLAR ( COLLORLESS SHIRT ) PARLIAMENT -INNER COAT, WAIST COAT AND TAIL COAT -BREECHES, LONG STOCKING AND LEATHER BOOTS
  • 11. Dr. Joseph/Dr.Guillotine -LONG POWDERED WIG -SILK COAT, WAISTCOAT AND NECKTIE -BREECHES, LONG SILK STOCKING AND LEATHER SHOE Commoner -WHITE BLOUSE -WHITE CORNETT -BROWN BODICES -LONG GREEN SKIRT AND WHITE APRON
  • 12. Tax Collector – Antoine Lavoiser -KNEE BREECHES, STOCKING AND BUCKLED SHOE -WAISTCOAT AND WHITE CRAVAT -JUSTAVCORPS -POWDERED WIG
  • 13. RESEARCH ON FRENCH REVOLUTION BREIF HISTORY Before the French revolution , France was a very peaceful country who King Louis 16th led. After the American Revolution, the France was in debt and King Louis started to increase the taxes . During that time, Nobility and Clergy got the privilege to not pay for the Tax . The King ordered Antonia Lavoisier, the tax collector which was involved in tax corruption. Commoner started to felt unfair because they needed to pay for the taxes . Commoner started to rebel against the king .They held a meeting which called out all the estate generals ( national assembly ) which wasn't held since 1614 and it's the first meeting with a full attendance for 175 years.During the evening,the commoner wanted to form their own national assembly .The king rejected it and closed the door during the mid break . The commoner found another place which is an indoor tennis court to held their assembly. The king sent his troop to Paris to quell up the rise due to the food storage but sadly the commoners see it as a provocation. During the revolution, the commoners abolished the ancient regime, feudal rights, tithes privileges and unequal tax. After that they declare the rights of man and citizens into a new constitution. During that time, theres a rumour saying that Marie Antoinette, the queen boarded grain inside inside the palace which causes the Woman march to happen. Woman march is an event which women stormed into the palace and demand the king and queen to go back to Paris. Unable to withstand the rebel, they moved back from Versailles to Paris. As a result the country is now controlled by the national assembly. This caused the King to lose his power. Next, the assembly voted to suspend the monarchy and have a new election which everyone gains a chance to vote. Due to that, a new Republican Constitution is formed. Towards the end, King Louis XVII was killed by Guillotine because he was found guilty. A guillotine is an execution machine created by Dr. Joseph involving beheading prisoners which was considered a more humane way back then. After the guillotine was created, this begins the terror of the country. almost everyone who was found guilty was killed by the machine including Marie Antoinette, the queen of King Louis XVII. This action was performed until 1977. After the death of King Louis XVII, Napoleon Bonaparte came back to France. He became the first consul of French and proclaimed himself as the Emperor. He is more monarch than King Louis XVII. During his ruling, the church became much more wear because they lost their land and tithes. He is the one who restored the French monarchy. The process is completed in a 4 years time. Napoleon died at the Helena island in the year of 1821

  • 14. SOSIAL STRATA ( THREE ESTATE ) The first two classes doesn't need to pay taxes while the commoners need to pay more than they earned. Which causes the rebel from the commoners as the feminism happened before French Revolution. Commoners were very angry and started to fight against the King which started the French Revolution. THE THREE ESTATE PYRAMID 

  • 15. ENGINEERING ( Guillotine ) It was originally developed as a more humane method of execution. The origins of the French guillotine date back to late-1789, when Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin proposed that the French government adopt a gentler method of execution. The guillotine became the symbol of a string of executions: Louis XVI had already been guillotined before the start of the terror; Marie-Antoinette, the Girondists, Philippe Égalité, Madame Roland and many others lost their lives under its blade

  • 16. LEGENG OF CIVILIZATION (NAPOLEAON BONAPARTE) Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821), also known as Napoleon I, was a French military leader and emperor who conquered much of Europe in the early 19th century. Born on the island of Corsica, Napoleon rapidly rose through the ranks of the military during the French Revolution (1789-1799). After seizing political power in France in a 1799 coup d’état, he crowned himself emperor in 1804. Shrewd, ambitious and a skilled military strategist, Napoleon successfully waged war against various coalitions of European nations and expanded his empire. However, after a disastrous French invasion of Russia in 1812, Napoleon abdicated the throne two years later and was exiled to the island of Elba. In 1815, he briefly returned to power in his Hundred Days campaign. After a crushing defeat at the Battle of Waterloo, he abdicated once again and was exiled to the remote island of Saint Helena, where he died at 51. Since 1792, France’s revolutionary government had been engaged in military conflicts with various European nations. In 1796, Napoleon commanded a French army that defeated the larger armies of Austria, one of his country’s primary rivals, in a series of battles in Italy. In 1797, France and Austria signed the Treaty of Campo Formio, resulting in territorial gains for the French. The following year, the Directory, the five-person group that had governed France since 1795, offered to let Napoleon lead an invasion of England. Napoleon determined that France’s naval forces were not yet ready to go up against the superior British Royal Navy. Instead, he proposed an invasion of Egypt in an effort to wipe out British trade routes with India. Napoleon’s troops scored a victory against Egypt’s military rulers, the Mamluks, at the Battle of the Pyramids in July 1798; soon, however, his forces were stranded after his naval fleet was nearly decimated by the British at the Battle of the Nile in August 1798. In early 1799, Napoleon’s army launched an invasion of Ottoman-ruled Syria, which ended with the failed siege of Acre, located in modern-day Israel. That summer, with the political situation in France marked by uncertainty, the ever-ambitious and cunning Napoleon opted to abandon his army in Egypt and return to France.

  • 18. The French Revolution Scirpt Ignatius - King Louis XVI Ly Vier - Queen Marie Erica Chin - Commoner William - Clergy Winter - Noble Man Kit - Parliament Vincent - Tax Collector Zhi Yong - Dr joseph Guillotine Wyn Jane - Napoleon Bornaparte Scene one - The days before French Revolution Before the French revolution , France was a peaceful country which their people lived in a very enjoyable and elegant condition which was ruled by the monarchy of France, King Louis XVI. During that time, french has been categorised in three estate which is clergy as the first class , nobility the second and the third will be the commoners . The Church owned a lot of land and gain about 150 million a year, mainly froim rents and tithes. Besides, the nobility also has the same wealthiness as the clergy. Despite the large income, the Church and the nobility paid no direct taxation to the state. W: Erica! Erica! Erica! E: Oui Madame. Oui Madame. Oui Madame. x2 W: There are floors to be clean Dishes need be wash And wheres my dirty cloths E: Oui Madame. Oui Madame. Oui Madame. Oui Madame. Oui Madame. W: Erica! Erica! Erica! E: Oui Madame. Oui Madame. Oui Madame. x2 W: Where is my supper? Its was already suppose to be here by noww~
  • 19. E: But I’m washing the cloths… start W: This is an excuse! Leave this house now! E: Please Madame I need the money to pay my taxes… W: No! get your things and be gone NOWW! ends [0:52] [light off] [Erica] I dreamed a dream in time gone by
 When hope was high
 And life worth living
 I dreamed that love would never die
 I dreamed that God would be forgiving
 Then I was young and unafraid
 And dreams were made and used and wasted
 There was no Taxes to be paid
 No song unsung
 No wine untasted [William] what happen to you oh poor child ~
 why are you singing so sadly here 
 you shouldn’t be treated like this
 But to be cleaned and to be saved i believe the lord will rescue you 
 That he will guide you in the future 
 so dont worry just follow him 
 he will guide you for every challenge    [Erica] I had a dream my life would be
 So different from this hell I'm living

  • 20. So different now, from what it seemed
 Now i see the hope i believe  Catholic Church and most of its higher clergy were extremely wealthy. The Church owned roughly 10 per cent of the land in France and collected revenue of about 150 million livres a year, mainly from rents and tithes. Not only did it have a massive annual income but the Church paid no direct taxation to the state. [ All the commoner and nobility just came out from the church and receive a news . ] V : Attention to all the people . Queen Marie would like to invite all the nobility to a lavish party at Versailles Palace . V : Ladies and Gentlemen , let the party begin W : Your majesty LV : Your dress looks so pretty [ keep walking with the king ] LV : Look at her dress , So ugly Iggy : HOHOHO , nothing prettier my love LV : Of Course [ the king and queen dancing at the middle ] [ light off ]
  • 21. Scene two - The Beginning of French Revolution [ Short clip of America Revolution ] After the America Revolution War , France goes in debt and the king have to increase the taxes to cover all the debt . But only commoners need to pay taxes during that time. Iggy: Tax Collector ! V: Yes , your majesty ? Iggy: France had been in a very serious situation . I want you to increase all the taxes and collect it all immediately. V: Yes , your majesty . V: Tax , Tax E: I only have this much V: Give me all you have ! E: Why do we need to pay all the taxes but all the nobility and clergy don't even need to pay? This is so unfair !!!! [vincent] pay tax, pay tax you all have to pay tax pay tax , pay tax  you pay until you die ` [commoners] the burden tax is driving me to death  we got no food  and still need to pay tax 
  • 22. why do others  can be free from the tax  that is unfair  i want my own rights back   give me all you have and get lose now  so pay me now  [vincent] pay tax pay tax i won’t let you escape  pay tax pay tax it belongs to the king  [ lights off ] Due to the rebellion by commoners , the King held a meeting which called out all the estate generals which wasn't held since 1614 and it's the first meeting with a full attendance for 175 years. E: There is so many unfairness between commoner and others class . We want to form our own national assembly !!! MK: No ! the king will not allow you all to form any assembly ! [ crowd arguing ] MK: times up ! time for tea break ! When the assembly is having a break , the king assign his men to close the door and forbid the commoners to join the assembly .But the commoners found another place to hold an assembly which is in an indoor tennis court .
  • 23. [ project the picture of indoor tennis court ] The king sent his troop to Paris to quell up the rise due to the food storage but the commoners see it as a provocation. [ Do you heard the people sing ] During the revolution, the commoners abolished the ancient regime, feudal rights, tithes privileges and unequal tax. After that they declare the rights of man and citizens into a new constitution.
  • 24. Scene Three - King & Queen been moved out from Versailles to Paris During that time, there’s a rumour saying that Marie Antoinette, the queen boarded grain inside the palace which causes the Woman march to happen. Woman march is an event which women stormed into the palace and demand the king and queen to go back to Paris. [women] At the end of the day you're another day famish ,  And that's all you can say for the life of the poor. It's a struggle, it's a fight , And there's nothing that anyone's giving. One more day, standing about, what is it for?   One day less to be living. At the end of the day you're another day fatter, And the shirt on your back doesn't fit into you. And the righteous hurry past, You don't hear the little ones crying... And the famine coming on fast, ready to kill. One day nearer to dying! At the end of the day we found food in your palace , And the sun in the morning we ready to storm . And we march in to palace , Like a storm that'll break any second... There's a hunger in the land, There's are people still need to be feed ... And there's gonna be tax to pay, At the end of the day!
  • 25. LY : Why is it so noisy !! I’m taking my afternoon nap … Iggy : I … I … Dont know …. LY : GO AND CHECK NOW !!!! I MEAN NOW !!!! Iggy : ok … [ king come back after have a look ] Iggy : WO ….MEN …. There is a lot of women !!! LY : What women ! Are you out of your mind ! Iggy : OUTSIDE … Ly : Useless bum !!! [ Marie and king go and have look ] Erica : Leave ! Leave ! Leave this place !! Leave and give back our food !! Ly : No you all shall leave the palace! Erica : If you are not leaving here , we are going to kill you ! LV: okay fine , we leave … [ Marie and King leave Versailles ]
  • 26. Scene four - Terror of French Revolution As a result the country is now controlled by the national assembly. This caused the King to lose his power. Next, the assembly voted to suspend the monarchy and have a new election which everyone gains a chance to vote. Due to that, a new Republican Constitution is formed. Towards the end, King Louis XVII was killed by Guillotine because he was found guilty. [IGGY] Fate against me i am the king  how dare you could behead me  [Zhi Yong] you this scumbag
 see the blood spilled
 kill you with my guillotine 
 at this moment 
 without delay
 lose the incisive knife 
 whats your last word 
 you this villain
 before i start the execution!  MK: Any last word ? Iggy: I trust that my death will bring happiness to my people but i grieved for France because they shall suffer from the anger of the lord !
  • 27. [ man Kit took the king’s head and drink his blood ] A guillotine is an execution machine created by Dr. Joseph to behead prisoners which was considered a more humane way during that time. After the guillotine was created, the terror of the country began. almost everyone who was found guilty was killed by the machine including Queen Marie Antoinette . This action was performed until 1977. Man Kit : what is your relationship with Queen Marie ? Winter : I am her best friend ! Man Kit : So , do you think that Queen Marie was right ? Winter : Yes ! She doesn't deserve to die ! Man Kit : to death she go [ Winter was beaten to death by commoners ]

  • 28. Scene five - The Return of Napoleon After the death of King Louis XVII, Napoleon Bonaparte came back to France. He became the first consul of French and proclaimed himself as the Emperor. [Commoners] who is he x 2 the man with the horse who is he x 2 the man look so short [Napoleon] Im the emperor come and save the france restore the french monarchy Im back for now and on . [Commoners] he is back … x 2 good news x 2 NB : im here to declare the french revolution to fight for the equality and you all will be save [Commoners] lets us all have faith on him And now we all got hope … He is more monarch than King Louis XVII and he is the one who declare the french revolution . During his ruling, the church became much weaker because they lost their land and tithes. He is the one who restored the French monarchy in a 4 years time. Napoleon died at the Helena island in the year of 1821 due to the reason of weakening of his armies and overthrown by his enemies . [ The End ]